9 CFR 381.460 - Nutrient content claims for calorie content.

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§ 381.460 Nutrient content claims for calorie content.
(a) General requirements. A claim about the calorie or sugar content of a product may only be made on the label or in labeling of the product if:
(1) The claim uses one of the terms defined in this section in accordance with the definition for that term;
(2) The claim is made in accordance with the general requirements for nutrient content claims in § 381.413; and
(3) The product for which the claim is made is labeled in accordance with § 381.409.
(b) Calorie content claims.
(1) The terms “calorie free,” “free of calories,” “no calories,” “zero calories,” “without calories,” “trivial source of calories,” “negligible source of calories,” or “dietarily insignificant source of calories” may be used on the label or in labeling of products, provided that:
(i) The product contains less than 5 calories per reference amount customarily consumed and per labeled serving size; and
(ii) If the product meets this condition without the benefit of special processing, alteration, formulation, or reformulation to lower the caloric content, it is labeled to clearly refer to all products of its type and not merely to the particular brand to which the label attaches.
(2) The terms “low calorie,” “few calories,” “contains a small amount of calories,” “low source of calories,” or “low in calories” may be used on the label or in labeling of products, except meal-type products as defined in § 381.413(l) and main-dish products as defined in § 318.413(m), provided that:
(i)
(A) The product has a reference amount customarily consumed greater than 30 grams (g) or greater than 2 tablespoons (tbsp) and does not provide more than 40 calories per reference amount customarily consumed; or
(B) The product has a reference amount customarily consumed of 30 g or less or 2 tbsp or less and does not provide more than 40 calories per reference amount customarily consumed and per 50 g (for dehydrated products that must be reconstituted before typical consumption with water or a diluent containing an insignificant amount, as defined in § 381.409(f)(1), of all nutrients per reference amount customarily consumed, the per-50-g criterion refers to the “as prepared” form).
(ii) If the product meets these conditions without the benefit of special processing, alteration, formulation, or reformulation to lower the caloric content, it is labeled to clearly refer to all products of its type and not merely to the particular brand to which the label attaches.
(3) The terms defined in paragraph (b)(2) of this section may be used on the label or in labeling of a meal-type product as defined in § 381.413(l) and main-dish product as defined in § 381.413(m), provided that:
(i) The product contains 120 calories or less per 100 g of product; and
(ii) If the product meets this condition without the benefit of special processing, alteration, formulation, or reformulation to lower the calorie content, it is labeled to clearly refer to all products of its type and not merely to the particular brand to which it attaches.
(4) The terms “reduced calorie,” “reduced in calories,” “calorie reduced,” “fewer calories,” “lower calorie,” or “lower in calories” may be used on the label or in labeling of products, except meal-type products as defined in § 381.413(l) and main-dish products as defined in § 318.413(m), provided that:
(i) The product contains at least 25 percent fewer calories per reference amount customarily consumed than an appropriate reference product as described in § 381.413(j)(1); and
(ii) As required in § 381.413(j)(2) for relative claims:
(A) The identity of the reference product and the percent (or fraction) that the calories differ between the two products are declared in immediate proximity to the most prominent such claim (e.g., lower calorie ‘product’—“33 1/3 percent fewer calories than our regular ‘product’ ”); and
(B) Quantitative information comparing the level of calories in the product per labeled serving size with that of the reference product that it replaces is declared adjacent to the most prominent claim or to the nutrition information (e.g., “calorie content has been reduced from 150 to 100 calories per serving”).
(iii) Claims described in paragraph (b)(4) of this section may not be made on the label or in labeling of products if the reference product meets the definition for “low calorie.”
(5) The terms defined in paragraph (b)(4) of this section may be used on the label or in labeling of a meal-type product as defined in § 381.413(l) and main-dish product as defined in § 381.413(m), provided that:
(i) The product contains at least 25 percent fewer calories per 100 g of product than an appropriate reference product as described in § 381.413(j)(1); and
(ii) As required in § 381.413(j)(2) for relative claims:
(A) The identity of the reference product and the percent (or fraction) that the calories differ between the two products are declared in immediate proximity to the most prominent such claim (e.g., “calorie reduced ‘product’, 25% less calories per ounce (oz) (or 3 oz) than our regular ‘product’ ”); and
(B) Quantitative information comparing the level of calories in the product per specified weight with that of the reference product that it replaces is declared adjacent to the most prominent claim or to the nutrition information (e.g., “calorie content has been reduced from 110 calories per 3 oz to 80 calories per 3 oz”).
(iii) Claims described in paragraph (b)(5) of this section may not be made on the label or in labeling of products if the reference product meets the definition for “low calorie.”
(c) Sugar content claims.
(1) Terms such as “sugar free,” “free of sugar,” “no sugar,” “zero sugar,” “without sugar,” “sugarless,” “trivial source of sugar,” “negligible source of sugar,” or “dietarily insignificant source of sugar” may reasonably be expected to be regarded by consumers as terms that represent that the product contains no sugars or sweeteners, e.g., “sugar free,” or “no sugar,” as indicating a product which is low in calories or significantly reduced in calories. Consequently, except as provided in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, a product may not be labeled with such terms unless:
(i) The product contains less than 0.5 g of sugars, as defined in § 381.409(c)(6)(ii), per reference amount customarily consumed and per labeled serving size or, in the case of a meal-type product or a main-dish product, less than 0.5 g of sugars per labeled serving size;
(ii) The product contains no ingredient that is a sugar or that is generally understood by consumers to contain sugars unless the listing of the ingredient in the ingredients statement is followed by an asterisk that refers to the statement below the list of ingredients, which states: “Adds a trivial amount of sugar,” “adds a negligible amount of sugar,” or “adds a dietarily insignificant amount of sugar;” and
(iii)
(A) It is labeled “low calorie” or “reduced calorie” or bears a relative claim of special dietary usefulness labeled in compliance with paragraphs (b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(4), or (b)(5) of this section; or
(B) Such term is immediately accompanied, each time it is used, by either the statement “not a reduced calorie product,” “not a low calorie product,” or “not for weight control.”
(2) The terms “no added sugar,” “without added sugar,” or “no sugar added” may be used only if:
(i) No amount of sugars, as defined in § 381.409(c)(6)(ii), or any other ingredient that contains sugars that functionally substitute for added sugars is added during processing or packaging;
(ii) The product does not contain an ingredient containing added sugars such as jam, jelly, or concentrated fruit juice;
(iii) The sugars content has not been increased above the amount present in the ingredients by some means such as the use of enzymes, except where the intended functional effect of the process is not to increase the sugars content of a product, and a functionally insignificant increase in sugars results;
(iv) The product that it resembles and for which it substitutes normally contains added sugars; and
(v) The product bears a statement that the product is not “low calorie” or “calorie reduced” (unless the product meets the requirements for a “low” or “reduced calorie” product) and that directs consumers' attention to the nutrition panel for further information on sugar and calorie content.
(3) Paragraph (c)(1) of this section shall not apply to a factual statement that a product, including products intended specifically for infants and children less than 2 years of age, is unsweetened or contains no added sweeteners in the case of a product that contains apparent substantial inherent sugar content, e.g., juices.
(4) The terms “reduced sugar,” “reduced in sugar,” “sugar reduced,” “less sugar,” “lower sugar,” or “lower in sugar” may be used on the label or in labeling of products, except meal-type products as defined in § 381.413(l) and main-dish products as defined in § 318.413(m), provided that:
(i) The product contains at least 25 percent less sugars per reference amount customarily consumed than an appropriate reference product as described in § 381.413(j)(1); and
(ii) As required in § 381.413(j)(2) for relative claims:
(A) The identity of the reference product and the percent (or fraction) that the sugars differ between the two products are declared in immediate proximity to the most prominent such claim (e.g., “this product contains 25 percent less sugar than our regular product”); and
(B) Quantitative information comparing the level of the sugar in the product per labeled serving size with that of the reference product that it replaces is declared adjacent to the most prominent claim or to the nutrition information (e.g., “sugar content has been lowered from 8 g to 6 g per serving”).
(5) The terms defined in paragraph (c)(4) of this section may be used on the label or in labeling of a meal-type product as defined in § 381.413(l) and main-dish product as defined in § 381.413(m), provided that:
(i) The product contains at least 25 percent less sugars per 100 g of product than an appropriate reference product as described in § 381.413(j)(1); and
(ii) As required in § 381.413(j)(2) for relative claims:
(A) The identity of the reference product and the percent (or fraction) that the sugars differ between the two products are declared in immediate proximity to the most prominent such claim (e.g., “reduced sugar ‘product’—
25% less sugar than our regular ‘product’ ”); and
(B) Quantitative information comparing the level of the nutrient in the product per specified weight with that of the reference product that it replaces is declared adjacent to the most prominent claim or to the nutrition information (e.g., “sugar content has been reduced from 17 g per 3 oz to 13 g per 3 oz”).
[60 FR 211, Jan. 3, 1995, as amended at 69 FR 58803, Oct. 1, 2004]

