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1000 JACKSON V. BIRMINGHAM BD. OF ED.
[Syllabus]
893 GOMEZ-PEREZ V. POTTER
[Syllabus]
893 OLMSTEAD V. L. C.
[Syllabus]
841 PLAINS COMMERCE BANK V. LONG FAMILY LAND &CATTLE CO.
[Syllabus]
820 REEVES V. SANDERSON PLUMBING PRODUCTS, INC.
[Syllabus]
1. Under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, is direct evidence of discriminatory intent required to avoid judgment as a matter of law for the employer? 2. In determining whether to grant judgment as a matter of law under Fed. R. Civ. P. 50, should a District Judge weigh all of the evidence or consider only the evidence favoring the non-movant? 3. Whether the standard for granting judgment as a matter of law under Fed. R. Civ. P. 56 is the same as the standard for granting judgment as a matter of law under Fed. R. Civ. P. 50?"
753 BURLINGTON N. & S. F.R.CO. V. WHITE
[Syllabus]
753 KOLSTAD V. AMERICAN DENTAL ASSN.
[Syllabus]
726 GENERAL DYNAMICS LAND SYSTEMS, INC. V. CLINE
[Syllabus]
Whether the Court of appeals erred in holding, contrary to decisions of the First and Seventh Circuits, that the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, 29 U.S.C. 621-634, prohibits reverse discrimination, I.e., employer action practices, or policies that treat older workers more favorably than younger workers who are at least 40 years old.
726 CAMPBELL V. LOUISIANA, 523 U.S. 392 (1998)
[Syllabus]
726 14 PENN PLAZA LLC V. PYETT
[Syllabus]
726 GEBSER V. LAGO VISTA INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DIST., 524 U.S. 274 (1998)
[Syllabus]
726 SWIERKIEWICZ V. SOREMA N. A.
[Syllabus]
A complaint in an employment discrimination lawsuit need not contain specific facts establishing a prima facie case of discrimination under the framework set forth in McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U. S. 792, but instead must contain only "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief," Fed. Rule Civ. Proc. 8(a)(2).
699 ROSENBERGER V. UNIVERSITY OF VA., 515 U.S. 819 (1995).
[Syllabus]
699 LEDBETTER V. GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER CO.
[Syllabus]
699 WAL-MART STORES, INC. V. DUKES
[Syllabus]
699 VOLVO TRUCKS NORTH AMERICA, INC. V. REEDER-SIMCO GMC, INC.
[Syllabus]
665 KIMEL V. FLORIDA BD. OF REGENTS
[Syllabus]
Whether the Eleventh Amendment bars a private suit in federal court against a State for violation of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act.
665 JOHNSON V. CALIFORNIA
[Syllabus]
629 ALEXANDER V. SANDOVAL
[Syllabus]
There is no private right of action to enforce disparate-impact regulations promulgated under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
629 BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF UNIV. OF ALA.V. GARRETT
[Syllabus]
1. Whether the Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution bars suits by private citizens in federal court under the Americans with Disabilities Act against non-consenting states. 2. Whether the Eleventh Amendment bars suits in federal court by private citizens under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 against non-consenting states."
629 MILLER-EL V. DRETKE
[Syllabus]
629 DAVIS V. MONROE COUNTY BD. OF ED.
[Syllabus]
589 RICCI V. DESTEFANO
[Syllabus]
589 AT&T CORP. V. HULTEEN
[Syllabus]
589 FEDERAL EXPRESS CORP. V. HOLOWECKI
[Syllabus]
589 RENO V. AMERICAN-ARAB ANTI-DISCRIMINATIONCOMM.
[Syllabus]
589 TENNESSEE V. LANE
[Syllabus]
Whether Title II of the Americans with Disabilitites Act of 1990 is a proper exercise of Congress' power under Section 5 of the 14th Amendment and thus validly abrogates state sovereign immunity?
