47 CFR 97.3 - Definitions.

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§ 97.3 Definitions.
(a) The definitions of terms used in part 97 are:
(1) Amateur operator. A person named in an amateur operator/primary license station grant on the ULS consolidated licensee database to be the control operator of an amateur station.
(2) Amateur radio services. The amateur service, the amateur-satellite service and the radio amateur civil emergency service.
(4) Amateur service. A radiocommunication service for the purpose of self-training, intercommunication and technical investigations carried out by amateurs, that is, duly authorized persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest.
(5) Amateur station. A station in an amateur radio service consisting of the apparatus necessary for carrying on radiocommunications.
(6) Automatic control. The use of devices and procedures for control of a station when it is transmitting so that compliance with the FCC Rules is achieved without the control operator being present at a control point.
(7) Auxiliary station. An amateur station, other than in a message forwarding system, that is transmitting communications point-to-point within a system of cooperating amateur stations.
(8) Bandwidth. The width of a frequency band outside of which the mean power of the transmitted signal is attenuated at least 26 dB below the mean power of the transmitted signal within the band.
(9) Beacon. An amateur station transmitting communications for the purposes of observation of propagation and reception or other related experimental activities.
(10) Broadcasting. Transmissions intended for reception by the general public, either direct or relayed.
(11) Call sign system. The method used to select a call sign for amateur station over-the-air identification purposes. The call sign systems are:
(i) Sequential call sign system. The call sign is selected by the FCC from an alphabetized list corresponding to the geographic region of the licensee's mailing address and operator class. The call sign is shown on the license. The FCC will issue public announcements detailing the procedures of the sequential call sign system.
(ii) Vanity call sign system. The call sign is selected by the FCC from a list of call signs requested by the licensee. The call sign is shown on the license. The FCC will issue public announcements detailing the procedures of the vanity call sign system.
(iii) Special event call sign system. The call sign is selected by the station licensee from a list of call signs shown on a common data base coordinated, maintained and disseminated by the amateur station special event call sign data base coordinators. The call sign must have the single letter prefix K, N or W, followed by a single numeral 0 through 9, followed by a single letter A through W or Y or Z (for example K1A). The special event call sign is substituted for the call sign shown on the station license grant while the station is transmitting. The FCC will issue public announcements detailing the procedures of the special event call sign system.
(12) CEPT radio amateur license. A license issued by a country belonging to the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) that has adopted Recommendation T/R 61-01 (Nice 1985, Paris 1992, Nicosia 2003).
(13) Control operator. An amateur operator designated by the licensee of a station to be responsible for the transmissions from that station to assure compliance with the FCC Rules.
(14) Control point. The location at which the control operator function is performed.
(15) CSCE. Certificate of successful completion of an examination.
(16) Earth station. An amateur station located on, or within 50 km of, the Earth's surface intended for communications with space stations or with other Earth stations by means of one or more other objects in space.
(17) [Reserved]
(18) External RF power amplifier. A device capable of increasing power output when used in conjunction with, but not an integral part of, a transmitter.
(19) [Reserved]
(20) FAA. Federal Aviation Administration.
(21) FCC. Federal Communications Commission.
(22) Frequency coordinator. An entity, recognized in a local or regional area by amateur operators whose stations are eligible to be auxiliary or repeater stations, that recommends transmit/receive channels and associated operating and technical parameters for such stations in order to avoid or minimize potential interference.
(23) Harmful interference. Interference which endangers the functioning of a radionavigation service or of other safety services or seriously degrades, obstructs or repeatedly interrupts a radiocommunication service operating in accordance with the Radio Regulations.
(24) IARP (International Amateur Radio Permit). A document issued pursuant to the terms of the Inter-American Convention on an International Amateur Radio Permit by a country signatory to that Convention, other than the United States. Montrouis, Haiti. AG/doc.3216/95.
(25) Indicator. Words, letters or numerals appended to and separated from the call sign during the station identification.
(26) Information bulletin. A message directed only to amateur operators consisting solely of subject matter of direct interest to the amateur service.
(27) In-law. A parent, stepparent, sibling, or step-sibling of a licensee's spouse; the spouse of a licensee's sibling, step-sibling, child, or stepchild; or the spouse of a licensee's spouse's sibling or step-sibling.
(28) International Morse code. A dot-dash code as defined in ITU-T Recommendation F.1 (March, 1998), Division B, I. Morse code.
(29) ITU. International Telecommunication Union.
(30) Line A. Begins at Aberdeen, WA, running by great circle arc to the intersection of 48° N, 120° W, thence along parallel 48° N, to the intersection of 95° W, thence by great circle arc through the southernmost point of Duluth, MN, thence by great circle arc to 45° N, 85° W, thence southward along meridian 85° W, to its intersection with parallel 41° N, thence along parallel 41° N, to its intersection with meridian 82° W, thence by great circle arc through the southernmost point of Bangor, ME, thence by great circle arc through the southernmost point of Searsport, ME, at which point it terminates.
(31) Local control. The use of a control operator who directly manipulates the operating adjustments in the station to achieve compliance with the FCC Rules.
