(Added Pub. L. 98–94, title IX, § 933(a)(1),Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 650; amended Pub. L. 98–557, § 19(14),Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2870; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title X, § 1031(a),Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2123; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title VII, § 715,Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4505.)
2008—Subsec. (a)(3) to (6). Pub. L. 110–417
added pars. (3) to (6).
1998—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105–261
struck out par. (3) which read as follows: “The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress from time to time written reports on the results of the studies and demonstration projects conducted under this subsection and shall include in such reports such recommendations for improving the health-care delivery systems of the uniformed services as the Secretary considers appropriate.”
1984—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 98–557
substituted reference to other administering Secretaries for reference to Secretary of Health and Human Services.
Section 933(b) ofPub. L. 98–94
provided that: “Section
, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect on October 1, 1983.”
Military Health Risk Management Demonstration Project
Pub. L. 110–417
, [div. A], title VII, § 712,Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4501
, provided that:
“(a) Demonstration Project Required.—The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a demonstration project designed to evaluate the efficacy of providing incentives to encourage healthy behaviors on the part of eligible military health system beneficiaries.
“(b) Elements of Demonstration Project.—
“(1) Wellness assessment.—The Secretary shall develop a wellness assessment to be offered to beneficiaries enrolled in the demonstration project. The wellness assessment shall incorporate nationally recognized standards for health and healthy behaviors and shall be offered to determine a baseline and at appropriate intervals determined by the Secretary. The wellness assessment shall include the following:
“(A) A self-reported health risk assessment.
“(B) Physiological and biometric measures, including at least—
“(i) blood pressure;
“(ii) glucose level;
“(iv) nicotine use; and
“(2) Population enrolled.—Non-medicare eligible retired beneficiaries of the military health system and their dependents who are enrolled in TRICARE Prime and who reside in the demonstration project service area shall be offered the opportunity to enroll in the demonstration project.
“(3) Geographic coverage of demonstration project.—The demonstration project shall be conducted in at least three geographic areas within the United States where TRICARE Prime is offered, as determined by the Secretary. The area covered by the project shall be referred to as the demonstration project service area.
“(4) Programs.—The Secretary shall develop programs to assist enrollees to improve healthy behaviors, as identified by the wellness assessment.
“(5) Inclusion of incentives required.—For the purpose of conducting the demonstration project, the Secretary may offer monetary and non-monetary incentives to enrollees to encourage participation in the demonstration project.
“(c) Evaluation of Demonstration Project.—The Secretary shall annually evaluate the demonstration project for the following:
“(1) The extent to which the health risk assessment and the physiological and biometric measures of beneficiaries are improved from the baseline (as determined in the wellness assessment).
“(2) In the case of baseline health risk assessments and physiological and biometric measures that reflect healthy behaviors, the extent to which the measures are maintained.
“(d) Implementation Plan.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit a plan to implement the health risk management demonstration project required by this section not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 14, 2008].
“(e) Duration of Project.—The health risk management demonstration project shall be implemented for a period of three years, beginning not later than March 1, 2009, and ending three years after that date.
“(1) In general.—The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an annual report on the effectiveness of the health risk management demonstration project in improving the health risk measures of military health system beneficiaries enrolled in the demonstration project. The first report shall be submitted not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 14, 2008], and subsequent reports shall be submitted for each year of the demonstration project with the final report being submitted not later than 90 days after the termination of the demonstration project.
“(2) Matters covered.—Each report shall address, at a minimum, the following:
“(A) The number of beneficiaries who were enrolled in the project.
“(B) The number of enrolled beneficiaries who participate in the project.
“(C) The incentives to encourage healthy behaviors that were provided to the beneficiaries in each beneficiary category, and the extent to which the incentives encouraged healthy behaviors.
“(D) An assessment of the effectiveness of the demonstration project.
“(E) Recommendations for adjustments to the demonstration project.
“(F) The estimated costs avoided as a result of decreased health risk conditions on the part of each of the beneficiary categories.
“(G) Recommendations for extending the demonstration project or implementing a permanent wellness assessment program.
“(H) Identification of legislative authorities required to implement a permanent program.”
