10 U.S. Code § 2326 - Undefinitized contractual actions: restrictions

(a) In General.— The head of an agency may not enter into an undefinitized contractual action unless the request to the head of the agency for authorization of the contractual action includes a description of the anticipated effect on requirements of the military department concerned if a delay is incurred for purposes of determining contractual terms, specifications, and price before performance is begun under the contractual action.
(b) Limitations on Obligation of Funds.—
(1) A contracting officer of the Department of Defense may not enter into an undefinitized contractual action unless the contractual action provides for agreement upon contractual terms, specifications, and price by the earlier of—
(A) the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date on which the contractor submits a qualifying proposal to definitize the contractual terms, specifications, and price; or
(B) the date on which the amount of funds obligated under the contractual action is equal to more than 50 percent of the negotiated overall ceiling price for the contractual action.
(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), the contracting officer for an undefinitized contractual action may not obligate with respect to such contractual action an amount that is equal to more than 50 percent of the negotiated overall ceiling price until the contractual terms, specifications, and price are definitized for such contractual action.
(3) If a contractor submits a qualifying proposal (as defined in subsection (g)) to definitize an undefinitized contractual action before an amount equal to more than 50 percent of the negotiated overall ceiling price is obligated on such action, the contracting officer for such action may not obligate with respect to such contractual action an amount that is equal to more than 75 percent of the negotiated overall ceiling price until the contractual terms, specifications, and price are definitized for such contractual action.
(4) The head of an agency may waive the provisions of this subsection with respect to a contract of that agency if that head of an agency determines that the waiver is necessary in order to support any of the following operations:
(A) A contingency operation.
(B) A humanitarian or peacekeeping operation.
(5) This subsection does not apply to an undefinitized contractual action for the purchase of initial spares.
(c) Inclusion of Non-Urgent Requirements.— Requirements for spare parts and support equipment that are not needed on an urgent basis may not be included in an undefinitized contractual action for spare parts and support equipment that are needed on an urgent basis unless the head of the agency approves such inclusion as being—
(1) good business practice; and
(2) in the best interests of the United States.
(d) Modification of Scope.— The scope of an undefinitized contractual action under which performance has begun may not be modified unless the head of the agency approves such modification as being—
(1) good business practice; and
(2) in the best interests of the United States.
(e) Allowable Profit.— The head of an agency shall ensure that the profit allowed on an undefinitized contractual action for which the final price is negotiated after a substantial portion of the performance required is completed reflects—
(1) the possible reduced cost risk of the contractor with respect to costs incurred during performance of the contract before the final price is negotiated; and
(2) the reduced cost risk of the contractor with respect to costs incurred during performance of the remaining portion of the contract.
(f) Applicability.— This section does not apply to the Coast Guard or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
(g) Definitions.— In this section:
(1) The term “undefinitized contractual action” means a new procurement action entered into by the head of an agency for which the contractual terms, specifications, or price are not agreed upon before performance is begun under the action. Such term does not include contractual actions with respect to the following:
(A) Foreign military sales.
(B) Purchases in an amount not in excess of the amount of the simplified acquisition threshold.
(C) Special access programs.
(D) Congressionally mandated long-lead procurement contracts.
(2) The term “qualifying proposal” means a proposal that contains sufficient information to enable the Department of Defense to conduct complete and meaningful audits of the information contained in the proposal and of any other information that the Department is entitled to review in connection with the contract, as determined by the contracting officer.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(c) [title X, § 908(d)(1)(A)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783–140, and Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(c) [title X, § 908(d)(1)(A)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341–140; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, § 908(d)(1)(A),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3920, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, § 3(5),Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273; amended Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title XVI, § 1622(c)(6),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1604; Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 701(d)(5),Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 114; Pub. L. 103–355, title I, § 1505,Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3298; Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title VIII, § 803(a),Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1831.)
Codification

Pub. L. 99–591is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99–500.
Pub. L. 99–500, Pub. L. 99–591, and Pub. L. 99–661added identical sections.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 2326 was renumbered section 2346 of this title.
Amendments

1997—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 105–85amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows: “The head of an agency may waive the provisions of this subsection with respect to a contract of that agency if such head of an agency determines that the waiver is necessary in order to support a contingency operation.”
1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–355, § 1505(a)(1), struck out “and expenditure” after “obligation” in heading.
Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–355, § 1505(a)(2), struck out “or expended” after “obligated”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 103–355, § 1505(a)(3), substituted “obligate” for “expend”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 103–355, § 1505(a)(4), substituted “obligated” for “expended” and “obligate” for “expend”.
Subsec. (b)(4), (5). Pub. L. 103–355, § 1505(b), added par. (4) and redesignated former par. (4) as (5).
Subsec. (g)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–355, § 1505(c), substituted “simplified acquisition threshold” for “small purchase threshold”.
1991—Subsec. (g)(1)(B). Pub. L. 102–25substituted “in an amount not in excess of the amount of the small purchase threshold” for “of less than $25,000”.
1989—Subsec. (g)(1)(D). Pub. L. 101–189substituted “Congressionally mandated” for “Congressionally-mandated”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

