South Carolina: Supreme Court citation practice | Citation rule(s)


Examples from Johnson v. Collins Entm't Co., 349 S.C. 613, 564 S.E.2d 653 (2002)

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The defendants argue plaintiffs cannot rely on S.C. Code Ann. § 12-21-2804(B) as a "predicate act" for their RICO claim because in Video Gaming Consultants, Inc. v. South Carolina Dep't of Revenue, 342 S.C. 34, 535 S.E.2d 642 (2000), this Court declared all of section 12-21-2804(B) unconstitutional. We disagree. In Video Gaming, we limited our holding to the first clause of section 12-21-2804(B).

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"When the issue is the constitutionality of a statute, every presumption will be made in favor of its validity and no statute will be declared unconstitutional unless its invalidity appears so clearly as to leave no doubt that it conflicts with the constitution." State v. Jones, 344 S.C. 48, 58, 543 S.E.2d 541, 546 (2001) (citations omitted). This general presumption of validity can be overcome only by a clear showing the act violates some provision of the constitution. Main v. Thomason, 342 S.C. 79, 535 S.E.2d 918 (2000); State v. Brown, 317 S.C. 55, 451 S.E.2d 888 (1994); see also Westvaco Corp. v. South Carolina Dep't of Revenue, 321 S.C. 59, 467 S.E.2d 739 (1995).

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The Court of Appeals correctly ruled on this issue in Justice v. Pantry, 330 S.C. 37, 496 S.E.2d 871 (Ct. App. 1998), aff'd as modified, 335 S.C. 572, 518 S.E.2d 40 (1999).

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Furthermore, although the statute itself does not define "special inducement," the regulations of DOR do clarify the term. 27 S.C. Code Reg. 117-190.1 provides:

Any attempt to influence a person to play video game machines is an inducement and is strictly prohibited by the statute. A location will be subject to the various civil or criminal penalties imposed by the statute for offering any of the following inducements . . . .

 

S.C. R. App. Pract. R. 208, 268, http://www.sccourts.org/courtReg/.

Rule 208 Initial Briefs

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(b) Content. The initial briefs under this Rule and the final briefs under Rule 211 shall contain:

(1) Brief of Appellant. The brief of appellant shall contain under appropriate headings and in the order here indicated:

(A) Table of Contents and Cases. A table of contents, with page references, and a table of cases (alphabetically arranged), statutes, and other authorities cited, with references to the pages of the brief where they are cited.

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(D) Argument. The brief shall be divided into as many parts as there are issues to be argued. At the head of each part, the particular issue to be addressed shall be set forth in distinctive type, followed by discussion and citations of authority. A party may also include a separate statement of facts relevant to the issues presented for review, with reference to the record on appeal, which may include contested matters and summarize the party's contentions.

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Rule 268 Citation of South Carolina Authority

To provide guidance on citing South Carolina authority, the following forms of citation are given. Once cited in the form given, the authority may thereafter be cited in an abbreviated form. Additional guidance on citation of authority may be found in A Uniform System of Citation published by the Harvard Law Review Association, A Guide to South Carolina Legal Research and Citation published by the S.C. Bar C.L.E. Division, or other publications.

(a) South Carolina Constitution. The South Carolina Constitution should be cited in the following manner: S.C. Const. art. IV, § 4.

(b) Statutes and Regulations.

(1) Statutes which appear in a hardbound volume of the Code of Laws of South Carolina should be cited in the following form: S.C. Code Ann. § 1-2-345 (1976). Where the statute appears in a replacement hardbound volume, the citation should include the date appearing on the spine of the volume or the copyright date of the volume in the following form: S.C. Code Ann. § 11-35-1210 (1986). Statutes which appear in the supplement to the Code of Laws of South Carolina should be cited in the following form: S.C. Code Ann. § 6-7-890 (Supp. 1988).

(2) Statutes which have not yet been codified should be cited by the number of the Act, and the year and page number where it appears in the South Carolina Acts and Joint Resolutions in the following form: Act No. 100, 1985 S.C. Acts 277.

(3) Regulations which appear in the Code of Laws of South Carolina should be cited in the following manner: 23 S.C. Code Ann. Regs. 19-501 (1976). Regulations which appear in the supplement to the Code of Laws of South Carolina should be cited in the following manner: 24A S.C. Code Ann. Regs. 61-40 (Supp. 1988). The date used in the citation shall be the latest copyright date of the volume or supplement.