Title 9 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 9.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-08-21; vol. 79 # 162 - Thursday, August 21, 2014
    1. 79 FR 49566 - Modernization of Poultry Slaughter Inspection
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Food Safety and Inspection Service
      Final rule.
      Effective Date: October 20, 2014. Notification Date: All young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments will initially have until February 23, 2015, to notify their District Office in writing of their intent to operate under the New Poultry Inspection System (NPIS). Establishments that do not notify their District Office of their intent by February 23, 2015, will be deemed to have chosen the inspection system that they are currently operating under. Young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments that decide that they would like to convert to NPIS after the initial notification date may notify FSIS of their intent at any time after that date. The Agency will implement the NPIS in the additional establishments that intend to convert on a schedule consistent with Agency resources and readiness. The Agency intends to implement the NPIS in all young chicken and turkey establishments that choose to operate under the NPIS, regardless of when the establishment notifies FSIS of its intent to transition to the NPIS. However, the initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that submitted their notifications within the initial notification period. After October 20, 2014, FSIS will begin selecting from those establishments that have notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS. The Agency will use a computerized ranking system to determine the schedule of establishments for implementation of the NPIS. This ranking system will take into consideration several factors, such as FSIS staffing needs, past performance of the establishment, the location of the establishment with respect to other federally-inspected establishments, and establishment readiness to transition to the NPIS. FSIS will implement the NPIS in phases by clusters of establishments in close geographic proximity to one another. The initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS during the initial six-month notification period. FSIS expects that in subsequent years many more establishments will choose to transition to the new system. The Agency's implementation strategy for the NPIS is described in more detail in the preamble to this final rule. Applicability Dates: The regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling visible fecal contamination in 9 CFR 381.65(f), the regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling contamination throughout the slaughter and dressing process in 9 CFR 381.65(g), and the regulations that prescribe recordkeeping requirements in 9 CFR 381.65(h) will be applicable as follows: • In large establishments, defined as all establishments with 500 or more employees, on November 19, 2014; • In small establishments, defined as all establishments with 10 or more employees but fewer than 500, on December 19, 2014; • In very small establishments, defined as all establishments with fewer than 10 employees or annual sales of less than $2.5 million February 17, 2015.
      9 CFR Parts 381 and 500

