47 CFR 95.635 - Unwanted radiation.

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There are 2 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 47 CFR 95. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 95.635 Unwanted radiation. Link to an amendment published at 77 FR 55733, Sept. 11, 2012.
(a) In addition to the procedures in part 2, the following requirements apply to each transmitter both with and without the connection of all attachments acceptable for use with the transmitter, such as an external speaker, microphone, power cord, antenna, etc.
(b) The power of each unwanted emission shall be less than TP as specified in the applicable paragraphs listed in the following table:
Transmitter Emission type Applicable paragraphs (b)
GMRS A1D, A3E, F1D, G1D, F3E, G3E with filtering (1), (3), (7).
A1D, A3E, F1D, G1D, F3E, G3E without filtering (5), (6), (7).
H1D, J1D, R1D, H3E, J3E, R3E (2), (4), (7).
FRS F3E with filtering (1), (3), (7).
R/C:
27 MHz As specified in § 95.631(b) (1), (3), (7).
72-76 MHz As specified in § 95.631(b) (1), (3), (7), (10), (11), (12).
CB A1D, A3E (1), (3), (8), (9).
H1D, J1D, R1D, H3E, J3E, R3E (2), (4), (8), (9).
A1D, A3E type accepted before September 10, 1976 (1), (3), (7).
H1D, J1D, R1D, H3E, J3E, R3E type accepted before September 10, 1986 (2), (4), (7).
LPRS As specified in paragraph (c).
MedRadio As specified in paragraph (d).
DSRCS-OBU As specified in paragraph (f) of this section.
(1) At least 25 dB (decibels) on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 50% up to and including 100% of the authorized bandwidth.
(2) At least 25 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 50% up to and including 150% of the authorized bandwidth.
(3) At least 35 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 100% up to and including 250% of the authorized bandwidth.
(4) At least 35 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 150% up to and including 250% of the authorized bandwidth.
(5) At least 83 log10 (fd/5) dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz), of more than 5 kHz up to and including 10 kHz.
(6) At least 116 log10 (fd/6.1) dB, or if less, 50 10 log10 (T) dB, on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz), of more than 10 kHz up to and including 250% of the authorized bandwidth.
(7) At least 43 10 log10 (T) dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 250%.
(8) At least 53 10 log10 (T) dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 250%.
(9) At least 60 dB on any frequency twice or greater than twice the fundamental frequency.
(10) At least 45 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 100% up to and including 125% of the authorized bandwidth.
(11) At least 55 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 125% up to and including 250% of the authorized bandwidth.
(12) At least 56 10 log10 (T) dB on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 250%.
(c) For transmitters designed to operate in the LPRS, emissions shall be attenuated in accordance with the following:
(1) Emissions for LPRS transmitters operating on standard band channels (25 kHz) shall be attenuated below the unmodulated carrier in accordance with the following:
(i) Emissions 12.5 kHz to 22.5 kHz away from the channel center frequency: at least 30 dB; and
(ii) Emissions more than 22.5 kHz away from the channel center frequency: at least 43 10log(carrier power in watts) dB.
(2) Emissions for LPRS transmitters operating on extra band channels (50 kHz) shall be attenuated below the unmodulated carrier in accordance with the following:
(i) Emissions 25 kHz to 35 kHz from the channel center frequency: at least 30 dB; and
(ii) Emissions more than 35 kHz away from the channel center frequency: at least 43 10log(carrier power in watts) dB.
(3) Emissions for LPRS transmitters operating on narrowband channels (5 kHz) shall be attenuated below the power (P) of the highest emission, measured in peak values, contained within the authorized bandwidth (4 kHz) in accordance with the following:
(i) On any frequency within the authorized bandwidth: Zero dB;
(ii) On any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz) of more than 2 kHz up to and including 3.75 kHz: The lesser of 30 20(fd-2) dB, or 55 10 log(P), or 65 dB; and
(iii) On any frequency beyond 3.75 kHz removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth: At least 55 10 log(P) dB.
(4) Emissions from AMTS transmitters using a single 250 kHz channel shall be attenuated below the unmodulated carrier in accordance with the following:
(i) Emissions from 125 kHz to 135 kHz away from the channel center frequency; at least 30 dB; and
(ii) Emissions more than 135 kHz away from the channel center frequency; at least 43 10log(carrier power in watts) dB.
(d) For transmitters designed to operate in the MedRadio service, emissions shall be attenuated in accordance with the following:
(1) Emissions from a MedRadio transmitter shall be attenuated to a level no greater than the field strength limits shown in the following table when they:
(i) Are more than 250 kHz outside of the 402-405 MHz band (for devices designed to operate in the 402-405 MHz band);
(ii) Are more than 100 kHz outside of either the 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz bands (for devices designed to operate in the 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz bands);
(iii) Are in the 406.000-406.100 MHz band (for devices designed to operate in the 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz bands); or
(iv) Are more than 2.5 MHz outside of the 413-419 MHz, 426-432 MHz, 438-444 MHz, or 451-457 MHz bands (for devices designed to operate in the 413-457 MHz band).
Frequency(MHz) Fieldstrength (µV/m) Measurementdistance (m)
Note—At band edges, the tighter limit applies.
30-88 100 3
88-216 150 3
216-960 200 3
960 and above 500 3
(2) The emission limits shown in the table of paragraph (d)(1) are based on measurements employing a CISPR quasi-peak detector except that above 1 GHz, the limit is based on measurements employing an average detector. Measurements above 1 GHz shall be performed using a minimum resolution bandwidth of 1 MHz. See also § 95.605.
