10 U.S. Code § 194 - Limitations on personnel

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(a) Cap on Headquarters Management Personnel.— The total number of members of the armed forces and civilian employees assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the management headquarters activities or management headquarters support activities in the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities may not exceed the number that is the number of such members and employees assigned or detailed to such duty on September 30, 1989.
(b) Cap on Other Personnel.— The total number of members of the armed forces and civilian employees assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, other than members and employees assigned to management headquarters activities or management headquarters support activities, may not exceed the number that is the number of such members and employees assigned or detailed to such duty on September 30, 1989.
(c) Prohibition Against Certain Actions to Exceed Limitations.— The limitations in subsections (a) and (b) may not be exceeded by recategorizing or redefining duties, functions, offices, or organizations.
(d) Exclusion of NSA.— The National Security Agency shall be excluded in computing and maintaining the limitations required by this section.
(e) Waiver.— The limitations in this section do not apply—
(1) in time of war; or
(2) during a national emergency declared by the President or Congress.
(f) Definitions.— In this section, the terms “management headquarters activities” and “management headquarters support activities” have the meanings given those terms in Department of Defense Instruction 5100.73, titled “Major DoD Headquarters Activities”.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 99–433, title III, § 301(a)(2),Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1021; amended Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XIII, § 1314(b)(3),Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1175; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, § 1622(h)(1),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1605; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title IX, § 906,Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 818.)
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 113–66substituted “Instruction 5100.73, titled ‘Major DoD Headquarters Activities’.” for “Directive 5100.73, entitled ‘Department of Defense Management Headquarters and Headquarters Support Activities’ and dated January 7, 1985.”
1989—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 101–189substituted “The” for “After September 30, 1989, the”.
1987—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 100–180inserted “the President or” after “declared by”.
Exceptions and Adjustments to Limitations on Personnel

Baseline personnel limitations in this section inapplicable to certain acquisition personnel and personnel hired pursuant to a shortage category designation for fiscal year 2009 and fiscal years thereafter, and Secretary of Defense or a secretary of a military department authorized to adjust such limitations for fiscal year 2009 and fiscal years thereafter, see section 1111 ofPub. L. 110–417, set out as a note under section 143 of this title.
Reductions in Defense Intelligence Agency Personnel

Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(b) [title VIII, § 8122], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–43, 1329–85, provided that nothing in section 102d(1) ofPublic Law 100–178, 101 Stat. 1010, section 601(b)(2)(A) ofPublic Law 99–433, 100 Stat. 1065 [set out below], or section 601(d) ofPublic Law 99–433, 100 Stat. 1065 [set out below], shall be construed as requiring or suggesting that the Secretary of Defense avoid allocating personnel reductions to the Defense Intelligence Agency, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title XII, § 1213,Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2053.
Reduction in Personnel Assigned to Management Headquarters Activities and Certain Other Activities

Pub. L. 99–433, title VI, § 601,Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1064, as amended by Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title XIII, § 1312,Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1174; Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, § 1622(h)(2),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1606, provided that:
“(a) Military Departments and Combatant Commands.—(1) The total number of members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees assigned or detailed to duty described in paragraph (2) may not exceed the number equal to 90 percent of the total number of such members and employees assigned or detailed to such duty on September 30, 1986.
“(2) Duty referred to in paragraph (1) is permanent duty in the military departments and in the unified and specified combatant commands to perform management headquarters activities or management headquarters support activities.
“(3) In computing and implementing the limitation in paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall exclude members and employees who are assigned or detailed to permanent duty to perform management headquarters activities or management headquarters support activities in the following:
“(A) The Office of the Secretary of the Army and the Army Staff.
“(B) The Office of the Secretary of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Headquarters, Marine Corps.
“(C) The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff.
“(D) The immediate headquarters staff of the commander of each unified or specified combatant command.
“(4) If the Secretary of Defense applies any reduction in personnel required by the limitation in paragraph (1) to a unified or specified combatant command, the commander of that command, after consulting with his directly subordinate commanders, shall determine the manner in which the reduction shall be accomplished.
“(b) Defense Agencies and DOD Field Activities.—(1)(A) Not later than September 30, 1988, the Secretary of Defense shall reduce the total number of members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the management headquarters activities and management headquarters support activities in the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities by a number that is at least 5 percent of the total number of such members and employees assigned or detailed to such duty on September 30, 1986.
“(B) Not later than September 30, 1989, the Secretary shall carry out an additional reduction in such members and employees of not less than 10 percent of the number of such members and employees assigned or detailed to such duty on September 30, 1988.
“(C) If the number of members and employees reduced under subparagraph (A) or (B) is in excess of the reduction required to be made by that subparagraph, such excess number may be applied to the number required to be reduced under paragraph (2).
“(2)(A) Not later than September 30, 1988, the Secretary of Defense shall reduce the total number of members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, other than members and employees assigned or detailed to duty in management headquarters activities or management headquarters support activities, by a number that is at least 5 percent of the total number of such members and employees assigned or detailed to such duty on September 30, 1986.
“(B) Not later than September 30, 1989, the Secretary shall carry out an additional reduction in such members and employees of not less than 5 percent of the number of such members and employees assigned or detailed to such duty on September 30, 1988.
“(3) If after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 1, 1986] and before October 1, 1988, the total number of members and employees described in paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) is reduced by a number that is in excess of the number required to be reduced under that paragraph, the Secretary may, in meeting the additional reduction required by paragraph (1)(B) or (2)(B), as the case may be, offset such additional reduction by that excess number.
“(4) The National Security Agency shall be excluded in computing and making reductions under this subsection.
“(c) Prohibition Against Certain Actions To Achieve Reductions.—Compliance with the limitations and reductions required by subsections (a) and (b) may not be accomplished by recategorizing or redefining duties, functions, offices, or organizations.
“(d) Allocations To Be Made by Secretary of Defense.—(1) The Secretary of Defense shall allocate the reductions required to comply with the limitations in subsections (a) and (b) in a manner consistent with the efficient operation of the Department of Defense. If the Secretary determines that national security requirements dictate that a reduction (or any portion of a reduction) required by subsection (b) not be made from the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, the Secretary may allocate such reduction (or any portion of such reduction) (A) to personnel assigned or detailed to permanent duty in management headquarters activities or management headquarters support activities, or (B) to personnel assigned or detailed to permanent duty in other than management headquarters activities or management headquarters support activities, as the case may be, of the Department of Defense other than the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities.
“(2) Among the actions that are taken to carry out the reductions required by subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary shall consolidate and eliminate unnecessary management headquarters activities and management headquarters support activities.
“(e) Total Reductions.—Reductions in personnel required to be made under this section are in addition to any reductions required to be made under other provisions of this Act or any amendment made by this Act [see Short Title of 1986 Amendment note set out under section 111 of the title].
“(f) Exclusion.—In computing and making reductions under this section, there shall be excluded not more than 1,600 personnel transferred during fiscal year 1988 from the General Services Administration to the Department of Defense for the purpose of having the Department of Defense assume responsibility for the management, operation, and administration of certain real property under the jurisdiction of that Department.
“(g) Definitions.—For purposes of this section, the terms ‘management headquarters activities’ and ‘management headquarters support activities’ have the meanings given those terms in Department of Defense Directive 5100.73, entitled ‘Department of Defense Management Headquarters and Headquarters Support Activities’ and dated January 7, 1985.”

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10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 1942013113-66 [Sec.] 906127 Stat. 818

 

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