Availability of Chiropractic Health Care Services
Pub. L. 109–163
, div. A, title VII, § 712,Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3343
, provided that:
“(a) Availability of Chiropractic Health Care Services.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that chiropractic health care services are available at all medical treatment facilities listed in table 5 of the report to Congress dated August 16, 2001, titled ‘Chiropractic Health Care Implementation Plan’. If the Secretary determines that it is not necessary or feasible to provide chiropractic health care services at any such facility, the Secretary shall provide such services at an alternative site for each such facility.
“(b) Implementation and Report.—Not later than September 30, 2006, the Secretary of the Air Force shall—
“(1) implement subsection (a); and
“(2) submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the availability of chiropractic health care services as required under subsection (a), including information on alternative sites at which such services have been made available.”
Pilot Program for Health Care Delivery
Pub. L. 108–375
, div. A, title VII, § 721,Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1988
, as amended by Pub. L. 110–181
, div. A, title VII, § 707,Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 189
; Pub. L. 110–417
, [div. A], title X, § 1061(e),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4613
, provided that:
“(a) Pilot Program.—The Secretary of Defense may conduct a pilot program at two or more military installations for purposes of testing initiatives that build cooperative health care arrangements and agreements between military installations and local and regional non-military health care systems.
“(b) Requirements of Pilot Program.—In conducting the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall—
“(1) identify and analyze health care delivery options involving the private sector and health care services in military facilities located on the installation;
“(2) determine the cost avoidance or savings resulting from innovative partnerships between the Department of Defense and the private sector;
“(3) study the potential, viability, cost efficiency, and health care effectiveness of Department of Defense health care providers delivering health care in civilian community hospitals;
“(4) determine the opportunities for and barriers to coordinating and leveraging the use of existing health care resources, including Federal, State, local, and contractor assets; and
“(5) collaborate with State and local authorities to create an arrangement to share and exchange, between the Department of Defense and non-military health care systems, personal health information and data of military personnel and their families.
“(c) Consultation Requirements.—The Secretary of Defense shall develop the pilot program in consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, representatives from the military installation selected for the pilot program, Federal, State, and local entities, and the TRICARE managed care support contractor with responsibility for that installation.
“(d) Selection of Military Installation.—The pilot program may be implemented at two or more military installations selected by the Secretary of Defense. At least one of the selected military installations shall meet the following criteria:
“(1) The military installation has members of the Armed Forces on active duty and members of reserve components of the Armed Forces that use the installation as a training and operational base, with members routinely deploying in support of the global war on terrorism.
“(2) The number of members of the Armed Forces on active duty permanently assigned to the military installation is [sic] has increased over the five years preceding 2008.
“(3) One or more cooperative arrangements exist at the military installation with civilian health care entities in the form of specialty care services in the military medical treatment facility on the installation.
“(4) There is a military treatment facility on the installation that does not have inpatient or trauma center care capabilities.
“(5) There is a civilian community hospital near the military installation with—
“(A) limited capability to expand inpatient care beds, intensive care, and specialty services; and
“(B) limited or no capability to provide trauma care.
“(e) Duration of Pilot Program.—Implementation of the pilot program developed under this section shall begin not later than May 1, 2005, and shall be conducted during fiscal years 2005 through 2010.
“(f) Reports.—With respect to any pilot program conducted under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and of the House of Representatives—
“(1) an interim report on the program, not later than 60 days after commencement of the program; and
“(2) a final report describing the results of the program with recommendations for a model health care delivery system for other military installations, not later than July 1, 2010.”
Demonstration Project for Expanded Access to Mental Health Counselors
Pub. L. 106–398
, § 1 [[div. A], title VII, § 731], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654
, 1654A–189, directed the Secretary of Defense, not later than Mar. 31, 2001, to submit to committees of Congress a plan to carry out a demonstration project under which licensed and certified professional mental health counselors who had met eligibility requirements for participation as providers under CHAMPUS or the TRICARE program could provide services to covered beneficiaries under this chapter without referral by physicians or adherence to supervision requirements, and directed the Secretary to conduct such project during the 2-year period beginning Oct. 1, 2001, and to submit to Congress a report on such project not later than Feb. 1, 2003.
