(a)A lapel button, to be known as the gold star lapel button, shall be designed, as approved by the Secretary of Defense, to identify widows, parents, and next of kin of members of the armed forces—
(1)who lost their lives during World War I, World War II, or during any subsequent period of armed hostilities in which the United States was engaged before July 1, 1958;
(2)who lost or lose their lives after June 30, 1958—
(A)while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States;
(B)while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force; or
(C)while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party against an opposing armed force; or
(3)who lost or lose their lives after March 28, 1973, as a result of—
(A)an international terrorist attack against the United States or a foreign nation friendly to the United States, recognized as such an attack by the Secretary of Defense; or
(B)military operations while serving outside the United States (including the commonwealths, territories, and possessions of the United States) as part of a peacekeeping force.
(b)Under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary concerned, upon application to him, shall furnish one gold star lapel button without cost to the widow and to each parent and next of kin of a member who lost or loses his or her life under any circumstances prescribed in subsection (a).
(c)Not more than one gold star lapel button may be furnished to any one individual except that, when a gold star lapel button furnished under this section has been lost, destroyed, or rendered unfit for use without fault or neglect on the part of the person to whom it was furnished, the button may be replaced upon application and payment of an amount sufficient to cover the cost of manufacture and distribution.
(d)In this section:
(1)The term “widow” includes widower.
(2)The term “parents” includes mother, father, stepmother, stepfather, mother through adoption, father through adoption, and foster parents who stood in loco parentis.
(3)The term “next of kin” includes only children, brothers, sisters, half brothers, and half sisters.
(4)The term “children” includes stepchildren and children through adoption.
(5)The term “World War I” includes the period from April 6, 1917, to March 3, 1921.
(6)The term “World War II” includes the period from September 8, 1939, to July 25, 1947, at 12 o’clock noon.
(7)The term “military operations” includes those operations involving members of the armed forces assisting in United States Government sponsored training of military personnel of a foreign nation.
(8)The term “peacekeeping force” includes those personnel assigned to a force engaged in a peacekeeping operation authorized by the United Nations Security Council.
1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–160, § 1143(a), struck out “of the United States” after “armed forces” in introductory provisions, redesignated cls. (i) to (iii) of par. (2) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, and added par. (3).
1987—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–26substituted colon for dash at end of introductory provisions, inserted “The term” in each par., and substituted periods for semicolons in pars. (1) to (4) and period for “; and” in par. (5).
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