(32) Message forwarding system. A group of amateur stations participating in a voluntary, cooperative, interactive arrangement where communications are sent from the control operator of an originating station to the control operator of one or more destination stations by one or more forwarding stations.
(33) National Radio Quiet Zone. The area in Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia Bounded by 39°15′ N on the north, 78°30′ W on the east, 37°30′ N on the south and 80°30′ W on the west.
(34) Physician. For the purpose of this part, a person who is licensed to practice in a place where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC, as either a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or a Doctor of Osteophathy (D.O.)
(35) Question pool. All current examination questions for a designated written examination element.
(36) Question set. A series of examination questions on a given examination selected from the question pool.
(37) Radio Regulations. The latest ITU Radio Regulations to which the United States is a party.
(38) RACES (radio amateur civil emergency service). A radio service using amateur stations for civil defense communications during periods of local, regional or national civil emergencies.
(39) Remote control. The use of a control operator who indirectly manipulates the operating adjustments in the station through a control link to achieve compliance with the FCC Rules.
(40) Repeater. An amateur station that simultaneously retransmits the transmission of another amateur station on a different channel or channels.
(41) Space station. An amateur station located more than 50 km above the Earth's surface.
(42) Space telemetry. A one-way transmission from a space station of measurements made from the measuring instruments in a spacecraft, including those relating to the functioning of the spacecraft.
(43) Spurious emission. An emission, or frequencies outside the necessary bandwidth of a transmission, the level of which may be reduced without affecting the information being transmitted.
(44) Telecommand. A one-way transmission to initiate, modify, or terminate functions of a device at a distance.
(45) Telecommand station. An amateur station that transmits communications to initiate, modify or terminate functions of a space station.
(46) Telemetry. A one-way transmission of measurements at a distance from the measuring instrument.
(47) Third party communications. A message from the control operator (first party) of an amateur station to another amateur station control operator (second party) on behalf of another person (third party).
(48) ULS (Universal Licensing System). The consolidated database, application filing system and processing system for all Wireless Telecommunications Services.
(49) VE. Volunteer examiner.
(50) VEC. Volunteer-examiner coordinator.
(b) The definitions of technical symbols used in this part are:
(1) EHF (extremely high frequency). The frequency range 30-300 GHz.
(2) HF (high frequency). The frequency range 3-30 MHz.
(3) Hz. Hertz.
(4) m. Meters.
(5) MF (medium frequency). The frequency range 300-3000 kHz.
(6) PEP (peak envelope power). The average power supplied to the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during one RF cycle at the crest of the modulation envelope taken under normal operating conditions.
(7) RF. Radio frequency.
(8) SHF (super-high frequency). The frequency range 3-30 GHz.
(9) UHF (ultra-high frequency). The frequency range 300-3000 MHz.
(10) VHF (very-high frequency). The frequency range 30-300 MHz.
(11) W. Watts.
(c) The following terms are used in this part to indicate emission types. Refer to § 2.201 of the FCC Rules, Emission, modulation and transmission characteristics, for information on emission type designators.
(1) CW. International Morse code telegraphy emissions having designators with A, C, H, J or R as the first symbol; 1 as the second symbol; A or B as the third symbol; and emissions J2A and J2B.
(2) Data. Telemetry, telecommand and computer communications emissions having (i) designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first symbol, 1 as the second symbol, and D as the third symbol; (ii) emission J2D; and (iii) emissions A1C, F1C, F2C, J2C, and J3C having an occupied bandwidth of 500 Hz or less when transmitted on an amateur service frequency below 30 MHz. Only a digital code of a type specifically authorized in this part may be transmitted.
(3) Image. Facsimile and television emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first symbol; 1, 2 or 3 as the second symbol; C or F as the third symbol; and emissions having B as the first symbol; 7, 8 or 9 as the second symbol; W as the third symbol.
(4) MCW. Tone-modulated international Morse code telegraphy emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H or R as the first symbol; 2 as the second symbol; A or B as the third symbol.
(5) Phone. Speech and other sound emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first symbol; 1, 2 or 3 as the second symbol; E as the third symbol. Also speech emissions having B as the first symbol; 7, 8 or 9 as the second symbol; E as the third symbol. MCW for the purpose of performing the station identification procedure, or for providing telegraphy practice interspersed with speech. Incidental tones for the purpose of selective calling or alerting or to control the level of a demodulated signal may also be considered phone.
(6) Pulse. Emissions having designators with K, L, M, P, Q, V or W as the first symbol; 0, 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9 or X as the second symbol; A, B, C, D, E, F, N, W or X as the third symbol.
(7) RTTY. Narrow-band direct-printing telegraphy emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first symbol; 1 as the second symbol; B as the third symbol; and emission J2B. Only a digital code of a type specifically authorized in this part may be transmitted.
(8) SS. Spread spectrum emissions using bandwidth-expansion modulation emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first symbol; X as the second symbol; X as the third symbol.
(9) Test. Emissions containing no information having the designators with N as the third symbol. Test does not include pulse emissions with no information or modulation unless pulse emissions are also authorized in the frequency band.
[54 FR 25857, June 20, 1989]
Editorial Note:
For Federal Register citations affecting § 97.3, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.

