10 U.S. Code § 12011 - Authorized strengths: reserve officers on active duty or on full-time National Guard duty for administration of the reserves or the National Guard

(a) Limitations.—
(1) Of the total number of members of a reserve component who are serving on full-time reserve component duty at the end of any fiscal year, the number of those members who may be serving in each of the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel may not, as of the end of that fiscal year, exceed the number determined in accordance with the following table:

 
Total number of members of a reserve component serving on full-time reserve component duty: Number of officers of that reserve component who may be serving in the grade of: Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel
Army Reserve:
10,000 1,390 740 230  
11,000 1,529 803 242  
12,000 1,668 864 252  
13,000 1,804 924 262  
14,000 1,940 984 272  
15,000 2,075 1,044 282  
16,000 2,210 1,104 291  
17,000 2,345 1,164 300  
18,000 2,479 1,223 309  
19,000 2,613 1,282 318  
20,000 2,747 1,341 327  
21,000 2,877 1,400 336  
Army National Guard:
20,000 1,500 850 325  
22,000 1,650 930 350  
24,000 1,790 1,010 378  
26,000 1,930 1,085 395  
28,000 2,070 1,168 420  
30,000 2,200 1,245 445  
32,000 2,330 1,315 460  
34,000 2,450 1,385 470  
36,000 2,570 1,455 480  
38,000 2,670 1,527 490  
40,000 2,770 1,590 500  
42,000 2,837 1,655 505  
Marine Corps Reserve:
1,000 99 63 20  
1,200 103 67 21  
1,300 107 70 22  
1,400 111 73 23  
1,500 114 76 24  
1,600 117 79 25  
1,700 120 82 26  
1,800 123 85 27  
1,900 126 88 28  
2,000 129 91 29  
2,100 132 94 30  
2,200 134 97 31  
2,300 136 100 32  
2,400 138 103 33  
2,500 140 106 34  
2,600 142 109 35  
Air Force Reserve:
500 83 85 50  
1,000 155 165 95  
1,500 220 240 135  
2,000 285 310 170  
2,500 350 369 203  
3,000 413 420 220  
3,500 473 464 230  
4,000 530 500 240  
4,500 585 529 247  
5,000 638 550 254  
5,500 688 565 261  
6,000 735 575 268  
7,000 770 595 280  
8,000 805 615 290  
10,000 835 635 300  
Air National Guard:
5,000 333 335 251  
6,000 403 394 260  
7,000 472 453 269  
8,000 539 512 278  
9,000 606 571 287  
10,000 673 665 313  
11,000 740 759 339  
12,000 807 827 353  
13,000 873 886 363  
14,000 939 945 374  
15,000 1,005 1,001 384  
16,000 1,067 1,057 394  
17,000 1,126 1,113 404  
18,000 1,185 1,169 414  
19,000 1,235 1,224 424  
20,000 1,283 1,280 428  

(2) Of the total number of members of the Navy Reserve who are serving on full-time reserve component duty at the end of any fiscal year, the number of those members who may be serving in each of the grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain may not, as of the end of that fiscal year, exceed the number determined in accordance with the following table:

 
Total number of members of Navy Reserve serving on full-time reserve component duty: Number of officers who may be serving in the grade of: Lieutenant commander Commander Captain
10,000 807 447 141  
11,000 867 467 153  
12,000 924 485 163  
13,000 980 503 173  
14,000 1,035 521 183  
15,000 1,088 538 193  
16,000 1,142 555 203  
17,000 1,195 565 213  
18,000 1,246 575 223  
19,000 1,291 585 233  
20,000 1,334 595 242  
21,000 1,364 603 250  
22,000 1,384 610 258  
23,000 1,400 615 265  
24,000 1,410 620 270.