544 ONCALE V. SUNDOWNER OFFSHORE SERVICES, INC., 523 U.S. 75 (1998)
[Syllabus]
544
[Syllabus]
544 CRAWFORD V. METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT OFNASHVILLE AND DAVIDSON CTY.
[Syllabus]
544
[Syllabus]
544 FITZGERALD V. BARNSTABLE SCHOOL COMM.
[Syllabus]
544 SOSSAMON V. TEXAS
[Syllabus]
544 UNITED HAULERS ASSN., INC. V. ONEIDA-HERKIMERSOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY
[Syllabus]
544 KENTUCKY RETIREMENT SYSTEMS V. EEOC
[Syllabus]
486 NEVADA DEPT. OF HUMAN RESOURCES V. HIBBS
[Syllabus]
Whether 29 U.S.C. Sec. 2612 (a) (1) (C) exceeds Congress's enforcement authority under Section 5 of the Foruteenth Amendment.
486
[Syllabus]
486 GROSS V. FBL FINANCIAL SERVICES, INC.
[Syllabus]
486 ROMER, GOVERNOR OF COLORADO, ET AL. V. EVANS ET AL., 517 U.S. 620 (1996).
[Syllabus]
486 MCKENNON V. NASHVILLE BANNER PUBLISHING CO., 513 U.S. 352 (1995).
[Syllabus]
486 O'CONNOR V. CONSOLIDATED COIN CATERERS CORP., 517 U.S. 308 (1996).
[Syllabus]
486 GOOD NEWS CLUB V. MILFORD CENTRAL SCHOOL
[Syllabus]
When Milford Central School excluded the Good News Club from meeting after hours at the school on the ground that the Club was religious in nature, it violated the Club's free speech rights; that violation is not justified by Milford's concern that permitting the Club's activities would violate the Establishment Clause.
486 GRANHOLM V. HEALD
[Syllabus]
486 CHRISTIAN LEGAL SOC. CHAPTER OF UNIV. OF CAL.,HASTINGS COLLEGE OF LAW V. MARTINEZ
[Syllabus]
486
[Syllabus]
486 CBOCS WEST, INC. V. HUMPHRIES
[Syllabus]
486
[Syllabus]
486 SPRINT/UNITED MANAGEMENT CO. V. MENDELSOHN
[Syllabus]
486 ASHCROFT V. IQBAL
[Syllabus]
486 LEWIS V. CHICAGO
[Syllabus]
486 MILLER V. ALBRIGHT, 523 U.S. 420 (1998)
[Syllabus]
486 WEST V. GIBSON
[Syllabus]
486 MILLER-EL V. COCKRELL
[Syllabus]
The Fifth Circuit erred when it declined to issue a certificate of appealability to review the District Court's denial of habeas relief to petitioner.
486 EDELMAN V. LYNCHBURG COLLEGE
[Syllabus]
An Equal Employment Opportunity Commission regulation permitting an otherwise timely filer of a charge alleging job discrimination in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to verify the charge after the time for filing it has expired is an unassailable interpretation of §706 of that Act and is therefore valid.
419 FARAGHER V. CITY OF BOCA RATON, 524 U.S. 775 (1998)
[Syllabus]
419 LEVIN V. COMMERCE ENERGY, INC.
[Syllabus]
419 DESERT PALACE, INC. V. COSTA
[Syllabus]
1. Did the Ninth Circuit err in holding that direct evidence is not required in Title VII cases to trigger the application of the mixed-motive analysis set out in Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins? 2. What are the appropriate standards for lower courts to follow in making a direct evidence determination in mixed-motive cases under Title VII?
419
[Syllabus]
419
[Syllabus]
419 DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE OF KY. V. DAVIS
[Syllabus]
419 CITY OF EDMONDS V. OXFORD HOUSE, INC., 514 U.S. 725 (1995).
[Syllabus]
419 RUTAN V. REPUBLICAN PARTY OF ILLINOIS, 497 U.S. 62 (1990)
[Syllabus]
419
[Syllabus]
419
[Syllabus]
419
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419 TEXACO, INC. V. HASBROUCK, 496 U.S. 543 (1990)
[Syllabus]
419
[Syllabus]
419 NATIONAL COLLEGIATE ATHLETIC ASSN. V. SMITH
[Syllabus]
419 BURLINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC. V. ELLERTH, 524 U.S. 742 (1998)
[Syllabus]
419 NATIONAL RAILROAD PASSENGER CORPORATIONV. MORGAN
[Syllabus]
A plaintiff raising claims of discrete discriminatory or retaliatory acts under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 must file his charge with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission within the appropriate 180- or 300-day statutory filing period, but a charge alleging a hostile work environment will not be time barred if all acts constituting the claim are part of the same unlawful practice and at least one act falls within the filing period; in neither instance is a court precluded from applying equitable doctrines that may toll or limit the time period.
