49 CFR 173.27 - General requirements for transportation by aircraft.

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§ 173.27 General requirements for transportation by aircraft.
(a) The requirements of this section are in addition to requirements prescribed elsewhere under this part and apply to packages offered or intended for transportation aboard aircraft. Except for materials not subject to performance packaging requirements in subpart E of this part, a packaging containing a Packing Group III material with a primary or subsidiary risk of Division 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 5.1, or Class 8 must meet the Packing Group II performance level when offered for transportation by aircraft.
(b) Packages authorized onboard aircraft.
(1) When Column 9a of the § 172.101 table indicates that a material is “Forbidden”, that material may not be offered for transportation or transported aboard passenger-carrying aircraft.
(2) When Column 9b of the § 172.101 table indicates that a material is “Forbidden”, that material may not be offered for transportation or transported aboard aircraft.
(3) The maximum quantity of hazardous material in a package that may be offered for transportation or transported aboard a passenger-carrying aircraft or cargo aircraft may not exceed that quantity prescribed for the material in Column 9a or 9b, respectively, of the § 172.101 table.
(4) A package containing a hazardous material which is authorized aboard cargo aircraft but not aboard passenger aircraft must be labeled with the CARGO AIRCRAFT ONLY label required by § 172.402(c) of this subchapter and may not be offered for transportation or transported aboard passenger-carrying aircraft.
(c) Pressure requirements.
(1) Packagings must be designed and constructed to prevent leakage that may be caused by changes in altitude and temperature during transportation aboard aircraft.
(2) Packagings for which retention of liquid is a basic function must be capable of withstanding without leakage the greater of—
(i) An internal pressure which produces a gauge pressure of not less than 75 kPa (11 psig) for liquids in Packing Group III of Class 3 or Division 6.1; or 95 kPa (14 psig) for other liquids; or
(ii) A pressure related to the vapor pressure of the liquid to be conveyed, determined by one of the following:
(A) The total gauge pressure measured in the receptacle (i.e., the vapor pressure of the material and the partial pressure of air or other inert gases, less 100 kPa (15 psia)) at 55 °C (131 °F), multiplied by a safety factor of 1.5; determined on the basis of a filling temperature of 15 °C (59 °F) and a degree of filling such that the receptacle is not completely liquid full at a temperature of 55 °C (131 °F) or less;
(B) 1.75 times the vapor pressure at 50 °C (122 °F) less 100 kPa (15 psia); or
(C) 1.5 times the vapor pressure at 55 °C (131 °) less 100 kPa (15 psia).
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (c)(2) of this section—
(i) Hazardous materials may be contained in an inner packaging which does not itself meet the pressure requirement provided that the inner packaging is packed within a supplementary packaging which does meet the pressure requirement and other applicable packaging requirements of this subchapter.
(ii) Packagings which are subject to the hydrostatic pressure test and marking requirements of §§ 178.605 and 178.503(a)(5), respectively, of this subchapter must have a marked test pressure of not less than 250 kPa (36 psig) for liquids in Packing Group I, 80 kPa (12 psig) for liquids in Packing Group III of Class 3 or Division 6.1, and 100 kPa (15 psig) for other liquids.
(d) Closures. The body and closure of any packaging must be constructed to be able to adequately resist the effects of temperature and vibration occurring in conditions normally incident to air transportation. Inner packaging or receptacle closures of combination packages containing liquids must be held securely, tightly and effectively in place by secondary means. Examples of such secondary methods include: Adhesive tape, friction sleeves, welding or soldering, locking wires, locking rings, induction heat seals, and child-resistant closures. The closure device must be designed so that it is unlikely that it can be incorrectly or incompletely closed. Closures must be as follows:
(1) Packing Group I. An inner packaging containing liquids of Packing Group I must have a secondary means of closure applied and packed in accordance with paragraph (e) of this section.
(2) Packing Groups II and III. When a secondary means of closure cannot be applied or is impracticable to apply to an inner packaging containing liquids of Packing Groups II and III, this requirement may be satisfied by securely closing the inner packaging and placing it in a leakproof liner or bag before placing the inner packaging in its outer packaging.
(e) Absorbent materials. Except as otherwise provided in this subchapter, Packing Group I liquid hazardous materials of Classes 3, 4, or 8, or Divisions 5.1 or 6.1 that are packaged in combination packagings and offered for air transport in glass, earthenware, plastic, or metal inner packagings must be packed using absorbent material as follows:
(1) Inner packagings must be packed in a rigid and leakproof receptacle or intermediate packaging containing sufficient absorbent material to absorb the entire contents of the inner packaging before packing the inner packaging in its outer package.