(b) Determinations by Interpolation.— If the total number of members of a reserve component serving on full-time reserve component duty is between any two consecutive numbers in the first column of the appropriate table in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a), the corresponding authorized strengths for each of the grades shown in that table for that component are determined by mathematical interpolation between the respective numbers of the two strengths. If the total number of members of a reserve component serving on full-time reserve component duty is more or less than the highest or lowest number, respectively, set forth in the first column of the appropriate table in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a), the Secretary concerned shall fix the corresponding strengths for the grades shown in that table at the same proportion as is reflected in the nearest limit shown in the table.
(c) Reallocations to Lower Grades.— Whenever the number of officers serving in any grade for duty described in subsection (a) is less than the number authorized for that grade under this section, the difference between the two numbers may be applied to increase the number authorized under this section for any lower grade.
(d) Secretarial Waiver.—
(1) Upon determining that it is in the national interest to do so, the Secretary of Defense may increase for a particular fiscal year the number of reserve officers that may be on full-time reserve component duty for a reserve component in a grade referred to in a table in subsection (a) by a number that does not exceed the number equal to 5 percent of the maximum number specified for the grade in that table.
(2) Whenever the Secretary exercises the authority provided in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives notice in writing of the adjustment made.
(e) Full-Time Reserve Component Duty Defined.— In this section, the term “full-time reserve component duty” means the following duty:
(1) Active duty described in sections 10211, 10302, 10303, 10304, 10305, 12310, or 12402 of this title.
(2) Full-time National Guard duty (other than for training) under section 502 (f) of title 32, except for duty under section 115 (b)(1)(B) and (C) of this title and section 115 (i)(9) of this title.
(3) Active duty described in section 708 of title 32.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 96–513, title I, § 103,Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2844, § 524; amended Pub. L. 97–86, title V, § 503(b),Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1108; Pub. L. 97–252, title V, § 503(b),Sept. 8, 1982, 96 Stat. 727; Pub. L. 98–94, title V, § 503(b),Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 631; Pub. L. 98–525, title IV, §§ 413(b), 414(a)(4)(A), (B)(i),Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2518, 2519; Pub. L. 99–145, title IV, § 413(b),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 619; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title IV, § 413(b),Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1083; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IV, § 413(b),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1433; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title IV, § 413(b),Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1352; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title IV, § 413(b),Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1642; renumbered § 12011 and amended Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, § 1662(a)(2),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2988; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title IV, § 414(a),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 288; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title IV, § 414(a),Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 1998; Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title IV, § 414(a),Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 586; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title IV, §§ 415(a), 421 (b), 424 (a)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–94 to 1654A–96; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title IV, § 415(a),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title IV, § 416(h),Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1869; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, § 515(b)(1)(HH),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3233; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title V, § 512(a), (b),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4439, 4440.)
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 110–417inserted sections of table relating to the Army National Guard, Marine Corps Reserve, and Air National Guard, and struck out corresponding former sections.
2006—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–163substituted “Navy Reserve” for “Naval Reserve” in introductory provisions and table.
2004—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 108–375amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “Full-time National Guard duty (other than for training) under section 502 (f) of title 32.”
2001—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–107inserted heading and amended text of subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text consisted of table setting out maximum number of reserve officers of the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps who may be on active duty or full-time National Guard duty in each of the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel, and of the Navy who may be on active duty in each of the grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–107inserted heading and amended text of subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Whenever the number of officers serving in any grade is less than the number authorized for that grade under this section, the difference between the two numbers may be applied to increase the number authorized under this section for any lower grade.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–107inserted heading and amended text of subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Whenever under section 527 of this title the President may suspend the operation of any provision of section 523, 525, or 526 of this title, the Secretary of Defense may suspend the operation of any provision of this section. Any such suspension shall, if not sooner ended, end in the manner specified in section 527 for a suspension under that section.”
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–107inserted heading and amended text of subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Upon increasing under subsection (c)(2) ofsection 115 of this title the end strength that is authorized under subsection (a)(1)(B) of that section for a fiscal year for active-duty personnel and full-time National Guard duty personnel of an armed force who are to be paid from funds appropriated for reserve personnel, the Secretary of Defense may increase for that fiscal year the limitation that is set forth in subsection (a) of this section for the number of officers of that armed force serving in any grade if the Secretary determines that such action is in the national interest. The percent of the increase may not exceed the percent by which the Secretary increases that end strength.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–107added subsec. (e).
2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title IV, § 415(a)], amended table generally, increasing the fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in the Army in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander from 3,227 to 3,316, in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 1,611 to 1,759, and in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 471 to 529, and in the Air Force in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander from 860 to 948, in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 777 to 852, and in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 297 to 317.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title IV, § 421(b)], added subsec. (c).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title IV, § 424(a)], added subsec. (d).
