# 49 CFR 178.348-4 - Pressure relief.

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There are 4 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 49 CFR 178. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 178.348-4 Pressure relief.
(a) Each cargo tank must be equipped with a pressure and vacuum relief system in accordance with § 178.345-10 and this section.
(b) Type and construction. Vacuum relief devices are not required for cargo tanks designed to be loaded by vacuum or built to withstand full vacuum.
(c) Pressure settings of relief valves. The setting of the pressure relief devices must be in accordance with § 178.345-10(d), except as provided in paragraph (d)(3) of this section.
(d) Venting capacities.
(1) The vacuum relief system must limit the vacuum to less than 80 percent of the design vacuum capability of the cargo tank.
(3) Cargo tanks used in dedicated service for materials classed as corrosive material, with no secondary hazard, may have a total venting capacity which is less than required by § 178.345-10(e). The minimum total venting capacity for these cargo tanks must be determined in accordance with the following formula (use of approximate values given for the formula is acceptable):
Formula in Nonmetric Units
Q = 37,980,000 A0.82 (ZT)0.5 / (LC)(M0.5)
Where:
Q = The total required venting capacity, in cubic meters of air per hour at standard conditions of 15.6 °C and 1 atm (cubic feet of air per hour at standard conditions of 60 °F and 14.7 psia);
T = The absolute temperature of the vapor at the venting conditions—degrees Kelvin (°C 273) [degrees Rankine (°F 460)];
A = The exposed surface area of tank shell—square meters (square feet);
L = The latent heat of vaporization of the lading—calories per gram (BTU/lb);
Z = The compressibility factor for the vapor (if this factor is unknown, let Z equal 1.0);
M = The molecular weight of vapor;
C = A constant derived from (K), the ratio of specific heats of the vapor. If (K) is unknown, let C = 315.
C = 520[K(2/(K 1))[(K 1)/(K−1)]]0.5
Where:
K = Cp / Cv
Cp = The specific heat at constant pressure, in -calories per gram degree centigrade (BTU/lb °F.); and
Cv = The specific heat at constant volume, in -calories per gram degree centigrade (BTU/lb °F.).
[Amdt. 178-89, 54 FR 25032, June 12, 1989, as amended at 55 FR 37065, Sept. 7, 1990; Amdt. 178-104, 59 FR 49135, Sept. 26, 1994. Redesignated by Amdt. 178-112, 61 FR 18934, Apr. 29, 1996; 72 FR 55696, Oct. 1, 2007; 72 FR 59146, Oct. 18, 2007]

Title 49 published on 2013-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 49.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

• 2014-07-11; vol. 79 # 133 - Friday, July 11, 2014
1. 79 FR 40590 - Hazardous Materials: Compatibility With the Regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (RRR)
GPO FDSys XML | Text
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
Final rule.
Effective date: October 1, 2014. Voluntary compliance date: PHMSA is authorizing voluntary compliance beginning July 11, 2014. Delayed compliance date: Unless otherwise specified, compliance with the amendments adopted in this final rule is required beginning July 13, 2015. Incorporation by reference date: The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of October 1, 2014.
49 CFR Parts 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177 and 178

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United States Code

Title 49 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 49 CFR 178 after this date.

• 2014-07-11; vol. 79 # 133 - Friday, July 11, 2014
1. 79 FR 40590 - Hazardous Materials: Compatibility With the Regulations of the International Atomic Energy Agency (RRR)
GPO FDSys XML | Text
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
Final rule.
Effective date: October 1, 2014. Voluntary compliance date: PHMSA is authorizing voluntary compliance beginning July 11, 2014. Delayed compliance date: Unless otherwise specified, compliance with the amendments adopted in this final rule is required beginning July 13, 2015. Incorporation by reference date: The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in this rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of October 1, 2014.
49 CFR Parts 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177 and 178