Title 47 published on 2013-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 47.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-09-03; vol. 79 # 170 - Wednesday, September 3, 2014
    1. 79 FR 52226 - Amateur Service Rules
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
      Correcting amendments.
      Effective September 3, 2014.
      47 CFR Part 97

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 47 - TELECOMMUNICATIONS

§ 151 - Purposes of chapter; Federal Communications Commission created

§ 152 - Application of chapter

§ 153 - Definitions

§ 154 - Federal Communications Commission

§ 155 - Commission

§ 301 - License for radio communication or transmission of energy

§ 302 - Repealed. June 5, 1936, ch. 511,

§ 302a - Devices which interfere with radio reception

§ 303 - Powers and duties of Commission

§ 303a - Standards for children’s television programming

§ 303b - Consideration of children’s television service in broadcast license renewal

§ 303c - Television program improvement

§ 304 - Waiver by license of claims to particular frequency or of electromagnetic spectrum

§ 305 - Government owned stations

§ 306 - Foreign ships; application of

§ 307 - Licenses

§ 308 - Requirements for license

§ 309 - Application for license

§ 310 - License ownership restrictions

§ 311 - Requirements as to certain applications in broadcasting service

§ 312 - Administrative sanctions

§ 312a - Revocation of operator’s license used in unlawful distribution of controlled substances

§ 313 - Application of antitrust laws to manufacture, sale, and trade in radio apparatus

§ 314 - Competition in commerce; preservation

§ 315 - Candidates for public office

§ 316 - Modification by Commission of station licenses or construction permits; burden of proof

§ 317 - Announcement of payment for broadcast

§ 318 - Transmitting apparatus; operator’s license

§ 319 - Construction permits

§ 320 - Stations liable to interfere with distress signals; designation and regulation

§ 321 - Distress signals and communications; equipment on vessels; regulations

§ 322 - Exchanging radio communications between land and ship stations and from ship to ship

§ 323 - Interference between Government and commercial stations

§ 324 - Use of minimum power

§ 325 - False, fraudulent, or unauthorized transmissions

§ 326 - Censorship

§ 327 - Naval stations; use for commercial messages; rates

§ 328 - Repealed.

§ 329 - Administration of radio laws in Territories and possessions

§ 330 - Prohibition against shipment of certain television receivers

§ 331 - Very high frequency stations and AM radio stations

§ 332 - Mobile services

§ 333 - Willful or malicious interference

§ 334 - Limitation on revision of equal employment opportunity regulations

§ 335 - Direct broadcast satellite service obligations

§ 336 - Broadcast spectrum flexibility

§ 337 - Allocation and assignment of new public safety services licenses and commercial licenses

§ 338 - Carriage of local television signals by satellite carriers

§ 339 - Carriage of distant television stations by satellite carriers

§ 340 - Significantly viewed signals permitted to be carried

§ 341 - Carriage of television signals to certain subscribers

§ 342 - Process for issuing qualified carrier certification

§ 351 - Ship radio stations and operations

§ 352 - Exemptions

§ 353 - Radio equipment and operators

§ 353a - Operators and watches on radiotelephone equipped ships

§ 354 - Technical requirements of equipment on radiotelegraph equipped ships

§ 354a - Technical requirements of equipment on radiotelephone equipped ships

§ 355 - Survival craft

§ 356 - Approval of installations by Commission

§ 357 - Safety information

§ 358 - Master’s control over operations

§ 359 - Certificates of compliance; issuance, modification, and cancellation

§ 360 - Station licenses; inspection of equipment by Commission

§ 361 - Control by Commission; review of decisions

§ 362 - Forfeitures; recovery

§ 363 - Automated ship distress and safety systems

§ 381 - Vessels transporting more than six passengers for hire required to be equipped with radiotelephone

§ 382 - Vessels excepted from radiotelephone requirement

§ 383 - Exemptions by Commission

§ 384 - Authority of Commission; operations, installations, and additional equipment

§ 385 - Inspections

§ 386 - Forfeitures

§ 390 - Declaration of purpose

§ 391 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 392 - Grants for construction

§ 392a - Repealed.