1999—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–65amended table generally, increasing the fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in the Army in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander from 3,219 to 3,227, in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 1,524 to 1,611, and in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 438 to 471, and in the Air Force in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander from 791 to 860 and in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 713 to 777.
1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–261, in table, increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in the Army in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 412 to 438 and in the Air Force in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander from 643 to 791, in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 672 to 713, and in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 274 to 297.
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–106, in table, increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in the Army in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 372 to 412, in the Air Force in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander from 575 to 643 and in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 636 to 672, and in the Marine Corps in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander from 110 to 140, in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 75 to 90, and in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 25 to 30. All other figures remained unchanged.
1994—Pub. L. 103–337renumbered section 524 of this title as this section and amended section catchline generally striking out at end “in grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel and Navy grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain”.
1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–160, in table, increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in the Air Force in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 595 to 636 and in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 227 to 274. Army, Navy, and Marine Corps figures remained unchanged.
1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–190, in table, increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in the Army in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 364 to 372, and increased such limitation on number of reserve officers in the Air Force in grade of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander from 532 to 595 and in grade of Colonel or Navy Captain from 194 to 227. Navy and Marine Corps figures remained unchanged.
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–189, § 413(b)(2), in table, increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander, Lieutenant Colonel or Commander, and Colonel or Navy Captain who may be on active duty to, respectively: Army, to 3,219, 1,524, and 364 from 3,030, 1,448, and 351; Navy, to 1,071, 520, and 188 from 1,065, 520, and 188; Air Force, to 575, 532, and 194 from 575, 476, and 190. Marine Corps figures remained unchanged.
Pub. L. 101–189, § 413(b)(1), in table, increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander, Lieutenant Colonel or Commander, and Colonel or Navy Captain who may be on active duty to, respectively: Army, to 3,030, 1,448, and 351 from 2,600, 1,250, and 348; Navy, to 1,065, 520, and 188 from 875, 520, and 185; Air Force, to 575, 476, and 190 from 575, 322, and 190. Marine Corps figures remained unchanged.
1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–180, § 413(b)(2), in table, increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander, Lieutenant Colonel or Commander, and Colonel or Navy Captain who may be on active duty to, respectively: Army, to 2,600, 1,250, and 348 from 2,550, 1,152, and 348; Navy, to 875, 520, and 185 from 850, 520, and 185; Air Force, to 575, 322, and 190 from 575, 322, and 184; and Marine Corps, to 110, 75, and 25 from 105, 70, and 25.
Pub. L. 100–180, § 413(b)(1), in table, changed fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander, Lieutenant Colonel or Commander, and Colonel or Navy Captain who may be on active duty to, respectively: Army, to 2,550, 1,152, and 348 from 2,317, 1,152, and 348; Navy, to 850, 520, and 185 from 850, 520, and 177; Air Force, to 575, 322, and 184 from 476, 318, and 189; and Marine Corps, to 105, 70, and 25 from 100, 60, and 25.
1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–145increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in grade of Major or Lieutenant Commander, Lieutenant Colonel or Commander, and Colonel or Navy Captain who may be on active duty to, respectively: Army, to 2,317, 1,152, and 348 from 2,261, 1,121, and 345; Navy, to 850, 520, and 177 from 823, 520, and 177; Air Force, to 476, 318, and 189, from 471, 293, and 172; and Marine Corps, to 100, 60, and 25 from 100, 50, and 25.
1984—Pub. L. 98–525, § 414(a)(4)(B)(i), inserted references to National Guard and to full-time National Guard duty in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–525, § 414(a)(4)(A), inserted “or full-time National Guard duty” after “Marine Corps who may be on active duty” and inserted “or full-time National Guard duty (other than for training) under section 502 (f) of title 32”.
Pub. L. 98–525, § 413(b), increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in grade of major or lieutenant commander, lieutenant colonel or commander, and colonel or Navy captain who may be on active duty to, respectively: Army, to 2,261, 1,121, and 345 from 1,948, 967, and 338; Air Force, to 471, 293, and 172 from 408, 303, and 171; Marine Corps, to 100, 50, and 25 from 95, 48, and 23. Figures for the Navy remained unchanged.
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–94increased fiscal year limitation on number of reserve officers in grade major or lieutenant commander; lieutenant colonel or commander; and colonel or Navy captain who may be on active duty to, respectively: Army, to 1,948, 967, and 338 from 1,351, 671, and 234; Navy, to 823, 520, and 177 from 823, 425, and 177; Air Force, to 408, 303, and 171 from 281, 267, and 170; Marine Corps, to 95, 48, and 23 from 95, 40, and 21.
1982—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–252increased numbers in columns headed “Army”, “Air Force”, and “Marine Corps” from 1,105, 189, and 51 in line for major or lieutenant commander to 1,351, 281, and 95, respectively, from 551, 194, and 35 in line for lieutenant colonel or commander to 671, 267, and 40, respectively, and from 171, 147, and 19 in line for colonel or Navy captain to 234, 170, and 21, respectively.
1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–86increased numbers in columns headed “Army” and “Air Force” from 821 and 170 in line for major or lieutenant commander to 1,105 and 189, respectively, from 503 and 183 in line for lieutenant colonel or commander to 551 and 194, respectively, and from 163 and 146 in line for colonel or Navy captain to 171 and 147, respectively.
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title IV, § 415(c)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–94, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 12012 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 2000.”
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title IV, § 414(c),Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 1998, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 12012 of this title] shall take efffect [sic] on October 1, 1998.”
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–337effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 ofPub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of this title.
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IV, § 413(b)(2),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1433, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1990.
Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title IV, § 413(b)(2),Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1083, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective Oct. 1, 1988.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–145effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section 413(c) ofPub. L. 99–145, set out as a note under section 517 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–525effective Oct. 1, 1984, see section 413(c) ofPub. L. 98–525, set out as a note under section 517 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–94effective Oct. 1, 1983, see section 503(c) ofPub. L. 98–94, set out as a note under section 517 of this title.

 

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