(2) Absorbent material must not react dangerously with the liquid (see §§ 173.24 and 173.24a.).
(f) Combination packagings.
(1) Excepted quantities. For authorized materials and inner and outer package quantity limits for combination packages of excepted quantities intended for transportation by aircraft, see§ 173.4a of this part. Unless otherwise specified in this part, or in Subpart C of part 171 of this subchapter, when combination packagings are intended for transportation aboard an aircraft, inner packagings must conform to the quantity limitations set forth in table 1 of this paragraph for transport aboard passenger-carrying aircraft and table 2 of this paragraph for transport aboard cargo-only aircraft.
(2) Limited quantities.
(i) Unless otherwise specified in this part, or in subpart C of part 171 of this subchapter, when a limited quantity of hazardous material packaged in a combination packaging is intended for transportation aboard an aircraft, the inner and outer packagings must conform to the quantity limitations set forth in Table 3 of this paragraph. Substances and articles must be authorized for transportation aboard a passenger-carrying aircraft (see Column (9A) of the § 172.101 Hazardous Materials Table of this subchapter). As such, not all unauthorized substances or articles may be indicated in this section. Unless otherwise excepted, packages must be marked and labeled in accordance with this section and any additional requirements in subparts D and E, respectively, of part 172 of this subchapter. Materials or articles not authorized as limited quantity by aircraft are:
(A) Those in Packing Group I;
(B) Class 1 (explosive) material (see § 173.63(b) of this part for exceptions provided to certain articles of Division 1.4S) and Class 7 (radioactive) material (see §§ 173.421 through 173.425 of this part, as applicable, for exceptions provided to certain substances, instruments or articles of Class 7);
(C) Divisions 2.1 (flammable gas) (except Aerosols (UN1950) and Receptacles, small (UN2037) without subsidiary risk) and Division 2.3 (toxic gas);
(D) Divisions 4.1 (self-reactive), 4.2 (spontaneously combustible) (primary or subsidiary risk), and 4.3 (dangerous when wet) (liquids);
(E) Division 5.2 (organic peroxide) (except when contained in a Chemical or First aid kit (UN3316) or Polyester resin kit (UN3269) (Types D, E and F non-temperature controlled only));
(F) Class 8 (corrosive) materials UN2794, UN2795, UN2803, UN2809, 3028; and
(G) All Class 9 (miscellaneous) materials except for UN1941, UN1990, UN2071, UN3077, UN3082, UN3316, UN3334, UN3335, and ID8000.
(ii) Effective January 1, 2012, packages must be marked with the limited quantity “Y” mark as prescribed in § 172.315 of this part when conforming to Table 3 of this paragraph. Until December 31, 2012, a package may instead be marked with the proper shipping name “Consumer commodity” and “ORM-D-AIR” (including “Charcoal, NA1361) if it contains a consumer commodity, as authorized by this subchapter in effect on October 1, 2010.
(iii) Strong outer packagings are required and a completed package may not exceed 30 kg (66 lbs) gross weight.
(iv) A secondary means of closure required for all liquids contained in inner packagings. If this requirement cannot be satisfied, the use of an intermediate and leakproof form of containment, such as a liner, is required.
(v) Packages must be capable of passing a 1.2 m drop test on to a rigid, non-resilient, flat and horizontal surface, in the position most likely to cause damage. The criteria for passing the test is that the outer packaging must not exhibit any damage affecting safety in transport and there must be no leakage from the inner packagings.
(vi) Each package must be capable of withstanding, without breakage or leakage of any inner packaging, a force applied to the top surface for a duration of 24 hours equivalent to the total weight of identical packages if stacked to a height of 3 m (including the test sample).
(vii) Except for UN3082, inner packagings of combination packagings containing liquids must be capable of passing the appropriate pressure differential test prescribed in paragraph (c) of this section.
(3) The tables are as follows:
Table 1—Maximum Net Capacity of Inner Packaging for Transportation on Passenger-Carrying Aircraft
Maximum net quantity per package from Column 9a of the § 172.101 table Maximum authorized net capacity of each inner packaging
Glass, earthenware or fiber inner packagings Metal or plastic inner packagings
Liquids:
Not greater than 0.5L 0.5L 0.5L.
Greater than 0.5L. not greater than lL 0.5L lL.
Greater than 1L, not greater than 5L 1L 5L.
Greater than 5L, not greater than 60L 2.5L 10L.
Greater than 60L, not greater than 220L 5L 25L.
Greater than 220L No limit No limit.
Solids:
Not greater than 5 kg 0.5 kg 1 kg.
