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1000 MARTINEZ V. COURT OF APPEAL OF CAL.,FOURTH APPELLATE DIST.
[Syllabus]
Does a criminal defendant have a constitutional right to elect self-representation on direct appeal from a judgment of conviction?
1000 ATWATER V. LAGO VISTA
[Syllabus]
The Fourth Amendment does not forbid a warrantless arrest for a minor criminal offense, such as a misdemeanor seatbelt violation punishable only by a fine.
860 WILSON V. LAYNE
[Syllabus]
835 DAVIS V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
821 MARTINEZ V. COURT OF APPEAL OF CAL.,FOURTH APPELLATE DIST.
[Syllabus]
Does a criminal defendant have a constitutional right to elect self-representation on direct appeal from a judgment of conviction?
821 HIIBEL V. SIXTH JUDICIAL DIST. COURT OF NEV.,HUMBOLDT CTY.
[Syllabus]
Whether it is a violation of the 4th Amendment protection against unreasonable searches and seizures to require someone to identify himself when stopped by police?
804 KENTUCKY V. KING
[Syllabus]
804 UNITED STATES V. KNIGHTS
[Syllabus]
The warrantless search of petitioner, supported by reasonable suspicion and authorized by a condition of probation, satisfied the Fourth Amendment.
804 CHANDLER V. MILLER, 520 U.S. 305 (1997)
[Syllabus]
765 SAFFORD UNIFIED SCHOOL DIST. #1 V. REDDING
[Syllabus]
765 ILLINOIS V. LIDSTER
[Syllabus]
Whether Indianapolis v. Edmond, 531 U.S. 32 (2000), prohibits police officers from conducting a checkpoint organized to investigate a prior offense, at which checkpoint law enforcement officers briefly stopped all oncoming motorists to hand out flyers about—and look for witnesses to—the offense, where the checkpoint was conducted exactly one week after—and at approximately the same time of day as—the offense, and where the checkpoint otherwise met the reasonableness standard articulated in Brown v. Texas, 443 U.S. 47 (1979).
765 VIRGINIA V. MOORE
[Syllabus]
762 MINNESOTA V. CARTER, 525 U.S. 83 (1998)
[Syllabus]
755
[Syllabus]
751 MV. CHICAGO
[Syllabus]
744 UNITED STATES V. RAMIREZ, 523 U.S. 65 (1998)
[Syllabus]
744 SNYDER V. PHELPS
[Syllabus]
723 UNITED STATES V. MORRISON
[Syllabus]
1. Whether 42 U.S.C. 13981, the provision of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 that creates a private right of action for victims of gender-motivated violence, is a valid exercise of Congress's power under the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. 2. Whether 42 U.S.C. 13981 is a valid exercise of Congress's power under the Enforcement Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
723 KYLLO V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
Where the Government uses a device, such as a thermal imager, that is not in general public use, to explore details of a private home that would previously have been unknowable without physical intrusion, the surveillance is a Fourth Amendment "search," and is presumptively unreasonable without a warrant.
720 ONTARIO V. QUON
[Syllabus]
713
[Syllabus]
699 GROH V. RAMIREZ
[Syllabus]
1. Whether the Ninth Circuit properly ruled that a law enforcement officer violated clearly established law, and thus was personally liable in damages and not entitled to qualified immunity, when at the time he acted there was no decision by the Supreme Court or any other court so holding, and the only lower court decisions addressing the issue had found the same conduct did not violate the law?
695 DICKERSON V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
1. Whether the passage of 18 U.S.C. 3501 Was an unconstitutional attempt by Congress to legislatively overrule the Supreme Court's decision in Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966)?"
685 44 LIQUORMART, INC., ET AL. V. RHODE ISLAND ET AL., 517 U.S. 484 (1996).