Teleradiology Demonstration Project
Pub. L. 106–398
, § 1 [[div. A], title VII, § 732], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654
, 1654A–191, authorized the Secretary of Defense to conduct a demonstration project during the 2-year period beginning on Oct. 30, 2000, under which a military medical treatment facility and each clinic supported by such facility would be linked by a digital radiology network through which digital radiology X-rays could be sent electronically from clinics to the military medical treatment facility.
Joint Telemedicine and Telepharmacy Demonstration Projects by the Department of Defense and Department of Veterans Affairs
Pub. L. 106–65
, div. A, title VII, § 724,Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 697
, as amended by Pub. L. 108–136
, div. A, title X, § 1031(h)(2),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1605
, authorized the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, during the three-year period beginning on Oct. 1, 1999, to carry out joint demonstration projects for purposes of evaluating the feasibility and practicability of using telecommunications to provide radiologic and imaging services, diagnostic services, referral services, pharmacy services, and any other health care services designated by the Secretaries.
Demonstration Program To Train Military Medical Personnel in Civilian Shock Trauma Units
Pub. L. 104–106
, div. A, title VII, § 744,Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 386
, directed the Secretary of Defense to implement, not later than Apr. 1, 1996, a demonstration program to evaluate the feasibility of providing shock trauma training for military medical personnel through an agreement with one or more public or nonprofit hospitals, and to submit to Congress a report describing the scope and activities of the program not later than Mar. 1 of each year in which it was conducted, provided for the termination of the program on Mar. 31, 1998, and required the Comptroller General of the United States to submit to Congress a report evaluating its effectiveness not later than May 1, 1998.
Demonstration Project on Management of Health Care in Catchment Areas and Other Demonstration Projects
Pub. L. 100–180
, div. A, title VII, § 731,Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1117
, directed Secretary of Defense to conduct, beginning in fiscal year 1988 for at least two years, projects designed to demonstrate the alternative health care delivery system under which the commander of a medical facility of the uniformed services is responsible for all funding and all medical care of the covered beneficiaries in the catchment area of the facility and to conduct specific projects for the purpose of demonstrating alternatives to providing health care under the military health care system, directed Secretary not later than 60 days after Dec. 4, 1987, to submit to Congress a report that provides an outline and discussion of the manner in which the Secretary intends to structure and conduct each demonstration project and to develop and submit to Congress a methodology to be used in evaluating the results of the demonstration projects, and submit to Congress an interim report on each demonstration project after such project has been in effect for at least 12 months and a final report on each such project when each project is completed.
Chiropractic Health Care
Pub. L. 108–375
, div. A, title VII, § 718,Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1987
, provided that:
“(a) Establishment.—Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2004], the Secretary of Defense shall establish an oversight advisory committee to provide the Secretary with advice and recommendations regarding the continued development and implementation of an effective program of chiropractic health care benefits for members of the uniformed services on active duty.
“(b) Membership.—The advisory committee shall be composed of members selected from among persons who, by reason of education, training, and experience, are experts in chiropractic health care, as follows:
“(1) Members appointed by the Secretary of Defense in such number as the Secretary determines appropriate for carrying out the duties of the advisory committee effectively, including not fewer than three practicing representatives of the chiropractic health care profession.
“(2) A representative of each of the uniformed services, as designated by the administering Secretary concerned.
“(c) Chairman.—The Secretary of Defense shall designate one member of the advisory committee to serve as the Chairman of the advisory committee.
“(d) Meetings.—The advisory committee shall meet at the call of the Chairman, but not fewer than three times each fiscal year, beginning in fiscal year 2005.
“(e) Duties.—The advisory committee shall have the following duties:
“(1) Review and evaluate the program of chiropractic health care benefits provided to members of the uniformed services on active duty under chapter
, United States Code.
“(2) Provide the Secretary of Defense with advice and recommendations as described in subsection (a).
“(3) Upon the Secretary’s determination that the program of chiropractic health care benefits referred to in paragraph (1) has been fully implemented, prepare and submit to the Secretary a report containing the advisory committee’s evaluation of the implementation of such program.
“(f) Report.—The Secretary of Defense, following receipt of the report by the advisory committee under subsection (e)(3), shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and of the House of Representatives a report containing the following:
“(1) A copy of the advisory committee report, together with the Secretary’s comments on the report.
“(2) An explanation of the criteria and rationale that the Secretary used to determine that the program of chiropractic health care benefits was fully implemented.