For effective date and applicability of amendment by Pub. L. 103–355, see section 10001 ofPub. L. 103–355, set out as a note under section 2302 of this title.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(c) [title X, § 908(d)(2)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783–142, Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(c) [title X, § 908(d)(2)], Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341–142, and Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, § 908(d)(2),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3921, renumbered title IX, Pub. L. 100–26, § 3(5),Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273, provided that: “Section 2326 of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (d)(1)), applies to undefinitized contractual actions that are entered into after the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 18, 1986].”
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468 (b), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.
Revision of Defense Supplement Relating to Payment of Costs Prior to Definitization

Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title VIII, § 812,Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2406, provided that:
“(a) Revision Required.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 28, 2009], the Secretary of Defense shall revise the Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to ensure that any limitations described in subsection (b) are applicable to all categories of undefinitized contractual actions (including undefinitized task orders and delivery orders).
“(b) Limitations.—The limitations referred to in subsection (a) are any limitations on the reimbursement of costs and the payment of profits or fees with respect to costs incurred before the definitization of an undefinitized contractual action of the Department of Defense, including—
“(1) such limitations as described in part 52.216-26 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
“(2) any such limitations implementing the requirements of section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110–181; 10 U.S.C. 2326 note).”
Implementation and Enforcement of Requirements Applicable to Undefinitized Contractual Actions

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VIII, § 809,Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 216, provided that:
“(a) Guidance and Instructions.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 28, 2008], the Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance, with detailed implementation instructions, for the Department of Defense to ensure the implementation and enforcement of requirements applicable to undefinitized contractual actions.
“(b) Elements.—The guidance and instructions issued pursuant to subsection (a) shall address, at a minimum—
“(1) the circumstances in which it is, and is not, appropriate for Department of Defense officials to use undefinitized contractual actions;
“(2) approval requirements (including thresholds) for the use of undefinitized contractual actions;
“(3) procedures for ensuring that timelines for the definitization of undefinitized contractual actions are met;
“(4) procedures for ensuring compliance with regulatory limitations on the obligation of funds pursuant to undefinitized contractual actions;
“(5) procedures for ensuring compliance with regulatory limitations on profit or fee with respect to costs incurred before the definitization of an undefinitized contractual action; and
“(6) reporting requirements for undefinitized contractual actions that fail to meet required timelines for definitization or fail to comply with regulatory limitations on the obligation of funds or on profit or fee.
“(c) Reports.—
“(1) Report on guidance and instructions.—Not later than 210 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 28, 2008], the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives] a report setting forth the guidance and instructions issued pursuant to subsection (a).
“(2) GAO report.—Not later than two years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the extent to which the guidance and instructions issued pursuant to subsection (a) have resulted in improvements to—
“(A) the level of insight that senior Department of Defense officials have into the use of undefinitized contractual actions;
“(B) the appropriate use of undefinitized contractual actions;
“(C) the timely definitization of undefinitized contractual actions; and
“(D) the negotiation of appropriate profits and fees for undefinitized contractual actions.”
Limitation on Use of Funds for Undefinitized Contractual Actions; Oversight by Inspector General; Waiver Authority

