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§ 3-300. Constitutions and Statutes

§ 3-310. Constitutions

Illustration

U.S. Const. amend. XIV, § 1.

For short form examples see § 6-530.

Additional Examples

U.S. Const. art. III, § 2, cl. 2.

U.S. Const. amend. XIII, § 2.

N.Y. Const. art. I, § 9, cl. 2.

§ 3-320. Statute Citations Most Common Form

Illustrations

42 U.S.C. § 405(c)(2)(C).

Iowa Code § 602.1614.

For short form examples see § 6-530.

Additional Examples

Federal Statute Citations | State Statute Citations

Federal Statute Citations:

42 U.S.C. § 405(c)(2)(C)(ii).

42 U.S.C. § 405(c)(2)(C)(xi) (2013) (added in 2010).

42 U.S.C.A. § 13925(a) (Westlaw as amended, effective Oct. 1, 2013).

42 U.S.C.S. § 13925(a) (LexisNexis current through Pub. L. No. 113-31).

State Statute Citations

In states where a citation variant appears against a different background, there is a distinct statute citation format used within the jurisdiction by state courts and those submitting memoranda or briefs to them.

Alabama Illinois Montana Rhode Island
Alaska Indiana Nebraska South Carolina
Arizona Iowa Nevada South Dakota
Arkansas Kansas New Hampshire Tennessee
California Kentucky New Jersey Texas
Colorado Louisiana New Mexico Utah
Connecticut Maine New York Vermont
Delaware Maryland North Carolina Virginia
District of Columbia Massachusetts North Dakota Washington
Florida Michigan Ohio West Virginia
Georgia Minnesota Oklahoma Wisconsin
Hawaii Mississippi Oregon Wyoming
Idaho Missouri Pennsylvania  

 

Alabama

Ala. Code § 7-1-101 ({date if needed}).*

Ala. Code § 7-1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Ala. Code 1975, § 7-1-101.**

§ 7-1-101, Ala. Code 1975.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example. The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case.

** Within Alabama these altered citation formats are used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

Alaska

Alaska Stat. § 45.01.101 ({date if needed}).*

AS 45.01.101.**


* Within Alaska this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to. See Alaska Stat. § 01.05.011 (2009).

Arizona

Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 47-1101 ({date if needed}).

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 47-1101 ({date if needed}).*

Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 47-1101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

A.R.S. § 47-1101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the third example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Arizona this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to. See Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 1-101.

Arkansas

Ark. Code § 4-1-101 ({date if needed}).

Ark. Code Ann. § 4-1-101 ({date if needed}).*

Ark. Code Ann. § 4-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

A.C.A. § 4-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the third example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Arkansas this more economical statutory citation format is sometimes used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to. See Ark. Code § 1-2-113(c).

California

Cal. Com. Code § 1101 ({date if needed}).

Cal. Com. Code § 1101 (Deering {date if needed}).*

Cal. Com. Code § 1101 (West {date if needed}).*

Commercial Code § 1101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - Deering (now owned by LexisNexis) in the second example, West in the third. The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Where this example has the abbreviation for "Commercial" citations to California's other subject matter codes should substitute their abbreviations - e.g., "Civ." for "Civil" or "Prob." for "Probate."

** Within California this statutory citation format, with no explicit indentification of the jurisdiction, but spelling out the name of the cited code in full, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Colorado

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 4-1-101 ({date if needed}).

Colo. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 4-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

§ 1-101, 4 C.R.S.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the third example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Colorado this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes are referred to.

Connecticut

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 42a-1-101 ({date if needed}).

Conn. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 42a-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

General Statutes § 42a-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Connecticut this statutory citation format, with no explicit indentification of the jurisdiction, but spelling out the name of the code in full, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Delaware

Del. Code tit. 6, § 1-101 ({date if needed}).*

Del. Code Ann. tit. 6, § 1-101 ({date if needed}).*

6 Del. C. § 1-101.**


* Neither The Bluebook nor the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation calls for identification of the publisher when its version is "official" being produced under contract with the state (LexisNexis in this case). However, both call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Delaware this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to. See Del. Code Ann. tit. 1, 101(b).

District of Columbia

D.C. Code § 28:1-101 ({date if needed}).*

D.C. Code Ann. § 28:1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Florida

Fla. Stat. § 671.1-101 ({date if needed}).

Fla. Stat. Ann. § 671.1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Fla. Stat. Ann. § 671.1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

§ 671.1-101, Fla. Stat. ({date}).**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Florida this altered citation order is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

Georgia

Ga. Code Ann. § 11-1-101 ({date if needed}).*

Ga. Code Ann. § 11-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

O.C.G.A. § 11-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Georgia this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to. See Ga. Code Ann. § 1-1-8(e).

Hawaii

Haw. Rev. Stat. § 490:1-101 ({date if needed}).

Haw. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 490:1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

HRS § 490:1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Hawaii this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, sometimes after a first statutory reference using a less abbreviated form.

