9 CFR 319.180 - Frankfurter, frank, furter, hotdog, weiner, vienna, bologna, garlic bologna, knockwurst, and similar products.

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§ 319.180 Frankfurter, frank, furter, hotdog, weiner, vienna, bologna, garlic bologna, knockwurst, and similar products.
(a) Frankfurter, frank, furter, hot-dog, wiener, vienna, bologna, garlic bologna, knockwurst and similar cooked sausages are comminuted, semisolid sausages prepared from one or more kinds of raw skeletal muscle meat or raw skeletal muscle meat and raw or cooked poultry meat, and seasoned and cured, using one or more of the curing agents in accordance with a regulation permitting that use in this subchapter or in 9 CFR chapter III, subchapter E, or in 21 CFR chapter I, subchapter A or subchapter B. They may or may not be smoked. The finished products shall not contain more than 30 percent fat. Water or ice, or both, may be used to facilitate chopping or mixing or to dissolve the curing ingredients but the sausage shall contain no more than 40 percent of a combination of fat and added water. These sausage products may contain only phosphates approved under part 318 of this chapter. Such products may contain raw or cooked poultry meat and/or Mechanically Separated (Kind of Poultry) without skin and without kidneys and sex glands used in accordance with § 381.174, not in excess of 15 percent of the total ingredients, excluding water, in the sausage, and Mechanically Separated (Species) used in accordance with § 319.6. Such poultry meat ingredients shall be designated in the ingredient statement on the label of such sausage in accordance with the provisions of § 381.118 of this chapter.
(b) Frankfurter, frank, furter, hot-dog, wiener, vienna, bologna, garlic bologna, knockwurst and similar cooked sausages that are labeled with the phrase “with byproducts” or “with variety meats” in the product name are comminuted, semisolid sausages consisting of not less than 15 percent of one or more kinds of raw skeletal muscle meat with raw meat byproducts, or not less than 15 percent of one or more kinds of raw skeletal muscle meat with raw meat byproducts and raw or cooked poultry products; and seasoned and cured, using one or more of the curing ingredients in accordance with a regulation permitting that use in this subchapter or in 9 CFR chapter III, subchapter E, or in 21 CFR chapter I, subchapter A or subchapter B. They may or may not be smoked. Partially defatted pork fatty tissue or partially defatted beef fatty tissue, or a combination of both, may be used in an amount not exceeding 15 percent of the meat and meat byproducts or meat, meat byproducts, and poultry products ingredients. The finished products shall not contain more than 30 percent fat. Water or ice, or both, may be used to facilitate chopping or mixing to dissolve the curing and seasoning ingredients, the sausage shall contain no more than 40 percent of a combination of fat and added water. These sausage products may contain only phosphates approved under part 318 of this chapter. These sausage products may contain poultry products and/or Mechanically Separated (Kind of Poultry) used in accordance with § 381.174, individually or in combination, not in excess of 15 percent of the total ingredients, excluding water, in the sausage, and may contain Mechanically Separated (Species) used in accordance with § 319.6. Such poultry products shall not contain kidneys or sex glands. The amount of poultry skin present in the sausage must not exceed the natural proportion of skin present on the whole carcass of the kind of poultry used in the sausage, as specified in § 381.117(d) of this chapter. The poultry products used in the sausage shall be designated in the ingredient statement on the label of such sausage in accordance with the provisions of § 381.118 of this chapter. Meat byproducts used in the sausage shall be designated individually in the ingredient statement on the label for such sausage in accordance with § 317.2 of this chapter.
(c) A cooked sausage as defined in paragraph (a) of this section shall be labeled by its generic name, e.g., frankfurter, frank, furter, hotdog, wiener, vienna, bologna, garlic bologna, or knockwurst. When such sausage products are prepared with meat from a single species of cattle, sheep, swine, or goats they shall be labeled with the term designating the particular species in conjunction with the generic name, e.g., “Beef Frankfurter,” and when such sausage products are prepared in part with Mechanically Separated (Species) in accordance with § 319.6, they shall be labeled in accordance with § 317.2(j)(13) of this subchapter.
(d) A cooked sausage as defined in paragraph (b) of this section shall be labeled by its generic name, e.g., frankfurter, frank, furter, hotdog, wiener, vienna, bologna, garlic bologna, or knockwurst, in conjunction with the phrase “with byproducts” or “with variety meats” with such supplemental phrase shown in a prominent manner directly contiguous to the generic name and in the same color on an identical background.
(e) Binders and extenders as provided in § 319.140 of this part may be used in cooked sausage that otherwise comply with paragraph (a) or (b) of this section. When any such substance is added to these products, the substance shall be declared in the ingredients statement by its common or usual name in order of predominance.
(f) Cooked sausages shall not be labeled with terms such as “All Meat” or “All (Species),” or otherwise to indicate they do not contain nonmeat ingredients or are prepared only from meat.
(g) For the purposes of this section: Poultry meat means deboned chicken meat or turkey meat, or both, without skin or added fat; poultry products mean chicken or turkey, or chicken meat or turkey meat as defined in § 381.118 of this chapter, or poultry byproducts as defined in § 381.1 of this chapter; and meat byproducts (or variety meats), mean pork stomachs or snouts; beef, veal, lamb, or goat tripe; beef, veal, lamb, goat, or pork hearts, tongues, fat, lips, weasands, and spleens; and partially defatted pork fatty tissue, or partially defatted beef fatty tissue.
[38 FR 14742, June 5, 1973]
Editorial Note:
For Federal Register citations affecting § 319.180, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.

