48 CFR 8.405-3 - Blanket purchase agreements (BPAs).

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There are 3 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 48 CFR 8. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
8.405-3 Blanket purchase agreements (BPAs).
(a) Establishment.
(1) Ordering activities may establish BPAs under any schedule contract to fill repetitive needs for supplies or services. Ordering activities shall establish the BPA with the schedule contractor(s) that can provide the supply or service that represents the best value.
(2) In addition to price (see 8.404(d) and 8.405-4), when determining best value, the ordering activity may consider, among other factors, the following:
(i) Past performance.
(ii) Special features of the supply or service required for effective program performance.
(iii) Trade-in considerations.
(iv) Probable life of the item selected as compared with that of a comparable item.
(v) Warranty considerations.
(vi) Maintenance availability.
(vii) Environmental and energy efficiency considerations.
(viii) Delivery terms.
(3)
(i) The ordering activity contracting officer shall, to the maximum extent practicable, give preference to establishing multiple-award BPAs, rather than establishing a single-award BPA.
(ii) No single-award BPA with an estimated value exceeding $103 million (including any options), may be awarded unless the head of the agency determines in writing that—
(A) The orders expected under the BPA are so integrally related that only a single source can reasonably perform the work;
(B) The BPA provides only for firm-fixed priced orders for—
(1) Products with unit prices established in the BPA; or
(2) Services with prices established in the BPA for specific tasks to be performed;
(C) Only one source is qualified and capable of performing the work at a reasonable price to the Government; or
(D) It is necessary in the public interest to award the BPA to a single source for exceptional circumstances.
(iii) The requirement for a determination for a single-award BPA greater than $103 million is in addition to any applicable requirement for a limited-source justification at 8.405-6. However, the two documents may be combined into one document.
(iv) In determining how many multiple-award BPAs to establish or that a single-award BPA is appropriate, the contracting officer should consider the following factors and document the decision in the acquisition plan or BPA file:
(A) The scope and complexity of the requirement(s);
(B) The benefits of on-going competition and the need to periodically compare multiple technical approaches or prices;
(C) The administrative costs of BPAs; and
(D) The technical qualifications of the schedule contractor(s).
(4) BPAs shall address the frequency of ordering, invoicing, discounts, requirements (e.g., estimated quantities, work to be performed), delivery locations, and time.
(5) When establishing multiple-award BPAs, the ordering activity shall specify the procedures for placing orders under the BPAs in accordance with 8.405-3(c)(2).
(6) Establishment of a multi-agency BPA against a Federal Supply Schedule contract is permitted if the multi-agency BPA identifies the participating agencies and their estimated requirements at the time the BPA is established.
(7) Minimum documentation. The ordering activity contracting officer shall include in the BPA file documentation the—
(i) Schedule contracts considered, noting the contractor to which the BPA was awarded;
(ii) Description of the supply or service purchased;
(iii) Price;
(iv) Required justification for a limited-source BPA (see 8.405-6), if applicable;
(v) Determination for a single-award BPA exceeding $103 million, if applicable (see (a)(3)(ii));
(vi) Documentation supporting the decision to establish multiple-award BPAs or a single-award BPA (see (a)(3)(iv));
(vii) Evidence of compliance with paragraph (b) of this section, for competitively awarded BPAs, if applicable; and
(viii) Basis for the award decision. This should include the evaluation methodology used in selecting the contractor, the rationale for any tradeoffs in making the selection, and a price reasonableness determination for services requiring a statement of work.
(b) Competitive procedures for establishing a BPA. This paragraph applies to the establishment of a BPA, in addition to applicable instructions in paragraph (a).
(1) For supplies, and for services not requiring a statement of work. The procedures of this paragraph apply when establishing a BPA for supplies and services that are listed in the schedule contract at a fixed price for the performance of a specific task, where a statement of work is not required (e.g., installation, maintenance, and repair).
(i) If the estimated value of the BPA does not exceed the simplified acquisition threshold.
(A) The ordering activity shall:
(1) Consider reasonably available information about the supply or service offered under MAS contracts by surveying at least three schedule contractors through the GSA Advantage! on-line shopping service, by reviewing the catalogs or pricelists of at least three schedule contractors, or by requesting quotations from at least three schedule contractors (see 8.405-5); or