(c) Court Rules. Court rules should be cited by the rule number and the abbreviations shown:

(1) South Carolina Appellate Court Rules: Rule ___, SCACR.

(a) Rules of Professional Conduct, Rule ___, RPC, Rule 407, SCACR.
(b) Rules for Lawyer Disciplinary Enforcement, Rule ___, RLDE, Rule 413 SCACR.
(c) Code of Judicial Conduct, Rule ___, CJC, Rule 501, SCACR.
(d) Rules for Judicial Disciplinary Enforcement, Rule ___, RJDE, Rule 502, SCACR.

(2) South Carolina Rules of Civil Procedure: Rule ___, SCRCP.

(3) South Carolina Rules of Criminal Procedure: Rule ___, SCRCrimP.

(4) South Carolina Rules of Family Court: Rule ___, SCRFC.

(5) South Carolina Rules of Probate Court: Rule ___, SCRPC.

(6) South Carolina Rules of Magistrates Court: Rule ___, SCRMC.

(7) South Carolina Rules of Evidence: Rule ___, SCRE.

(d) Appellate Court Decisions.

(1) Published opinions or orders of the Supreme Court or Court of Appeals should be cited in the following manner: State v. Williams, 297 S.C. 404, 377 S.E.2d 309 (1989); Andrews v. Piedmont Air Lines, 297 S.C. 367, 377 S.E.2d 127 (Ct. App. 1989). If a published opinion does not appear in a reporter, it should be cited in the following manner: Donahue v. Donahue, Op. No. 23083 (S.C. Sup. Ct. filed Sept. 25, 1989); Satcher v. Berry, Op. No. 1383 (S.C. Ct. App. filed July 31, 1989). Further, if the opinion has been published in the Advance Sheets published by the Supreme Court, the opinion should be cited in the following manner: State v. Victor, Op. No. 23118 (S.C. Sup. Ct. filed Dec. 11, 1989) (Davis Adv. Sh. No. 29 at 5). If a published order does not appear in a reporter, it should be cited by its order number: State v. Smith, 89-OR-25 (S.C. Ct. App. dated March 1, 1989), or by reference to the date of the order if no order number has been assigned: State v. Smith, S.C. Sup. Ct. Order dated March 1, 1989. Further, if the order has been published on the front of the Advance Sheets the order should be cited in the following manner: State v. Foster, S.C. Sup. Ct. Order dated June 9, 1989 (Davis Adv. Sh. No. 14).

(2) Memorandum opinions and unpublished orders have no precedential value and should not be cited except in proceedings in which they are directly involved. Memorandum opinions may be cited in the following form: Burns v. Burns, Op. No. 89-MO-110 (S.C. Ct. App. filed July 31, 1989). Unpublished orders may be cited in a similar manner as provided for published orders under Rule 239(d)(1).

(3) The South Carolina Equity Reports, beginning with 1 Desaussure Equity and ending with 14 Richardson Equity should be cited in the following manner: Taylor v. Taylor, 4 S.C.Eq. (4 Des. Eq.) 165 (1811). The following table of cross references is provided:

Reporter Citation to be Used
1 Desaussure 1 S.C. Eq. (1 Des. Eq.)
2 Desaussure 2 S.C. Eq. (2 Des. Eq.)
3 Desaussure 3 S.C. Eq. (3 Des. Eq.)
4 Desaussure 4 S.C. Eq. (4 Des. Eq.)
Harper 5 S.C. Eq. (Harp. Eq.)
1 McCord 6 S.C. Eq. (1 McCord Eq.)
2 McCord 7 S.C. Eq. (2 McCord Eq.)
Bailey 8 S.C. Eq. (Bail. Eq.)
Richardson's Cases 9 S.C. Eq. (Rich. Cas.)
1 Hill 10 S.C. Eq. (1 Hill Eq.)
2 Hill 11 S.C. Eq. (2 Hill Eq.)
Riley 12 S.C. Eq. (Ril. Eq.)
Dudley 13 S.C. Eq. (Dud. Eq.)
Rice 14 S.C. Eq. (Rice Eq.)
Cheves 15 S.C. Eq. (Chev. Eq.)
McMullen 16 S.C. Eq. (McMul. Eq.)
Speers 17 S.C. Eq. (Speers Eq.)
1 Richardson 18 S.C. Eq. (1 Rich. Eq.)
2 Richardson 19 S.C. Eq. (2 Rich. Eq.)
1 Strobhart 20 S.C. Eq. (1 Strob. Eq.)
2 Strobhart 21 S.C. Eq. (2 Strob. Eq.)
3 Strobhart 22 S.C. Eq. (3 Strob. Eq.)
4 Strobhart 23 S.C. Eq. (4 Strob. Eq.)
3 Richardson 24 S.C.Eq. (3 Rich.Eq.)
4 Richardson 25 S.C.Eq. (4 Rich.Eq.)
5 Richardson 26 S.C.Eq. (5 Rich.Eq.)
6 Richardson 27 S.C.Eq. (6 Rich.Eq.)
7 Richardson 28 S.C.Eq. (7 Rich.Eq.)
8 Richardson 29 S.C.Eq. (8 Rich.Eq.)
9 Richardson 30 S.C.Eq. (9 Rich.Eq.)
10 Richardson 31 S.C.Eq. (10 Rich.Eq.)
11 Richardson 32 S.C.Eq. (11 Rich.Eq.)
12 Richardson 33 S.C.Eq. (12 Rich.Eq.)
13 Richardson 34 S.C.Eq. (13 Rich.Eq.)
14 Richardson 35 S.C.Eq. (14 Rich.Eq.)