[Syllabus]
678 UNITED STATES V. KOKINDA, 497 U.S. 720 (1990)
[Syllabus]
678 WHREN ET AL. V. UNITED STATES, 517 U.S. 806 (1996).
[Syllabus]
678 MUEHLER V. MENA
[Syllabus]
674 FLORIDA V. WHITE
[Syllabus]
660 KIMBROUGH V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
657 CARMELL V. TEXAS
[Syllabus]
Whether the Texas Court of Appeals erred in concluding that application of the 1993 version of Texas's article 38.07, Code of Criminal Procedure, was not ex post facto when: (I) the offense occurred in 1992, a full year before adoption of the new rules of law; (ii) there was no outcry for approximately three years, and the law in effect at the time required outcry within 6 months; and , (iii) the petitioner would have otherwise been entitled to an acquittal, in violation of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution.
643 RITA V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
643 FERGUSON V. CHARLESTON
[Syllabus]
A state hospital's performance of drug tests to obtain evidence of maternity patients' cocaine use for law enforcement purposes is an unreasonable search if the patients have not consented to the procedure; the interest in using the threat of criminal sanctions to deter such use cannot justify a departure from the general rule that an official nonconsensual search is unconstitutional if not authorized by a valid warrant.
643 MCCONNELL V. FEDERAL ELECTION COMMN
[Syllabus]
639 KOONS BUICK PONTIAC GMC, INC. V. NIGH
[Syllabus]
625 SCOTT V. HARRIS
[Syllabus]
625 ASHCROFT V. AL-KIDD
[Syllabus]
625
[Syllabus]
625 BOARD OF ED. OF INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DIST.NO. 92 OF POTTAWATOMIE CTY. V. EARLS
[Syllabus]
Petitioner school district's drug testing policy for students participating in extracurricular activities is a reasonable means of furthering the district's important interest in preventing and deterring drug use among its schoolchildren and does not violate the Fourth Amendment.
622
[Syllabus]
590 THORNTON V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
Whether New York v. Belton, 453 U.S. 454 (1981), which established a bright-line rule authorizing a search of a car's passenger compartment incident to a contemporaneous lawful arrest of an occupant therein, also authorizes a warrantless search of a car when the arrestee was not in the car when the police initiated contact with him or within reaching distance of the car at the time of the arrest?
590 DENVER AREA EDUCATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS CONSORTIUM, INC,., ET AL. V. F.C.C., 518 U.S. 727 (1996)
[Syllabus]
590 SAMSON V. CALIFORNIA
[Syllabus]
590 VERNONIA SCH. DIST. 47J V. ACTON, 515 U.S. 646 (1995).
[Syllabus]
573 VERIZON MD. INC. V. PUBLIC SERV. COMMN OF MD.
[Syllabus]
Title 28 U. S. C. §1331 provides a basis for federal-court jurisdiction over a telecommunication carrier's claim that a state public utility commission's order requiring reciprocal compensation for telephone calls to Internet service providers is pre-empted by federal law; the doctrine of Ex parte Young, 209 U. S. 123, permits the suit to go forward against the state commissioners in their official capacities.
573 ILLINOIS V. MCARTHUR
[Syllabus]
Whether it is constitutionally reasonable for police officers to secure a residence from the outside, and prohibit the occupant's entry into that residence for a short time while they obtain a search warrant based on probable cause, when this Court has suggested that is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment in Segura v. United States 468 U.S. 796, 82 L.Ed.2d 599, 104 S.Ct. 3380 (1984) and other courts have found similar behavior consistent with the Fourth Amendment, and Segura."
573 DEVLIN V. SCARDELLETTI
[Syllabus]
Nonnamed class members who have objected in a timely manner to approval of a settlement at a fairness hearing have the power to bring an appeal without first intervening in the lawsuit.
573 FEDERAL MARITIME COMMN V. SOUTH CAROLINAPORTS AUTHORITY
[Syllabus]
State sovereign immunity bars the Federal Maritime Commission from adjudicating a private party's complaint against a nonconsenting State.
573 UNITED STATES V. COTTON
[Syllabus]
A defective indictment does not deprive a court of jurisdiction; the omission from a federal indictment of a fact that enhances the statutory maximum sentence does not justify a court of appeals' vacating the enhanced sentence, even though the defendant did not object in the trial court.
