(a) Content. Only an appellant, his or her designated representative, or a party properly substituted under § 1201.35 may file an appeal. Appeals may be in any format, including letter form. An appeal may be filed in electronic form provided that the requirements of § 1201.14 have been satisfied. All appeals must contain the following:
(1) The name, address, and telephone number of the appellant, and the name and address of the agency that took the action;
(2) A description of the action the agency took and its effective date;
(3) A request for hearing if the appellant wants one;
(4) A statement of the reasons why the appellant believes the agency action is wrong;
(5) A statement of the action the appellant would like the judge to order;
(6) The name, address, and telephone number of the appellant's representative, if the appellant has a representative;
(7) The notice of the decision to take the action being appealed, along with any relevant documents;
(8) A statement telling whether the appellant or anyone acting on his or her behalf has filed a grievance or a formal discrimination complaint with any agency regarding this matter; and
(9) The signature of the appellant or, if the appellant has a representative, of the representative. If the appeal is electronically filed, compliance with § 1201.14 and the directions at the Board's e-Appeal site (https://e-appeal.mspb.gov) satisfy the signature requirement.
(b) An appellant may raise a claim or defense not included in the appeal at any time before the end of the conference(s) held to define the issues in the case. An appellant may not raise a new claim or defense after that time, except for good cause shown. However, a claim or defense not included in the appeal may be excluded if a party shows that including it would result in undue prejudice.
(c) Use of Board form or electronic filing. An appellant may comply with paragraph (a) of this section, and with § 1201.31, by completing MSPB Form 185, or by completing all requests for information marked as required at the e-Appeal site (https://e-appeal.mspb.gov ). MSPB Form 185 can be accessed at the Board's Web site (http://www.mspb.gov ).
(d) Right to hearing. Under 5 U.S.C. 7701, an appellant has a right to a hearing.
(e) Timely request. The appellant must submit any request for a hearing with the appeal, or within any other time period the judge sets for that purpose. If the appellant does not make a timely request for a hearing, the right to a hearing is waived.