Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure

(As amended to December 1, 2013)

  • TITLE I. APPLICABILITY
  • TITLE II. PRELIMINARY PROCEEDINGS
    • Rule 3. The Complaint
    • Rule 4. Arrest Warrant or Summons on a Complaint
    • Rule 4.1 Complaint, Warrant, or Summons by Telephone or Other Reliable Electronic Means
    • Rule 5. Initial Appearance
    • Rule 5.1 Preliminary Hearing
  • TITLE III. THE GRAND JURY, THE INDICTMENT, AND THE INFORMATION
    • Rule 6. The Grand Jury
    • Rule 7. The Indictment and the Information
    • Rule 8. Joinder of Offenses or Defendants
    • Rule 9. Arrest Warrant or Summons on an Indictment or Information
  • TITLE IV. ARRAIGNMENT AND PREPARATION FOR TRIAL
  • TITLE V. VENUE
  • TITLE VI. TRIAL
  • TITLE VII. POST-CONVICTION PROCEDURES
    • Rule 32. Sentencing and Judgment
    • Rule 32.1 Revoking or Modifying Probation or Supervised Release
    • Rule 32.2 Criminal Forfeiture
    • Rule 33. New Trial
    • Rule 34. Arresting Judgment
    • Rule 35. Correcting or Reducing a Sentence
    • Rule 36. Clerical Error
    • Rule 37. Indicative Ruling on a Motion for Relief  That Is Barred by a Pending Appeal
    • Rule 38. Staying a Sentence or a Disability
    • Rule 39. [Reserved]
  • TITLE VIII. SUPPLEMENTARY AND SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS
    • Rule 40. Arrest for Failing to Appear in Another District or for Violating Conditions of Release Set in Another District
    • Rule 41. Search and Seizure
    • Rule 42. Criminal Contempt
  • TITLE IX. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    • Rule 43. Defendant's Presence
    • Rule 44. Right to and Appointment of Counsel
    • Rule 45. Computing and Extending Time
    • Rule 46. Release from Custody; Supervising Detention
    • Rule 47. Motions and Supporting Affidavits
    • Rule 48. Dismissal
    • Rule 49. Serving and Filing Papers
    • Rule 49.1 Privacy Protection For Filings Made with the Court
    • Rule 50. Prompt Disposition
    • Rule 51. Preserving Claimed Error
    • Rule 52. Harmless and Plain Error
    • Rule 53. Courtroom Photographing and Broadcasting Prohibited
    • Rule 54. [Transferred] 1
    • Rule 55. Records
    • Rule 56. When Court Is Open
    • Rule 57. District Court Rules
    • Rule 58. Petty Offenses and Other Misdemeanors
    • Rule 59. Matters Before a Magistrate Judge
    • Rule 60. Victim's Rights
    • Rule 61. Title

Historical Note

The original Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure were adopted by order of the Supreme Court on Dec. 26, 1944, transmitted to Congress by the Attorney General on Jan. 3, 1945, and became effective on Mar. 21, 1946.

The Rules have been amended Dec. 27, 1948, eff. Jan. 1, 1949; Dec. 27, 1948, eff. Oct. 20, 1949; Apr. 12, 1954, eff. July 1, 1954; Apr. 9, 1956, eff. July 8, 1956; Feb. 28, 1966, eff. July 1, 1966; Dec. 4, 1967, eff. July 1, 1968; Mar. 1, 1971, eff. July 1, 1971; Apr. 24, 1972, eff. Oct. 1, 1972; Nov. 20, 1972, eff. July 1, 1975, pursuant to Pub. L. 93–595; Mar. 18, 1974, eff. July 1, 1974; Apr. 22, 1974, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1975, and Dec. 1, 1975, pursuant to Pub. L. 93–361 and Pub. L. 94–64; Dec. 12, 1975, Pub. L. 94–149, §5, 89 Stat. 806; Apr. 26, 1976, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1976, and Oct. 1, 1977, pursuant to Pub. L. 94–349 and Pub. L. 95–78; Apr. 30, 1979, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1979, and Dec. 1, 1980, pursuant to Pub. L. 96–42; Apr. 28, 1982, eff. Aug. 1, 1982; Oct. 12, 1982, Pub. L. 97–291, §3, 96 Stat. 1249; Apr. 28, 1983, eff. Aug. 1, 1983; Oct. 12, 1984, Pub. L. 98–473, title II, §§209, 215, 404, 98 Stat. 1986, 2014, 2067; Oct. 30, 1984, Pub. L. 98–596, §11(a), (b), 98 Stat. 3138; Apr. 29, 1985, eff. Aug. 1, 1985; Oct. 27, 1986, Pub. L. 99–570, title I, §1009(a), 100 Stat. 3207–8; Nov. 10, 1986, Pub. L. 99–646, §§12(b), 24, 25(a), 54(a), 100 Stat. 3594, 3597, 3607; Mar. 9, 1987, eff. Aug. 1, 1987; Apr. 25, 1988, eff. Aug. 1, 1988; Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title VI, §6483, title VII, §§7076, 7089(c), 102 Stat. 4382, 4406, 4409; Apr. 25, 1989, eff. Dec. 1, 1989; May 1, 1990, eff. Dec. 1, 1990; Apr. 30, 1991, eff. Dec. 1, 1991; Apr. 22, 1993, eff. Dec. 1, 1993; Apr. 29, 1994, eff. Dec. 1, 1994; Sept. 13, 1994, Pub. L. 103–322, title XXIII, §230101(b), title XXXIII, §330003(h), 108 Stat. 2078, 2141; Apr. 27, 1995, eff. Dec. 1, 1995; Apr. 23, 1996, eff. Dec. 1, 1996; Apr. 24, 1996, Pub. L. 104–132, title II, §207(a), 110 Stat. 1236; Apr. 11, 1997, eff. Dec. 1, 1997; Apr. 24, 1998, eff. Dec. 1, 1998; Apr. 26, 1999, eff. Dec. 1, 1999; Apr. 17, 2000, eff. Dec. 1, 2000; Oct. 26, 2001, Pub. L. 107–56, title II, §§203(a), 219, 115 Stat. 278, 291; Apr. 29, 2002, eff. Dec. 1, 2002; Nov. 2, 2002, Pub. L. 107–273, div. C, title I, §11019(b), 116 Stat. 1825; Nov. 25, 2002, Pub. L. 107–296, title VIII, §895, 116 Stat. 2256; Apr. 30, 2003, Pub. L. 108–21, title VI, §610(b), 117 Stat. 692; Apr. 26, 2004, eff. Dec. 1, 2004; Pub. L. 108–458, title VI, §6501(a), Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3760; Apr. 25, 2005, eff. Dec. 1, 2005; Apr. 12, 2006, eff. Dec. 1, 2006; Apr. 30, 2007, eff. Dec. 1, 2007; Apr. 23, 2008, eff. Dec. 1, 2008; Mar. 26, 2009, eff. Dec. 1, 2009; Apr. 28, 2010, eff. Dec. 1, 2010; Apr. 26, 2011, eff. Dec. 1, 2011; Apr. 16, 2013, eff. Dec. 1, 2013.