48 CFR 31.201-6 - Accounting for unallowable costs.

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There is 1 rule appearing in the Federal Register for 48 CFR 31. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
31.201-6 Accounting for unallowable costs.
(a) Costs that are expressly unallowable or mutually agreed to be unallowable, including mutually agreed to be unallowable directly associated costs, shall be identified and excluded from any billing, claim, or proposal applicable to a Government contract. A directly associated cost is any cost that is generated solely as a result of incurring another cost, and that would not have been incurred had the other cost not been incurred. When an unallowable cost is incurred, its directly associated costs are also unallowable.
(b) Costs that specifically become designated as unallowable or as unallowable directly associated costs of unallowable costs as a result of a written decision furnished by a contracting officer shall be identified if included in or used in computing any billing, claim, or proposal applicable to a Government contract. This identification requirement applies also to any costs incurred for the same purpose under like circumstances as the costs specifically identified as unallowable under either this paragraph or paragraph (a) above.
(c)
(1) The practices for accounting for and presentation of unallowable costs must be those described in 48 CFR 9904.405, Accounting for Unallowable Costs.
(2) Statistical sampling is an acceptable practice for contractors to follow in accounting for and presenting unallowable costs provided the following criteria in paragraphs (c)(2)(i), (c)(2)(ii), and (c)(2)(iii) of this subsection are met:
(i) The statistical sampling results in an unbiased sample that is a reasonable representation of the sampling universe.
(ii) Any large dollar value or high risk transaction is separately reviewed for unallowable costs and excluded from the sampling process.
(iii) The statistical sampling permits audit verification.
(3) For any indirect cost in the selected sample that is subject to the penalty provisions at 42.709, the amount projected to the sampling universe from that sampled cost is also subject to the same penalty provisions.
(4) Use of statistical sampling methods for identifying and segregating unallowable costs should be the subject of an advance agreement under the provisions of 31.109 between the contractor and the cognizant administrative contracting officer or Federal official. The advance agreement should specify the basic characteristics of the sampling process. The cognizant administrative contracting officer or Federal official shall request input from the cognizant auditor before entering into any such agreements.
(5) In the absence of an advance agreement, if an initial review of the facts results in a challenge of the statistical sampling methods by the contracting officer or the contracting officer's representative, the burden of proof shall be on the contractor to establish that such a method meets the criteria in paragraph (c)(2) of this subsection.
(d) If a directly associated cost is included in a cost pool that is allocated over a base that includes the unallowable cost with which it is associated, the directly associated cost shall remain in the cost pool. Since the unallowable costs will attract their allocable share of costs from the cost pool, no further action is required to assure disallowance of the directly associated costs. In all other cases, the directly associated costs, if material in amount, must be purged from the cost pool as unallowable costs.
(e)
(1) In determining the materiality of a directly associated cost, consideration should be given to the significance of (i) the actual dollar amount, (ii) the cumulative effect of all directly associated costs in a cost pool, and (iii) the ultimate effect on the cost of Government contracts.
(2) Salary expenses of employees who participate in activities that generate unallowable costs shall be treated as directly associated costs to the extent of the time spent on the proscribed activity, provided the costs are material in accordance with subparagraph (e)(1) above (except when such salary expenses are, themselves, unallowable). The time spent in proscribed activities should be compared to total time spent on company activities to determine if the costs are material. Time spent by employees outside the normal working hours should not be considered except when it is evident that an employee engages so frequently in company activities during periods outside normal working hours as to indicate that such activities are a part of the employee's regular duties.
(3) When a selected item of cost under 31.205 provides that directly associated costs be unallowable, such directly associated costs are unallowable only if determined to be material in amount in accordance with the criteria provided in paragraphs (e)(1) and (e)(2) of this subsection, except in those situations where allowance of any of the directly associated costs involved would be considered to be contrary to public policy.
[48 FR 42301, Sept. 19, 1983, as amended at 59 FR 67045, Dec. 28, 1994; 70 FR 57466, Sept. 30, 2005; 70 FR 69100, Nov. 14, 2005]

Title 48 published on 2014-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 48.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-11-25; vol. 79 # 227 - Tuesday, November 25, 2014
    1. 79 FR 70348 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
      Final rule.
      Effective: November 25, 2014.
      48 CFR Parts 1, 16, 22, 31, 52, and 53

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 10 - ARMED FORCES

§ 2301 - Repealed.