“(3) The Secretary’s views with regard to the future implementation of the program of chiropractic health care benefits.
“(g) Applicability of Temporary Organizations Law.—(1) Section
, United States Code, shall apply to the advisory committee under this section.
“(2) The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to the oversight advisory committee under this section.
“(h) Termination.—The advisory committee shall terminate 90 days after the date on which the Secretary submits the report under subsection (f).”
Pub. L. 108–136
, div. A, title VII, § 711,Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1530
, provided that: “The Secretary of Defense shall accelerate the implementation of the plan required by section 702 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106–398; 114 Stat. 1654
A–173) [set out below] (relating to chiropractic health care services and benefits), with a goal of completing implementation of the plan by October 1, 2005.”
Pub. L. 106–398
, § 1 [[div. A], title VII, § 702], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654
, 1654A–173, provided that:
“(a) Plan Required.—(1) Not later than March 31, 2001, the Secretary of Defense shall complete development of a plan to provide chiropractic health care services and benefits, as a permanent part of the Defense Health Program (including the TRICARE program), for all members of the uniformed services who are entitled to care under section
, United States Code.
“(2) The plan shall provide for the following:
“(A) Access, at designated military medical treatment facilities, to the scope of chiropractic services as determined by the Secretary, which includes, at a minimum, care for neuro-musculoskeletal conditions typical among military personnel on active duty.
“(B) A detailed analysis of the projected costs of fully integrating chiropractic health care services into the military health care system.
“(C) An examination of the proposed military medical treatment facilities at which such services would be provided.
“(D) An examination of the military readiness requirements for chiropractors who would provide such services.
“(E) An examination of any other relevant factors that the Secretary considers appropriate.
“(F) Phased-in implementation of the plan over a 5-year period, beginning on October 1, 2001.
“(b) Consultation Requirements.—The Secretary of Defense shall consult with the other administering Secretaries described in section
, United States Code, and the oversight advisory committee established under section 731 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103–337; 10
U.S.C. 1092 note
) regarding the following:
“(1) The development and implementation of the plan required under subsection (a).
“(2) Each report that the Secretary is required to submit to Congress regarding the plan.
“(3) The selection of the military medical treatment facilities at which the chiropractic services described in subsection (a)(2)(A) are to be provided.
“(c) Continuation of Current Services.—Until the plan required under subsection (a) is implemented, the Secretary shall continue to furnish the same level of chiropractic health care services and benefits under the Defense Health Program that is provided during fiscal year 2000 at military medical treatment facilities that provide such services and benefits.
“(d) Report Required.—Not later than January 31, 2001, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report on the plan required under subsection (a), together with appropriate appendices and attachments, to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
“(e) GAO Reports.—The Comptroller General shall monitor the development and implementation of the plan required under subsection (a), including the administration of services and benefits under the plan, and periodically submit to the committees referred to in subsection (d) written reports on such development and implementation.”
Pub. L. 103–337
, div. A, title VII, § 731,Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2809
, as amended by Pub. L. 105–85
, div. A, title VII, § 739,Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1815
; Pub. L. 106–65
, div. A, title VII, § 702(a),Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 680
, directed the Secretary of Defense to develop and carry out a demonstration program for fiscal years 1995 to 1999 to evaluate the feasibility and advisability of furnishing chiropractic care through the medical care facilities of the Armed Forces, to continue to furnish the same chiropractic care in fiscal year 2000, to submit reports to Congress in 1995 and 1998 with a final report due Jan. 31, 2000, to establish an oversight advisory committee to assist and advise the Secretary with regard to the development and conduct of the demonstration program, and, not later than Mar. 31, 2000, to submit to Congress an implementation plan for the full integration of chiropractic health care services into the military health care system of the Department of Defense, including the TRICARE program, if the provision of such care was the Secretary’s recommendation.
Pub. L. 98–525
, title VI, § 632(b),Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2543
, provided that: “The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall conduct demonstration projects under section
, United States Code, for the purpose of evaluating the cost-effectiveness of chiropractic care. In the conduct of such demonstration projects, chiropractic care (including manual manipulation of the spine and other routine chiropractic procedures authorized under joint regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Health and Human Services and not otherwise prohibited by law) may be provided as appropriate under chapter
, United States Code.”