49 CFR Part 395, Appendix A to Part 395 - Electronic On-Board Recorder Performance Specifications

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Appendix A to Part 395—Electronic On-Board Recorder Performance Specifications
1. Data Elements Dictionary for Electronic On-Board Recorders (EOBRs)
1.1To facilitate the electronic transfer of records to roadside inspection personnel and compliance review personnel, and provide the ability of various third-party and proprietary EOBR devices to be interoperable, a consistent electronic file format and record layout for the electronic RODS data to be recorded are necessary. This EOBR data elements dictionary provides a standardized and consistent format for EOBR output data.
EOBR Data File Format
1.2Regardless of the particular electronic file type (such as ASCII or XML) ultimately used for recording the electronic RODS produced by an EOBR, RODS data must be recorded according to a “flat file” database model format. A flat file is a simple database in which all information is stored in a plain text format with one database “record” per line. Each of these data records is divided into “fields” using delimiters (as in a comma-separate-values data file) or based on fixed column positions. Table 1 below presents the general concept of a flat data file consisting of data “fields” (columns) and data “records” (rows).
1.3The data elements dictionary describes the data fields component of the above framework. Individual data records must be generated and recorded whenever there is a change in driver duty status, an EOBR diagnostic event (such as power-on/off, self test, etc.), or when one or more data fields of an existing data record are later amended. In the last case, the corrected record must be recorded and noted as “current” in the “Event Status Code” data field, with the original record maintained in its unedited form and noted as “historical” in the “Event Status Code” data field. The EOBR Data Elements Dictionary is described in Table 2. The event codes are listed in Table 3.
Table 2—EOBR Data Elements Dictionary
Data element Data element definition Type Length Valid values and notes
Driver Identification Data
Driver First Name First name of the driver A 35 See Note 1.
Driver Last Name Last name, family name, or surname of the driver A 35 See Note 1.
Driver PIN/ID Numeric identification number assigned to a driver by the motor carrier A 40
Vehicle Identification Data
Tractor Number Motor carrier assigned identification number for tractor unit A 10
Trailer Number Motor carrier assigned identification number for trailer A 10
Tractor VIN Number Unique vehicle ID number assigned by manufacturer according to US DOT regulations A 17
Co-Driver Data
Co-Driver First Name First name of the co-driver A 35 See Note 1.
Co-Driver Last Name Last name, family name or surname of the co-driver A 35 See Note 1.
Co-Driver ID Numeric identification number assigned to a driver by the motor carrier A 40
Company Identification Data
Carrier USDOT Number USDOT Number of the motor carrier assigned by FMCSA N 8
Carrier Name Name or trade name of the motor carrier company appearing on the Form MCS-150 A 120
Shipment Data
Shipping Document Number Shipping document number A 40
Event Data
Event Sequence ID A serial identifier for an event that is unique to a particular vehicle and a particular day N 4 0001 through 9999.
Event Status Code Character codes for the four driver duty status change events, State border crossing event, and diagnostic events A 3 OFF = Off DutySB = Sleeper Berth D = On Duty Driving ON = On Duty Not Driving DG = Diagnostic.
Event Date The date when an event occurred N (Date) 8 UTC (universal time) recommended. Format: YYYYMMDD.
Event Time The time when an event occurred N (Time) 6 UTC (universal time) recommended. Format: HHMMSS (hours, minutes, seconds).
Event Latitude Latitude of a location where an event occurred N 2,6 Decimal format: XX.XXXXXX.
Event Longitude Longitude of a location where an event occurred N 3,6 Decimal format: XXX.XXXXXX.
Place Name The location codes must correspond, at a minimum, to ANSI INCITS 446-2008, “American National Standard for Information Technology—Identifying Attributes for Named Physical and Cultural Geographic Features (Except Roads and Highways) of the United States, Its Territories, Outlying Areas, and Freely Associated Areas and the Waters of the Same to the Limit of the Twelve-Mile Statutory Zone (10/28/2008),” where “GNIS Feature Class” = “Populated Place” (incorporated by reference, see§ 395.18). (For further information, see also the Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) at http://geonames.usgs.gov/domestic/index.html N 5 Unique within a FIPS state code. Lookup list derived from GNIS.
