(Added Pub. L. 94–361, title VIII, § 811(b),July 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 933; amended Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 511(6),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2920; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, § 1621(a)(1),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1602; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VII, § 733,Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1697; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title IX, § 903(f)(1),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 402; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IX, § 901,Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2617; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, § 1048(a)(4),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1222.)
2001—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 107–107
substituted “Under Secretary for Health” for “Chief Medical Director”.
1996—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 104–106
, § 903(a), (f)(1), which directed amendment of subsec. (a)(3), eff. Jan. 31, 1997, by substituting “official in the Department of Defense with principal responsibility for health affairs” for “Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs” and “Under Secretary for Health of the Department of Veterans Affairs” for “Chief Medical Director of the Department of Veterans Affairs”, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–201
1993—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–160
inserted at end “The Secretary of Defense, on a case-by-case basis, may waive the limitation on the number of distinguished pathologists or scientists with whom agreements may be entered into under this subsection if the Secretary determines that such waiver is in the best interest of the Department of Defense.”
1989—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–189
substituted “Department of Veterans Affairs” for “Veterans’ Administration”.
1980—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 96–513
, § 511(6)(A), substituted “Secretary of Health and Human Services” for “Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 96–513
, § 511(6)(B), inserted “of this title” after “177”.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513
effective Dec. 12, 1980, see section 701(b)(3) ofPub. L. 96–513
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Establishment of Joint Pathology Center
Pub. L. 110–181
, div. A, title VII, § 722,Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 199
, provided that:
“(a) Findings.—Congress makes the following findings:
“(1) The Secretary of Defense proposed to disestablish all elements of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, except the National Medical Museum and the Tissue Repository, as part of the recommendations of the Secretary for the closure of Walter Reed Army Medical Center in the 2005 round of defense base closure and realignment.
“(2) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission altered, but did not reject, the proposal of the Secretary of Defense to disestablish the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology.
“(3) The Commission’s recommendation that the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology’s ‘capabilities not specified in this recommendation will be absorbed into other DOD, Federal, or civilian facilities’ provides the flexibility to retain a Joint Pathology Center as a Department of Defense or Federal entity.
“(b) Sense of Congress.—It is the sense of Congress that the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology has provided important medical benefits to the Armed Forces and to the United States and that the Federal Government should retain a Joint Pathology Center.
“(1) Establishment required.—The President shall establish and maintain a Joint Pathology Center that shall function as the reference center in pathology for the Federal Government.
“(2) Establishment within dod.—Except as provided in paragraph (3), the Joint Pathology Center shall be established in the Department of Defense, consistent with the final recommendations of the 2005 Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission, as approved by the President.
“(3) Establishment in another department.—If the President makes a determination, within 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 28, 2008], that the Joint Pathology Center cannot be established in the Department of Defense, the Joint Pathology Center shall be established as an element of a Federal agency other than the Department of Defense. The President shall incorporate the selection of such agency into the determination made under this paragraph.
“(d) Services.—The Joint Pathology Center shall provide, at a minimum, the following:
“(1) Diagnostic pathology consultation services in medicine, dentistry, and veterinary sciences.
“(2) Pathology education, to include graduate medical education, including residency and fellowship programs, and continuing medical education.
“(3) Diagnostic pathology research.
“(4) Maintenance and continued modernization of the Tissue Repository and, as appropriate, utilization of the Repository in conducting the activities described in paragraphs (1) through (3).”
National Museum of Health and Medicine
Pub. L. 103–337
, div. A, title X, § 1067,Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2851
, as amended by Pub. L. 105–78
, title VII, § 702,Nov. 13, 1997, 111 Stat. 1524
, provided that:
“(a) Purpose.—It is the purpose of this section—
“(1) to display and interpret the collections of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology currently located at Walter Reed Medical Center; and
“(2) to designate the public facility of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology as the National Museum of Health and Medicine.
“(b) Designation.—The public facility of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology shall also be known as the National Museum of Health and Medicine.”
Congressional Findings and Declaration
Section 811(a) ofPub. L. 94–361
“(1) The Congress hereby finds and declares that—
“(A) the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology offers unique pathologic support to national and international medicine;
“(B) the Institute contains the Nation’s most comprehensive collection of pathologic specimens for study and a staff of prestigious pathologists engaged in consultation, education, and research;
“(C) the activities of the Institute are of unique and vital importance in support of the health care of the Armed Forces of the United States;
“(D) the activities of the Institute are also of unique and vital importance in support of the civilian health care system of the United States;
“(E) the Institute provides an important focus for the exchange of information between civilian and military medicine, to the benefit of both; and
“(F) it is important to the health of the American people and of the members of the Armed Forces of the United States that the Institute continue its activities in serving both the military and civilian sectors in education, consultation, and research in the medical, dental, and veterinary sciences.
“(2) The Congress further finds and declares that beneficial cooperative efforts between private individuals, professional societies, and other entities on the one hand and the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology on the other can be carried out most effectively through the establishment of a private corporation.”