7 CFR 361.1 - Definitions.

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§ 361.1 Definitions.
Terms used in the singular form in this part shall be construed as the plural, and vice versa, as the case may demand. The following terms, when used in this part, shall be construed, respectively, to mean:
Administrator. The Administrator of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, or any other individual to whom the Administrator delegates authority to act in his or her stead.
Agricultural seed. The following kinds and varieties of grass, forage, and field crop seed that are used for seeding purposes in the United States:
Agrotricum—x Agrotriticum Ciferri and Giacom.
Alfalfa—Medicago sativa L.
Alfilaria—Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Her.
Alyceclover—Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC.
Bahiagrass—Paspalum notatum Fluegge
Barley—Hordeum vulgare L.
Barrelclover—Medicago truncatula Gaertn.
Bean, adzuki—Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi and Ohashi
Bean, field—Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Bean, mung—Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek
Beet, field—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris
Beet, sugar—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris
Beggarweed, Florida—Desmodium tortuosum (Sw.) DC.
Bentgrass, colonial—Agrostis capillaris L.
Bentgrass, creeping—Agrostis stolonifera L. var. palustris (Huds.) Farw.
Bentgrass, velvet—Agrostis canina L.
Bermudagrass—Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. dactylon
Bermudagrass, giant—Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. var. aridus Harlan and de Wet
Bluegrass, annual—Poa annua L.
Bluegrass, bulbous—Poa bulbosa L.
Bluegrass, Canada—Poa compressa L.
Bluegrass, glaucantha—Poa glauca Vahl
Bluegrass, Kentucky—Poa pratensis L.
Bluegrass, Nevada—Poa secunda J.S. Presl
Bluegrass, rough—Poa trivialis L.
Bluegrass, Texas—Poa arachnifera Torr.
Bluegrass, wood—Poa nemoralis L.
Bluejoint—Calamagrostis canadensis (Michx.) P. Beauv.
Bluestem, big—Andropogon gerardii Vitm. var. gerardii
Bluestem, little—Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash
Bluestem, sand—Andropogon hallii Hack.
Bluestem, yellow—Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng
Bottlebrush-squirreltail—Elymus elymoides (Raf.) Swezey
Brome, field—Bromus arvensis L.
Brome, meadow—Bromus biebersteinii Roem. and Schult.
Brome, mountain—Bromus marginatus Steud.
Brome, smooth—Bromus inermis Leyss.
Broomcorn—Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
Buckwheat—Fagopyrum esculentum Moench
Buffalograss—Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm.
Buffelgrass—Cenchrus ciliaris L.
Burclover, California—Medicago polymorpha L.
Burclover, spotted—Medicago arabica (L.) Huds.
Burnet, little—Sanguisorba minor Scop.
Buttonclover—Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bartal.
Canarygrass—Phalaris canariensis L.
Canarygrass, reed—Phalaris arundinacea L.
Carpetgrass—Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm.
Castorbean—Ricinus communis L.
Chess, soft—Bromus hordeaceus L.
Chickpea—Cicer arietinum L.
Clover, alsike—Trifolium hybridum L.
Clover, arrowleaf—Trifolium vesiculosum Savi
Clover, berseem—Trifolium alexandrinum L.
Clover, cluster—Trifolium glomeratum L.
Clover, crimson—Trifolium incarnatum L.
Clover, Kenya—Trifolium semipilosum Fresen.
Clover, ladino—Trifolium repens L.
Clover, lappa—Trifolium lappaceum L.
Clover, large hop—Trifolium campestre Schreb.
Clover, Persian—Trifolium resupinatum L.
Clover, red or
Red clover, mammoth—Trifolium pratense L.
Red clover, medium—Trifolium pratense L.
Clover, rose—Trifolium hirtum All.
Clover, small hop or suckling—Trifolium dubium Sibth.
Clover, strawberry—Trifolium fragiferum L.
Clover, sub or subterranean—Trifolium subterraneum L.
Clover, white—Trifolium repens L. (also see Clover, ladino)
Clover—(also see Alyceclover, Burclover, Buttonclover, Sourclover,
Sweetclover)
Corn, field—Zea mays L.
Corn, pop—Zea mays L.
Cotton—Gossypium spp.
Cowpea—Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata
Crambe—Crambe abyssinica R.E. Fries
Crested dogtail—Cynosurus cristatus L.
Crotalaria, lance—Crotalaria lanceolata E. Mey.
Crotalaria, showy—Crotalaria spectabilis Roth
Crotalaria, slenderleaf—Crotalaria brevidens Benth. var. intermedia (Kotschy) Polh.