Idaho

Idaho Code Ann. § 28-1-101 ({date if needed}).*

I.C. § 28-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Idaho this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Illinois

810 Ill. Comp. Stat. § 5/1-101 ({date if needed}).

810 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

810 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

810 ILCS 5/1-101 ({date}).**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Illinois this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes are referred to.

Indiana

Ind. Code § 26-1-1-101 ({date if needed}).

Ind. Code Ann. § 26-1-1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Ind. Code Ann. § 26-1-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

I.C. § 26-1-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Indiana this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, after an initial full citation.

Iowa

Iowa Code § 554.1101 ({date if needed}).

Iowa Code Ann. § 554.1101 (West {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Kansas

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 84-1-101 ({date if needed}).

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 84-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

K.S.A. § 84-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Kansas this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Kentucky

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 355.1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 355.1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

KRS § 355.1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the first example, West in the second. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Kentucky this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Louisiana

La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 10:1-101 ({date if needed}).*

La. Code Civ. Proc. Ann. § 10:1-101 ({date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Where this example has the abbreviation for "Code of Civil Procedure" citations to Louisiana's other subject matter codes should substitute their abbreviations - e.g., "Civ. Code" for "Civil Code" or "Code Crim. Proc." for "Code of Criminal Procedure."

Maine

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 11, § 1-101 ({date if needed}).*

11 M.R.S. §1-101 ({date if needed}).**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Maine this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes are referred to.

Maryland

Md. Code, Com. Law § 1-101 ({date if needed}).

Md. Code Ann., Com. Law § 1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Md. Code Ann., Com. Law § 1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

Md. Code ({date if needed}), Commercial Law Art., § 1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Where this example has the abbreviation for "Commercial Law" citations to Maryland's other subject matter divisions should substitute their abbreviations - e.g., "Crim. Law" for "Criminal Law" or "Ins." for "Insurance."

** Within Maryland this altered citation format, generally followed by a two-letter short form, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

Massachusetts

Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 106, § 1-101 ({date if needed}).

Mass. Ann. Laws ch. 106, § 1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 106, § 1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

G. L. c. 106, § 1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Massachusetts this more economical statutory citation format, with no explicit indication of jurisdiction, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Michigan

Mich. Comp. Laws § 440.1101 ({date if needed}).

Mich. Stat. Ann. § 19.1101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 440.1101 (West {date if needed}).*

MCL 440.1101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Michigan this more economical statutory citation format set out in an administrative order is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them. For the full order see § 7-500.

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. § 336.1-101 ({date if needed}).

Minn. Stat. Ann. § 336.1-101 (West {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Mississippi

Miss. Code Ann. § 75-4-101 ({date if needed}).*

Miss. Code Ann. § 75-4-101 (West {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 400.1-101 ({date if needed}).

Mo. Ann. Stat. § 400.1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

§ 400.1-101, RSMo {date if needed}.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Missouri this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes are referred to.

Montana

Mont. Code Ann. § 30-2A-101 ({date if needed}).*

§ 30-2A-101, MCA.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Montana this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Nebraska

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 2-101 ({date if needed}).

Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 2-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 104.1101 ({date if needed}).

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 104.1101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Nev. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 104.1101 (West {date if needed}).*

NRS 104.1101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Nevada this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to. See Nev. Rev. Stat. § 220.170(4).

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 382-A: 1-101 ({date if needed}).*

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 382-A: 1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

RSA 382-A: 1-101 ({date if needed}).**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within New Hampshire this more economical statutory citation format, with no explicit indication of jurisdiction, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes are referred to.

New Jersey

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 12A:1-101 ({date if needed}).

N.J. Stat. Ann. § 12A:1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

N.J.S.A. 12A:1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within New Jersey this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

New Mexico

N.M. Stat. § 55-1-101 ({date if needed}).

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 55-1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

N.M. Stat. Ann. § 55-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

NMSA 1978, § 55-1-101 ({date if needed}).**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within New Mexico this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

New York

N.Y. U.C.C. Law § 1-101 (Consol. {date if needed}).*

N.Y. U.C.C. Law § 1-101 (Gould {date if needed}).*

N.Y. U.C.C. Law § 1-101 (McKinney {date if needed}).*

U.C.C. Law § 1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - the LexisNexis Consolidated Law Service in the first example, its Gould brand in the second, West's McKinney brand in the third. The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher or brand in any case.

Where this example has the abbreviation for "Uniform Commercial Code" citations to New York's other subject matter divisions should substitute their abbreviations - e.g., "Dom. Rel." for "Domestic Relations" or "Ins." for "Insurance."

** Within New York this statutory citation format, with no explicit indication of jurisdiction, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes are referred to.

North Carolina

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 25-1-101 ({date if needed}).

N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 25-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

N.C.G.S. § 25-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within North Carolina this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code § 41-01-01 ({date if needed}).