Greater than 5 kg, not greater than 25 kg 1 kg 2.5 kg.
Greater than 25 kg, not greater than 200 kg 5 kg 10 kg.
Greater than 200 kg No limit No limit.
Table 2—Maximum Net Capacity of Inner Packaging for Transportation on Cargo Aircraft
Maximum net quantity per package from Column 9b of the § 172.101 table Maximum authorized net capacity of each inner packaging
Glass, earthenware or fiber inner packagings Metal or plastic inner packagings
Liquids:
Not greater than 2.5L 1L 1L.
Greater than 2.5L, not greater than 30L 2.5L 2.5L.
Greater than 30L, not greater than 60L 5L 10L.
Greater than 60L, not greater than 220L 5L 25L.
Greater than 220L No limit No limit.
Solids:
Not greater than 15 kg 1 kg 2.5 kg.
Greater than 15 kg, not greater than 50 kg 2.5 kg 5 kg.
Greater than 50 kg, not greater than 200 kg 5 kg 10 kg.
Greater than 200 kg No limit No limit.
Table 3—Maximum Net Quantity of Each Inner and Outer Packaging for Materials Authorized for Transportation as Limited Quantity by Aircraft
Hazard class ordivision Maximum authorized net quantity of each inner packaging Maximum authorized net quantity of each outer package Notes
Glass, earthenware or fiber inner packagings Metal or plastic inner packagings
Class 1 Forbidden (See note) See § 173.63(b) of this part for exceptions provided to certain articles of Division 1.4S.
Class 2 30 kg Gross Authorized materials: Aerosols (UN1950) in Divisions 2.1 and 2.2, and Receptacles, small (UN2037) in Divisions 2.1 and 2.2 without subsidiary risk and Fuel cells cartridges (UN3478, UN3479), see § 173.230 of this part.
Class 3 PG I: Forbidden
PG II: 0.5L PG II: 0.5L PG II: 1L* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with corrosive subsidiary risk (e.g., UN2924, UN3286) is 0.5L. For Class 3 base materials as part of a Polyester resin kit (UN3269), see § 173.165 of this part for additional requirements, as applicable. Inner packaging limit for UN3269 base material is 1.0 L. For Fuel cell cartridges containing flammable liquids (UN3473), see § 173.230 of this part.
PG III: 2.5L** Corrosive subsidiary risk (e.g., UN2924) or toxic (e.g., UN1992) is 1L PG III: 5.0L** Corrosive subsidiary risk (e.g., UN2924) or toxic (e.g., UN1992) is 1L PG III: 10L* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with corrosive subsidiary risk (e.g., UN2924) is 1L and toxic subsidiary risk (e.g., UN1992) is 2L. For Class 3 base materials as part of a Polyester resin kit (UN3269), see § 173.165 of this part for additional requirements, as applicable. Inner packaging limit for UN3269 base material is 1.0 L.
Division 4.1 (does not include self-reactive material) PG I: Forbidden
PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 5 kg* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with toxic subsidiary risk (e.g., UN3179) is 1 kg.
PG III: 1 kg PG III: 1 kg PG III: 10 kg* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with corrosive subsidiary risk (e.g., UN3180) is 5 kg.
Division 4.2 (Primary or subsidiary) Forbidden * 25 kg (net mass) * * Until December 31, 2012, Charcoal (NA1361), PG III, may be transported as a limited quantity and may be renamed Consumer commodity and reclassed ORM-D-AIR, if eligible.
Division 4.3 (solid material only) PG I solids and all liquids regardless of Packing Group: Forbidden
PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 5 kg* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with toxic subsidiary risk (e.g., UN3134) is 1 kg. For fuel cell cartridges containing water reactive substances (UN3476), see § 173.230 of this part.
PG III: 1 kg PG III: 1 kg PG III: 10 kg* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with corrosive or flammable subsidiary risk (e.g., UN3131 or UN3132, respectively) is 5 kg.
Division 5.1 (Liquid or solid material) PG I: Forbidden
Division 5.1 (liquid material) PG II: 0.1L PG II: 0.1L PG II: 0.5L
PG III: 0.5L PG III: 0.5L PG III: 1.0L
Division 5.1 (solid material) PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 2.5 kg* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with toxic subsidiary risk (e.g., UN3087) is 1 kg.
PG III: 1.0 kg PG III: 1.0 kg PG III: 10 kg* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with corrosive subsidiary risk (e.g., UN3085) is 1 kg.