419 BUSH V. VERA, 517 U.S. 952 (1996).
[Syllabus]
419 FARAGHER V. CITY OF BOCA RATON, 524 U.S. 775 (1998)
[Syllabus]
419
[Syllabus]
419
[Syllabus]
419 CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF UNITED STATES OFAMERICA V. WHITING
[Syllabus]
419 RAYTHEON CO. V. HERNANDEZ
[Syllabus]
Whether the Americans with Disabilities Act confers preferential rehire rights on employees lawfully terminated for misconduct, such as illegal drug use.
419 CSX TRANSPORTATION, INC. V. ALABAMA DEPT. OFREVENUE
[Syllabus]
419 BOY SCOUTS OF AMERICA V. DALE
[Syllabus]
Whether a state law requiring a Boy Scout Troop to appoint an avowed homosexual and gray rights activist as an Assistant Scoutmaster responsible for communicating Boy Scouting's moral values to youth members abridges First Amendment rights of freedom of speech and freedom of association."
419
[Syllabus]
419 THOMPSON V. NORTH AMERICAN STAINLESS, LP
[Syllabus]
419 LEAGUE OF UNITED LATIN AMERICAN CITIZENS V.PERRY
[Syllabus]
331 METRO BROADCASTING, INC. V. FCC, 497 U.S. 547 (1990)
[Syllabus]
331 RENT-A-CENTER, WEST, INC. V. JACKSON
[Syllabus]
331 BRAY V. ALEXANDRIA WOMEN'S HEALTH CLINIC, 113 S. CT. 753 (1993).
[Syllabus]
331 SORRELL V. IMS HEALTH INC.
[Syllabus]
331 RAYGOR V. REGENTS OF UNIV. OF MINN.
[Syllabus]
Title 28 U. S. C. §1367(d), which purports to toll the statute of limitations for supplemental state-law claims while they are pending in federal court and for 30 days after they are dismissed, does not apply to claims against nonconsenting state defendants that are dismissed on Eleventh Amendment grounds.
331
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331
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331
[Syllabus]
331 VIRGINIA V. BLACK
[Syllabus]
Does the Virginia statute that bans cross burning with intent to intimidate violate the First Amendment, even though the statute reaches all such intimidation and is not limited to any racial, religious or other content-focused category?
331
[Syllabus]
331 MISSOURI V. JENKINS, 515 U.S. 70 (1995).
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331 SMITH V. CITY OF JACKSON
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331 EEOC V. WAFFLE HOUSE, INC.
[Syllabus]
An agreement between an employer and an employee to arbitrate employment-related disputes does not bar the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission from pursuing victim-specific judicial relief, such as backpay, reinstatement, and damages, in an action to enforce Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
331 POLLARD V. E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS & CO.
[Syllabus]
Front pay is not an element of compensatory damages under 42 U. S. C. §1981a and thus is not subject to the damages cap imposed by §1981a(b)(3).
331 RENO V. BOSSIER PARISH SCHOOL BD.
[Syllabus]
Whether the district court erred in concluding that, because Bossier Parish School Board’s 1992 redistricting plan was not enacted with a retrogressive purpose, it was not enacted with ""the purpose *** of denying or abridging the right to vote on account of race,"" within the meaning of section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, 42 U.S C. 1973c.
331 LUNDING V. NEW YORK TAX APPEALS TRIBUNAL, 522 U.S. 287 (1998)
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331 ROBINSON V. SHELL OIL CO., 519 U.S. 337 (1997).
