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Highlights of the Supreme Court's 2002-2003 Term
References for Gratz v. Bollinger and Grutter v. Bollinger (June 23, 2003)

Prior Opinions

  • Gratz v. Bollinger - Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals -HTML -or- (PDF)
  • Grutter v. Bollinger - Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals -HTML -or- (PDF)
  • Supreme Court Opinion in Bakke (LII Historical Database)
  • Announcement of Bakke Decision (MP3)

  • Pleadings, Motions, & Arguments

  • Supreme Court Oral Argument (PDF) Gratz - Grutter -OR- (Download/Listen to MP3 of Argument) - Gratz - Grutter

  • Amicus Briefs

  • University of Michigan Meta-Site (A Thorough Collection of Amici Briefs, organized by Party Support, with Summaries)
  • Center For Individual Rights Meta-Page (Links to Numerous Briefs opposing Michigan Admissions Policies)
  • American Bar Association
  • University of Michigan
  • United States Department of Justice (Gratz) (Grutter)
  • NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund (Grutter)
  • Law School Admissions Council (Grutter)
  • 13,922 Current Law Students at Accredited American Law Schools (Grutter)
  • Senators Tom Daschle, et al. (Gratz) (Grutter)
  • Richard A. Gephardt et al.
  • General Motors
  • NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund (Gratz) (Grutter)

  • Articles & Commentary

  • Despite Ruling, Affirmative Action Debate is Far from Closed - USA Today (June 25, 2003)
  • Affirmative Action Survives Close Supreme Court Vote - The Independent (UK) (June 25, 2003)
  • School Officials, Students React to Michigan Rulings - (June 25, 2003)
  • Supreme Court Upholds Affirmative Action - University of Michigan Record (June 23, 2003)
  • NEA Applauds Supreme Court's Decision on Affirmative Action - National Education Assoc. (June 23, 2003)
  • ACLU Lauds Landmark Supreme Court Decisions Upholding University's Policies - ACLU (June 23, 2003)
  • Split Ruling on Affirmative Action Decision - NPR - Interview with Michigan Law School Dean - INCLUDES ADDITIONAL LINKS TO PAST COVERAGE OF BOTH CASES (June 23, 2003)
  • NAACP Calls Supreme court Michigan Decision A Major Victory - NAACP (June 23, 2003)
  • Other Rights are Hanging by a Thread - Boston Globe (June 25, 2003)
  • U.S. Supreme Court Ruling on Affirmative Action Expected to Have Far-Reaching Impact - Voice of America (June 25, 2003)
  • Diversity: The Truth Behind the Michigan Cases - Federalist Society - Brian Fitzpatrick (June, 2003)

  • Other References

  • Supreme Court Docket (Gratz) (Grutter)
  • Medill School of Journalism (Gratz) (Grutter)
  • Bibliography on Race, Gender and Affirmative Action - UMich, June 2003
  • BAMN - Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action & Integration (resource with links to news editorials, press releases, etc.)
  • National Organization for Women (NOW) Affirmative Action Page
  • Civil Affirmative Action Page
  • ACLU Affirmative Action Page
  • NAACP Home Page
  • University of Michigan Affirmative Action Admissions Cases Page