Place Distance Miles Distance in miles to nearest populated place from the location where an event occurred N 4
Total Vehicle Miles Total vehicle miles (as noted on vehicle odometer or as measured by any other compliant means such as vehicle location system, etc.) N 7 With total vehicle mileage recorded at the time of each event, vehicle miles traveled while driving, etc., can be computed.
Event Update Status Code A status of an event, either Current (the most up-to-date update or edit) or Historical (the original record if the record has subsequently been updated or edited) A 1 C = Current, H = Historical.
Diagnostic Event Code For diagnostic events (events where the “Event Status Code” is noted as “DG”), records the type of diagnostic performed (e.g., power-on, self test, power-off, etc.) A 2 (See Table 3).
Event Error Code Error code associated with an event A 2 (See Table 3).
Event Update Date The date when an event record was last updated or edited N (Date) 8 UTC (universal time) recommended. Format: YYYYMMDD.
Event Update Time Then time when an event record was last updated or edited N (Time) 6 UTC (universal time) recommended. Format: HHMMSS (hours, minutes, seconds).
Event Update Person ID An identifier of the person who last updated or edited a record A 40
Event Update Text A textual note related to the most recent record update or edit A 60 Brief narrative regarding reason for record update or edit.
Note 1:
This element must not be included in the records downloaded from an EOBR or support system at roadside.
Table 3—EOBR Diagnostic Event Codes
Code class Code Briefdescription Full description
General System Diagnostic PWR_ON Power on EOBR initial power-on.
General System Diagnostic PWROFF Power off EOBR power-off.
General System Diagnostic TESTOK test okay EOBR self test successful.
General System Diagnostic SERVIC Service EOBR Malfunction (return unit to factory for servicing).
General System Diagnostic MEMERR memory error System memory error.
General System Diagnostic LOWVLT Low voltage Low system supply voltage.
General System Diagnostic BATLOW battery low Internal system battery backup low.
General System Diagnostic CLKERR clock error EOBR system clock error (clock not set or defective).
General System Diagnostic BYPASS Bypass EOBR system bypassed (RODS data not collected).
Data Storage Diagnostic INTFUL internal memory full Internal storage memory full (requires download or transfer to external storage).
Data Storage Diagnostic DATACC Data accepted System accepted driver data entry.
Data Storage Diagnostic EXTFUL external memory full External memory full (smartcard or other external data storage device full).
Data Storage Diagnostic EXTERR external data access error Access external storage device failed.
Data Storage Diagnostic DLOADY download yes EOBR data download successful.
Data Storage Diagnostic DLOADN download no Data download rejected (unauthorized request/wrong Password).
Driver Identification Issue NODRID no driver ID No driver information in system and vehicle is in motion.
Driver Identification Issue PINERR PIN error Driver PIN/identification number invalid.
Driver Identification Issue DRIDRD Driver ID read Driver information successfully read from external storage device (transferred to EOBR).
Peripheral Device Issue DPYERR display error EOBR display malfunction.
Peripheral Device Issue KEYERR keyboard error EOBR keyboard/input device malfunction.
External Sensor Issue NOLTLN no latitude longitude No latitude and longitude from positioning sensor.
External Sensor Issue NOTSYC no time synchronization Unable to synchronize with external time reference input.
External Sensor Issue COMERR communications error Unable to communicate with external data link (to home office or wireless service provider).
External Sensor Issue NO_ECM no ECM data No sensory information received from vehicle's Engine Control Module (ECM).
External Sensor Issue ECM_ID ECM ID number mismatch ECM identification/serial number mismatch (with preprogrammed information).
2. Communications Standards for the Transmittal of Data Files From Electronic On-Board Recorders (EOBRs)
2.1EOBRs must produce and store RODS in accordance with the file format specified in this appendix and must be capable of a one-way transfer of these records through wired and wireless methods to authorized safety officials upon request.