Division 5.2 (liquid material) 30 mL 30 mL 1 kg Authorized materials: Types D, E and F are authorized only as part of a Chemical or First aid kit (UN3316) packaged in accordance with § 173.161 of this part or a Polyester resin kit (UN3269) packaged in accordance with § 173.165 of this part. See §§ 173.161 and 173.165, as applicable, for additional requirements.
Division 5.2 (solid material) 100g 100g 1 kg Solid activators of Types D, E and F are limited to 100 g per inner packaging for UN3316 and UN3269. See §§ 173.161 and 173.165, as applicable, for additional requirements.
Division 6.1 PG I (Inhalation or otherwise): Forbidden
Division 6.1 (liquid material) PG II: 0.1L PG II: 0.1L PG II: 1.0L* * Maximum net quantity per outer package with corrosive subsidiary risk (e.g., UN3289) is 0.5L.
PG III: 0.5L PG III: 0.5L PG III: 2.0L
Division 6.1 (solid material) PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 1.0 kg.
PG III: 1.0 kg PG III: 1.0 kg PG III: 10 kg
Class 7 Forbidden (See note) See §§ 173.421 through 173.425 of this part, as applicable, for exceptions provided to certain substances, instruments or articles of Class 7.
Class 8 PG I: Forbidden
Class 8 (liquid material) PG II: 0.1L PG II: 0.1L PG II: 0.5L For “Fuel cell cartridges containing corrosive substances” (UN3477), see § 173.230 of this part.
PG III: 0.5L PG III: 0.5L PG III: 1.0L.
Class 8 (solid material) PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 0.5 kg PG II: 5.0 kg* * Maximum net quantity per outer package for UN2430 is 1.0 kg. UN2794, UN2795, UN2803, UN2809, UN3028 are not authorized as limited quantity.
PG III: 1.0 kg PG III: 1.0 kg PG III: 5.0 kg
Class 9 (liquid material) 30 mL (UN3316); 5.0L (UN1941, UN1990, UN3082) 30 mL (UN3316); 5.0L (UN1941, UN1990, UN3082) 1 kg (UN3316); 30 kg gross (all other authorized Class 9 material) Authorized materials: UN1941, UN1990, UN2071, UN3077, UN3082, UN3334, and UN3335. Additionally, Consumer commodity (ID8000) in accordance with § 173.167 of this part and Chemical kit or First aid kit (UN3316) in accordance with § 173.161 of this part are authorized.
Class 9 (solid material) 100 g (UN3316); 5.0 kg (UN2071, UN3077) 100 g (UN3316); 5.0 kg (UN2071, UN3077) 1 kg (UN3316); 30 kg gross (all other authorized Class 9 material)
(g) Cylinders. For any cylinder containing hazardous materials and incorporating valves, sufficient protection must be provided to prevent operation of, and damage to, the valves during transportation, by one of the following methods:
(1) By equipping each cylinder with securely attached valve caps or protective headrings; or
(2) By boxing or crating the cylinder.
(h) Tank cars and cargo tanks. Any tank car or cargo tank containing a hazardous material may not be transported aboard aircraft.
(i) Effective October 1, 2006, each person who offers a hazardous material for transportation by aircraft must include the certification statement specified in § 172.204(c)(3).
[Amdt. 173-224, 55 FR 52612, Dec. 21, 1990, as amended at 56 FR 66266, Dec. 20, 1991; Amdt. 173-138, 59 FR 49133, Sept. 26, 1994; 65 FR 58629, Sept. 29, 2000; 66 FR 45380, Aug. 28, 2001; 68 FR 45032, July 31, 2003; 69 FR 76155, Dec. 20, 2004; 71 FR 14602, Mar. 22, 2006; 73 FR 57006, Oct. 1, 2008; 75 FR 53597, Sept. 1, 2010; 76 FR 3368, Jan. 19, 2011; 76 FR 82175, Dec. 30, 2011; 77 FR 22509, Apr. 16, 2012]

Title 49 published on 2013-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 49.

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  • 2014-03-18; vol. 79 # 52 - Tuesday, March 18, 2014
    1. 79 FR 15033 - Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Certain Special Permits and Competent Authorities Into Regulations
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
      Final rule.
      This regulation is effective April 17, 2014. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of April 17, 2014.
      49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, 173, 175 and 178

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United States Code

Title 49 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 49 CFR 173 after this date.

  • 2014-03-18; vol. 79 # 52 - Tuesday, March 18, 2014
    1. 79 FR 15033 - Hazardous Materials: Adoption of Certain Special Permits and Competent Authorities Into Regulations
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
      Final rule.
      This regulation is effective April 17, 2014. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of April 17, 2014.
      49 CFR Parts 107, 171, 172, 173, 175 and 178