Crotalaria, striped or smooth—Crotalaria pallida Ait.
Crotalaria, sunn—Crotalaria juncea L.
Crownvetch—Coronilla varia L.
Dallisgrass—Paspalum dilatatum Poir.
Dichondra—Dichondra repens Forst. and Forst. f.
Dropseed, sand—Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) A. Gray
Emmer—Triticum dicoccon Schrank
Fescue, chewings—Festuca rubra L. subsp. commutata Gaud.
Fescue, hair—Festuca tenuifolia Sibth.
Fescue, hard—Festuca brevipila Tracey
Fescue, meadow—Festuca pratensis Huds.
Fescue, red—Festuca rubra L. subsp. rubra
Fescue, sheep—Festuca ovina L. var. ovina
Fescue, tall—Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
Flax—Linum usitatissimum L.
Galletagrass—Hilaria jamesii (Torr.) Benth.
Grama, blue—Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Steud.
Grama, side-oats—Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Guar—Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.
Guineagrass—Panicum maximum Jacq. var. maximum
Hardinggrass—Phalaris stenoptera Hack.
Hemp—Cannabis sativa L.
Indiangrass, yellow—Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash
Indigo, hairy—Indigofera hirsuta L.
Japanese lawngrass—Zoysia japonica Steud.
Johnsongrass—Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.
Kenaf—Hibiscus cannabinus L.
Kochia, forage—Kochia prostrata (L.) Schrad.
Kudzu—Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen and S. Almeida
Lentil—Lens culinaris Medik.
Lespedeza, Korean—Kummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino
Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese—Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don
Lespedeza, Siberian—Lespedeza juncea (L. f.) Pers.
Lespedeza, striate—Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindler
Lovegrass, sand—Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Wood
Lovegrass, weeping—Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees
Lupine, blue—Lupinus angustifolius L.
Lupine, white—Lupinus albus L.
Lupine, yellow—Lupinus luteus L.
Manilagrass—Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr.
Meadow foxtail—Alopecurus pratensis L.
Medic, black—Medicago lupulina L.
Milkvetch or cicer milkvetch—Astragalus cicer L.
Millet, browntop—Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf
Millet, foxtail—Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.
Millet, Japanese—Echinochloa frumentacea Link
Millet, pearl—Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.
Millet, proso—Panicum miliaceum L.
Molassesgrass—Melinis minutiflora Beauv.
Mustard, black—Brassica nigra (L.) Koch
Mustard, India—Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss.
Mustard, white—Sinapis alba L.
Napiergrass—Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
Needlegrass, green—Stipa viridula Trin.
Oat—Avena byzantina C. Koch, A. sativa L., A. nuda L.
Oatgrass, tall—Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J.S. Presl and K.B. Presl
Orchardgrass—Dactylis glomerata L.
Panicgrass, blue—Panicum antidotale Retz.
Panicgrass, green—Panicum maximum Jacq. var. trichoglume Robyns
Pea, field—Pisum sativum L.
Peanut—Arachis hypogaea L.
Poa trivialis—(see Bluegrass, rough)
Rape, annual—Brassica napus L. var. annua Koch
Rape, bird—Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa
Rape, turnip—Brassica rapa L. subsp. silvestris (Lam.) Janchen
Rape, winter—Brassica napus L. var. biennis (Schubl. and Mart.) Reichb.
Redtop—Agrostis gigantea Roth
Rescuegrass—Bromus catharticus Vahl
Rhodesgrass—Chloris gayana Kunth
Rice—Oryza sativa L.
Ricegrass, Indian—Oryzopsis hymenoides (Roem. and Schult.) Ricker
Roughpea—Lathyrus hirsutus L.
Rye—Secale cereale L.
Rye, mountain—Secale strictum (K.B. Presl) K.B. Presl subsp. strictum
Ryegrass, annual or Italian—Lolium multiflorum Lam.
Ryegrass, intermediate—Lolium×hybridum Hausskn.
Ryegrass, perennial—Lolium perenne L.
Ryegrass, Wimmera—Lolium rigidum Gaud.
Safflower—Carthamus tinctorius L.
Sagewort, Louisiana—Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.
Sainfoin—Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.
Saltbush, fourwing—Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt.
Sesame—Sesamum indicum L.
Sesbania—Sesbania exaltata (Raf.) A.W. Hill
Smilo—Piptatherum miliaceum (L.) Coss.
Sorghum—Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench
Sorghum almum—Sorghum×almum L. Parodi
Sorghum-sudangrass—Sorghum×drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. and Chase
Sorgrass—Rhizomatous derivatives of a johnsongrass×sorghum cross or a johnsongrass×sudangrass cross Southernpea—(See Cowpea)
Sourclover—Melilotus indicus (L.) All.
