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§ 1275. Defaults

(a) Rights of obligee
In the event of a default, which has continued for thirty days, in any payment by the obligor of principal or interest due under an obligation guaranteed under this subchapter, the obligee or his agent shall have the right to demand (unless the Secretary or Administrator shall, upon such terms as may be provided in the obligation or related agreements, prior to that demand, have assumed the obligor’s rights and duties under the obligation and agreements and shall have made any payments in default), at or before the expiration of such period as may be specified in the guarantee or related agreements, but not later than ninety days from the date of such default, payment by the Secretary or Administrator of the unpaid principal amount of said obligation and of the unpaid interest thereon to the date of payment. Within such period as may be specified in the guarantee or related agreements, but not later than thirty days from the date of such demand, the Secretary or Administrator shall promptly pay to the obligee or his agent the unpaid principal amount of said obligation and unpaid interest thereon to the date of payment: Provided, That the Secretary or Administrator shall not be required to make such payment if prior to the expiration of said period he shall find that there was no default by the obligor in the payment of principal or interest or that such default has been remedied prior to any such demand.
(b) Notice of default
In the event of a default under a mortgage, loan agreement, or other security agreement between the obligor and the Secretary or Administrator, the Secretary or Administrator may upon such terms as may be provided in the obligation or related agreement, either:
(1) assume the obligor’s rights and duties under the agreement, make any payment in default, and notify the obligee or the obligee’s agent of the default and the assumption by the Secretary or Administrator; or
(2) notify the obligee or the obligee’s agent of the default, and the obligee or the obligee’s agent shall have the right to demand at or before the expiration of such period as may be specified in the guarantee or related agreements, but not later than 60 days from the date of such notice, payment by the Secretary or Administrator of the unpaid principal amount of said obligation and of the unpaid interest thereon. Within such period as may be specified in the guarantee or related agreements, but not later than 30 days from the date of such demand, the Secretary or Administrator shall promptly pay to the obligee or the obligee’s agent the unpaid principal amount of said obligation and unpaid interest thereon to the date of payment.
(c) Secretary or Administrator to complete, sell or operate property
In the event of any payment or assumption by the Secretary or Administrator under subsection (a) or (b) of this section, the Secretary or Administrator shall have all rights in any security held by him relating to his guarantee of such obligations as are conferred upon him under any security agreement with the obligor. Notwithstanding any other provision of law relating to the acquisition, handling, or disposal of property by the United States, the Secretary or Administrator shall have the right, in his discretion, to complete, recondition, reconstruct, renovate, repair, maintain, operate, charter, or sell any property acquired by him pursuant to a security agreement with the obligor or may place a vessel in the national defense reserve. The terms of the sale shall be as approved by the Secretary or Administrator.
(d) Cash payments; issuance of notes or obligations
Any amount required to be paid by the Secretary or Administrator pursuant to subsection (a) or (b) of this section, shall be paid in cash. If at any time the moneys in the Fund authorized by section 1272 of this Appendix are not sufficient to pay any amount the Secretary or Administrator is required to pay by subsection (a) or (b) of this section, the Secretary or Administrator is authorized to issue to the Secretary of the Treasury notes or other obligations in such forms and denominations, bearing such maturities, and subject to such terms and conditions as may be prescribed by the Secretary or Administrator, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury. Such notes or other obligations shall bear interest at a rate determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, taking into consideration the current average market yield on outstanding marketable obligations of the United States of comparable maturities during the month preceding the issuance of such notes or other obligations. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to purchase any notes and other obligations to be issued hereunder and for such purpose he is authorized to use as a public debt transaction the proceeds from the sale of any securities issued under chapter 31 of title 31, and the purposes for which securities may be issued under such chapter, are extended to include any purchases of such notes and obligations. The Secretary of the Treasury may at any time sell any of the notes or other obligations acquired by him under this section. All redemptions, purchases, and sales by the Secretary of the Treasury of such notes or other obligations shall be treated as public debt transactions of the United States. Funds borrowed under this section shall be deposited in the Fund and redemptions of such notes and obligations shall be made by the Secretary or Administrator from such Fund.
(e) Actions against obligor
In the event of a default under any guaranteed obligation or any related agreement, the Secretary or Administrator shall take such action against the obligor or any other parties liable thereunder that, in his discretion, may be required to protect the interests of the United States. Any suit may be brought in the name of the United States or in the name of the obligee and the obligee shall make available to the United States all records and evidence necessary to prosecute any such suit. The Secretary or Administrator shall have the right, in his discretion, to accept a conveyance of title to and possession of property from the obligor or other parties liable to the Secretary or Administrator, and may purchase the property for an amount not greater than the unpaid principal amount of such obligation and interest thereon. In the event that the Secretary or Administrator shall receive through the sale of property an amount of cash in excess of the unpaid principal amount of the obligation and unpaid interest on the obligation and the expenses of collection of those amounts, the Secretary or Administrator shall pay the excess to the obligor.
(f) Default response
In the event of default on an obligation, the Secretary shall conduct operations under this subchapter in a manner which—
(1) maximizes the net present value return from the sale or disposition of assets associated with the obligation, including prompt referral to the Attorney General for collection as appropriate;
(2) minimizes the amount of any loss realized in the resolution of the guarantee;
(3) ensures adequate competition and fair and consistent treatment of offerors; and
(4) requires appraisal of assets by an independent appraiser.

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