9 CFR 381.118 - Ingredients statement.

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There are 2 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 9 CFR 381. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 381.118 Ingredients statement.
(a)
(1) The label shall show a statement of the ingredients in the poultry product if the product is fabricated from two or more ingredients. Such ingredients shall be listed by their common or usual names in the order of their descending proportions, except as prescribed in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.
(2)
(i) Product ingredients which are present in individual amounts of 2 percent or less by weight may be listed in the ingredients statement in other than descending order of predominance: Provided, That such ingredients are listed by their common or usual names at the end of the ingredients statement and preceded by a quantifying statement, such as “Contains _____ percent or less of _____ ,” or “Less than _____ percent of _____ .” The percentage of the ingredient(s) shall be filled in with a threshold level of 2 percent, 1.5 percent, 1.0 percent, or 0.5 percent, as appropriate. No ingredient to which the quantifying statement applies may be present in an amount greater than the stated threshold. Such a quantifying statement may also be utilized when an ingredients statement contains a listing of ingredients by individual components. Each component listing may utilize the required quantifying statement at the end of each component ingredients listing.
(ii) Such ingredients may be adjusted in the product formulation without a change being made in the ingredients statement on the labeling, provided that the adjusted amount complies with subpart P of this part and § 424.21(c) of subchapter E, and does not exceed the amount shown in the quantifying statement. Any such adjustments to the formulation shall be provided to the inspector-in-charge.
(b) For the purpose of this paragraph, the term “chicken meat,” unless modified by an appropriate adjective, is construed to mean deboned white and dark meat; whereas the term “chicken” may include other edible parts such as skin and fat not in excess of their natural proportions, in addition to the chicken meat. If the term “chicken meat” is listed and the product also contains skin, giblets, or fat, it is necessary to list each such ingredient. Similar principles shall be followed in listing ingredients of poultry products processed from other kinds of poultry.
(c) The terms spice, natural flavor, natural flavoring, flavor or flavoring may be used in the following manner:
(1) The term “spice” means any aromatic vegetable substance in the whole, broken, or ground form, with the exceptions of onions, garlic and celery, whose primary function in food is seasoning rather than nutritional and from which no portion of any volatile oil or other flavoring principle has been removed. Spices include the spices listed in 21 CFR 182.10, and 184.
(2) The term “natural flavor,” “natural flavoring,” “flavor” or “flavoring” means the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractive, protein hydrolysate, distillate, or any product of roasting, heating or enzymolysis, which contains the flavoring constituents derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or any other edible portions of a plant, meat, seafood, poultry, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof, whose primary function in food is flavoring rather than nutritional. Natural flavors include the natural essence or extractives obtained from plants listed in 21 CFR 182.10, 182.20, 182.40, 182.50 and 184, and the substances listed in 21 CFR 172.510. The term natural flavor, natural flavoring, flavor or flavoring may also be used to designate spices, powdered onion, powdered garlic, and powdered celery.
(i) Natural flavor, natural flavoring, flavor or flavoring as described in paragraph (c)(1) and (2) of this section, which are also colors shall be designated as “natural flavor and coloring,” “natural flavoring and coloring,” “flavor and coloring” or “flavoring and coloring” unless designated by their common or usual name.
(ii) Any ingredient not designated in paragraphs (c) (1) and (2) of this section whose function is flavoring, either in whole or in part, must be designated by its common or usual name. Those ingredients which are of livestock or poultry origin must be designated by names that include the species and livestock and poultry tissues from which the ingredients are derived.
(d) On containers of frozen dinners, entrees, and pizzas, and similarly packaged products in cartons, the ingredient statement may be placed on the front riser panel: Provided, That the words “see ingredients,” followed immediately by an arrow pointing to the front riser panel, are placed on the principal display panel immediately above the location of such statement, without intervening printing or designs.
(e) The ingredients statement may be placed on the information panel, except as otherwise permitted in this subchapter.
(f) Establishments may interchange the identity of two kinds of poultry (e.g., chicken and turkey, chicken meat and turkey meat) used in a product formulation without changing the product's ingredient statement or product name under the following conditions:
(1)
(i) The two kinds of poultry used must comprise at least 70 percent by weight of the poultry and the poultry ingredients [e.g. giblets, skin or fat in excess of natural proportions, or mechanically separated (kind)] used; and,
(ii) Neither of the two kinds of poultry used can be less than 30 percent by weight of the total poultry and poultry ingredients used;
(2) The word “and” in lieu of a comma must be shown between the declaration of the two kinds of poultry in the ingredients statement and in the product name.
[37 FR 9706, May 16, 1972, as amended at 55 FR 7294, Mar. 1, 1990; 55 FR 26422, June 28, 1990; 58 FR 38049, July 15, 1993; 59 FR 40215, Aug. 8, 1994; 63 FR 11360, Mar. 9, 1998; 76 FR 82078, Dec. 30, 2011]

