10 U.S. Code § 184 - Regional Centers for Security Studies
(a) In General.— The Secretary of Defense shall administer the Department of Defense Regional Centers for Security Studies in accordance with this section as international venues for bilateral and multilateral research, communication, and exchange of ideas involving military and civilian participants.
(b) Regional Centers Specified.—
(1) A Department of Defense Regional Center for Security Studies is a Department of Defense institution that—
(A) is operated, and designated as such, by the Secretary of Defense for the study of security issues relating to a specified geographic region of the world; and
(2) The Department of Defense Regional Centers for Security Studies are the following:
(A) The George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies, established in 1993 and located in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
(B) The Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, established in 1995 and located in Honolulu, Hawaii.
(C) The William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies, established in 1997 and located in Washington, D.C.
(c) Regulations.— The administration of the Regional Centers under this section shall be carried out under regulations prescribed by the Secretary.
(d) Participation.— Participants in activities of the Regional Centers may include United States and foreign military, civilian, and nongovernmental personnel.
(e) Employment and Compensation of Faculty.— At each Regional Center, the Secretary may, subject to the availability of appropriations—
(1) employ a Director, a Deputy Director, and as many civilians as professors, instructors, and lecturers as the Secretary considers necessary; and
(f) Payment of Costs.—
(1) Participation in activities of a Regional Center shall be on a reimbursable basis (or by payment in advance), except in a case in which reimbursement is waived in accordance with paragraph (3).
(2) For a foreign national participant, payment of costs may be made by the participant, the participant’s own government, by a Department or agency of the United States other than the Department of Defense, or by a gift or donation on behalf of one or more Regional Centers accepted under section 2611 of this title on behalf of the participant’s government.
(3) The Secretary of Defense may waive reimbursement of the costs of activities of the Regional Centers for foreign military officers and foreign defense and security civilian government officials from a developing country if the Secretary determines that attendance of such personnel without reimbursement is in the national security interest of the United States. Costs for which reimbursement is waived pursuant to this paragraph shall be paid from appropriations available to the Regional Centers.
(4) Funds accepted for the payment of costs shall be credited to the appropriation then currently available to the Department of Defense for the Regional Center that incurred the costs. Funds so credited shall be merged with the appropriation to which credited and shall be available to that Regional Center for the same purposes and same period as the appropriation with which merged.
(5) Funds available for the payment of personnel expenses under the Latin American cooperation authority set forth in section 1050 of this title are also available for the costs of the operation of the William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies.
(6) Funds available to carry out this section, including funds accepted under paragraph (4) and funds available under paragraph (5), shall be available, to the extent provided in appropriations Acts, for programs and activities under this section that begin in a fiscal year and end in the following fiscal year.
(g) Support to Other Agencies.— The Director of a Regional Center may enter into agreements with the Secretaries of the military departments, the heads of the Defense Agencies, and, with the concurrence of the Secretary of Defense, the heads of other Federal departments and agencies for the provision of services by that Regional Center under this section. Any such participating department and agency shall transfer to the Regional Center funds to pay the full costs of the services received.
Source(Added Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title IX, § 912(a)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–228; amended Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title X, § 1048(c)(2),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1226; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX, § 931(b)(2),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1581; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title IX, § 903(b),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3399; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title IX, § 904(a)(1),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2351; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title IX, § 941(a)(1),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4576; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title X, § 1073(a)(3),Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2472; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title X, § 1061(2),Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1583; Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2854(b)(1),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2161.)
2013—Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 112–239, § 2854(b)(1)(A), substituted “The William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies” for “The Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies”.
Subsec. (f)(5). Pub. L. 112–239, § 2854(b)(1)(B), substituted “the William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies” for “the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies”.
2011—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 112–81struck out subsec. (h) which required the Secretary of Defense to submit an annual report on the operation of the Regional Centers for security studies during the preceding fiscal year.
2009—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 111–84substituted “October 17, 2006” for “the date of the enactment of this section”.
2008—Subsec. (f)(6). Pub. L. 110–417added par. (6).
2006—Pub. L. 109–364amended section catchline and text generally. Prior to amendment, section consisted of subsecs. (a) to (c) relating to notification to Congress of the establishment of new regional centers, annual report on the operation of such centers, and definition of “regional center for security studies”.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 109–163substituted “under section 2611 of this title.” for “under any of the following provisions of law:
“(A) Section 2611 of this title.
“(B) Section 1306 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103–337; 108 Stat. 2892).
“(C) Section 1065 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104–201; 110 Stat. 2653; 10 U.S.C. 113 note).”
2003—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 108–136struck out “foreign” before “gifts”.
2001—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–107substituted “October 30, 2000,” for “the date of the enactment of this section,” in introductory provisions.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment
Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title IX, § 941(a)(2),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4576, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2008, and shall apply with respect to programs and activities under section 184 of title 10, United States Code (as so amended), that begin on or after that date.”
Redesignation of the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies as the William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies
Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2854(a),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2161, provided that: “The Department of Defense regional center for security studies known as the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies is hereby renamed the ‘William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies’ ”.
Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2854(c),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2162, provided that: “Any reference to the Department of Defense Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies in any law, regulation, map, document, record, or other paper of the United States shall be deemed to be a reference to the William J. Perry Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies.”
Temporary Waiver of Reimbursement of Costs of Activities for Nongovernmental Personnel
Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title IX, § 941(b),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4577, as amended by Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title IX, § 941,Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4340; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title IX, § 953,Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1895; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, § 1094(b),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 878, provided that:
“(1) Authority for temporary waiver.—In fiscal years 2009 through 2014, the Secretary of Defense may, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, waive reimbursement otherwise required under subsection (f) ofsection 184 of title 10, United States Code, of the costs of activities of Regional Centers under such section for personnel of nongovernmental and international organizations who participate in activities of the Regional Centers that enhance cooperation of nongovernmental organizations and international organizations with United States forces if the Secretary of Defense determines that attendance of such personnel without reimbursement is in the national security interests of the United States.
“(2) Limitation.—The amount of reimbursement that may be waived under paragraph (1) in any fiscal year may not exceed $1,000,000.
“(3) Annual report.—The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual report under [former] section 184 (h) of title 10, United States Code, in each year through 2013 information on the attendance of personnel of nongovernmental and international organizations in activities of the Regional Centers during the preceding fiscal year for which a waiver of reimbursement was made under paragraph (1), including information on the costs incurred by the United States for the participation of personnel of each nongovernmental or international organization that so attended.”
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