45 CFR 2522.700 - How does evaluation differ from performance measurement?

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§ 2522.700 How does evaluation differ from performance measurement?
(a) Evaluation is a more in-depth, rigorous effort to measure the impact of programs. While performance measurement and evaluation both include systematic data collection and measurement of progress, evaluation uses scientifically-based research methods to assess the effectiveness of programs by comparing the observed program outcomes with what would have happened in the absence of the program. Unlike performance measures, evaluations estimate the impacts of programs by comparing the outcomes for individuals receiving a service or participating in a program to the outcomes for similar individuals not receiving a service or not participating in a program. For example, an evaluation of a literacy program may compare the reading ability of students in a program over time to a similar group of students not participating in a program.
(b) Performance measurement is the process of systematically and regularly collecting and monitoring data related to the direction of observed changes in communities, participants (members), or end beneficiaries receiving your program's services. It is intended to provide an indication of your program's operations and performance. In contrast to evaluation, it is not intended to establish a causal relationship between your program and a desired (or undesired) program outcome. For example, a performance measure for a literacy program may include the percentage of students receiving services from your program who increase their reading ability from “below grade level” to “at or above grade level”. This measure indicates something good is happening to your program's service beneficiaries, but it does not indicate that the change can be wholly attributed to your program's services.
[70 FR 39603, July 8, 2005]

Title 45 published on 2012-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 45.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2012-10-05; vol. 77 # 194 - Friday, October 5, 2012
    1. 77 FR 60922 - Criminal History Check Requirements for AmeriCorps State/National, Senior Companions, Foster Grandparents, the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program, and Other National Service Programs; Final Rule
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      CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective January 1, 2013.
      45 CFR Parts 2510, 2522, 2540, 2551, and 2552

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Executive Order ... 13331

Title 45 published on 2012-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 45 CFR 2522 after this date.

  • 2012-10-05; vol. 77 # 194 - Friday, October 5, 2012
    1. 77 FR 60922 - Criminal History Check Requirements for AmeriCorps State/National, Senior Companions, Foster Grandparents, the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program, and Other National Service Programs; Final Rule
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective January 1, 2013.
      45 CFR Parts 2510, 2522, 2540, 2551, and 2552