2.2Wired. EOBRs must be capable of transferring RODS using the “Universal Serial Bus Specification (Revision 2.0)” (incorporated by reference, see § 395.18). Each EOBR device must implement a single USB compliant interface featuring a Type A connector. The USB interface must implement the Mass Storage class (08h) for driverless operation.
2.3Wireless. EOBRs must be capable of transferring RODS using one of the following wireless standards:
2.3.1802.11g-2003 standard as defined in the 802.11-2007 base standard for wireless communication “IEEE Standard for Information Technology—Telecommunications and information exchange between systems—Local and metropolitan area networks—Specific requirements: Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications” (IEEE Std. 802.11-2007) (incorporated by reference, see§ 395.18).
2.3.2Commercial Mobile Radio Services (e.g., cellular).
3. Certification of EOBRs To Assess Conformity With FMCSA Standards
3.1The following outcome-based performance requirements must be included in the self-certification testing conducted by EOBR manufacturers:
3.1.1Location
3.1.1.1The location description for the duty status change must be sufficiently precise to enable enforcement personnel to quickly determine the vehicle's geographic location at each change of duty status on a standard map or road atlas.
3.1.1.2When the CMV is in motion, location and time must be recorded at intervals of no greater than 60 minutes. This recorded information must be available for an audit of EOBR data, but is not required to be displayed on the EOBR's visual output device.
3.1.1.3Location codes derived from satellite or terrestrial sources, or a combination thereof must be used. The location codes must correspond, at minimum, to the GNIS maintained by the United States Geological Survey.
3.1.2Distance traveled
3.1.2.1Distance traveled may use units of miles or kilometers driving during each on-duty driving period and total for each 24-hour period for each driver operating the CMV.
3.1.2.2If the EOBR records units of distance in kilometers, it must provide a means to display the equivalent distance in English units.
3.1.2.3If the EOBR obtains distance-traveled information from a source internal to the CMV, the information must be accurate to the CMV's odometer.
3.1.3Date and time
3.1.3.1The date and time must be reported on the EOBR output record and display for each change of duty status and at such additional entries as specified under “Location.”
3.1.3.2The date and time must be obtained, transmitted, and recorded in such a way that it cannot be altered by a motor carrier or driver.
3.1.3.3The time must be coordinated to the Universal Time Clock (UTC) and must not drift more than 60 seconds per month.
3.1.4File format and communication protocols: The EOBR must produce and transfer a RODS file in the format and communication methods specified in sections 1.0 and 2.0 of this Appendix.
3.1.5Environment
3.1.5.1 [Reserved]
3.1.5.2Vibration and shock—The EOBR must meet industry standards for vibration stability and for preventing electrical shocks to device operators.
3.2The EOBR and EOBR support systems must be certified by the manufacturer as evidence that their design has been sufficiently tested to meet the requirements of § 395.16 under the conditions in which they would be used.
3.3The exterior faceplate of EOBRs must be marked by the manufacturer with the text 'USDOT-EOBR' as evidence that the device has been tested and certified as meeting the performance requirements of § 395.16.
[75 FR 17248, Apr. 5, 2010, as amended at 75 FR 55491, Sept. 13, 2010]

Title 49 published on 2014-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 49.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-10-02; vol. 79 # 191 - Thursday, October 2, 2014
    1. 79 FR 59450 - General Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
      Final rule.
      Effective October 2, 2014. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51 as of October 2, 2014.
      49 CFR Parts 355, 365, 369, 383, 384, 385, 387, 390, 391, 392, 395, and 397

Title 49 published on 2014-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 49 CFR 395 after this date.

  • 2014-10-02; vol. 79 # 191 - Thursday, October 2, 2014
    1. 79 FR 59450 - General Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
      Final rule.
      Effective October 2, 2014. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51 as of October 2, 2014.
      49 CFR Parts 355, 365, 369, 383, 384, 385, 387, 390, 391, 392, 395, and 397