573 FEDERAL ELECTION COMMN V. BEAUMONT
[Syllabus]
The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, 2 U.S.C. 441b, prohibits corporations and labor unions from making direct campaign contributions and independent expenditures in connection with federal elections. The question presented is whether Section 441b's prohibition on contributions violates the First Amendment to the Constitution if it is applied to a nonprofit corporation whose primary purpose is to engage in political advocacy.
566 RANDALL V. SORRELL
[Syllabus]
559 ARIZONA V. JOHNSON
[Syllabus]
559 INDIANAPOLIS  V.  EDMOND
[Syllabus]
Whether checkpoints at which law enforcement officers briefly stop vehicular traffic, check motorists' licenses and vehicle registrations, look for signs of impairment, and walk a ""narcotics detection"" dog around the exterior of each stopped automobile are unlawful under the Fourth Amendment."
552
[Syllabus]
552 UNITED STATES V. COMSTOCK
[Syllabus]
552 RENO V. CONDON
[Syllabus]
Whether the Driver's Privacy Protection Act of 1994, 18 U.S.C. 2721-2725, contravenes constitutional principles of federalism.
552 ARIZONA V. EVANS, 514 U.S. 1 (1995).
[Syllabus]
552 ROSENBERGER V. UNIVERSITY OF VA., 515 U.S. 819 (1995).
[Syllabus]
552 ROTHGERY V. GILLESPIE COUNTY
[Syllabus]
552 HARRIS V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
538 ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE V. DUKE ENERGY CORP.
[Syllabus]
538 UNITED STATES V. VIRGINIA ET AL., 518 U.S. 515 (1996).
[Syllabus]
527
[Syllabus]
520 WYOMING V. HOUGHTON
[Syllabus]
520 BOND V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
1. Whether a search occurs when a law enforcement officer manipulates a bus passenger's personal carry-on luggage to determine its contents."
520 ERIE V. PAPS A. M.
[Syllabus]
Did the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, the court of last resort of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, improperly strike an ordinance of the City of Erie which fully comports with the principles articulated in Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc., thereby willfully disregarding binding precedent in violation of the Supremacy Clause at Article VI, Clause 2 of the Constitution of the United States?
520 UNITED STATES V. BOOKER
[Syllabus]
520 WILKIE V. ROBBINS
[Syllabus]
503 NKEN V. HOLDER
[Syllabus]
503 MICKENS V. TAYLOR
[Syllabus]
In order to demonstrate a Sixth Amendment violation where the trial court fails to inquire into defense counsel's potential conflict of interest about which the court knew or reasonably should have known, the defendant must establish that the conflict adversely affected counsel's performance.
503 BURGESS V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
482 PENNSYLVANIA BD. OF PROBATION AND PAROLE V. SCOTT, 524 U.S. 357 (1998)
[Syllabus]
482 MORSE V. FREDERICK
[Syllabus]
482 INYO COUNTY V. PAIUTE-SHOSHONE INDIANS OFBISHOP COMMUNITY OF BISHOP COLONY
[Syllabus]
1. Whether the doctrine of tribal sovereign immunity enable Indians tribes, their gambling casinos and other commercial businesses to prohibit the searching of their property by law enforcement officers for criminal evidence pertaining to the commission of off-reservation State crimes, when the search is pursuant to a search warrant issued upon probable cause. 2. Whether such a search by State law enforcement officers constitutes a violation of the tribe's civil rights that is actionable under 42 U.S.C. 1983. 3. Whether, if such a search is actionable under 42 U.S.C. 1983, the State law enforcement officers who conducted the search pursuant to the warrant are nonetheless entitled to the defense of qualified immunity.
482 ILLINOIS V. RODRIGUEZ, 497 U.S. 177 (1990)
[Syllabus]
482 MARYLAND V. WILSON, 519 U.S. 408 (1997).
[Syllabus]
482 HAMDI V. RUMSFELD
[Syllabus]
Did the court of appeals erred in holding that the U.S. has established the legality of the military's detention of Yaser Esam Hamdi, a presumed American citizen who was captured in Afghanistan during the combat operations in late 2001, and was determined by the military to be an enemy combatant who should be detained in connection with the ongoing hostilities in Afghanistan?