Title 9 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 9.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-08-21; vol. 79 # 162 - Thursday, August 21, 2014
    1. 79 FR 49566 - Modernization of Poultry Slaughter Inspection
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Food Safety and Inspection Service
      Final rule.
      Effective Date: October 20, 2014. Notification Date: All young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments will initially have until February 23, 2015, to notify their District Office in writing of their intent to operate under the New Poultry Inspection System (NPIS). Establishments that do not notify their District Office of their intent by February 23, 2015, will be deemed to have chosen the inspection system that they are currently operating under. Young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments that decide that they would like to convert to NPIS after the initial notification date may notify FSIS of their intent at any time after that date. The Agency will implement the NPIS in the additional establishments that intend to convert on a schedule consistent with Agency resources and readiness. The Agency intends to implement the NPIS in all young chicken and turkey establishments that choose to operate under the NPIS, regardless of when the establishment notifies FSIS of its intent to transition to the NPIS. However, the initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that submitted their notifications within the initial notification period. After October 20, 2014, FSIS will begin selecting from those establishments that have notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS. The Agency will use a computerized ranking system to determine the schedule of establishments for implementation of the NPIS. This ranking system will take into consideration several factors, such as FSIS staffing needs, past performance of the establishment, the location of the establishment with respect to other federally-inspected establishments, and establishment readiness to transition to the NPIS. FSIS will implement the NPIS in phases by clusters of establishments in close geographic proximity to one another. The initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS during the initial six-month notification period. FSIS expects that in subsequent years many more establishments will choose to transition to the new system. The Agency's implementation strategy for the NPIS is described in more detail in the preamble to this final rule. Applicability Dates: The regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling visible fecal contamination in 9 CFR 381.65(f), the regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling contamination throughout the slaughter and dressing process in 9 CFR 381.65(g), and the regulations that prescribe recordkeeping requirements in 9 CFR 381.65(h) will be applicable as follows: • In large establishments, defined as all establishments with 500 or more employees, on November 19, 2014; • In small establishments, defined as all establishments with 10 or more employees but fewer than 500, on December 19, 2014; • In very small establishments, defined as all establishments with fewer than 10 employees or annual sales of less than $2.5 million February 17, 2015.
      9 CFR Parts 381 and 500

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 451 - Congressional statement of findings

§ 452 - Congressional declaration of policy

§ 453 - Definitions

§ 454 - Federal and State cooperation in development and administration of State poultry product inspection programs

§ 455 - Inspection in official establishments

§ 456 - Operation of premises, facilities and equipment

§ 457 - Labeling and container standards

§ 458 - Prohibited acts

§ 459 - Compliance by all establishments

§ 460 - Miscellaneous activities subject to regulation

§ 461 - Offenses and punishment

§ 462 - Reporting of violations; notice; opportunity to present views

§ 463 - Rules and regulations

§ 464 - Exemptions

§ 465 - Limitations upon entry of poultry products and other materials into official establishments

§ 466 - Imports

§ 467 - Inspection services

§ 467a - Administrative detention; duration; pending judicial proceedings; notification of government authorities; release; removal of official marks

§ 467b - Seizure and condemnation

§ 467c - Federal court jurisdiction of enforcement and injunction proceedings and other kinds of cases; limitations; United States as plaintiff; subpenas

§ 467d - Administration and enforcement; applicability of penalty provisions; conduct of inquiries; power and jurisdiction of courts

§ 467e - Non-Federal jurisdiction of federally regulated matters; prohibition of additional or different requirements for establishments...purposes of adulterated or misbranded and imported articles; other matters

§ 467f - Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act applications

§ 468 - Cost of inspection; overtime

§ 469 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 470 - Omitted

Title 9 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 9 CFR 381 after this date.

  • 2014-08-21; vol. 79 # 162 - Thursday, August 21, 2014
    1. 79 FR 49566 - Modernization of Poultry Slaughter Inspection
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Food Safety and Inspection Service
      Final rule.
      Effective Date: October 20, 2014. Notification Date: All young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments will initially have until February 23, 2015, to notify their District Office in writing of their intent to operate under the New Poultry Inspection System (NPIS). Establishments that do not notify their District Office of their intent by February 23, 2015, will be deemed to have chosen the inspection system that they are currently operating under. Young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments that decide that they would like to convert to NPIS after the initial notification date may notify FSIS of their intent at any time after that date. The Agency will implement the NPIS in the additional establishments that intend to convert on a schedule consistent with Agency resources and readiness. The Agency intends to implement the NPIS in all young chicken and turkey establishments that choose to operate under the NPIS, regardless of when the establishment notifies FSIS of its intent to transition to the NPIS. However, the initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that submitted their notifications within the initial notification period. After October 20, 2014, FSIS will begin selecting from those establishments that have notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS. The Agency will use a computerized ranking system to determine the schedule of establishments for implementation of the NPIS. This ranking system will take into consideration several factors, such as FSIS staffing needs, past performance of the establishment, the location of the establishment with respect to other federally-inspected establishments, and establishment readiness to transition to the NPIS. FSIS will implement the NPIS in phases by clusters of establishments in close geographic proximity to one another. The initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS during the initial six-month notification period. FSIS expects that in subsequent years many more establishments will choose to transition to the new system. The Agency's implementation strategy for the NPIS is described in more detail in the preamble to this final rule. Applicability Dates: The regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling visible fecal contamination in 9 CFR 381.65(f), the regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling contamination throughout the slaughter and dressing process in 9 CFR 381.65(g), and the regulations that prescribe recordkeeping requirements in 9 CFR 381.65(h) will be applicable as follows: • In large establishments, defined as all establishments with 500 or more employees, on November 19, 2014; • In small establishments, defined as all establishments with 10 or more employees but fewer than 500, on December 19, 2014; • In very small establishments, defined as all establishments with fewer than 10 employees or annual sales of less than $2.5 million February 17, 2015.
      9 CFR Parts 381 and 500