Howard ALEXANDER et al., Petitioners, v. Commonwealth of VIRGINIA.

413 U.S. 836 (93 S.Ct. 2803, 37 L.Ed.2d 993)

Howard ALEXANDER et al., Petitioners, v. Commonwealth of VIRGINIA.

No. 71—1315.

Argued: Oct. 19, 1972.

Decided: June 25, 1973.

See 414 U.S. 881, 94 S.Ct. 29.

Stanley M. Dietz, Washington, D.C., for petitioners.

James E. Kulp, Richmond, Va., for respondent.

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PER CURIAM.

The judgment of the Supreme Court of Virginia is vacated and the case is remanded for further proceedings not inconsistent with Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15, at 23—25, 93 S.Ct. 2607, at 2614—2615, 37 L.Ed.2d 419 (1973); Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slayton, 413 U.S. 49, at 58, 93 S.Ct. 2628, at 2635, 37 L.Ed.2d 446, n. 7 (1973); and Heller v. New York, 413 U.S. 483, 93 S.Ct. 2789, 37 L.Ed.2d 745 (1973). See United States v. 12 200-Ft. Reels of Super 8mm. Film, 413 U.S. 123, at 129—130 and n. 7, 93 S.Ct. 2665, at 2669—2670, 37 L.Ed.2d 500 (1973). A trial by jury is not constitutionally required in this state civil proceeding pursuant to § 18.1—236.3 of the Code of Virginia, 1950, as amended. See Melancon v. McKeithen, 345 F.Supp. 1025, 1027, 1035—1045, 1048 (ED La.), aff'd sub nom. Mayes v. Ellis, 409 U.S. 943, 93 S.Ct. 289, 34 L.Ed.2d 214 (1972), and Hill v. McKeithen, 409 U.S. 943, 93 S.Ct. 290, 34 L.Ed.2d 214 (1972). Cf. Kingsley Books, Inc. v. Brown, 354 U.S. 436, 443—444, 77 S.Ct. 1325, 1328—1330, 1 L.Ed.2d 1469 (1957).

Vacated and remanded.

Mr. Justice DOUGLAS would reverse the judgment of the Supreme Court of Virginia. See Miller v. California, 413 U.S., p. 37, 93 S.Ct., p. 2622 (Douglas, J., dissenting).

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Mr. Justice BRENNAN, with whom Mr. Justice STEWART and Mr. Justice MARSHALL join, dissenting.

I would reverse the judgment of the Supreme Court of Virginia and remand the case for further proceedings not inconsistent with my dissenting opinion in Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton, 413 U.S., at 73, 93 S.Ct., at 2642. See my dissent in Miller v. California, 413 U.S., at 47, 93 S.Ct., at 2627.

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