47 CFR 22.657 - Transmitter locations.

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§ 22.657 Transmitter locations.
The purpose of the rules in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section is to define the areas in which the 470-512 MHz channels are allocated for public mobile use. The purpose of the rules in paragraphs (c) through (f) of this section is to reduce the likelihood that interference to television reception from public mobile operations on these channels will occur. The protected TV station locations specified in paragraphs (d), (e)(1) and (f) of this section are the locations of record as of September 1974, and these do not change even though the TV stations may have been subsequently relocated.
(a) Base transmitter locations. Base transmitter locations must be within 80 kilometers (50 miles) of the designated locations in this paragraph. Mobile transmitters must not be operated at locations more than 129 kilometers (80 miles) from the designated locations in this paragraph. Note: All coordinates are referenced to North American Datum 1983 (NAD83).
Urban area N. latitude W. longitude
Houston, TX 29°45′26.8″ 95°21′37.8″
New York, NY-NE NJ 40°45′06.4″ 73°59′37.5″
(b) Mobile area of operation. Mobile transmitters must not be operated at locations more than 48 kilometers (30 miles) from all associated base stations.
(c) Protection from intermodulation interference. Base transmitter locations must be at least 1.6 kilometers (1 mile) from the current main transmitter locations of all TV stations transmitting on TV channels separated by 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, or 8 TV channels from the TV channel containing the frequencies on which the base station will transmit. This requirement is intended to reduce the likelihood of intermodulation interference.
(d) Adjacent channel protection from mobile transmitters. Base transmitter locations must be at least 145 kilometers (90 miles) from the applicable protected TV station locations specified in this paragraph. This requirement is intended to provide a 0 dB minimum desired to undesired signal strength ratio at the Grade B contour of an adjacent channel TV station. Note: All coordinates are referenced to North American Datum 1983 (NAD83).
Control transmitter frequency range Protected TV station location TV channel
470-476 MHz Lancaster, PA, 40°15′45.3″ N. Lat. 76°27′47.9″ W. Long. (15)
476-482 MHz Scranton, PA, 41°10′58.3″ N. Lat. 75°52′19.7″ W. Long. (16)
(e) Co-channel protection from mobile transmitters. Base transmitter locations must be at least the distance specified in paragraph (e)(2) of this section from the applicable protected TV station locations specified in paragraph (e)(1) of this section. This requirement is intended to provide a 40 dB minimum desired to undesired signal strength ratio at the Grade B contour of a co-channel TV station.
(1) The protected TV station locations are as follows (all coordinates are referenced to North American Datum 1983 (NAD83)):
Control transmitter frequency range Protected TV station location
470-476 MHz Washington, DC, 38°57′17.4″ N. Lat. 77°00′15.9″ W. Long.
476-482 MHz Lancaster, PA, 40°15′45.3″ N. Lat. 76°27′47.9″ W. Long.
(2) The required minimum distance depends upon the effective radiated power (ERP) of the most powerful mobile transmitter(s) in the system:
Mobile unit ERP (watts) Minimum distance
Kilometers Miles
60 193 (120)
50 185 (115)
25 177 (110)
10 169 (105)
5 161 (100)
(f) Co-channel protection from base transmitters with high antennas. This paragraph applies only to base transmitter locations in the New York-Northeastern New Jersey urban area that utilize an antenna height of more than 152 meters (500 feet) above average terrain. The distance between the location of such a base transmitter and the applicable protected TV station location specified in this paragraph must equal or exceed the sum of the distance from the base transmitter location to the radio horizon in the direction of the specified location and 89 kilometers (55 miles—representing the distance from the main transmitter location of the TV station to its Grade B contour in the direction of the base transmitter). The distance to the radio horizon is calculated as follows:
Where d is the distance to the radio horizon in kilometers h is the height of the antenna center of radiation above ground level in meters
Note:
All coordinates are referenced to North American Datum 1983 (NAD83)):
Control transmitter frequency range Protected TV station location
470-476 MHz Washington, DC, 38°57′17.4″ N. Lat. 77°00′15.9″ W. Long.
476-482 MHz Lancaster, PA, 40°15′45.3″ N. Lat. 76°27′47.9″ W. Long.
(g) The FCC may waive specific distance separation requirements of paragraphs (d) through (f) of this section if the applicant submits an engineering analysis which demonstrates that terrain effects and/or operation with less effective radiated power would satisfy the applicable minimum desired to undesired signal strength ratios at the Grade B contours of the protected TV stations. For this purpose, the Grade B contour of a TV station is deemed to be a circle with a 89 kilometer (55 mile) radius, centered on the protected TV station location, and along which the median TV signal field strength is 64 dBµV/m. In any showing intended to demonstrate compliance with the minimum desired to undesired signal ratio requirements of this section, all predicted field strengths must have been determined using the UHF TV propagation curves contained in part 73 of this chapter.
[59 FR 59507, Nov. 17, 1994, as amended at 63 FR 68947, Dec. 14, 1998]

Title 47 published on 2013-10-01

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  • 2014-06-20; vol. 79 # 119 - Friday, June 20, 2014
    1. 79 FR 35290 - Public Mobile Services
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      47 CFR Part 22

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United States Code

Title 47 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 47 CFR 22 after this date.

  • 2014-06-20; vol. 79 # 119 - Friday, June 20, 2014
    1. 79 FR 35290 - Public Mobile Services
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
      47 CFR Part 22