42 CFR 488.61 - Special procedures for approval and re-approval of organ transplant centers.

Status message

There is 1 rule appearing in the Federal Register for 42 CFR 488. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 488.61 Special procedures for approval and re-approval of organ transplant centers.
For the purposes of this subpart, the survey, certification, and enforcement procedures described at 42 CFR part 488, subpart A apply to transplant centers, including the periodic review of compliance and approval described at § 488.20.
(a) Initial approval procedures for transplant centers that are not Medicare-approved as of June 28, 2007. A transplant center, including a kidney transplant center, may submit a request to CMS for Medicare approval at any time.
(1) The request, signed by a person authorized to represent the center (for example, a chief executive officer), must include:
(i) The hospital's Medicare provider I.D. number;
(ii) Name(s) of the designated primary transplant surgeon and primary transplant physician; and,
(iii) A statement from the OPTN that the center has complied with all data submission requirements.
(2) To determine compliance with the clinical experience and outcome requirements at §§ 482.80(b) and 482.80(c), CMS will review the data contained in the most recent OPTN Data Report and 1-year patient and graft survival data contained in the most recent Scientific Registry of Transplant Beneficiary (SRTR) center-specific report.
(3) If CMS determines that a transplant center has not met the data submission, clinical experience, or outcome requirements, CMS may deny the request for approval or may review the center's compliance with the conditions of participation at §§ 482.72 through 482.76 and §§ 482.90 through 482.104 of this chapter, using the procedures described at 42 CFR part 488, subpart A, to determine whether the center's request will be approved. CMS will notify the transplant center in writing whether it is approved and, if approved, of the effective date of its approval.
(4) CMS will consider mitigating factors, including (but not limited to) the following in considering initial approval of a transplant center that does not meet the data submission, clinical experience, outcome requirements and other conditions of participation:
(i) The extent to which outcome measures are met or exceeded;
(ii) Availability of Medicare-approved transplant centers in the area; and
(iii) Extenuating circumstances (e.g., natural disaster) that may have a temporary effect on meeting the conditions of participation.
(iv) CMS will not approve any program with a condition-level deficiency. However, CMS may approve a program with a standard-level deficiency upon receipt of an acceptable plan of correction.
(5) If CMS determines that a transplant center has met the data submission, clinical experience, and outcome requirements, CMS will review the center's compliance with the conditions of participation contained at §§ 482.72 through 482.76 and §§ 482.90 through 482.104 of this chapter using the procedures described at 42 CFR part 488, subpart A. If the transplant center is found to be in compliance with all the conditions of participation at §§ 482.72 through 482.104, except for § 482.82 of this chapter (Re-approval Requirements), CMS will notify the transplant center in writing of the effective date of its Medicare-approval. CMS will notify the transplant center in writing if it is not Medicare-approved.
(6) A kidney transplant center may submit a request for initial approval after performing at least 3 transplants over a 12-month period.
(7) Transplant centers will be approved for 3 years.
(b) Initial approval procedures for transplant centers, including kidney transplant centers, that are Medicare approved as of June 28, 2007.
(1) A transplant center that wants to continue to be Medicare approved must be in compliance with the conditions of participation at §§ 482.72 through 482.104 as of June 28, 2007 and submit a request to CMS for Medicare approval under the conditions of participation no later than December 26, 2007, using the process described in paragraph (a)(1) of the section.
(2) CMS will determine whether to approve the transplant center, using the procedures described in paragraphs (a)(2) through (a)(5) of this section. Until CMS makes a determination whether to approve the transplant center under the conditions of participation at §§ 482.72 through 482.104, the transplant center will continue to be Medicare approved under the end stage renal disease (ESRD) conditions for coverage (CfCs) in part 405, subpart U of this chapter for kidney transplant centers or the pertinent national coverage decisions (NCDs) for extra-renal organ transplant centers, as applicable, and the transplant center will continue to be reimbursed for services provided to Medicare beneficiaries.
(3) Once CMS approves a kidney transplant center under the conditions of participation, the ESRD CfCs no longer apply to the center as of the date of its approval. Once CMS approves an extra-renal organ transplant center under the conditions of participation, the NCDs no longer apply to the center as of the date of its approval.
(4) If a transplant center that is Medicare approved as of June 28, 2007 submits a request for approval under the CoPs at §§ 482.72 through 482.104 of this chapter but CMS does not approve the transplant center, or if the transplant center does not submit its request to CMS for Medicare approval under the CoPs by December 26, 2007, CMS will revoke the transplant center's approval under the conditions for coverage for kidney transplant centers or the national coverage decisions for extra-renal transplant centers, as applicable, and the transplant center will no longer be reimbursed for services provided to Medicare beneficiaries. CMS will notify the transplant center in writing of the effective date of its loss of Medicare approval.
(c) Re-approval procedures. Once Medicare-approved, transplant centers, including kidney transplant centers, must be in compliance with all the conditions of participation for transplant centers at §§ 482.72 through 482.104 of this chapter, except for § 482.80 (initial approval requirements) throughout the 3-year approval period.
(1) Prior to the end of the 3-year approval period, CMS will review the transplant center's data in making re-approval determinations.
(i) To determine compliance with the data submission requirements at § 482.82(a) of this chapter, CMS will request data submission data from the OPTN for the previous 3 calendar years.
(ii) To determine compliance with the clinical experience and outcome requirements at § 482.82(b) and § 482.82(c) of this chapter, CMS will review the data contained in the most recent OPTN Data Report and 1-year patient and graft survival data contained in the most recent SRTR center-specific reports.
(2) If CMS determines that a transplant center has not met the data submission, clinical experience, or outcome requirements at § 482.82, the transplant center will be reviewed for compliance with §§ 482.72 through 482.76 and §§ 482.90 through 482.104 of this chapter, using the procedures described at 42 CFR part 488, subpart A.
(3) If CMS determines that a transplant center has met the data submission, clinical experience, and outcome requirements at § 482.82, CMS may choose to review the transplant center for compliance with §§ 482.72 through 482.76 and §§ 482.90 through 482.104 of this chapter, using the procedures described at 42 CFR part 488, subpart A.
(4) CMS will consider mitigating factors, including (but not limited to) the following in considering re-approval of a transplant center that does not meet the data submission, clinical experience, outcome requirements and other conditions of participation:
(i) The extent to which outcome measures are met or exceeded;
(ii) Availability of Medicare-approved transplant centers in the area; and
(iii) Extenuating circumstances (e.g., natural disaster) that may have a temporary effect on meeting the conditions of participation.
(iv) CMS will not approve any program with a condition-level deficiency. However, CMS may re-approve a program with a standard-level deficiency upon receipt of an acceptable plan of correction.
(5) CMS will notify the transplant center in writing if its approval is being revoked and of the effective date of the revocation.
(d) Loss of Medicare Approval. Centers that have lost their Medicare approval may seek re-entry into the Medicare program at any time. A center that has lost its Medicare approval must:
(1) Request initial approval using the procedures described in § 488.61(a);
(2) Be in compliance with §§ 482.72 through 482.104 of this chapter, except for § 482.82 (Re-approval Requirements), at the time of the request for Medicare approval; and
(3) Submit a report to CMS documenting any changes or corrective actions taken by the center as a result of the loss of its Medicare approval status.
(e) Transplant Center Inactivity. A transplant center may remain inactive and retain its Medicare approval for a period not to exceed 12 months during the 3-year approval cycle. A transplant center must notify CMS upon its voluntary inactivation as required by § 482.74(d) of this chapter.
[72 FR 15278, Mar. 30, 2007]