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 451 - Congressional statement of findings

§ 452 - Congressional declaration of policy

§ 453 - Definitions

§ 454 - Federal and State cooperation in development and administration of State poultry product inspection programs

§ 455 - Inspection in official establishments

§ 456 - Operation of premises, facilities and equipment

§ 457 - Labeling and container standards

§ 458 - Prohibited acts

§ 459 - Compliance by all establishments

§ 460 - Miscellaneous activities subject to regulation

§ 461 - Offenses and punishment

§ 462 - Reporting of violations; notice; opportunity to present views

§ 463 - Rules and regulations

§ 464 - Exemptions

§ 465 - Limitations upon entry of poultry products and other materials into official establishments

§ 466 - Imports

§ 467 - Inspection services

§ 467a - Administrative detention; duration; pending judicial proceedings; notification of government authorities; release; removal of official marks

§ 467b - Seizure and condemnation

§ 467c - Federal court jurisdiction of enforcement and injunction proceedings and other kinds of cases; limitations; United States as plaintiff; subpenas

§ 467d - Administration and enforcement; applicability of penalty provisions; conduct of inquiries; power and jurisdiction of courts

§ 467e - Non-Federal jurisdiction of federally regulated matters; prohibition of additional or different requirements for establishments...purposes of adulterated or misbranded and imported articles; other matters

§ 467f - Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act applications

§ 468 - Cost of inspection; overtime

§ 469 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 470 - Omitted

Title 9 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 9 CFR 381 after this date.

  • 2014-08-21; vol. 79 # 162 - Thursday, August 21, 2014
    1. 79 FR 49566 - Modernization of Poultry Slaughter Inspection
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Food Safety and Inspection Service
      Final rule.
      Effective Date: October 20, 2014. Notification Date: All young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments will initially have until February 23, 2015, to notify their District Office in writing of their intent to operate under the New Poultry Inspection System (NPIS). Establishments that do not notify their District Office of their intent by February 23, 2015, will be deemed to have chosen the inspection system that they are currently operating under. Young chicken and turkey slaughter establishments that decide that they would like to convert to NPIS after the initial notification date may notify FSIS of their intent at any time after that date. The Agency will implement the NPIS in the additional establishments that intend to convert on a schedule consistent with Agency resources and readiness. The Agency intends to implement the NPIS in all young chicken and turkey establishments that choose to operate under the NPIS, regardless of when the establishment notifies FSIS of its intent to transition to the NPIS. However, the initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that submitted their notifications within the initial notification period. After October 20, 2014, FSIS will begin selecting from those establishments that have notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS. The Agency will use a computerized ranking system to determine the schedule of establishments for implementation of the NPIS. This ranking system will take into consideration several factors, such as FSIS staffing needs, past performance of the establishment, the location of the establishment with respect to other federally-inspected establishments, and establishment readiness to transition to the NPIS. FSIS will implement the NPIS in phases by clusters of establishments in close geographic proximity to one another. The initial implementation wave will only include those establishments that notified FSIS of their intent to switch to the NPIS during the initial six-month notification period. FSIS expects that in subsequent years many more establishments will choose to transition to the new system. The Agency's implementation strategy for the NPIS is described in more detail in the preamble to this final rule. Applicability Dates: The regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling visible fecal contamination in 9 CFR 381.65(f), the regulations that prescribe procedures for controlling contamination throughout the slaughter and dressing process in 9 CFR 381.65(g), and the regulations that prescribe recordkeeping requirements in 9 CFR 381.65(h) will be applicable as follows: • In large establishments, defined as all establishments with 500 or more employees, on November 19, 2014; • In small establishments, defined as all establishments with 10 or more employees but fewer than 500, on December 19, 2014; • In very small establishments, defined as all establishments with fewer than 10 employees or annual sales of less than $2.5 million February 17, 2015.
      9 CFR Parts 381 and 500