N.D.C.C. § 41-01-01.*


* Within North Dakota this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

Ohio

Ohio Rev. Code § 1301.01 ({date if needed}).*

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 1301.01 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 1301.01 (West {date if needed}).*

R.C. 1301.01.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Ohio this more economical statutory citation format, with no explicit indication of jurisdiction, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Oklahoma

Okla. Stat. tit. 12A, § 1-101 ({date if needed}).

Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 12A, § 1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

12A O.S. § 1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Oklahoma this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. § 71.1010 ({date if needed}).

Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 71.1010 (West {date if needed}).*

ORS 71.1010.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Oregon this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Pennsylvania

13 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 1101 ({date if needed}).

13 Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. § 1101 (West {date if needed}).*

13 Pa.C.S. § 1101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Pennsylvania this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

Rhode Island

R.I. Gen. Laws § 6-1-1 ({date if needed}).

G.L. 1956 § 6-1-1.*


* Within Rhode Island this more economical statutory citation format, with no explicit indication of jurisdiction, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

South Carolina

S.C. Code Ann. § 36-1-101 ({date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not indicate whether the version used was annotated.

South Dakota

S.D. Codified Laws § 57A-1-101 ({date if needed}).

SDCL 57A-1-101.*


* Within South Dakota this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

Tennessee

Tenn. Code Ann. § 47-1-101 ({date if needed}).*

Tenn. Code Ann. § 47-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

T.C.A. § 47-1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Tennessee this more economical statutory citation format is often used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Texas

Tex. Bus. & Com. Code § 1.101 ({date if needed}).

Tex. Bus. & Com. Code Ann. § 1.101 (Vernon {date if needed}).*

TEX. BUS. & COM. CODE § 1.101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West's Vernon brand in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Where this example has the abbreviation for "Business and Commerce" citations to Texas's other subject matter divisions should substitute their abbreviations - e.g., "Educ." for "Education" or "Ins." for "Insurance."

** Within Texas this slightly altered citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them.

Utah

Utah Code § 70A 1-101 ({date if needed}).

Utah Code Ann. § 70A 1-101 ({date if needed}).*

Utah Code Ann. § 70A 1-101 (West {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the third example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Vermont

Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 9A, § 1-101 ({date if needed}).*

9A V.S.A. § 1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Vermont this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Virginia

Va. Code Ann. § 8.1-101 ({date if needed}).*

Va. Code Ann. § 8.1-101 (West {date if needed}).*

Code § 8.1-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Virginia this more economical statutory citation format, with no explicit indication of jurisdiction, is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

Washington

Wash. Rev. Code § 62A 2-101 ({date if needed}).

Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 62A 2-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 62A.2-101 (West {date if needed}).*

RCW 62A 2-101.**


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

** Within Washington this more economical statutory citation format is used in decisions of the state's own courts and submissions to them, under circumstances where there is little ambiguity about which jurisdiction's statutes and which version are referred to.

West Virginia

W. Va. Code § 46-1-101 ({date if needed}).

W. Va. Code Ann. § 46-1-101 (LexisNexis {date if needed}).*

W. Va. Code Ann. § 46-1-101 (West {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - LexisNexis in the second example, West in the third. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. § 402.101 ({date if needed}).

Wis. Stat. Ann. § 402.101 (West {date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for identification of the publisher or brand of any commercial compilation used, not prepared under direct supervision of the state - West in the second example. Both also call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not include the publisher in any case nor would it indicate whether the version used was annotated.

Wyoming

Wyo. Stat. § 34.1-1-101 ({date if needed}).

Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 34.1-1-101 ({date if needed}).*


* Both The Bluebook and the ALWD Guide to Legal Citation call for adding the designation "Ann." when the compilation's name includes the word "annotated." The AALL Universal Citation Guide would not indicate whether the version used was annotated.

 

§ 3-340. Statute Citations Variants and Special Cases

§ 3-341. Session Laws

Illustrations

House Page Board Revision Act of 2007, Pub. L. No. 110-2, 121 Stat. 4.

Health Risk Limits for Perfluorooctanoic Acid and Perfluorooctane Sulfonate, 2007 Minn. Laws ch. 37, https://www.revisor.mn.gov/laws/?id=37&doctype=Chapter&year=2007&type=0.

§ 3-342. Bills

Illustration

H.R. 2971, 108th Cong., § 101 (2003).

§ 3-343. Named Statutes, Original Section Numbers

Illustration

Social Security Act § 223(e), 42 U.S.C. § 423(e).

§ 3-344. Internal Revenue Code

Illustration

I.R.C. § 21.

§ 3-345. Uniform Acts and Model Codes

Illustrations

U.C.C. § 2-202 (amended 2003).

Unif. Probate Code § 2-107 (amended 1990), 8(I) U.L.A. 87 (1998).

Model Bus. Corp. Act § 10.01 (2002).

§ 3-350. Local Ordinance Citations

Illustration

Cincinnati, Ohio, Municipal Code § 302-3.

§ 3-360. Treaty Citations

Illustration

North American Free Trade Agreement, U.S.-Can.-Mex., art. 705(3), Dec. 17, 1992, 32 I.L.M. 289 (1993).

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