§ 393 - Criteria for approval and expenditures by Secretary

§ 393a - Long-range planning for facilities

§ 394 - Establishment of National Endowment

§ 395 - Assistance for demonstration projects

§ 396 - Corporation for Public Broadcasting

§ 397 - Definitions

§ 398 - Federal interference or control

§ 399 - Support of political candidates prohibited

§ 399a - Use of business or institutional logograms

§ 399b - Offering of certain services, facilities, or products by public broadcast station

§ 401 - Enforcement provisions

§ 402 - Judicial review of Commission’s orders and decisions

§ 403 - Inquiry by Commission on its own motion

§ 404 - Reports of investigations

§ 405 - Petition for reconsideration; procedure; disposition; time of filing; additional evidence; time for disposition of petition...reconsideration of order concluding hearing or investigation; appeal of order

§ 406 - Compelling furnishing of facilities; mandamus; jurisdiction

§ 407 - Order for payment of money; petition for enforcement; procedure; order of Commission as prima facie evidence; costs; attorneys’ fees

§ 408 - Order not for payment of money; when effective

§ 409 - Hearings

§ 410 - Joint boards and commissions

§ 411 - Joinder of parties

§ 412 - Documents filed with Commission as public records; prima facie evidence; confidential records

§ 413 - Designation of agent for service; method of service

§ 414 - Exclusiveness of chapter

§ 415 - Limitations of actions

§ 416 - Orders of Commission

§ 501 - General penalty

§ 502 - Violation of rules, regulations, etc.

§ 503 - Forfeitures

§ 504 - Forfeitures

§ 505 - Venue of trials

§ 506 - Repealed.

§ 507 - Violation of Great Lakes Agreement

§ 508 - Disclosure of payments to individuals connected with broadcasts

§ 509 - Prohibited practices in contests of knowledge, skill, or chance

§ 510 - Forfeiture of communications devices

§ 521 - Purposes

§ 522 - Definitions

§ 531 - Cable channels for public, educational, or governmental use

§ 532 - Cable channels for commercial use

§ 533 - Ownership restrictions

§ 534 - Carriage of local commercial television signals

§ 535 - Carriage of noncommercial educational television

§ 536 - Regulation of carriage agreements

§ 537 - Sales of cable systems

§ 541 - General franchise requirements

§ 542 - Franchise fees

§ 543 - Regulation of rates

§ 544 - Regulation of services, facilities, and equipment

§ 544a - Consumer electronics equipment compatibility

§ 545 - Modification of franchise obligations

§ 546 - Renewal

§ 547 - Conditions of sale

§ 548 - Development of competition and diversity in video programming distribution

§ 549 - Competitive availability of navigation devices

§ 551 - Protection of subscriber privacy

§ 552 - Consumer protection and customer service

§ 553 - Unauthorized reception of cable service

§ 554 - Equal employment opportunity

§ 555 - Judicial proceedings

§ 555a - Limitation of franchising authority liability

§ 556 - Coordination of Federal, State, and local authority

§ 557 - Existing franchises

§ 558 - Criminal and civil liability

§ 559 - Obscene programming

§ 560 - Scrambling of cable channels for nonsubscribers

§ 561 - Scrambling of sexually explicit adult video service programming

§ 571 - Regulatory treatment of video programming services

§ 572 - Prohibition on buy outs

§ 573 - Establishment of open video systems

§ 601 - Interstate Commerce Commission and Postmaster General; duties, powers, and functions transferred to Commission

§ 602, 603 - Repealed.

§ 604 - Effect of transfer

§ 605 - Unauthorized publication or use of communications

§ 606 - War powers of President

§ 607 - Effective date of chapter

§ 608 - Separability

§ 609 - Short title

Statutes at Large

Title 47 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 47 CFR 97 after this date.

  • 2014-09-03; vol. 79 # 170 - Wednesday, September 3, 2014
    1. 79 FR 52226 - Amateur Service Rules
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
      Correcting amendments.
      Effective September 3, 2014.
      47 CFR Part 97