(2) Document the circumstances for restricting consideration to fewer than three schedule contractors based on one of the reasons at 8.405-6(a).
(B) The ordering activity shall establish the BPA with the schedule contractor(s) that can provide the best value.
(ii) If the estimated value of the BPA exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold. The ordering activity contracting officer:
(A) Shall provide an RFQ that includes a description of the supplies to be delivered or the services to be performed and the basis upon which the selection will be made.
(B) (1) Shall post the RFQ on e-Buy to afford all schedule contractors offering the required supplies or services under the appropriate multiple award schedule(s) an opportunity to submit a quote; or
(2) Shall provide the RFQ to as many schedule contractors as practicable, consistent with market research appropriate to the circumstances, to reasonably ensure that quotes will be received from at least three contractors that can fulfill the requirements. When fewer than three quotes are received from schedule contractors that can fulfill the requirements, the contracting officer shall prepare a written determination explaining that no additional contractors capable of fulfilling the requirements could be identified despite reasonable efforts to do so. The determination must clearly explain efforts made to obtain quotes from at least three schedule contractors.
(C) Shall ensure all quotes received are fairly considered and award is made in accordance with the basis for selection in the RFQ. After seeking price reductions (see 8.405-4), establish the BPA with the schedule contractor(s) that provides the best value.
(D) The BPA must be established in accordance with paragraphs (b)(1)(ii)(B) and (C) of this section, unless the requirement is waived on the basis of a justification that is prepared and approved in accordance with 8.405-6.
(2) For services requiring a statement of work. This applies when establishing a BPA that requires services priced at hourly rates, as provided by the schedule contract. The applicable services will be identified in the Federal Supply Schedule publications and the contractor's pricelists.
(i) Statements of Work (SOWs). The ordering activity shall develop a statement of work. All Statements of Work shall include a description of work to be performed; location of work; period of performance; deliverable schedule; applicable performance standards; and any special requirements (e.g., security clearances, travel, and special knowledge). To the maximum extent practicable, agency requirements shall be performance-based statements (seesubpart 37.6).
(ii) Type-of-order preference. The ordering activity shall specify the order type (i.e., firm-fixed price, time-and-materials, or labor-hour) for the services identified in the statement of work. The contracting officer should establish firm-fixed priced orders to the maximum extent practicable. For time-and-materials and labor-hour orders, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures at 8.404(h).
(iii) Request for Quotation procedures. The ordering activity must provide a RFQ, which includes the statement of work and evaluation criteria (e.g., experience and past performance), to schedule contractors that offer services that will meet the agency's needs. The RFQ may be posted to GSA's electronic RFQ system, e-Buy (see 8.402(d)).
(iv) If the estimated value of the BPA does not exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. The ordering activity shall provide the RFQ (including the statement of work and evaluation criteria) to at least three schedule contractors that offer services that will meet the agency's needs.
(v) If estimated value of the BPA exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold. The ordering activity contracting officer—
(A) Shall post the RFQ on e-Buy to afford all schedule contractors offering the required supplies or services under the appropriate multiple-award schedule an opportunity to submit a quote; or
(B) Shall provide the RFQ, which includes the statement of work and evaluation criteria, to as many schedule contractors as practicable, consistent with market research appropriate to the circumstances, to reasonably ensure that quotes will be received from at least three contractors that can fulfill the requirements. When fewer than three quotes are received from schedule contractors that can fulfill the requirements, the contracting officer shall document the file. The contracting officer shall prepare a written determination explaining that no additional contractors capable of fulfilling the requirements could be identified despite reasonable efforts to do so. The determination must clearly explain efforts made to obtain quotes from at least three schedule contractors.
(vi) The ordering activity contracting officer shall ensure all quotes received are fairly considered and award is made in accordance with the basis for selection in the RFQ. The ordering activity is responsible for considering the level of effort and the mix of labor proposed to perform, and for determining that the proposed price is reasonable.