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331 BRAGDON V. ABBOTT, 524 U.S. 624 (1998)
[Syllabus]
331 SCARBOROUGH V. PRINCIPI
[Syllabus]
Whether a complete application for attorney fees and other expenses under The Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. 2412(d)(1)(B), containing all the essential elements, must be filed within thirty days to confer jurisdiction on the court.
331 BELL ATLANTIC CORP. V. TWOMBLY
[Syllabus]
331 UNITED STATES V. VIRGINIA ET AL., 518 U.S. 515 (1996).
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331 ADARAND CONSTRUCTORS V. PENA, 515 U.S. 200 (1995).
[Syllabus]
331
[Syllabus]
331 CITY OF BOERNE V. FLORES, 117 S.CT. 2157, 138 L.ED.2D 624 (1997).
[Syllabus]
209 CLACKAMAS GASTROENTEROLOGY ASSOCIATES,P. C. V. WELLS
[Syllabus]
Clackamas Gastroenterology Associates, P.C. is a medical clinic formed as a professional corporation but which operates and has legal attributes of a partnership. The question presented is whether a federal court should apply an economic realities test to determine if the Clinic's physician-shareholders are counted as employees for the purpose of determining if the Clinic is a covered entity subject to the ADA and other federal antidiscrimination states. In this case, the Ninth Circuit concluded that the physician-shareholders are employees. The court below rejected the holdings of the Seventh, Eighth and Eleventh Circuits which used an economic realities test. Instead, it adopted the reasoning of the Second Circuit which rejected that test.
209
[Syllabus]
209 SPECTOR V. NORWEGIAN CRUISE LINE LTD.
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON
[Syllabus]
1. Whether 42 U.S.C. 13981, the provision of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 that creates a private right of action for victims of gender-motivated violence, is a valid exercise of Congress's power under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. 2. Whether 42 U.S.C. 13981 is a valid exercise of Congress's power under the Enforcement Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
209 PARENTS INVOLVED IN COMMUNITY SCHOOLS V.SEATTLE SCHOOL DIST. NO. 1
[Syllabus]
209 RICE V. CAYETANO
[Syllabus]
Whether the court of appeals erred in holding that the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution permit the adoption of an explicitracial classification that restricts the right to vote in statewide elections for state officials.
209
[Syllabus]
209 SNYDER V. LOUISIANA
[Syllabus]
209 MEYER V. HOLLEY
[Syllabus]
The Fair Housing Act imposes liability without fault upon a corporate employer in accordance with traditional agency principles, i.e., it normally imposes vicarious liability upon the corporation but not upon its officers or owners.
209
[Syllabus]
209 JEFFERSON COUNTY V. ACKER
[Syllabus]
209 WALTERS V. METROPOLITAN EDUCATIONAL ENTERPRISES, INC., 519 U.S. 202 (1997).
[Syllabus]
209 N.L.R.B. V. TOWN & COUNTRY ELEC, INC., ET, 516 U.S. 85 (1995)
[Syllabus]
209 SOUTH CENTRAL BELL TELEPHONE CO. V. ALABAMA
[Syllabus]
209 NKEN V. HOLDER
[Syllabus]
209 LOCKHEED CORP. ET AL. V. SPINK, 517 U.S. 882 (1996).
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209 COMMISSIONER V. BANKS
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209 UNITED STATES V. HATTER
[Syllabus]
The judgment below is reversed insofar as the Federal Circuit found that the application of Medicare taxes to the salaries of federal judges taking office before 1983 violated the Compensation Clause, but affirmed insofar as that court found the application of Social Security taxes to the salaries of judges taking office before 1984 unconstitutional; a 1984 salary increase received by federal judges did not cure the latter violation.
209
[Syllabus]
209 CHEVRON U.S. A. INC. V. ECHAZABAL
[Syllabus]
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 permits an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission regulation authorizing an employer to refuse to hire a disabled individual because his performance on the job would endanger his own health.
