The Board has jurisdiction over appeals from agency actions when the appeals are authorized by law, rule, or regulation. These include appeals from the following actions:
Reduction in grade or removal for unacceptable performance ( 5 CFR part 432; 5 U.S.C. 4303(e) );
Removal, reduction in grade or pay, suspension for more than 14 days, or furlough for 30 days or less for cause that will promote the efficiency of the service. ( 5 CFR part 752, subparts C and D; 5 U.S.C. 7511-751 4);
Removal, or suspension for more than 14 days, of a career appointee in the Senior Executive Service ( 5 CFR part 752, subparts E and F; 5 U.S.C. 7541-754 3);
Reduction-in-force action affecting a career appointee in the Senior Executive Service (5 U.S.C. 3595 );
Reconsideration decision sustaining a negative determination of competence for a general schedule employee ( 5 CFR 531.410; 5 U.S.C. 5335(c) );
Determinations affecting the rights or interests of an individual or of the United States under the Civil Service Retirement System or the Federal Employees' Retirement System ( 5 CFR parts 831, 839, 842, 844, and 846; 5 U.S.C. 8347(d)(1) -(2) and 8461 (e)(1); and 5 U.S.C. 8331 note, Federal Erroneous Retirement Coverage Corrections Act)
Disqualification of an employee or applicant because of a suitability determination ( 5 CFR 731.501 );
Termination of employment during probation or the first year of a veterans readjustment appointment when:
The employee alleges discrimination because of partisan political reasons or marital status; or
The termination was based on conditions arising before appointment and the employee alleges that the action is procedurally improper ( 5 CFR 315.806, U.S.C. 4214(b)(1)(E));
Termination of appointment during a managerial or supervisory probationary period when the employee alleges discrimination because of partisan political affiliation or marital status ( 5 CFR 315.908(b) );
Separation, demotion, or furlough for more than 30 days, when the action was effected because of a reduction in force ( 5 CFR 351.901 );
Furlough of a career appointee in the Senior Executive Service ( 5 CFR 359.805 );
Failure to restore, improper restoration of, or failure to return following a leave of absence an employee or former employee of an agency in the executive branch (including the U.S. Postal Service and the Postal Rate Commission) following partial or full recovery from a compensable injury ( 5 CFR 353.304 );
Employment of another applicant when the person who wishes to appeal to the Board is entitled to priority employment consideration after a reduction-in-force action, or after partial or full recovery from a compensable injury ( 5 CFR 302.501, CFR 330.209);
Failure to reinstate a former employee after service under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 ( 5 CFR 352.508 );
Failure to re-employ a former employee after movement between executive agencies during an emergency ( 5 CFR 352.209 );
Failure to re-employ a former employee after detail or transfer to an international organization ( 5 CFR 352.313 );
Failure to re-employ a former employee after service under the Indian Self-Determination Act ( 5 CFR 352.707 );
Failure to re-employ a former employee after service under the Taiwan Relations Act ( 5 CFR 352.807 );
Employment practices administered by the Office of Personnel Management to examine and evaluate the qualifications of applicants for appointment in the competitive service ( 5 CFR 300.104 ); and
Reduction-in-force action affecting a career or career candidate appointee in the Foreign Service (22 U.S.C. 4011 ).
(1) Appeals under the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act and the Veterans Employment Opportunities Act.
Appeals filed under the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (Public Law 103-353), as amended, and the Veterans Employment Opportunities Act (Public Law 105-339) are governed by part 1208 of this title. The provisions of subparts A, B, C, and F of part 1201 apply to appeals governed by part 1208 unless other specific provisions are made in that part. The provisions of subpart H of this part regarding awards of attorney fees apply to appeals governed by part 1208 of this title.
Appeals involving an allegation that the action was based on appellant's “whistleblowing.” Appeals of actions appealable to the Board under any law, rule, or regulation, in which the appellant alleges that the action was taken because of the appellant's “whistleblowing” [a violation of the prohibited personnel practice described in 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(8) ), are governed by part 1209 of this title. The provisions of subparts B, C, E, F, and G of part 1201 apply to appeals and stay requests governed by part 1209 unless other specific provisions are made in that part. The provisions of subpart H of this part regarding awards of attorney fees and consequential damages under 5 U.S.C. 1221(g) apply to appeals governed by part 1209 of this chapter.
(c) Limitations on appellate jurisdiction, collective bargaining agreements, and election of procedures:
For an employee covered by a collective bargaining agreement under 5 U.S.C. 7121, the negotiated grievance procedures contained in the agreement are the exclusive procedures for resolving any action that could otherwise be appealed to the Board, with the following exceptions:
An appealable action involving discrimination under 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(1), reduction in grade or removal under 5 U.S.C. 4303, or adverse action under 5 U.S.C. 7512, may be raised under the Board's appellate procedures, or under the negotiated grievance procedures, but not under both;
An appealable action involving a prohibited personnel practice other than discrimination under 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(1) may be raised under not more than one of the following procedures:
The Board's appellate procedures;
The negotiated grievance procedures; or
The procedures for seeking corrective action from the Special Counsel under subchapters II and III of chapter 12 of title 5 of the United States Code.
Except for actions involving discrimination under 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(1) or any other prohibited personnel practice, any appealable action that is excluded from the application of the negotiated grievance procedures may be raised only under the Board's appellate procedures.
(2) Choice of procedure.
When an employee has an option of pursuing an action under the Board's appeal procedures or under negotiated grievance procedures, the Board considers the choice between those procedures to have been made when the employee timely files an appeal with the Board or timely files a written grievance, whichever event occurs first. When an employee has the choice of pursuing an appealable action involving a prohibited personnel practice other than discrimination under 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(1) in accordance with paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section, the Board considers the choice among those procedures to have been made when the employee timely files an appeal with the Board, timely files a written grievance under the negotiated grievance procedure, or seeks corrective action from the Special Counsel by making an allegation under 5 U.S.C. 1214(a)(1), whichever event occurs first.
(3) Review of discrimination grievances.
If an employee chooses the negotiated grievance procedure under paragraph (c)(2) of this section and alleges discrimination as described at 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(1), then the employee, after having obtained a final decision under the negotiated grievance procedure, may ask the Board to review that final decision. The request must be filed with the Clerk of the Board in accordance with § 1201.154.
[54 FR 53504, Dec. 29, 1989, as amended at 56 FR 41748, Aug. 23, 1991; 59 FR 65235, Dec. 19, 1994; 61 FR 1, Jan. 2, 1996; 62 FR 17044, 17045, Apr. 9, 1997; 62 FR 66814, Dec. 22, 1997; 65 FR 5409, Feb. 4, 2000; 66 FR 30635, June 7, 2001; 70 FR 30608, May 27, 2005; 72 FR 56884, Oct. 5, 2007; 74 FR 9343, Mar. 4, 2009]