50 CFR 224.101 - Enumeration of endangered marine and anadromous species.

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§ 224.101 Enumeration of endangered marine and anadromous species.
The marine and anadromous species determined by the Secretary of Commerce to be endangered pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act, as well as species listed under the Endangered Species Conservation Act of 1969 by the Secretary of the Interior and currently under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Commerce, are the following:
(a) Marine and anadromous fish. The following table lists the common and scientific names of endangered species, the locations where they are listed, and the citations for the listings and critical habitat designations.
Species 1 Where listed Citation(s) for listing determination(s) Citation for critical habitat designation
Common name Scientific name
1 Species includes taxonomic species, subspecies, distinct population segments (DPSs) (for a policy statement, see 61 FR 4722, February 7, 1996), and evolutionarily significant units (ESUs) (for a policy statement, see 56 FR 58612, November 20, 1991).
Shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum Everywhere 32 FR 4001, Mar. 11, 1967 NA.
Smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata U.S.A. 68 FR 15674, Apr. 1, 2003 NA.
Totoaba Cynoscion macdonaldi Everywhere 44 FR 29480, May 21, 1979 NA.
Gulf of Maine Atlantic salmon Salmo salar U.S.A., ME, Gulf of Maine Distinct Population Segment. The GOM DPS includes all anadromous Atlantic salmon whose freshwater range occurs in the watersheds from the Androscoggin River northward along the Maine coast to the Dennys River, and wherever these fish occur in the estuarine and marine environment. The following impassable falls delimit the upstream extent of the freshwater range: Rumford Falls in the town of Rumford on the Androscoggin River; Snow Falls in the town of West Paris on the Little Androscoggin River; Grand Falls in Township 3 Range 4 BKP WKR, on the Dead River in the Kennebec Basin; the un-named falls (impounded by Indian Pond Dam) immediately above the Kennebec River Gorge in the town of Indian Stream Township on the Kennebec River; Big Niagara Falls on Nesowadnehunk Stream in Township 3 Range 10 WELS in the Penobscot Basin; Grand Pitch on Webster Brook in Trout Brook Township in the Penobscot Basin; and Grand Falls on the Passadumkeag River in Grand Falls Township in the Penobscot Basin. The marine range of the GOM DPS extends from the Gulf of Maine, throughout the Northwest Atlantic Ocean, to the coast of Greenland. Included are all associated conservation hatchery populations used to supplement these natural populations; currently, such conservation hatchery populations are maintained at Green Lake National Fish Hatchery (GLNFH) and Craig Brook National Fish Hatchery (CBNFH). Excluded are landlocked salmon and those salmon raised in commercial hatcheries for aquaculture 65 FR 69469; November 17, 2000; 74 FR 29344, June 19, 2009 NA
Snake River sockeye Oncorhynchus nerka U.S.A., ID, including all anadromous and residual sockeye salmon from the Snake River Basin, Idaho, as well as artificially propagated sockeye salmon from the Redfish Lake captive propagation program 56 FR 58619, Nov. 20, 1991June 28, 2005. 58 FR 68543, Dec. 28, 1993.
Sacramento River winter-run Chinook Oncorhynchus tshawytscha U.S.A., CA, including all naturally spawned populations of winter-run Chinook salmon in the Sacramento River and its tributaries in California, as well as two artificial propagation programs: winter-run Chinook from the Livingston Stone National Fish Hatchery (NFH), and winter run Chinook in a captive broodstock program maintained at Livingston Stone NFH and the University of California Bodega Marine Laboratory 52 FR 6041; Feb. 27, 1987, 55 FR 49623; Nov. 30, 1990. 59 FR 440; Jan. 1, 1994June 28, 2005. 58 FR 33212, June 16, 1993.