Soybean—Glycine max (L.) Merr.
Spelt—Triticum spelta L.
Sudangrass—Sorghum×drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. and Chase
Sunflower—Helianthus annuus L.
Sweetclover, white—Melilotus albus Medik.
Sweetclover, yellow—Melilotus officinalis Lam.
Sweet vernalgrass—Anthoxanthum odoratum L.
Sweetvetch, northern—Hedysarum boreale Nutt.
Switchgrass—Panicum virgatum L.
Timothy—Phleum pratense L.
Timothy, turf—Phleum bertolonii DC.
Tobacco—Nicotiana tabacum L.
Trefoil, big—Lotus uliginosus Schk.
Trefoil, birdsfoot—Lotus corniculatus L.
Triticale—x Triticosecale Wittm. (Secale×Triticum)
Vaseygrass—Paspalum urvillei Steud.
Veldtgrass—Ehrharta calycina J.E. Smith
Velvetbean—Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. var. utilis (Wight) Burck
Velvetgrass—Holcus lanatus L.
Vetch, common—Vicia sativa L. subsp. sativa
Vetch, hairy—Vicia villosa Roth subsp. villosa
Vetch, Hungarian—Vicia pannonica Crantz
Vetch, monantha—Vicia articulata Hornem.
Vetch, narrowleaf or blackpod—Vicia sativa L. subsp. nigra (L.) Ehrh.
Vetch, purple—Vicia benghalensis L.
Vetch, woollypod or winter—Vicia villosa Roth subsp. varia (Host) Corb.
Wheat, common—Triticum aestivum L.
Wheat, club—Triticum compactum Host
Wheat, durum—Triticum durum Desf.
Wheat, Polish—Triticum polonicum L.
Wheat, poulard—Triticum turgidum L.
Wheat×Agrotricum—Triticum×Agrotriticum
Wheatgrass, beardless—Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Love
Wheatgrass, crested or fairway crested—Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn.
Wheatgrass, crested or standard crested—Agropyron desertorum (Link) Schult.
Wheatgrass, intermediate—Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia
Wheatgrass, pubescent—Elytrigia intermedia (Host) Nevski subsp. intermedia
Wheatgrass, Siberian—Agropyron fragile (Roth) Candargy subsp. sibiricum (Willd.) Meld.
Wheatgrass, slender—Elymus trachycaulus (Link) Shinn.
Wheatgrass, streambank—Elymus lanceolatus (Scribn. and J.G. Smith) Gould subsp. lanceolatus
Wheatgrass, tall—Elytrigia elongata (Host) Nevski
Wheatgrass, western—Pascopyrum smithii (Rydb.) A. Love
Wildrye, basin—Leymus cinereus (Scribn. and Merr.) A. Love
Wildrye, Canada—Elymus canadensis L.
Wildrye, Russian—Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski
Zoysia japonica—(see Japanese lawngrass)
Zoysia matrella—(see Manilagrass)
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
APHIS inspector. Any employee of the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service or any other individual authorized by the Administrator to enforce this part.
Coated Seed. Any seed unit covered with any substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed. Seeds coated with ingredients such as, but not limited to, rhizobia, dyes, and pesticides are excluded.
Declaration. A written statement of a grower, shipper, processor, dealer, or importer giving for any lot of seed the kind, variety, type, origin, or the use for which the seed is intended.
Hybrid. When applied to kinds or varieties of seed means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling the pollination and by combining two or more inbred lines; one inbred or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety; or two selected clones, seed lines, varieties, or species. “Controlling the pollination” means to use a method of hybridization that will produce pure seed that is at least 75 percent hybrid seed. Hybrid designations shall be treated as variety names.
Import/importation. To bring into the territorial limits of the United States.
Kind. One or more related species or subspecies that singly or collectively is known by one common name, e.g., soybean, flax, or carrot.
Lot of seed. A definite quantity of seed identified by a lot number, every portion or bag of which is uniform, within permitted tolerances, for the factors that appear in the labeling.
Mixture. Seeds consisting of more than one kind or variety, each present in excess of 5 percent of the whole.
Official seed laboratory. An official laboratory member of the Association of Official Seed Analysts.
Pelleted seed. Any seed unit covered with a substance that changes the size, shape, or weight of the original seed in order to improve the plantability or singulation of the seed.
Person. Any individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, association, receiver, trustee, or other legal entity or organized group.
