YOUR HOME VISITING NURSE SERVICES, INC. v. SHALALA
YOUR HOME VISITING NURSE SERVICES, INC.
v. SHALALA, SECRETARY OF HEALTH
AND HUMAN SERVICES
certiorari to the united states court of appeals for the sixth circuit
Under the Medicare Act, a provider seeking reimbursement for covered health services from respondent Secretary of Health and Human Services submits a yearly cost report to a fiscal intermediary (generally a private insurance company), which issues a Notice of Program Reimbursement (NPR) determining the providers reimbursement for the year. The Act gives a dissatisfied provider 180 days to appeal a reimbursement determination to the Provider Reimbursement Review Board, whose decision is subject to judicial review in federal district court. 42 U. S. C. §1395 oo. A regulation also gives the provider three years within which to ask the intermediary to reopen a determination. 42 CFR §405.1885. Petitioner provider did not seek administrative review of certain NPRs issued by its fiscal intermediary, but did within three years ask the intermediary to reopen the determination. The intermediary denied the request, and the Board dismissed petitioners subsequent appeal of that denial on the ground that §405.1885 divested it of jurisdiction to review an intermediarys refusal to reopen a reimbursement determination. In dismissing petitioners ensuing suit, the District Court agreed with the Boards determination and rejected petitioners alternative contention that the federal-question statute or the mandamus statute gave the court jurisdiction to review the intermediarys refusal directly. The Court of Appeals affirmed.
1. The Board does not have jurisdiction to review a fiscal intermediarys refusal to reopen a reimbursement determination. The regulations do not confer such jurisdiction, so petitioner must establish it on the basis of the Act. Section 1395 oo (a)(1)(A)(i) authorizes a provider to obtain a hearing before the Board if the provider is dissatisfied with a final determination of … its fiscal intermediary … as to the amount of total program reimbursement due the provider … . The Secretarys reading of §1395 oo (a)(1)(A)(i)that a refusal to reopen is not a final determination … as to the amount of … reimbursement but only a refusal to make a new determinationis well within the bounds of reasonable interpretation, and hence entitled to deference under Chevron U. S. A. Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U. S. 837. The reasonableness of this construction is further confirmed by the holding in Califano v. Sanders, 430 U. S. 99, that §205(g) of the Social Security Act does not authorize judicial review of the Secretarys decision not to reopen a previously adjudicated benefits claim. Finally, contrary to petitioners argument, the Secretarys position is not inconsistent with §1395x(v)(1)(A)(ii)s requirement that the cost-reimbursement regulations provide for … suitable retroactive corrective adjustments where, for a provider … for any fiscal period, the aggregate reimbursement produced by the methods of determining costs proves to be either inadequate or excessive. See Good Samaritan Hospital v. Shalala , 508 U. S. 402; ICC v. Locomotive Engineers , 482 U. S. 270. Pp. 27.
2. Petitioner is not otherwise entitled to judicial review of the intermediarys reopening decision under the federal-question statute, see Heckler v. Ringer , 466 U. S. 602, the mandamus statute, see id . at 617; ICC v. Locomotive Engineers, supra, at 282, or the judicial-review provision of the Administrative Procedure Act, see Califano v. Sanders , supra . Pp. 78.
132 F. 3d 1135, affirmed.
Scalia, J., delivered the opinion for a unanimous Court.