(vii) The BPA must be established in accordance with paragraph (b)(2)(iv) or (v), and with paragraph (b)(2)(vi) of this section, unless the requirement is waived on the basis of a justification that is prepared and approved in accordance with 8.405-6.
(viii) The ordering activity contracting officer shall establish the BPA with the schedule contractor(s) that represents the best value (see 8.404(d) and 8.405-4).
(3) After award, ordering activities should provide timely notification to unsuccessful offerors. If an unsuccessful offeror requests information on an award that was based on factors other than price alone, a brief explanation of the basis for the award decision shall be provided.
(c) Ordering from BPAs. The procedures in this paragraph (c) are not required for BPAs established on or before May 16, 2011. However, ordering activities are encouraged to use the procedures for such BPAs.
(1) Single-award BPA. If the ordering activity establishes a single-award BPA, authorized users may place the order directly under the established BPA when the need for the supply or service arises.
(2) Multiple-award BPAs.
(i) Orders at or below the micro-purchase threshold. The ordering activity may place orders at or below the micro-purchase threshold with any BPA holder that can meet the agency needs. The ordering activity should attempt to distribute any such orders among the BPA holders.
(ii) Orders exceeding the micro-purchase threshold but not exceeding the simplified acquisition threshold.
(A) The ordering activity must provide each multiple-award BPA holder a fair opportunity to be considered for each order exceeding the micro-purchase threshold, but not exceeding the simplified acquisition threshold unless one of the exceptions at 8.405-6(a)(1)(i) applies.
(B) The ordering activity need not contact each of the multiple-award BPA holders before placing an order if information is available to ensure that each BPA holder is provided a fair opportunity to be considered for each order.
(C) The ordering activity contracting officer shall document the circumstances when restricting consideration to less than all multiple-award BPA holders offering the required supplies and services.
(iii) Orders exceeding the simplified acquisition threshold.
(A) The ordering activity shall place an order in accordance with paragraphs (c)(2)(iii)(A)(1), (2) and (3) of this paragraph, unless the requirement is waived on the basis of a justification that is prepared and approved in accordance with 8.405-6. The ordering activity shall—
(1) Provide an RFQ to all BPA holders offering the required supplies or services under the multiple-award BPAs, to include a description of the supplies to be delivered or the services to be performed and the basis upon which the selection will be made;
(2) Afford all BPA holders responding to the RFQ an opportunity to submit a quote; and
(3) Fairly consider all responses received and make award in accordance with the selection procedures.
(B) The ordering activity shall document evidence of compliance with these procedures and the basis for the award decision.
(3) BPAs for hourly-rate services. If the BPA is for hourly-rate services, the ordering activity shall develop a statement of work for each order covered by the BPA. Ordering activities should place these orders on a firm-fixed price basis to the maximum extent practicable. For time-and-materials and labor-hour orders, the contracting officer shall follow the procedures at 8.404(h). All orders under the BPA shall specify a price for the performance of the tasks identified in the statement of work. The ordering activity is responsible for considering the level of effort and the mix of labor proposed to perform a specific task being ordered, and for determining that the total price is reasonable through appropriate analysis techniques, and documenting the file accordingly.
(d) Duration of BPAs.
(1) Multiple-award BPAs generally should not exceed five years in length, but may do so to meet program requirements.
(2) A single-award BPA shall not exceed one year. It may have up to four one-year options. See paragraph (e) of this section for requirements associated with option exercise.
(3) Contractors may be awarded BPAs that extend beyond the current term of their GSA Schedule contract, so long as there are option periods in their GSA Schedule contract that, if exercised, will cover the BPA's period of performance.
(e) Review of BPAs.
(1) The ordering activity contracting officer shall review the BPA and determine in writing, at least once a year (e.g., at option exercise), whether—
(i) The schedule contract, upon which the BPA was established, is still in effect;
(ii) The BPA still represents the best value (see 8.404(d)); and
(iii) Estimated quantities/amounts have been exceeded and additional price reductions can be obtained.
(2) The determination shall be included in the BPA file documentation.
[76 FR 14553, Mar. 16, 2011, as amended 77 FR 197, Jan. 3, 2012; 77 FR 12929, Mar. 2, 2012]