Upper Columbia spring-run Chinook Oncorhynchus tshawytscha U.S.A., WA, including all naturally spawned populations of Chinook salmon in all river reaches accessible to Chinook salmon in Columbia River tributaries upstream of the Rock Island Dam and downstream of Chief Joseph Dam in Washington (excluding the Okanogan River), the Columbia River from a straight line connecting the west end of the Clatsop jetty (south jetty, Oregon side) and the west end of the Peacock jetty (north jetty, Washington side) upstream to Chief Joseph Dam in Washington, as well as six artificial propagation programs: the Twisp River, Chewuch River, Methow Composite, Winthrop NFH, Chiwawa River, and White River spring-run Chinook hatchery programs 64 FR 14308, Mar. 24, 1999June 28, 2005. NA.[vacated 9/29/03; 68 FR 55900].
Central California Coast coho Oncorhynchus kitsutch U.S.A., CA, including all naturally spawning populations of coho salmon from Punta Gorda in northern California south to and including Aptos Creek in central California, as well as populations in tributaries to San Francisco Bay, excluding the Sacramento-San Joaquin River system, as well as three artificial propagation programs: the Don Clausen Fish Hatchery Captive Broodstock Program, Scott Creek/King Fisher Flats Conservation Program, and the Scott Creek Captive Broodstock Program 77 FR 19562, April 2, 2012 64 FR 24049; May 5, 1999.
Southern California Steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss U.S.A., CA, Distinct Population Segment including all naturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) populations below natural and manmade impassable barriers in streams from the Santa Maria River, San Luis Obispo County, California, (inclusive) to the U.S.-Mexico Border 62 FR 43937, Aug. 18, 1997Jan. 5, 2006 70 FR 52488,Sept. 2, 2005.
Puget Sound/Georgia Basin DPS—Bocaccio Sebastes paucispinis U.S.A., Washington, and British Columbia, including Puget Sound and Georgia Basin 75 FR 22290, Apr. 28, 2010 75 FR 22290, Apr. 28, 2010.
Largetooth Sawfish Pristis perotteti Everywhere 76 FR 40835, July 12, 2011 NA
Atlantic Sturgeon—New York Bight DPS Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus New York Bight Distinct Population Segment. The NYB DPS includes the following: all anadromous Atlantic sturgeon that are spawned in the watersheds that drain into coastal waters, including Long Island Sound, the New York Bight, and Delaware Bay, from Chatham, MA to the Delaware-Maryland border on Fenwick Island. Within this range, Atlantic sturgeon have been documented from the Hudson and Delaware rivers as well as at the mouth of the Connecticut and Taunton rivers, and throughout Long Island Sound. The marine range of Atlantic sturgeon from the NYB DPS extends from Hamilton Inlet, Labrador, Canada to Cape Canaveral, FL. The NYB DPS also includes Atlantic sturgeon held in captivity (e.g., hatcheries, scientific institutions) and which are identified as fish belonging to the NYB DPS based on genetics analyses, previously applied tags, previously applied marks, or documentation to verify that the fish originated from (hatched in) a river within the range of the NYB DPS, or is the progeny of any fish that originated from a river within the range of the NYB DPS 77 FR 5880; 2/6/12 NA.
Atlantic Sturgeon—Chesapeake Bay DPS Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Chesapeake Bay Distinct Population Segment. The CB DPS includes the following: all anadromous Atlantic sturgeon that are spawned in the watersheds that drain into the Chesapeake Bay and into coastal waters from the Delaware-Maryland border on Fenwick Island to Cape Henry, VA, as well as wherever these fish occur in coastal bays and estuaries and the marine environment. Within this range, Atlantic sturgeon have been documented from the James, York, Potomac, Rappahannock, Pocomoke, Choptank, Little Choptank, Patapsco, Nanticoke, Honga, and South rivers as well as the Susquehanna Flats. The marine range of Atlantic sturgeon from the CB DPS extends from Labrador Inlet, Labrador, Canada to Cape Canaveral, FL. The CB DPS also includes Atlantic sturgeon held in captivity (e.g., hatcheries, scientific institutions) and which are identified as fish belonging to the CB DPS based on genetics analyses, previously applied tags, previously applied marks, or documentation to verify that the fish originated from (hatched in) a river within the range of the CB DPS, or is the progeny of any fish that originated from a river within the range of the CB DPS 77 FR 5880; 2/6/12 NA.