(3) The emissions from a MedRadio transmitter must be measured to at least the tenth harmonic of the highest fundamental frequency designed to be emitted by the transmitter.
(4) For devices designed to operate in the 402-405 MHz band: Emissions within the band more than 150 kHz away from the center frequency of the spectrum the transmission is intended to occupy and emissions 250 kHz or less below 402 MHz or above 405 MHz band will be attenuated below the maximum permitted output power by at least 20 dB.
(5) For devices designed to operate in the 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz bands: Emissions between 401-401.85 MHz or 405-406 MHz within the MedRadio bands that are more than 50 kHz away from the center frequency of the spectrum the transmission is intended to occupy (or more than 75 kHz away from the center frequency of MedRadio transmitters operating between 401.85-402 MHz) and emissions 100 kHz or less below 401 MHz or above 406 MHz shall be attenuated below the maximum permitted output power by at least 20 dB.
(6) For devices designed to operate in the 413-419 MHz, 426-432 MHz, 438-444 MHz, and 451-457 MHz bands: In the first 2.5 megahertz beyond any of the frequency bands authorized for MMN operation, the EIRP level associated with any unwanted emission must be attenuated within a 1 megahertz bandwidth by at least 20 dB relative to the maximum EIRP level within any 1 megahertz of the fundamental emission.
(7) Compliance with the limits described in subparagraphs (4) through (6) are based on the use of measurement instrumentation employing a peak detector function with an instrument resolution bandwidth approximately equal to 1.0 percent of the emission bandwidth of the device under measurement.
(e) For transmitters designed to operate in the MURS, transmitters shall comply with the following:
Frequency Mask with audio low pass filter Mask without audio low pass filter
151.820 MHz, 151.880 MHz and 151.940 MHz (1) (1)
154.570 MHz and 154.600 MHz (2) (3)
(1) Emission Mask 1— For transmitters designed to operate with a 12.5 kHz channel bandwidth, any emission must be attenuated below the power (P) of the highest emission contained within the authorized bandwidth as follows:
(i) On any frequency from the center of the authorized bandwidth fo to 5.625 kHz removed from fo: Zero dB.
(ii) On any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz) of more than 5.625 kHz but no more than 12.5 kHz: at least 7.27(fd−2.88 kHz) dB.
(iii) On any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz) of more than 12.5 kHz: at least 50 10 log (P) dB or 70 dB, whichever is the lesser attenuation.
(2) Emission Mask 2— For transmitters designed to operate with a 25 kHz channel bandwidth that are equipped with an audio low-pass filter, the power of any emission must be below the unmodulated carrier power (P) as follows:
(i) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more than 50 percent, but not more than 100 percent of the authorized bandwidth: at least 25 dB.
(ii) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more than 100 percent, but not more than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: at least 35 dB.
(iii) On any frequency removed from the assigned frequency by more than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: at least 43 10 log (P) dB.
(3) Emission Mask 3— For transmitters designed to operate with a 25 kHz channel bandwidth that are not equipped with an audio low-pass filter, the power of any emission must be attenuated below the unmodulated carrier output power (P) as follows:
(i) On any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz) of more than 5 kHz, but not more than 10 kHz: at least 83 log (fd/5) dB.
(ii) On any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz) of more than 10 kHz, but not more than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: at least 29 log (fd 2/11) dB or 50 dB, whichever is the lesser attenuation.
(iii) On any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by more than 250 percent of the authorized bandwidth: at least 43 10 log (P) dB.
(f) DSRCS-OBUs are governed under subpart L of this part.
[53 FR 36789, Sept. 22, 1988, as amended at 56 FR 15837, Apr. 18, 1991. Redesignated and amended at 61 FR 28769, 28770, June 6, 1996, and further redesignated and amended at 61 FR 46567, 46568, Sept. 4, 1996; 63 FR 36610, July 7, 1998; 64 FR 69931, Dec. 15, 1999; 65 FR 60878, Oct. 13, 2000; 67 FR 63289, Oct. 11, 2002; 69 FR 46446, Aug. 3, 2004; 74 FR 22707, May 14, 2009; 77 FR 4269, Jan. 27, 2012]
Effective Date Note:
At 77 FR 55733, Sept. 11, 2012, § 95.635 was amended by adding paragraph (d)(1)(v), redesignating (d)(7) as (d)(8) and adding a new paragraph (d)(7), effective Oct. 11, 2012. For the convenience of the user, the added text is set forth as follows:
§ 95.635 Unwanted radiation.
(d) * * *
(1) * * *
(v) Are more than 2.5 MHz outside of the 2360-2400 MHz band (for devices designed to operate in the 2360-2400 MHz band).
(7) For devices designed to operate in the 2360-2400 MHz band: In the first 2.5 megahertz beyond any of the frequency bands authorized for MBAN operation, the EIRP level associated with any unwanted emission must be attenuated within a 1 megahertz bandwidth by at least 20 dB relative to the maximum EIRP level within any 1 megahertz of the fundamental emission.

Title 47 published on 2013-10-01

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  • 2014-01-16; vol. 79 # 11 - Thursday, January 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 2793 - Medical Body Area Networks; Correction
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      FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
      Final rule; correction.
      Effective January 16, 2014, and applicable beginning December 27, 2013.
      47 CFR Part 95

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United States Code

Title 47 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 47 CFR 95 after this date.

  • 2014-01-16; vol. 79 # 11 - Thursday, January 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 2793 - Medical Body Area Networks; Correction
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
      Final rule; correction.
      Effective January 16, 2014, and applicable beginning December 27, 2013.
      47 CFR Part 95