Title 48 published on 2013-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 48.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-04-29; vol. 79 # 82 - Tuesday, April 29, 2014
    1. 79 FR 24192 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Positive Law Codification of Title 41
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      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
      Final rule.
      Effective: May 29, 2014.
      48 CFR Parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, and 53

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 10 - ARMED FORCES

§ 2301 - Repealed.

§ 2302 - Definitions

§ 2302a - Simplified acquisition threshold

§ 2302b - Implementation of simplified acquisition procedures

§ 2302c - Implementation of electronic commerce capability

§ 2302d - Major system: definitional threshold amounts

§ 2303 - Applicability of chapter

§ 2303a - Repealed.

§ 2304 - Contracts: competition requirements

§ 2304a - Task and delivery order contracts: general authority

§ 2304b - Task order contracts: advisory and assistance services

§ 2304c - Task and delivery order contracts: orders

§ 2304d - Task and delivery order contracts: definitions

§ 2304e - Contracts: prohibition on competition between Department of Defense and small businesses and certain other entities

§ 2305 - Contracts: planning, solicitation, evaluation, and award procedures

§ 2305a - Design-build selection procedures

§ 2306 - Kinds of contracts

§ 2306a - Cost or pricing data: truth in negotiations

§ 2306b - Multiyear contracts: acquisition of property

§ 2306c - Multiyear contracts: acquisition of services

§ 2307 - Contract financing

§ 2308 - Buy-to-budget acquisition: end items

§ 2309 - Allocation of appropriations

§ 2310 - Determinations and decisions

§ 2311 - Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities

§ 2312 - Remission of liquidated damages

§ 2313 - Examination of records of contractor

§ 2313a - Defense Contract Audit Agency: annual report

§ 2314 - Laws inapplicable to agencies named in

§ 2315 - Law inapplicable to the procurement of automatic data processing equipment and services for certain defense purposes

§ 2316 - Disclosure of identity of contractor

§ 2317 - Repealed.

§ 2318 - Advocates for competition

§ 2319 - Encouragement of new competitors

§ 2320 - Rights in technical data

§ 2321 - Validation of proprietary data restrictions

§ 2322 - Repealed.

§ 2323 - Contract goal for small disadvantaged businesses and certain institutions of higher education

§ 2323a - Credit for Indian contracting in meeting certain subcontracting goals for small disadvantaged businesses and certain institutions of higher education

§ 2324 - Allowable costs under defense contracts

§ 2325 - Restructuring costs

§ 2326 - Undefinitized contractual actions: restrictions

§ 2327 - Contracts: consideration of national security objectives

§ 2328 - Release of technical data under Freedom of Information Act: recovery of costs

§ 2329 - Repealed.

§ 2330 - Procurement of contract services: management structure

§ 2330a - Procurement of services: tracking of purchases

§ 2331 - Procurement of services: contracts for professional and technical services

§ 2332 - Share-in-savings contracts

§ 2333 - Joint policies on requirements definition, contingency program management, and contingency contracting

§ 2334 - Independent cost estimation and cost analysis

§ 2335 - Prohibition on collection of political information

§ 2336 - Intergovernmental support agreements with State and local governments

§ 2337 - Life-cycle management and product support

U.S. Code: Title 40 - PUBLIC BUILDINGS, PROPERTY, AND WORKS
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

Title 48 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 48 CFR 8 after this date.

  • 2014-08-05; vol. 79 # 150 - Tuesday, August 5, 2014
    1. 79 FR 45408 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Uniform Use of Line Items
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      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
      Proposed rule.
      Interested parties should submit written comments to the Regulatory Secretariat at one of the addressees shown below on or before October 6, 2014 to be considered in the formation of the final rule.
      48 CFR Parts 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 14, 15, 16, and 52