10 U.S. Code § 2632 - Transportation to and from certain places of employment and on military installations

(a)
(1) Whenever the Secretary of the military department concerned determines that it is necessary for the effective conduct of the affairs of his department, the Secretary may provide the transportation described in paragraph (2).
(2) Transportation that may be provided under this subsection is assured and adequate transportation by motor vehicle or water carrier as follows:
(A) Transportation among places on a military installation (including any subinstallation of a military installation).
(B) Transportation to and from their places of duty or employment on a military installation for persons covered by this subsection.
(C) Transportation to and from a military installation for persons covered by this subsection and their dependents, in the case of a military installation located in an area determined by the Secretary concerned not to be adequately served by regularly scheduled, and timely, commercial or municipal mass transit services.
(D) Transportation to and from their places of employment for persons attached to, or employed in, a private plant that is manufacturing material for that department, but only during a war or a national emergency declared by Congress or the President.
(3) Except as provided under subsection (b)(3), transportation under this subsection shall be provided at reasonable rates of fare under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense.
(4) Persons covered by this subsection, in the case of any military installation, are members of the armed forces, employees of the military department concerned, and other persons attached to that department who are assigned to or employed at that installation.
(b)
(1) Transportation described in subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) of subsection (a)(2) may not be provided unless the Secretary concerned, or an officer of the department concerned designated by the Secretary, determines that—
(A) other facilities are inadequate and cannot be made adequate;
(B) a reasonable effort has been made to induce operators of private facilities to provide the necessary transportation; and
(C) the service to be furnished will make proper use of transportation facilities and will supply the most efficient transportation to the persons concerned.
(2) The Secretary of Defense shall require that, in determining whether to provide transportation described in subsection (a)(2)(A) at any military installation, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall give careful consideration to the potential for saving energy and reducing air pollution.
(3) In providing transportation described in subsection (a)(2)(A) at any military installation, the Secretary concerned may not require a fare for the transportation of members of the armed forces if the transportation is incident to the performance of duty. In providing transportation described in subsection (a)(2)(C) to and from any military installation, the Secretary concerned (under regulations prescribed under subsection (a)(3)) may waive any requirement for a fare.
(4) The authority under subsection (a) to enter into contracts under which the United States is obligated to make outlays shall be effective for any fiscal year only to the extent that the budget authority for such outlays is provided in advance by appropriation Acts.
(c) To provide transportation under subsection (a), the department may—
(1) buy, lease, or charter motor vehicles or water carriers having a seating capacity of 12 or more passengers;
(2) maintain and operate that equipment by—
(A) enlisted members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard, as the case may be;
(B) employees of the department concerned; and
(C) private persons under contract; and
(3) lease or charter the equipment to private or public carriers for operation under terms that are considered necessary by the Secretary or by an officer of the department designated by the Secretary, and that may provide for the pooling of Government-owned and privately owned equipment and facilities and for the reciprocal use of that equipment.
(d) Fares received under subsection (a), and proceeds of the leasing or chartering of equipment under subsection (c)(3), shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 146; Pub. L. 95–362, Sept. 11, 1978, 92 Stat. 596; Pub. L. 96–125, title VIII, § 807(a)–(c)(1), Nov. 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 949, 950; Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title III, § 318(a)–(c), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1076, 1077.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
2632(a) 5:189c (introductory clause, words of clause 2 before semicolon, and 17 words before proviso of clause 3). May 28, 1948, ch. 352, § 1, 62 Stat. 276.
5:415d (introductory clause, words of clause 2 before semicolon, and 17 words before proviso of clause 3).
5:626n (introductory clause, words of clause 2 before semicolon, and 17 words before proviso of clause 3).
2632(b) 5:189c (clause 4).
5:415d (clause 4).
5:626n (clause 4).
2632(c) 5:189c (clause 1; and clause 3, less 17 words before proviso).
5:415d (clause 1; and clause 3, less 17 words before proviso).
5:626n (clause 1; and clause 3, less 17 words before proviso).
2632(d) 5:189c (clause 2, less words before semicolon).
5:415d (clause 2, less words before semicolon).
5:626n (clause 2, less words before semicolon).

