10 U.S. Code § 1407 - Retired pay base for members who first became members after September 7, 1980: high-36 month average

(a) Use of Retired Pay Base in Computing Retired Pay.— The retired pay or retainer pay of any person entitled to that pay who first became a member of a uniformed service after September 7, 1980, is computed using the retired pay base or retainer pay base determined under this section.
(b) High-Three Average.— Except as provided in subsection (f), the retired pay base or retainer pay base of a person under this section is the person’s high-three average determined under subsection (c) or (d).
(c) Computation of High-Three Average for Members Entitled to Retired or Retainer Pay for Regular Service.—
(1) General rule.— The high-three average of a member entitled to retired or retainer pay under any provision of law other than section 1204 or 1205 orsection 12731 of this title is the amount equal to—
(A) the total amount of monthly basic pay to which the member was entitled for the 36 months (whether or not consecutive) out of all the months of active service of the member for which the monthly basic pay to which the member was entitled was the highest, divided by
(B) 36.
(2) Special rule for short-term disability retirees.— In the case of a member who is entitled to retired pay under section 1201 or 1202 of this title and who has completed less than 36 months of active service, the member’s high-three average (notwithstanding paragraph (1)) is the amount equal to—
(A) the total amount of basic pay to which the member was entitled during the period of the member’s active service, divided by
(B) the number of months (including any fraction thereof) of the member’s active service.
(3) Special Rule for Reserve Component Members.— In the case of a member of a reserve component who is entitled to retired pay under section 1201 or 1202 of this title, the member’s high-three average (notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2)) is computed in the same manner as prescribed in paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection (d) for a member entitled to retired pay under section 1204 or 1205 of this title.
(d) Computation of High-Three Average for Members and Former Members Entitled to Retired Pay for Nonregular Service.—
(1) Retired pay under chapter 1223.— The high-three average of a member or former member entitled to retired pay under section 12731 of this title is the amount equal to—
(A) the total amount of monthly basic pay to which the member or former member was entitled during the member or former member’s high-36 months (or to which the member or former member would have been entitled if the member or former member had served on active duty during the entire period of the member or former member’s high-36 months), divided by
(B) 36.
(2) Nonregular service disability retired pay.— The high-three average of a member entitled to retired pay under section 1204 or 1205 of this title is the amount equal to—
(A) the total amount of monthly basic pay to which the member was entitled during the member’s high-36 months (or to which the member would have been entitled if the member had served on active duty during the entire period of the member’s high-36 months), divided by
(B) 36.
(3) Special rule for short-term disability retirees.— In the case of a member who is entitled to retired pay under section 1204 or 1205 of this title and who was a member for less than 36 months before being retired under that section, the member’s high-three average (notwithstanding paragraph (2)) is the amount equal to—
(A) the total amount of basic pay to which the member was entitled during the entire period the member was a member of a uniformed service before being so retired (or to which the member would have been entitled if the member had served on active duty during the entire period the member was a member of a uniformed service before being so retired), divided by
(B) the number of months (including any fraction thereof) which the member was a member before being so retired.
(4) High-36 months.— The high-36 months of a member or former member whose retired pay is covered by paragraph (1) or (2) are the 36 months (whether or not consecutive) out of all the months before the member or former member became entitled to retired pay or, in the case of a member or former member entitled to retired pay by reason of an election under section 12741 (a) of this title, before the member or former member completes the service required under such section 12741 (a), for which the monthly basic pay to which the member or former member was entitled (or would have been entitled if serving on active duty during those months) was the highest. In the case of a former member, only months during which the former member was a member of a uniformed service may be used for purposes of the preceding sentence.
(e) Limitation for Enlisted Members Retiring With Less Than 30 Years’ Service.— In the case of a member who is retired under section 3914 or 8914 of this title or who is transferred to the Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps Reserve under section 6330 of this title, the member’s high-36 average shall be computed using only rates of basic pay applicable to months of active duty of the member as an enlisted member.
(f) Exception for Enlisted Members Reduced in Grade and Officers Who Do Not Serve Satisfactorily in Highest Grade Held.—
(1) Computation based on pre-high-three rules.— In the case of a member or former member described in paragraph (2), the retired pay base or retainer pay base is determined under section 1406 of this title in the same manner as if the member or former member first became a member of a uniformed service before September 8, 1980.
(2) Affected members.— A member or former member referred to in paragraph (1) is a member or former member who by reason of conduct occurring after October 30, 2000—
(A) in the case of a member retired in an enlisted grade or transferred to the Fleet Reserve or Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, was at any time reduced in grade as the result of a court-martial sentence, nonjudicial punishment, or an administrative action, unless the member was subsequently promoted to a higher enlisted grade or appointed to a commissioned or warrant grade; and
(B) in the case of an officer, is retired in a grade lower than the highest grade in which served by reason of denial of a determination or certification under section 1370 of this title that the officer served on active duty satisfactorily in that grade.
(3) Special rule for enlisted members.— In the case of a member who retires within three years after having been reduced in grade as described in paragraph (2)(A), who retires in an enlisted grade that is lower than the grade from which reduced, and who would be subject to paragraph (1) but for a subsequent promotion to a higher enlisted grade or a subsequent appointment to a warrant or commissioned grade, the rates of basic pay used in the computation of the member’s high-36 average for the period of the member’s service in a grade higher than the grade in which retired shall be the rates of pay that would apply if the member had been serving for that period in the grade in which retired.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 99–348, title I, § 104(b),July 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 689; amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VI, § 651(a), (b)(2),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1459, 1460; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, § 1662(j)(5),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3004; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, § 1501(c)(15),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 651], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–163; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, § 1048(c)(8),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1226; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, § 641(a),Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1957; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VI, § 643(d)(2),Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2367.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 1407, added Pub. L. 96–342, title VIII, § 813(a)(1),Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1100; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title I, § 113(c), title V, §§ 501(21), 511 (53),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2877, 2908, 2925, related to determination of retired base pay, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 99–348, § 104(b).
Amendments