Atlantic Sturgeon—Carolina DPS Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus The Carolina DPS includes all Atlantic sturgeon that spawn or are spawned in the watersheds (including all rivers and tributaries) from Albemarle Sound southward along the southern Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina coastal areas to Charleston Harbor. The marine range of Atlantic sturgeon from the Carolina DPS extends from the Hamilton Inlet, Labrador, Canada, to Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Carolina DPS also includes Atlantic sturgeon held in captivity (e.g., aquaria, hatcheries, and scientific institutions) and which are identified as fish belonging to the Carolina DPS based on genetics analyses, previously applied tags, previously applied marks, or documentation to verify that the fish originated from (hatched in) a river within the range of the Carolina DPS, or is the progeny of any fish that originated from a river within the range of the Carolina DPS 77 FR 5914; 2/6/12 NA.
Atlantic Sturgeon—South Atlantic DPS Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus The South Atlantic DPS includes all Atlantic sturgeon that spawn or are spawned in the watersheds (including all rivers and tributaries) of the ACE (Ashepoo, Combahee, and Edisto) Basin southward along the South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida coastal areas to the St. Johns River, Florida. The marine range of Atlantic sturgeon from the South Atlantic DPS extends from the Hamilton Inlet, Labrador, Canada, to Cape Canaveral, Florida. The South Atlantic DPS also includes Atlantic sturgeon held in captivity (e.g., aquaria, hatcheries, and scientific institutions) and which are identified as fish belonging to the South Atlantic DPS based on genetics analyses, previously applied tags, previously applied marks, or documentation to verify that the fish originated from (hatched in) a river within the range of the South Atlantic DPS, or is the progeny of any fish that originated from a river within the range of the South Atlantic DPS 77 FR 5914; 2/6/12 NA.
(b) Marine mammals. Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas), Cook Inlet distinct population segment; Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus); Bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus); Chinese river dolphin (Lipotes vexillifer); Cochito (Phocoena sinus); Fin or finback whale (Balaenoptera physalus); Hawaiian monk seal (Monachus schauinslandi); Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae); Indus River dolphin (Platanista minor); Killer whale (Orcinus orca), Southern Resident distinct population segment, which consists of whales from J, K and L pods, wherever they are found in the wild, and not including Southern Resident killer whales placed in captivity prior to listing or their captive born progeny; Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus); North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis); North Pacific right whale (Eubalaena japonica); Southern right whale (Eubalaena australis); Saimaa seal (Phoca hispida saimensis); Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis); Sperm whale (Physeter catodon); Western North Pacific (Korean) gray whale (Eschrichtius robustus); Steller sea lion, western population, (Eumetopias jubatus), which consists of Steller sea lions from breeding colonies located west of 144° W. longitude.
(c) Sea turtles. The following table lists the common and scientific names of endangered sea turtles, the locations where they are listed, and the citations for the listings and critical habitat designations. Jurisdiction for sea turtles by the Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, is limited to turtles while in the water.
Species1 Where listed Citation(s) for listingdetermination(s) Citation(s) for critical habitat designation(s)
Common name Scientific name
1 Species includes taxonomic species, subspecies, distinct population segments (DPSs) (for a policy statement, see 61 FR 4722, February 7, 1996), and evolutionarily significant units (ESUs) (for a policy statement, see 56 FR 58612, November 20, 1991).
(1) Green sea turtle Chelonia mydas Breeding colony populations in Florida and on the Pacific coast of Mexico 43 FR 32800; Jul 28, 1978 NA.
(2) Hawksbill sea turtle Eretmochelys imbricata Wherever found; tropical seas 35 FR 8491; Jun 2, 1970 47 FR 27295; Jun 24, 1982, 63 FR 46693; Sep 2, 1998, 64 FR 14052; Mar 23, 1999.
(3) Kemp's ridley sea turtle Lepidochelys kempii Wherever found; tropical and temperate seas in Atlantic Basin, incl. Gulf of Mexico 35 FR 18319; Dec 2, 1970 NA.
(4) Leatherback sea turtle Dermochelys coriacea Wherever found; tropical, temperate, and subpolar seas 35 FR 8491; Jun 2, 1970 43 FR 43688; Sep 26, 1978, 44 FR 17710; Mar 23, 1979, 64 FR 14052; Mar 23, 1999.