482 RICHARDS V. WISCONSIN, 520 U.S. 385 (1997).
[Syllabus]
482 CAMRETA V. GREENE
[Syllabus]
482 WIGGINS V. SMITH
[Syllabus]
Does defense counsel in capital case violate the requirements of Stricland v. Washington by failing to investigate available mitigation evidence that could well have convinced a jury to impose a life sentence, as this Court concluded in Williams v. Taylor and as most Courts of Appeals have concluded, or is defense counsel's decision not to investigate such evidence virtually unchallengeable so long as counsel's decision not to investigate such evidence virtually unchallengeable so long as counsel knows rudimentary facts about the defendant's background, as the Fourth Circuit held in this case.
482 O'DELL V. NETHERLAND, WARDEN, 117 S.CT. 1969, 138 L.ED.2D 351 (1997).
[Syllabus]
482 BUCHANAN V. ANGELONE, 522 U.S. 269 (1998)
[Syllabus]
482 SAUCIER V. KATZ
[Syllabus]
A qualified immunity ruling requires an analysis not susceptible of fusion with the question whether unreasonable force was used in making an arrest; petitioner, a military police officer, was entitled to qualified immunity for his actions in arresting respondent.
482 VIRGINIA OFFICE FOR PROTECTION AND ADVOCACYV. STEWART
[Syllabus]
482 UNITED STATES V. BANKS
[Syllabus]
Whether law enforcement officers executing a warrant to search for illegal drugs violated the Fourth Amendment and 18 U.S.C. 3109, thereby requiring suppression of evidence, when they forcibly entered a small apartment in the middle of the afternoon 15-20 seconds after knocking and announcing their presence.
482 GRAHAM COUNTY SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION DIST. V. UNITED STATES EX REL. WILSON
[Syllabus]
482
[Syllabus]
468
[Syllabus]
468 WILSON V. ARKANSAS, 514 U.S. 927 (1995).
[Syllabus]
468
[Syllabus]
468
[Syllabus]
458 KANSAS V. VENTRIS
[Syllabus]
458
[Syllabus]
398 UNITED STATES V. OBRIEN
[Syllabus]
381
[Syllabus]
381
[Syllabus]
381 PEARSON V. CALLAHAN
[Syllabus]
381 UNITED STATES V. ARVIZU
[Syllabus]
Considering the totality of the circumstances and giving due weight to the factual inferences drawn by a border patrol agent and the District Court Judge, the agent had reasonable suspicion to believe that respondent was engaged in illegal activity when he was stopped while driving on an unpaved road in a remote area of southeastern Arizona.
381 KNOWLES V. IOWA
[Syllabus]
381 HUDSON V. MICHIGAN
[Syllabus]
381 DEVENPECK V. ALFORD
[Syllabus]
381
[Syllabus]
381
[Syllabus]
381 UNITED STATES V. FLORES-MONTANO
[Syllabus]
Whether, under the 4th Amendment, customs officers at the international border must have reasonable suspicion in order to remove, disassemble, and search a vehicle's gas tank for contraband?
381 UNITED STATES V. DRAYTON
[Syllabus]
The Fourth Amendment does not require police officers to advise bus passengers of their right not to cooperate and to refuse consent to searches.
381 WALLACE V. KATO
[Syllabus]
360 CHRISTIAN LEGAL SOC. CHAPTER OF UNIV. OF CAL.,HASTINGS COLLEGE OF LAW V. MARTINEZ
[Syllabus]
360 COUNTY OF SACRAMENTO V. LEWIS, 523 U.S. 833 (1998)
[Syllabus]
360 CONN V. GABBERT
[Syllabus]
