A recipient shall not administer or operate any test or other criterion for any employment opportunity which has a disproportionately adverse effect on persons on the basis of sex unless:
Use of such test or other criterion is shown to predict validly successful performance in the position in question; and
Alternative tests or criteria for such purpose, which do not have such disproportionately adverse effect, are shown to be unavailable.
(Secs. 901, 902, Education Amendments of 1972, 86 Stat. 373, 374;
20 U.S.C. 1681, 1682