For purposes of preference in Federal employment the following definitions apply:
Veteran means a person who has been discharged or released from active duty in the armed forces under honorable conditions performed—
In a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized; or
During the period beginning April 28, 1952, and ending July 1, 1955; or
For more than 180 consecutive days, other than for training, any part of which occurred during the period beginning February 1, 1955, and ending October 14, 1976; or
During the period beginning August 2, 1990, and ending January 2, 1992; or
For more than 180 consecutive days, other than for training, any part of which occurred during the period beginning September 11, 2001, and ending on the date prescribed by Presidential proclamation or by law as the last day of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Disabled Veteran means a person who has been discharged or released from active duty in the armed forces under honorable conditions performed at any time and who has established the present existence of a service-connected disability or is receiving compensation, disability retirement benefits, or pension because of a statute administered by the Department of Veterans Affairs or a military department.
Preference eligible means veterans, spouses, widows, or mothers who meet the definition of “preference eligible” in 5 U.S.C. 2108. Preference eligibles are entitled to have 5 or 10 points added to their earned score on a civil service examination (see 5 U.S.C. 3309 ). They are also accorded a higher retention standing in the event of a reduction in force (see 5 U.S.C. 3502 ). Preference does not apply, however, to inservice placement actions such as promotions.
Armed forces means the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
Uniformed services means the armed forces, the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service, and the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
(f) Active duty or active military duty—
Active duty or active military duty for veterans defined in paragraphs (a)(1) through (3) and disabled veterans defined in paragraph (b) of this section means active duty with military pay and allowances in the armed forces, including training or for determining physical fitness and including service in the Reserves or National Guard.
Active duty or active military duty for a veteran defined in paragraph (a)(4) through (6) of this section means full-time duty with military pay and allowances in the armed forces, except for training or for determining physical fitness and except for service in the Reserves or National Guard.
Discharged or released from active duty means with either an honorable or general discharge from active duty in the armed forces. The Department of Defense is responsible for administering and defining military discharges.
[60 FR 3056, Jan. 13, 1995; 60 FR 6595, Feb. 2, 1995, as amended at 71 FR 33376, June 9, 2006; 72 FR 41215, July 27, 2007; 73 FR 64179, Oct. 29, 2008]