10 U.S. Code § 16133 - Time limitation for use of entitlement

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the period during which a person entitled to educational assistance under this chapter may use such person’s entitlement expires on the date the person is separated from the Selected Reserve.
(b)
(1) In the case of a person—
(A) who is separated from the Selected Reserve because of a disability which was not the result of the individual’s own willful misconduct incurred on or after the date on which such person became entitled to educational assistance under this chapter; or
(B) who, on or after the date on which such person became entitled to educational assistance under this chapter ceases to be a member of the Selected Reserve during the period beginning on October 1, 1991, and ending on December 31, 2001, or the period beginning on October 1, 2007, and ending on September 30, 2014, by reason of the inactivation of the person’s unit of assignment or by reason of involuntarily ceasing to be designated as a member of the Selected Reserve pursuant to section 10143 (a) of this title,
the period for using entitlement prescribed by subsection (a) shall be determined without regard to clause (2) of such subsection.
(2) The provisions of section 3031 (f) of title 38 shall apply to the period of entitlement prescribed by subsection (a).
(3) The provisions of section 3031 (d) of title 38 shall apply to the period of entitlement prescribed by subsection (a) in the case of a disability incurred in or aggravated by service in the Selected Reserve.
(4) In the case of a member of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve who serves on active duty pursuant to an order to active duty issued under section 12301 (a), 12301 (d), 12301 (g), 12302, or 12304 of this title—
(A) the period of such active duty service plus four months shall not be considered in determining the expiration date applicable to such member under subsection (a); and
(B) the member may not be considered to have been separated from the Selected Reserve for the purposes of clause (2) of such subsection by reason of the commencement of such active duty service.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 95–79, title IV, § 402(a),July 30, 1977, 91 Stat. 329, § 2133; amended Pub. L. 96–107, title IV, § 402(b),Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 808; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 511(70),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2926; Pub. L. 98–525, title VII, § 705(a)(1),Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2566; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, § 1233(g)(2),Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2058; Pub. L. 100–689, title I, § 111(b)(5),Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4173; Pub. L. 102–127, § 3,Oct. 10, 1991, 105 Stat. 622; Pub. L. 102–484, div. D, title XLIV, § 4419(a),Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2717; Pub. L. 102–568, title III, § 320(a)(2),Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4335; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, § 561(m),Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1668; renumbered § 16133 and amended Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, § 1663(b)(2), (5),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3006, 3007; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title V, § 553(b),Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1748; Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title V, § 561(q),Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2027; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title V, § 571(p)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–135; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VI, § 641(a),Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2576; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title V, § 529,Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 110; Pub. L. 110–252, title V, § 5006(d),June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2386.)
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–252substituted “on the date the person is separated from the Selected Reserve.” for “(1) at the end of the 14-year period beginning on the date on which such person becomes entitled to such assistance, or (2) on the date the person is separated from the Selected Reserve, whichever occurs first.”
Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 110–181inserted “or the period beginning on October 1, 2007, and ending on September 30, 2014,” after “December 31, 2001,”.
2002—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–314substituted “14-year” for “10-year”.
2000—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 106–398substituted “December 31, 2001” for “September 30, 2001”.
1998—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 105–261substituted “September 30, 2001” for “September 30, 1999”.
1997—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 105–85struck out “(A)” before “In the case of”, redesignated cls. (i) and (ii) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, struck out “, during the Persian Gulf War,” after “Ready Reserve who”, and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: “For the purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘Persian Gulf War’ shall have the meaning given such term in section 101 (33) of title 38.”
1994—Pub. L. 103–337, § 1663(b)(2), renumbered section 2133 of this title as this section.
Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1663(b)(5)(A), substituted “10143(a)” for “268(b)”.
Subsec. (b)(4)(A). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1663(b)(5)(B), substituted “12301(a), 12301(d), 12301(g), 12302, or 12304” for “672(a), (d), or (g), 673, or 673b”.
1993—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–160substituted “September 30, 1999” for “September 30, 1995”.
1992—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 102–484amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: “In the case of a person separated from the Selected Reserve because of a disability which was not the result of the individual’s own willful misconduct incurred on or after the date on which such person became entitled to educational assistance under this chapter, the period for using entitlement prescribed by subsection (a) shall be determined without regard to clause (2) of such subsection.”
Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 102–568substituted “section 3031 (f) of title 38” for “section 1431(f) of title 38” in par. (2) and “section 3031 (d) of title 38” for “section 1431(d) of title 38” in par. (3).
1991—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 102–127added par. (4).
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–689, § 111(b)(5)(A), substituted “chapter” for “section”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–689, § 111(b)(5)(B), added par. (1), redesignated existing pars. (1) and (2) as (2) and (3), respectively, and directed the substitution of “1431(f)” for “1431(e)” in par. (2) as redesignated, which could not be executed because such substitution was previously made by Pub. L. 100–456, prior to redesignation of par. (1) as (2), see below.
Pub. L. 100–456substituted “section 1431 (f)” for “section 1431 (e)” in par. (1).
1984—Pub. L. 98–525amended section generally, substituting provisions setting a time limit for the use of educational entitlement for provisions covering the termination of assistance and refund by members. See section 2134 of this title.
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–513inserted “of this title” after “2131” and “2107”.
1979—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–107redesignated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted provisions respecting agreement for term of enlistment, substituted provisions relating to computation under par. (2) for provisions relating to computation under section 2131, and added par. (2).
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title VI, § 641(b),Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2577, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2002, and shall apply with respect to periods of entitlement to educational assistance under chapter 1606 of title 10, United States Code, that begin on or after October 1, 1992.”
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–337effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 ofPub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–525effective July 1, 1985, applicable only to members of the Armed Forces who qualify for educational assistance under this chapter on or after such date, see section 705(b) ofPub. L. 98–525, set out as a note under section 16131 of this title.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) ofPub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–107applicable only to individuals enlisting in the Reserves after Sept. 30, 1979, see section 402(c) ofPub. L. 96–107, set out as a note under section 16131 of this title.

 

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