209 LANE V. PENA, SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION, ET AL., 518 U.S. 187 (1996).
[Syllabus]
209 NORTHWEST AUSTIN MUNICIPAL UTIL. DIST.NOV.HOLDER
[Syllabus]
209 JEFFERSON V. CITY OF TARRANT, ALA., 522 U.S. 75 (1997)
[Syllabus]
209 LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION V. VELAZQUEZ
[Syllabus]
Whether the court of appeals erred in refusing to follow this Court's decision in Rust V. Sullivan, 500 U.S. 173 (1990) when it invalidated a limitation imposed by congress on the services that may be provided by legal Services Corporation grantees and held that Congress must subsidize grantees involved in litigation that seeks to amend or otherwise challenges existing welfare laws."
209
[Syllabus]
209 HURLEY V. IRISH-AMERICAN GAY, LESBIAN & BISEXUAL GROUP OF BOSTON, 515 U.S. 557 (1995)
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209 OUBRE V. ENTERGY OPERATIONS, INC., 522 U.S. 422 (1998)
[Syllabus]
209 BARTLETT V. STRICKLAND
[Syllabus]
209 SHAW V. HUNT, 116 S.CT. 1894, 135 L.ED.2D 207 (1996)
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209 YOUNG V. FORDICE, 520 U.S. 273 (1997).
[Syllabus]
209 CUTTER V. WILKINSON
[Syllabus]
209
[Syllabus]
209 558 U.S. ____ (2009)
[Syllabus]
209 MAISLIN INDUSTRIES, U.S. V. PRIMARY STEEL, 497 U.S. 116 (1990)
[Syllabus]
209 PGA TOUR, INC. V. MARTIN
[Syllabus]
Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits petitioner from denying golfer Casey Martin equal access to its golf tours on the basis of a disability that prevents him from walking a golf course; allowing Martin to use a golf cart, despite petitioner's walking requirement, is not a modification that would "fundamentally alter the nature" of petitioner's tours.
209 NORFOLK SOUTHERN R.CO. V. JAMES N. KIRBY,PTY LTD.
[Syllabus]
209 NEW YORK V. FERC
[Syllabus]
FERC did not exceed its jurisdiction when it required electric utilities that "unbundle"-i.e., separate-transmission costs from electricity costs when billing their retail consumers to transmit competitors' electricity over their lines on the same terms that the utilities apply to their own transmissions; and FERC's decision not to impose that requirement on utilities that offer only "bundled" retail sales was a permissible policy choice.
209 VIETH V. JUBELIRER
[Syllabus]
209 HAYWOOD V. DROWN
[Syllabus]
209 MEACHAM V. KNOLLS ATOMIC POWER LABORATORY
[Syllabus]
209 STAUB V. PROCTOR HOSPITAL
[Syllabus]
209 JOHN R. SAND & GRAVEL CO. V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
209 GRATZ V. BOLLINGER
[Syllabus]
1. Does the University of Michigan's use of racial preferences in undergraduate admissions violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C.2000d), or 42 U.S.C. 1981?
209
[Syllabus]
209 JOHNSON V. CALIFORNIA
[Syllabus]
209 BOGAN V. SCOTT-HARRIS, 523 U.S. 44 (1998)
[Syllabus]
209 WRIGHT V. UNIVERSAL MARITIME SERVICE CORP.
[Syllabus]
209 WOODFORD V. NGO
[Syllabus]
209 RICE V. COLLINS
[Syllabus]
209 CIRCUIT CITY STORES, INC. V. ADAMS
[Syllabus]
Section 1 of the Federal Arbitration Act-which excludes from that Act's coverage "contracts of employment of seamen, railroad employees, or any other class of workers engaged in foreign or interstate commerce"-exempts the employment contracts of transportation workers, but not other employment contracts.
209 SNYDER V. LOUISIANA
[Syllabus]
209 MILLER V. JOHNSON, 515 U.S. 900 (1995)
[Syllabus]
209 MV. CHICAGO
[Syllabus]
209 DEVLIN V. SCARDELLETTI
[Syllabus]
Nonnamed class members who have objected in a timely manner to approval of a settlement at a fairness hearing have the power to bring an appeal without first intervening in the lawsuit.