Pub. L. 99–500, § 101(c) [title X, § 908(a)–(c), (e)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–82, 1783–139, 1783–140, 1783–142, Pub. L. 99–591, § 101(c) [title X, § 908(a)–(c), (e)], Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–82, 3341–139, 3341–140, 3341–142, and Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title IX, formerly title IV, § 908(a)–(c), (e), Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3918, 3919, 3921, renumbered title IX and amended by Pub. L. 100–26, §§ 3(5), 5(2),Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 273, 274; Pub. L. 104–106, div. D, title XLIII, § 4322(b)(2),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 677, provided that:
“(a) Limitation on Use of Funds for Undefinitized Contractual Actions.—(1) On the last day of each six-month period described in paragraph (4), the Secretary of Defense (with respect to the Defense Logistics Agency) and the Secretary of each military department shall determine—
“(A) the total amount of funds obligated for contractual actions during the six-month period;
“(B) the total amount of funds obligated during the six-month period for undefinitized contractual actions; and
“(C) the total amount of funds obligated during the six-month period for undefinitized contractual actions that are not definitized on or before the last day of such period.
“(2) On the last day of each six-month period described in paragraph (4), the amount of funds obligated for undefinitized contractual actions entered into by the Secretary of Defense (with respect to the Defense Logistics Agency) or the Secretary of a military department during the six-month period that are not definitized on or before such day may not exceed 10 percent of the amount of funds obligated for all contractual actions entered into by the Secretary during the six-month period.
“(3) If on the last day of a six-month period described in paragraph (4) the total amount of funds obligated for undefinitized contractual actions under the jurisdiction of a Secretary that were entered into during the six-month period exceeds the limit established in paragraph (2), the Secretary—
“(A) shall, not later than the end of the 45-day period beginning on the first day following the six-month period, submit to the defense committees an unclassified report concerning—
“(i) the amount of funds obligated for contractual actions under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that were entered into during the six-month period with respect to which the report is submitted; and
“(ii) the amount of such funds obligated for undefinitized contractual actions; and
“(B) except with respect to the six-month period described in paragraph (4)(A), may not enter into any additional undefinitized contractual actions until the date on which the Secretary certifies to Congress that such limit is not exceeded by the cumulative amount of funds obligated for undefinitized contractual actions under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that are not definitized on or before such date and were entered into—
“(i) during the six-month period for which such limit was exceeded; or
“(ii) after the end of such six-month period.
“(4) This subsection applies to the following six-month periods:
“(A) The period beginning on October 1, 1986, and ending on March 31, 1987.
“(B) The period beginning on April 1, 1987, and ending on September 30, 1987.
“(C) The period beginning on October 1, 1987, and ending on March 31, 1988.
“(D) The period beginning on April 1, 1988, and ending on September 30, 1988.
“(E) The period beginning on October 1, 1988, and ending on March 31, 1989.
“(b) Oversight by Inspector General.—The Inspector General of the Department of Defense shall—
“(1) periodically conduct an audit of contractual actions under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense (with respect to the Defense Logistics Agency) and the Secretaries of the military departments; and
“(2) after each audit, submit to Congress a report on the management of undefinitized contractual actions by each Secretary, including the amount of contractual actions under the jurisdiction of each Secretary that is represented by undefinitized contractual actions.
“(c) Waiver Authority.—The Secretary of Defense may waive the application of subsections (a) and (b) for urgent and compelling considerations relating to national security or public safety if the Secretary notifies the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives of such waiver before the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date that the waiver is made.
“(e) Definition.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘undefinitized contractual action’ has the meaning given such term in section 2326 (g) of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (d)(1)).”

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10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


48 CFR - Federal Acquisition Regulations System

48 CFR Part 1 - FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM

48 CFR Part 2 - DEFINITIONS OF WORDS AND TERMS

48 CFR Part 3 - IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

48 CFR Part 4 - ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS

48 CFR Part 5 - PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS

48 CFR Part 6 - COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS

48 CFR Part 7 - ACQUISITION PLANNING

48 CFR Part 8 - REQUIRED SOURCES OF SUPPLIES AND SERVICES

48 CFR Part 9 - CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS

48 CFR Part 10 - MARKET RESEARCH

48 CFR Part 11 - DESCRIBING AGENCY NEEDS

48 CFR Part 12 - ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS

48 CFR Part 13 - SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION PROCEDURES

48 CFR Part 14 - SEALED BIDDING

48 CFR Part 15 - CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION

48 CFR Part 16 - TYPES OF CONTRACTS

48 CFR Part 17 - SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS

48 CFR Part 18 19

48 CFR Part 22 - APPLICATION OF LABOR LAWS TO GOVERNMENT ACQUISITIONS

48 CFR Part 23 - ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY, AND DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE

48 CFR Part 24 - PROTECTION OF PRIVACY AND FREEDOM OF INFORMATION

48 CFR Part 25 - FOREIGN ACQUISITION

48 CFR Part 26 - OTHER SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS

48 CFR Part 27 - PATENTS, DATA, AND COPYRIGHTS

48 CFR Part 28 - BONDS AND INSURANCE

48 CFR Part 29 - TAXES

48 CFR Part 30 - COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION

48 CFR Part 31 - CONTRACT COST PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES

48 CFR Part 32 - CONTRACT FINANCING

48 CFR Part 33 - PROTESTS, DISPUTES, AND APPEALS

48 CFR Part 34 - MAJOR SYSTEM ACQUISITION

48 CFR Part 35 - RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING

48 CFR Part 36 - CONSTRUCTION AND ARCHITECT-ENGINEER CONTRACTS

48 CFR Part 37 - SERVICE CONTRACTING

48 CFR Part 38 - FEDERAL SUPPLY SCHEDULE CONTRACTING

48 CFR Part 39 - ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

48 CFR Part 41 - ACQUISITION OF UTILITY SERVICES

48 CFR Part 42 - CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION AND AUDIT SERVICES

48 CFR Part 43 - CONTRACT MODIFICATIONS

48 CFR Part 44 - SUBCONTRACTING POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

48 CFR Part 45 - GOVERNMENT PROPERTY

48 CFR Part 46 - QUALITY ASSURANCE

48 CFR Part 47 - TRANSPORTATION

48 CFR Part 48 - VALUE ENGINEERING

48 CFR Part 49 - TERMINATION OF CONTRACTS

48 CFR Part 50 - EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT

48 CFR Part 51 - USE OF GOVERNMENT SOURCES BY CONTRACTORS

48 CFR Part 52 - SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES

48 CFR Part 53 - FORMS

48 CFR Part 5433 - PROTESTS, DISPUTES AND APPEALS

 

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