§ 2302 - Definitions

§ 2302a - Simplified acquisition threshold

§ 2302b - Implementation of simplified acquisition procedures

§ 2302c - Implementation of electronic commerce capability

§ 2302d - Major system: definitional threshold amounts

§ 2303 - Applicability of chapter

§ 2303a - Repealed.

§ 2304 - Contracts: competition requirements

§ 2304a - Task and delivery order contracts: general authority

§ 2304b - Task order contracts: advisory and assistance services

§ 2304c - Task and delivery order contracts: orders

§ 2304d - Task and delivery order contracts: definitions

§ 2304e - Contracts: prohibition on competition between Department of Defense and small businesses and certain other entities

§ 2305 - Contracts: planning, solicitation, evaluation, and award procedures

§ 2305a - Design-build selection procedures

§ 2306 - Kinds of contracts

§ 2306a - Cost or pricing data: truth in negotiations

§ 2306b - Multiyear contracts: acquisition of property

§ 2306c - Multiyear contracts: acquisition of services

§ 2307 - Contract financing

§ 2308 - Buy-to-budget acquisition: end items

§ 2309 - Allocation of appropriations

§ 2310 - Determinations and decisions

§ 2311 - Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities

§ 2312 - Remission of liquidated damages

§ 2313 - Examination of records of contractor

§ 2313a - Defense Contract Audit Agency: annual report

§ 2314 - Laws inapplicable to agencies named in

§ 2315 - Law inapplicable to the procurement of automatic data processing equipment and services for certain defense purposes

§ 2316 - Disclosure of identity of contractor

§ 2317 - Repealed.

§ 2318 - Advocates for competition

§ 2319 - Encouragement of new competitors

§ 2320 - Rights in technical data

§ 2321 - Validation of proprietary data restrictions

§ 2322 - Repealed.

§ 2323 - Contract goal for small disadvantaged businesses and certain institutions of higher education

§ 2323a - Credit for Indian contracting in meeting certain subcontracting goals for small disadvantaged businesses and certain institutions of higher education

§ 2324 - Allowable costs under defense contracts

§ 2325 - Restructuring costs

§ 2326 - Undefinitized contractual actions: restrictions

§ 2327 - Contracts: consideration of national security objectives

§ 2328 - Release of technical data under Freedom of Information Act: recovery of costs

§ 2329 - Repealed.

§ 2330 - Procurement of contract services: management structure

§ 2330a - Procurement of services: tracking of purchases

§ 2331 - Procurement of services: contracts for professional and technical services

§ 2332 - Share-in-savings contracts

§ 2333 - Joint policies on requirements definition, contingency program management, and contingency contracting

§ 2334 - Independent cost estimation and cost analysis

§ 2335 - Prohibition on collection of political information

§ 2336 - Intergovernmental support agreements with State and local governments

§ 2337 - Life-cycle management and product support

U.S. Code: Title 40 - PUBLIC BUILDINGS, PROPERTY, AND WORKS
U.S. Code: Title 51 - NATIONAL AND COMMERCIAL SPACE PROGRAMS

Title 48 published on 2014-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 48 CFR 31 after this date.

  • 2014-11-25; vol. 79 # 227 - Tuesday, November 25, 2014
    1. 79 FR 70348 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Technical Amendments
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
      Final rule.
      Effective: November 25, 2014.
      48 CFR Parts 1, 16, 22, 31, 52, and 53