Title 42 published on 2013-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 42.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-05-12; vol. 79 # 91 - Monday, May 12, 2014
    1. 79 FR 27106 - Medicare and Medicaid Programs; Regulatory Provisions To Promote Program Efficiency, Transparency, and Burden Reduction; Part II
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
      Final rule.
      These regulations are effective on July 11, 2014, with the exception of amendments to 42 CFR Part 483, which are effective May 12, 2014.
      42 CFR Parts 413, 416, 440, 442, 482, 483, 485, 486, 488, 491, and 493

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
Public Laws

Title 42 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 42 CFR 488 after this date.

  • 2014-05-15; vol. 79 # 94 - Thursday, May 15, 2014
    1. 79 FR 27978 - Medicare Program; Hospital Inpatient Prospective Payment Systems for Acute Care Hospitals and the Long-Term Care Hospital Prospective Payment System and Proposed Fiscal Year 2015 Rates; Quality Reporting Requirements for Specific Providers; Reasonable Compensation Equivalents for Physician Services in Excluded Teaching Hospitals; Provider Administrative Appeals and Judicial Review; Enforcement Provisions for Organ Transplant Centers; and Electronic Health Record (EHR) Incentive Program
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
      Proposed rule.
      Comment Period: To be assured consideration, comments must be received at one of the addresses provided below, no later than 5 p.m. EDT on June 30, 2014.
      42 CFR Parts 405, 412, 413, 415, 422, 424, 485, and 488