Port of first arrival. The land area (such as a seaport, airport, or land border station) where a person, or a land, water, or air vehicle, first arrives after entering the territorial limits of the United States, and where inspection of articles is carried out by APHIS inspectors.
Registered seed technologist. A registered member of the Society of Commercial Seed Technologists.
Screenings. Chaff, sterile florets, immature seed, weed seed, inert matter, and any other materials removed in any way from any seeds in any kind of cleaning or processing and which contains less than 25 percent of live agricultural or vegetable seeds.
State. Any State, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and any other territory or possession of the United States.
United States. All of the States.
Variety. A subdivision of a kind which is characterized by growth, plant, fruit, seed, or other characteristics by which it can be differentiated from other sorts of the same kind.
Vegetable seed. The seed of the following kinds and varieties that are or may be grown in gardens or on truck farms and are or may be generally known and sold under the name of vegetable seed:
Artichoke—Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. cardunculus
Asparagus—Asparagus officinalis Baker
Asparagusbean or yard-long bean—Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. sesquipedalis (L.) Verdc.
Bean, garden—Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Bean, lima—Phaseolus lunatus L.
Bean, runner or scarlet runner—Phaseolus coccineus L.
Beet—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris
Broadbean—Vicia faba L.
Broccoli—Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.
Brussels sprouts—Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera DC.
Burdock, great—Arctium lappa L.
Cabbage—Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L.
Cabbage, Chinese—Brassica rapa L. subsp. pekinensis (Lour.) Hanelt
Cabbage, tronchuda—Brassica oleracea L. var. costata DC.
Cantaloupe—(see Melon)
Cardoon—Cynara cardunculus L. subsp. cardunculus
Carrot—Daucus carota L. subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Arcang.
Cauliflower—Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.
Celeriac—Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaud.
Celery—Apium graveolens L. var. dulce (Mill.) Pers.
Chard, Swiss—Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cicla (L.) Koch
Chicory—Cichorium intybus L.
Chives—Allium schoenoprasum L.
Citron—Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. citroides (Bailey) Mansf.
Collards—Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.
Corn, sweet—Zea mays L.
Cornsalad—Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade
Cowpea—Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata
Cress, garden—Lepidium sativum L.
Cress, upland—Barbarea verna (Mill.) Asch.
Cress, water—Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek
Cucumber—Cucumis sativus L.
Dandelion—Taraxacum officinale Wigg.
Dill—Anethum graveolens L.
Eggplant—Solanum melongena L.
Endive—Cichorium endivia L.
Gherkin, West India—Cucumis anguria L.
Kale—Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.
Kale, Chinese—Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra (Bailey) Musil
Kale, Siberian—Brassica napus L. var. pabularia (DC.) Reichb.
Kohlrabi—Brassica oleracea L. var. gongylodes L.
Leek—Allium porrum L.
Lettuce—Lactuca sativa L.
Melon—Cucumis melo L.
Muskmelon—(see Melon).
Mustard, India—Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. and Coss.
Mustard, spinach—Brassica perviridis (Bailey) Bailey
Okra—Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
Onion—Allium cepa L.
Onion, Welsh—Allium fistulosum L.
Pak-choi—Brassica rapa L. subsp. chinensis (L.) Hanelt
Parsley—Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill
Parsnip—Pastinaca sativa L.
Pea—Pisum sativum L.
Pepper—Capsicum spp.
Pe-tsai—(see Chinese cabbage).
Pumpkin—Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. maxima Duchesne
Radish—Raphanus sativus L.
Rhubarb—Rheum rhabarbarum L.
Rutabaga—Brassica napus L. var. napobrassica (L.) Reichb.
Sage—Salvia officinalis L.
Salsify—Tragopogon porrifolius L.
Savory, summer—Satureja hortensis L.
Sorrel—Rumex acetosa L.
Southernpea—(see Cowpea).
Soybean—Glycine max (L.) Merr.
Spinach—Spinacia oleracea L.
Spinach, New Zealand—Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Ktze.
Squash—Cucurbita pepo L., C. moschata (Duchesne) Poiret, and C. maxima Duchesne
Tomato—Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Tomato, husk—Physalis pubescens L.
Turnip—Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa
Watermelon—Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai var. lanatus

Title 7 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 7.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-12-16; vol. 79 # 241 - Tuesday, December 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 74585 - Importation of Plants for Planting
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
      Final rule.
      Effective January 15, 2015.
      7 CFR Parts 319 and 361

Title 7 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 7 CFR 361 after this date.

  • 2014-12-16; vol. 79 # 241 - Tuesday, December 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 74585 - Importation of Plants for Planting
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
      Final rule.
      Effective January 15, 2015.
      7 CFR Parts 319 and 361