(a) Authority To Provide Services and Support.— Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of a military department may in accordance with this section authorize units or individual members of the armed forces under that Secretary’s jurisdiction to provide support and services to non-Department of Defense organizations and activities specified in subsection (e), but only if—
(1)such assistance is authorized by a provision of law (other than this section); or
(2)the provision of such assistance is incidental to military training.
(b) Scope of Covered Activities Subject to Section.— This section does not—
(1)apply to the provision by the Secretary concerned, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, of customary community relations and public affairs activities conducted in accordance with Department of Defense policy; or
(2)prohibit the Secretary concerned from encouraging members of the armed forces under the Secretary’s jurisdiction to provide volunteer support for community relations activities under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(c) Requirement for Specific Request.— Assistance under subsection (a) may only be provided if—
(1)the assistance is requested by a responsible official of the organization to which the assistance is to be provided; and
(2)the assistance is not reasonably available from a commercial entity or (if so available) the official submitting the request for assistance certifies that the commercial entity that would otherwise provide such services has agreed to the provision of such services by the armed forces.
(d) Relationship to Military Training.—
(1)Assistance under subsection (a) may only be provided if the following requirements are met:
(A)The provision of such assistance—
(i)in the case of assistance by a unit, will accomplish valid unit training requirements; and
(ii)in the case of assistance by an individual member, will involve tasks directly related to the specific military occupational specialty of the member.
(B)The provision of such assistance will not adversely affect the quality of training or otherwise interfere with the ability of a member or unit of the armed forces to perform the military functions of the member or unit.
(C)The provision of such assistance will not result in a significant increase in the cost of the training.
(2)Subparagraph (A)(i) of paragraph (1) does not apply in a case in which the assistance to be provided consists primarily of military manpower and the total amount of such assistance in the case of a particular project does not exceed 100 man-hours.
(e) Eligible Entities.— The following organizations and activities are eligible for assistance under this section:
(1)Any Federal, regional, State, or local governmental entity.
(2)Youth and charitable organizations specified in section
508 of title
(3)Any other entity as may be approved by the Secretary of Defense on a case-by-case basis.
(f) Regulations.— The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations governing the provision of assistance under this section. The regulations shall include the following:
(1)Rules governing the types of assistance that may be provided.
(2)Procedures governing the delivery of assistance that ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that such assistance is provided in conjunction with, rather than separate from, civilian efforts.
(3)Procedures for appropriate coordination with civilian officials to ensure that the assistance—
(A)meets a valid need; and
(B)does not duplicate other available public services.
(4)Procedures to ensure that Department of Defense resources are not applied exclusively to the program receiving the assistance.
(g) Treatment of Member’s Participation in Provision of Support or Services.—
(1)The Secretary of a military department may not require or request a member of the armed forces to submit for consideration by a selection board (including a promotion board, command selection board, or any other kind of selection board) evidence of the member’s participation in the provision of support and services to non-Department of Defense organizations and activities under this section or the member’s involvement in, or support of, other community relations and public affairs activities of the armed forces.
(2)Paragraph (1) does not prevent a selection board from considering material submitted voluntarily by a member of the armed forces which provides evidence of the participation of that member or another member in activities described in that paragraph.
(h) Advisory Councils.—
(1)The Secretary of Defense shall encourage the establishment of advisory councils at regional, State, and local levels, as appropriate, in order to obtain recommendations and guidance concerning assistance under this section from persons who are knowledgeable about regional, State, and local conditions and needs.
(2)The advisory councils should include officials from relevant military organizations, representatives of appropriate local, State, and Federal agencies, representatives of civic and social service organizations, business representatives, and labor representatives.
(3)The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to such councils.
(i) Construction of Provision.— Nothing in this section shall be construed as authorizing—
(1)the use of the armed forces for civilian law enforcement purposes or for response to natural or manmade disasters; or
(2)the use of Department of Defense personnel or resources for any program, project, or activity that is prohibited by law.
(j) Oversight and Cost Accounting.— The Secretary of Defense shall establish a program to improve the oversight and cost accounting of training projects conducted in accordance with this section. The program shall include measures to accomplish the following:
(1)Ensure that each project that is proposed to be conducted in accordance with this section (regardless of whether additional funding from the Secretary of Defense is sought) is requested in writing, reviewed for full compliance with this section, and approved in advance of initiation by the Secretary of the military department concerned and, in the case of a project that seeks additional funding from the Secretary of Defense, by the Secretary of Defense.
(2)Ensure that each project that is conducted in accordance with this section is required to provide, within a specified period following completion of the project, an after-action report to the Secretary of Defense.
(3)Require that each application for a project to be conducted in accordance with this section include an analysis and certification that the proposed project would not result in a significant increase in the cost of training (as determined in accordance with procedures prescribed by the Secretary of Defense).
(4)Determine the total program cost for each project, including both those costs that are borne by the military departments from their own accounts and those costs that are borne by defense-wide accounts.
(5)Provide for oversight of project execution to ensure that a training project under this section is carried out in accordance with the proposal for that project as approved.
The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (h)(3), is Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
1997—Subsecs. (g) to (i). Pub. L. 105–85added subsec. (g) and redesignated former subsecs. (g) and (h) as (h) and (i), respectively.
Pub. L. 105–261, div. A, title V, § 525(b),Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2014, as amended by Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, § 1066(b)(4),Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 772, provided that: “The Secretary of Defense may not initiate any project under section
2012 of title
10, United States Code, after October 1, 1998, until the program required by subsection (j) of that section (as added by subsection (a)) has been established.”
Termination of Funding for Office of Civil-Military Programs in Office of the Secretary of Defense
Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, § 574,Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 356, provided that: “No funds may be obligated or expended after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 10, 1996] (1) for the office that as of the date of the enactment of this Act is designated, within the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Reserve Affairs, as the Office of Civil-Military Programs, or (2) for any other entity within the Office of the Secretary of Defense that has an exclusive or principal mission of providing centralized direction for activities under section
2012 of title
10, United States Code, as added by section
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
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