10 U.S. Code § 12213 - Officers; Army Reserve: transfer from Army National Guard of the United States

(a) Under such regulations as the Secretary of the Army may prescribe, and with the consent of the governor or other appropriate authority of the State concerned, an officer of the Army National Guard of the United States may be transferred in grade to the Army Reserve.
(b) Unless discharged from his appointment as a Reserve, an officer of the Army National Guard of the United States whose Federal recognition as a member of the Army National Guard is withdrawn becomes a member of the Army Reserve. An officer who so becomes a member of the Army Reserve ceases to be a member of the Army National Guard of the United States.

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 194, § 3352; Pub. L. 85–861, § 1(80)(A),Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1468; Pub. L. 86–559, § 1(7),June 30, 1960, 74 Stat. 265; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, § 1234(a)(1),Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2059; renumbered § 12213 and amended Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, §§ 1636(a), 1662(c)(3), 1675(b)(2),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2968, 2990, 3017; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, § 1501(b)(13)(A), (14),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 496.)

Historical and Revision Notes 1956 Act
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
3352(a)
3352(b) 50:1116 (less last 15 words of 1st sentence, and less applicability to enlistments).
50:1117 (less applicability to enlistments). July 9, 1952, ch. 608, §§ 706 (less last 15 words of 1st sentence, and less applicability to enlistments), 707 (less applicability to enlistments), 66 Stat. 503.

In subsection (a), the words “at any time”, “of any person”, and “from the National Guard of the United States or from the Air National Guard of the United States” are omitted as surplusage. The words “highest regular or reserve grade ever held by him in the Army” are substituted for the words “highest permanent grade previously held in the Army or any component thereof”, since “permanent” grades are held only in a component and there are no “non-permanent” grades held in a component.
In subsection (b), the words “appointment as a Reserve” are substituted for the words “appointment or * * * as a Reserve officer or”. The words “whose Federal recognition as a member * * * is withdrawn” are substituted for the words “ceases to hold a status as a federally recognized member”.

1958 Act
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
3352(a) 50:1254. Sept. 3, 1954, ch. 1257, § 322, 68 Stat. 1161.

Amendments

1996—Pub. L. 104–106, § 1501(b)(13)(A), inserted “the” after “National Guard of” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–106, § 1501(b)(14), substituted “section 12203” for “section 593” in last sentence.
1994—Pub. L. 103–337, § 1662(c)(3), renumbered section 3352 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1675(b), struck out “or Territory, Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia, whichever is” after “authority of the State”.
Pub. L. 103–337, § 1636(a), struck out at end “Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter or section 12203 of this title, an officer who is transferred under this section shall be advanced to the highest temporary, regular, or reserve grade ever held by him in the Army, unless the Secretary determines that it is not in the best interests of the service.”
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–456struck out “the Canal Zone,” after “Puerto Rico,”.
1960—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 86–559authorized officers transferred under this section to be advanced to the highest temporary grade ever held in the Army.
1958—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 85–861substituted “Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter or section 593 of this title, an officer who is transferred under this section shall be advanced to the highest regular or reserve grade ever held by him in the Army, unless the Secretary determines that it is not in the best interests of the service” for “Upon transfer, he is eligible for promotion to the highest regular or reserve grade ever held by him in the Army, if his service has been honorable”.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–106effective as if included in the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act, title XVI of Pub. L. 103–337, as enacted on Oct. 5, 1994, see section 1501(f)(3) ofPub. L. 104–106, set out as a note under section 113 of this title.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendments

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, § 1501(f)(1),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 501, provided that: “Section 1636 of the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act [Pub. L. 103–337, amending this section and repealing sections 8356 and 8379 of this title] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 10, 1996].”
Amendment by sections 1662(c)(3) and 1675(b)(2) ofPub. L. 103–337effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 ofPub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of this title.

 

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