(5) Loggerhead sea turtle—Mediterranean Sea DPS Caretta caretta Mediterranean Sea east of 5°36′ W Long 76 FR 58951, Sept. 22, 2011 NA.
(6) Loggerhead sea turtle—North Indian Ocean DPS Caretta caretta North Indian Ocean north of the equator and south of 30° N. Lat 76 FR 58951, Sept. 22, 2011 NA.
(7) Loggerhead sea turtle—North Pacific Ocean DPS Caretta caretta North Pacific north of the equator and south of 60° N. Lat 76 FR 58951, Sept. 22, 2011 NA.
(8) Loggerhead sea turtle—Northeast Atlantic Ocean DPS Caretta caretta Northeast Atlantic Ocean north of the equator, south of 60° N. Lat., and east of 40° W. Long., except in the vicinity of the Strait of Gibraltar where the eastern boundary is 5°36′ W. Long 76 FR 58951, Sept. 22, 2011 NA.
(9) Loggerhead sea turtle—South Pacific Ocean DPS Caretta caretta South Pacific south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., west of 67° W. Long., and east of 141° E. Long 76 FR 58951, Sept. 22, 2011 NA.
(10) Sea turtle, olive ridley Lepidochelys olivacea Breeding colony populations on the Pacific coast of Mexico 43 FR 32800; Jul 28, 1978 NA.
(d) Marine invertebrates. The following table lists the common and scientific names of endangered species, the locations where they are listed, and the citations for the listings and critical habitat designations.
Species Where Listed Citation (s) for Listing Determinations Citations (s) for Critical Habitat Designations
Common name Scientific name
Black abalone Haliotis cracherodii USA, CA. From Crescent City, California, USA to Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico, including all offshore islands. 74 FR 1937; January 14, 2009 N/A
White abalone Haliotis sorenseni USA, CA. From Point Conception, California to Punta Abreojos, Baja California, Mexico including all offshore islands and banks. NOAA 2001; 66 FR 29054, May, 29, 2001. Deemed not prudent NOAA 2001; 66 FR 29054, May, 29, 2001.
[64 FR 14066, Mar. 23, 1999, as amended 64 FR 14328, Mar. 24, 1999; 65 FR 20918, Apr. 19, 2000; 65 FR 69481, Nov. 17, 2000; 66 FR 29055, May 29, 2001; 67 FR 21598, May 1, 2002; 68 FR 15680, Apr. 1, 2003; 70 FR 37203, June 28, 2005; 70 FR 69912, Nov. 18, 2005; 71 FR 861, Jan. 5, 2006; 73 FR 12030, Mar. 6, 2008; 73 FR 63907, Oct. 28, 2008; 73 FR 62930, Oct. 22, 2008; 74 FR 1946, Jan. 14, 2009; 74 FR 29386, June 19, 2009; 75 FR 22290, Apr. 28, 2010; 76 FR 14300, Mar. 16, 2011; 76 FR 40835, July 12, 2011]

Title 50 published on 2013-10-01

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For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2013-12-09; vol. 78 # 236 - Monday, December 9, 2013
    1. 78 FR 73726 - Endangered Fish and Wildlife; Final Rule To Remove the Sunset Provision of the Final Rule Implementing Vessel Speed Restrictions To Reduce the Threat of Ship Collisions With North Atlantic Right Whales
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      DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective December 6, 2013.
      50 CFR Part 224

Title 50 published on 2013-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 50 CFR 224 after this date.

  • 2014-01-30; vol. 79 # 20 - Thursday, January 30, 2014
    1. 79 FR 4883 - Endangered Fish and Wildlife; Petition for Rulemaking To Exclude Federally-Maintained Dredged Entrance Channels and Pilot Boarding Areas for Ports From New York to Jacksonville From Vessel Speed Restrictions
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      DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
      Receipt of petition for rulemaking; request for comments.
      The closing date for comments on the petition is March 3, 2014.
      50 CFR Part 224