Title 9 published on 2014-01-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 601 - Definitions

§ 602 - Congressional statement of findings

§ 603 - Examination of animals prior to slaughter; use of humane methods

§ 604 - Post mortem examination of carcasses and marking or labeling; destruction of carcasses condemned; reinspection

§ 605 - Examination of carcasses brought into slaughtering or packing establishments, and of meat food products issued from and returned thereto; conditions for entry

§ 606 - Inspection and labeling of meat food products

§ 607 - Labeling, marking, and container requirements

§ 608 - Sanitary inspection and regulation of slaughtering and packing establishments; rejection of adulterated meat or meat food products

§ 609 - Examination of animals and food products thereof, slaughtered and prepared during nighttime

§ 610 - Prohibited acts

§ 611 - Devices, marks, labels, and certificates; simulations

§ 612 - Notification

§ 613 - Plans and reassessments

§ 614 - Repealed.

§ 615 - Inspection of carcasses, meat of which is intended for export

§ 616 - Inspectors of carcasses, etc., meat of which is intended for export; certificates of condition

§ 617 - Clearance prohibited to vessel carrying meat for export without inspector’s certificate

§ 618 - Delivery of inspectors’ certificates, and of copies

§ 619 - Marking, labeling, or other identification to show kinds of animals from which derived; separate establishments for preparation and slaughtering activities

§ 620 - Imports

§ 621 - Inspectors to make examinations provided for; appointment; duties; regulations

§ 622 - Bribery of or gifts to inspectors or other officers and acceptance of gifts

§ 623 - Exemptions from inspection requirements

§ 624 - Storage and handling regulations; violations; exemption of establishments subject to non-Federal jurisdiction

§ 625 - Inapplicability of certain requirements to catfish

§ 641 - Prohibition of subchapter I inspection of articles not intended for use as human food; denaturation or other identification prior to distribution in commerce; inedible articles

§ 642 - Recordkeeping requirements

§ 643 - Registration of business, name of person, and trade names

§ 644 - Regulation of transactions, transportation, or importation of 4–D animals to prevent use as human food

§ 645 - Federal provisions applicable to State or Territorial business transactions of a local nature and not subject to local authority

§ 661 - Federal and State cooperation

§ 671 - Inspection services; refusal or withdrawal; hearing; business unfitness based upon certain convictions; other provisions...connection with business; finality of Secretary’s actions; judicial review; record

§ 672 - Administrative detention; duration; pending judicial proceedings; notification of governmental authorities; release

§ 673 - Seizure and condemnation

§ 674 - Federal court jurisdiction of enforcement and injunction proceedings and other kinds of cases; limitations of

§ 675 - Assaulting, resisting, or impeding certain persons; murder; protection of such persons

§ 676 - Violations

§ 677 - Other Federal laws applicable for administration and enforcement of chapter; location of inquiries; jurisdiction of Federal courts

§ 678 - Non-Federal jurisdiction of federally regulated matters; prohibition of additional or different requirements for establishments...purposes of adulterated or misbranded and imported articles; other matters

§ 679 - Application of Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

§ 679a - Safe Meat and Poultry Inspection Panel

§ 679b - Pasteurization of meat and poultry

§ 679c - Expansion of Food Safety Inspection Service activities

§ 680 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 683 - Interstate shipment of meat inspected by Federal and State agencies for certain small establishments

§ 691 - Omitted

§ 692 - Inspection extended to reindeer

§ 693 - Inspection of dairy products for export

§ 694 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 695 - Payment of cost of meat-inspection service; exception