In subsection (a), the words “it is necessary * * * he may * * * provide assured and adequate transportation” are substituted for the words “requires assured and adequate transportation facilities * * * he is authorized * * * to provide such transportation”. The words “in the absence of adequate private or other facilities” are omitted as covered by subsection (b)(2). The words “subject, however, to the following provisions and conditions” are omitted, since the revised section states those conditions positively in the following subsections. The words “at reasonable rates of fare” are substituted for the first 23 words of clause 2 of 5:189c, 415d, and 626n. The words “under regulations to be prescribed by him” are substituted for the words “under such regulations as the Secretary of the Army [Navy, Air Force] shall prescribe” in clause 2, and the 17 words before the proviso of clause 3, of 5:189c, 415d, and 626n.
In subsection (b), the words “Transportation * * * under subsection (a)” are substituted for the words “The authority granted in this section to the Secretary of the Army [Navy, Air Force]”. The words “may not be provided” are substituted for the words “shall be exercised”. The word “transportation” is substituted for the word “service”. The words “in each case”, “as the case may be, that existing private and”, and “by other means” are omitted as surplusage.
Subsection (b)(3) is substituted for the last 25 words of clause 4 of 5:189c, 415d, and 626n.
In subsection (c), the introductory clause is substituted for the words “The equipment required to provide such transportation facilities may be either”. The words “considered necessary” are substituted for the words “shall determine necessary and advisable under the existing circumstances”. The proviso of clause 3 of 5:189c, 415d, and 626n is stated as a positive rule in clause (3) of the revised subsection. The words “for operation by the Department of the Army [Navy, Air Force], and when so obtained”, “civil”, “with such department”, “Equipment so obtained”, “and conditions”, and the first 25 words of clause 3 of 5:189c, 415d, and 626n are omitted as surplusage.
In subsection (d), the words “Treasury as” are substituted for the words “Treasury of the United States to the credit of”.
Amendments

1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–180, § 318(a), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows: “Whenever the Secretary of a military department determines that it is necessary for the effective conduct of the affairs of that department, he may, at reasonable rates of fare under regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, provide assured and adequate transportation by motor vehicle or water carrier—
“(1) among places on any military installation (including any subinstallation thereof) under the jurisdiction of that department; and
“(2) to and from their places of employment—
“(A) for persons attached to, or employed in, that department; and
“(B) during a war or national emergency declared by the Congress or the President, for persons attached to, or employed in, a private plant that is manufacturing material for that department.”
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–180, § 318(c)(1), substituted “Transportation described in subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) of subsection (a)(2) may not be provided” for “Transportation may not be provided under subsection (a)(2)”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–180, § 318(b)(1), (c)(2), redesignated subpar. (A) as par. (2) and substituted “transportation described in subsection (a)(2)(A) at any military installation” for “transportation at any military installation under subsection (a)(1)”. Subpar. (B) was struck out and replaced by par. (3) and subpar. (C) was redesignated par. (4).
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–180, § 318(b)(2), substituted par. (3) for former subpar. (2)(B) which read as follows: “In providing transportation at any military installation under such subsection, the Secretary of the military department concerned may not require any fare for the transportation of members of the armed forces if the transportation is incident to training or other operational activities on such installation.”
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 100–180, § 318(b)(3), (c)(3), redesignated former par. (2)(C) as par. (4) and substituted “subsection (a)” for “subsection (a)(1)”.
1979—Pub. L. 96–125, § 807(c)(1), inserted “and on military installations” after “places of employment” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–125, § 807(a), substituted reference to Secretary of a military department and to the Secretary of Defense for references to Secretary concerned and inserted reference to any military installation (including any subinstallation thereof) under the jurisdiction of that department.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–125, § 807(b), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and cls. (1) to (3) as cls. (A) to (C), substituted “subsection (a)(2)” for “subsection (a)” and added par. (2).
1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–362, § 1(1), substituted “concerned” for “of a military department” and “of his department” for “of that department”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–362, § 1(2), struck out “of the military department” before “concerned”.
Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 95–362, § 1(3), inserted reference to the Coast Guard.
Regulations

Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title III, § 318(d),Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1077, required that regulations to implement amendments to this section be prescribed not later than 90 days after Dec. 4, 1987.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 468 (b), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

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