(4) The South Carolina Law Reports beginning with 1 Bay and ending with 15 Richardson should be cited in the following manner: Roche v. Chaplin, 17 S.C.L. (1 Bail.) 419 (1830). The following table of cross references is provided:

Reporter Citation to be Used
1 Bay 1 S.C.L. (1 Bay)
2 Bay 2 S.C.L. (2 Bay)
1 Brevard 3 S.C.L. (1 Brev.)
2 Brevard 4 S.C.L. (2 Brev.)
3 Brevard 5 S.C.L. (3 Brev.)
1 Treadway 6 S.C.L. (1 Tread.)
2 Treadway 7 S.C.L. (2 Tread.)
1 Mill (Constitutional) 8 S.C.L. (1 Mill)
2 Mill (Constitutional) 9 S.C.L. (2 Mill)
1 Nott and McCord 10 S.C.L. (1 Nott & McC.)
2 Nott and McCord 11 S.C.L. (2 Nott & McC.)
1 McCord 12 S.C.L. (1 McCord)
2 McCord 13 S.C.L. (2 McCord)
3 McCord 14 S.C.L. (3 McCord)
4 McCord 15 S.C.L. (4 McCord)
Harper 16 S.C.L. (Harp.)
1 Bailey 17 S.C.L. (1 Bail.)
2 Bailey 18 S.C.L. (2 Bail.)
1 Hill 19 S.C.L. (1 Hill)
2 Hill 20 S.C.L. (2 Hill)
3 Hill 21 S.C.L. (3 Hill)
Riley 22 S.C.L. (Ril.)
Dudley 23 S.C.L. (Dud.)
Rice 24 S.C.L. (Rice)
Cheves 25 S.C.L. (Chev.)
1 McMullen 26 S.C.L. (1 McMul.)
2 McMullen 27 S.C.L. (2 McMul.)
1 Speers 28 S.C.L. (1 Speers)
2 Speers 29 S.C.L. (2 Speers)
1 Richardson 30 S.C.L. (1 Rich.)
2 Richardson 31 S.C.L. (2 Rich.)
1 Strobhart 32 S.C.L. (1 Strob.)
2 Strobhart 33 S.C.L. (2 Strob.)
3 Strobhart 34 S.C.L. (3 Strob.)
4 Strobhart 35 S.C.L. (4 Strob.)
5 Strobhart 36 S.C.L. (5 Strob.)
3 Richardson 37 S.C.L. (3 Rich.)
4 Richardson 38 S.C.L. (4 Rich.)
5 Richardson 39 S.C.L. (5 Rich.)
6 Richardson 40 S.C.L. (6 Rich.)
7 Richardson 41 S.C.L. (7 Rich.)
8 Richardson 42 S.C.L. (8 Rich.)
9 Richardson 43 S.C.L. (9 Rich.)
10 Richardson 44 S.C.L. (10 Rich.)
11 Richardson 45 S.C.L. (11 Rich.)
12 Richardson 46 S.C.L. (12 Rich.)
13 Richardson 47 S.C.L. (13 Rich.)
14 Richardson 48 S.C.L. (14 Rich.)
15 Richardson 49 S.C.L. (15 Rich.)