2009—Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 111–84inserted “or, in the case of a member or former member entitled to retired pay by reason of an election under section 12741 (a) of this title, before the member or former member completes the service required under such section 12741 (a),” after “became entitled to retired pay”.
2004—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 108–375added par. (3).
2001—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 107–107substituted “October 30, 2000—” for “the date of the enactment of this subsection—” in introductory provisions.
2000—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 651(1)], substituted “Except as provided in subsection (f), the retired pay base” for “The retired pay base”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 651(2)], added subsec. (f).
1996—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 104–106, § 1501(c)(15)(A), substituted “section 12731” for “section 1331”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 104–106substituted in heading “chapter 1223” for “chapter 67” and in text “section 12731” for “section 1331”.
1994—Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1662(j)(5)(A), which directed substitution of “chapter 1223” for “chapter 67”, could not be executed because the words “chapter 67” did not appear subsequent to amendment by Pub. L. 101–189, § 651(a)(2), (4). See 1989 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1662(j)(5)(B), which directed amendment of subsec. (f)(2) by substituting “Chapter 1223” for “Chapter 67” in heading and “section 12731” for “section 1331” in text, could not be executed because of previous repeal of subsec. (f) by Pub. L. 101–189, § 651(a)(2). See 1989 Amendment note below.
1989—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–189, § 651(a)(1), (b)(2), substituted “person” for “member”, “person’s” for “member’s”, and “subsection (c) or (d)” for “subsection (c)”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 101–189, § 651(a)(2), (4), added subsec. (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to computation of high-three average.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–189, § 651(a)(4), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–189, § 651(a)(2), (3), redesignatedsubsec. (d) as (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which related to special rules for short-term disability retirees.
Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 101–189, § 651(a)(2), struck out subsec. (f) which related to special rule for members retiring with non-regular service, and subsec. (g) which defined the term “years of creditable service”.
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title VI, § 641(b),Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1957, provided that: “Paragraph (3) of section 1407 (c) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall take effect—
“(1) for purposes of determining an annuity under subchapter II or III of chapter 73 of that title, with respect to deaths on active duty on or after September 10, 2001; and
“(2) for purposes of determining the amount of retired pay of a member of a reserve component entitled to retired pay under section 1201 or 1202 of such title, with respect to such entitlement that becomes effective on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2004].”
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XV, § 1501(c),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 498, provided that the amendment made by that section is effective as of Dec. 1, 1994, and as if included as an amendment made by the Reserve Officer Personnel Management Act, title XVI of Pub. L. 103–337, as originally enacted.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–337effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 ofPub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of this title.

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