360 WARNER JENKINSON CO., INC. V. HILTON DAVIS CHEMICAL CO., 520 U.S. 17 (1997).
[Syllabus]
311
[Syllabus]
311 VERMONT V. BRILLON
[Syllabus]
311 OHIO V. ROBINETTE, 519 U.S. 33 (1996)
[Syllabus]
311 SOSA V. ALVAREZ-MACHAIN
[Syllabus]
(1) Whether the Alien Tort Statute (ATS), 28 U.S.C. 1350 creates a private cause of action for aliens for torts committed anywhere in violation of the law of nations or treaties of the United States or, instead, is a jurisdiction-granting provision that does not establish private rights of action? (2) Whether, to the extent that the Alien Tort Statute is not merely jurisdictional in nature, the challenged arrest in this case is actionable under the act? (3) Whether federal law enforcement officers, and agents of the Drug Enforcement Administration in particular, have authority to enforce a federal criminal statute that applies to acts perpetrated against a United States official in a foreign country by arresting an indicted criminal suspect on probable cause in a foreign country? (4) Whether an individual arrested in a foreign country may bring an action under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA), 28 U.S.C. 1346(b), 2671 et seq., for false arrest, notwithstanding the FTCA's exclusion of "[a]ny claim arising in a foreign country," 28 U.S.C. 2680(k), because the arrest was planned in the United States?
311 LOS ANGELES V. ALAMEDA BOOKS, INC.
[Syllabus]
The Ninth Circuit's judgment striking down a Los Angeles ordinance banning multiple-use adult entertainment establishments under Renton v. Playtime Theatres, Inc., 475 U. S. 41, is reversed, and the case is remanded.
311 MOSELEY V. V SECRET CATALOGUE, INC.
[Syllabus]
The Federal Trademark Dilution Act requires proof of actual dilution; the evidence in this case is insufficient to support summary judgment for respondents on the dilution count.
241 SKILLING V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
241 AGOSTINI V. FELTON, 117 S.CT. 1997, 138 L.ED.2D 391 (1997).
[Syllabus]
241
[Syllabus]
241 ILLINOIS V. WARDLOW
[Syllabus]
Whether a person's sudden and unprovoked flight from a clearly identifiable police officer, who is patrolling a high crime area, is sufficiently suspicious to justify a temporary investigator stop pursuant to Terry v. Ohio.
241 FCC V. AT&T INC.
[Syllabus]
241 BEARD V. BANKS
[Syllabus]
241 UNITED STATES V. LARA
[Syllabus]
Whether Section 1301, as amended, of the Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968, 25 U.S.C. 1301, validly restores an Indian tribe's sovereign power to prosecute members of other tribes, such that a federal prosecution following a tribal prosecution for an offense with the same elements is valid under the Double Jeopardy Clause of the 5th Amendment.
241
[Syllabus]
241
[Syllabus]
241 SANCHEZ-LLAMAS V. OREGON
[Syllabus]
241
[Syllabus]
241
[Syllabus]
241 BRENDLIN V. CALIFORNIA
[Syllabus]
241 UTTECHT V. BROWN
[Syllabus]
241 OHIO V. AKRON CENTER, 497 U.S. 502 (1990)
[Syllabus]
241 CBOCS WEST, INC. V. HUMPHRIES
[Syllabus]
241 FLORIDA V. J. L.
[Syllabus]
Whether an anonymous tip which states that a person is carrying a concealed firearm at a specific location, with a detailed description of the person and his attire, is sufficiently reliable to justify an investigatory detention and frisk where the police immediately verify the accuracy of the tip?"
241 RYDER V. UNITED STATES, 515 U.S. 177 (1995).
[Syllabus]
241
[Syllabus]
241 GREATER NEW ORLEANS BROADCASTING ASSN., INC.V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
241 KALINA V. FLETCHER, 522 U.S. 118 (1997)
[Syllabus]
241 MARYLAND V. PRINGLE
[Syllabus]
Where drugs and a roll of cash are found in the passenger compartment of a car with multiple occupants, and all deny ownership, does the Fourth Amendment prohibit a police officer form arresting the occupants of the car?
241 HERRING V. UNITED STATES
[Syllabus]
241 ARIZONA V. GANT
[Syllabus]