10 U.S. Code § 12204 - Commissioned officers: original appointment; limitation

(a) No person may be appointed as a Reserve in a commissioned grade above major or lieutenant commander, unless—
(1) he was formerly a commissioned officer of an armed force; or
(2) such an appointment is recommended by a board of officers convened by the Secretary concerned.
(b) This section does not apply to adjutants general and assistant adjutants general of the several States, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia.


(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 25, § 594; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, § 1234(a)(1),Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; renumbered § 12204,Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, § 1662(c)(2),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2990; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, § 1057(a)(2),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3440.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
594(a) 50:941(c) (less 1st 21 words). July 9, 1952, ch. 608 § 217(c), 66 Stat. 487.
594(b) 50:941(c) (1st 21 words).

In subsection (a), the words “unless * * * he was formerly” are substituted for the words “has not held an appointment as”. The words “or any component thereof” are omitted as surplusage.

2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–163struck out “and Territories” after “States”.
1994—Pub. L. 103–337renumbered section 594 of this title as this section.
1988—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–456struck out “the Canal Zone,” after “Puerto Rico,”.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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