10 U.S. Code § 2705 - Notice of environmental restoration activities

(a) Expedited Notice.— The Secretary of Defense shall take such actions as necessary to ensure that the regional offices of the Environmental Protection Agency and appropriate State and local authorities for the State in which a facility under the Secretary’s jurisdiction is located receive prompt notice of each of the following:
(1) The discovery of releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances at the facility.
(2) The extent of the threat to public health and the environment which may be associated with any such release or threatened release.
(3) Proposals made by the Secretary to carry out response actions with respect to any such release or threatened release.
(4) The initiation of any response action with respect to such release or threatened release and the commencement of each distinct phase of such activities.
(b) Comment by EPA and State and Local Authorities.—
(1) Release notices.— The Secretary shall ensure that the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and appropriate State and local officials have an adequate opportunity to comment on notices under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
(2) Proposals for response actions.— The Secretary shall require that an adequate opportunity for timely review and comment be afforded to the Administrator and to appropriate State and local officials after making a proposal referred to in subsection (a)(3) and before undertaking an activity or action referred to in subsection (a)(4). The preceding sentence does not apply if the action is an emergency removal taken because of imminent and substantial endangerment to human health or the environment and consultation would be impractical.
(c) Technical Review Committee.— Whenever possible and practical, the Secretary shall establish a technical review committee to review and comment on Department of Defense actions and proposed actions with respect to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances at installations. Members of any such committee shall include at least one representative of the Secretary, the Administrator, and appropriate State and local authorities and shall include a public representative of the community involved.
(d) Restoration Advisory Board.—
(1) In lieu of establishing a technical review committee under subsection (c), the Secretary may permit the establishment of a restoration advisory board in connection with any installation (or group of nearby installations) where the Secretary is planning or implementing environmental restoration activities.
(2)
(A) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations regarding the establishment, characteristics, composition, and funding of restoration advisory boards pursuant to this subsection.
(B) The issuance of regulations under subparagraph (A) shall not be a precondition to the establishment of restoration advisory boards under this subsection.
(C) The Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall not apply to a restoration advisory board established under this subsection.
(3) The Secretary may authorize the commander of an installation (or, if there is no such commander, an appropriate official of the Department of Defense designated by the Secretary) to pay routine administrative expenses of a restoration advisory board established for that installation. Such payments shall be made from funds available under subsection (g).
(e) Technical Assistance.—
(1) The Secretary may, upon the request of the technical review committee or restoration advisory board for an installation, authorize the commander of the installation (or, if there is no such commander, an appropriate official of the Department of Defense designated by the Secretary) to obtain for the committee or advisory board, as the case may be, from private sector sources technical assistance for interpreting scientific and engineering issues with regard to the nature of environmental hazards at the installation and the restoration activities conducted, or proposed to be conducted, at the installation. The commander of an installation (or, if there is no such commander, an appropriate official of the Department of Defense designated by the Secretary) shall use funds made available under subsection (g) for obtaining assistance under this paragraph.
(2) The commander of an installation (or, if there is no such commander, an appropriate official of the Department of Defense designated by the Secretary) may obtain technical assistance under paragraph (1) for a technical review committee or restoration advisory board only if—
(A) the technical review committee or restoration advisory board demonstrates that the Federal, State, and local agencies responsible for overseeing environmental restoration at the installation, and available Department of Defense personnel, do not have the technical expertise necessary for achieving the objective for which the technical assistance is to be obtained; or
(B) the technical assistance—
(i) is likely to contribute to the efficiency, effectiveness, or timeliness of environmental restoration activities at the installation; and
(ii) is likely to contribute to community acceptance of environmental restoration activities at the installation.
(f) Involvement in Defense Environmental Restoration Program.— If a technical review committee or restoration advisory board is established with respect to an installation (or group of installations), the Secretary shall consult with and seek the advice of the committee or board on the following issues:
(1) Identifying environmental restoration activities and projects at the installation or installations.
(2) Monitoring progress on these activities and projects.
(3) Collecting information regarding restoration priorities for the installation or installations.
(4) Addressing land use, level of restoration, acceptable risk, and waste management and technology development issues related to environmental restoration at the installation or installations.
(5) Developing environmental restoration strategies for the installation or installations.
(g) Funding.— The Secretary shall, to the extent provided in appropriations Acts, make funds available for administrative expenses and technical assistance under this section using funds in the following accounts:
(1) In the case of a military installation not approved for closure pursuant to a base closure law, the environmental restoration account concerned under section 2703 (a) of this title.
(2) In the case of an installation approved for closure pursuant to such a law, the Department of Defense Base Closure Account 1990 established under section 2906(a) of the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

Source

(Added Pub. L. 99–499, title II, § 211(a)(1)(B),Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1724; amended Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title III, § 326(a)–(c), Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2712, 2713; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title III, § 324(a)–(d)(1), (e), Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 252–254; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title III, § 322(c),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2479; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title III, § 317(b), title X, § 1043(c)(5),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1432, 1612; Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVII, § 2711(c)(4)(C),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2144.)
Amendment of Subsection (g)(2)

Pub. L. 112–239, div. B, title XXVII, § 2711(c)(4)(C), (d),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2144, provided that, effective on the later of Oct. 1, 2013, or the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 2014, subsection (g)(2) of this section is amended by striking “Closure Account 1990” and inserting “Closure Account”. See 2013 Amendment note below.
References in Text

The Federal Advisory Committee Act, referred to in subsec. (d)(2)(C), is Pub. L. 92–463, Oct. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 770, as amended, which is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 112–239substituted “Closure Account” for “Closure Account 1990”.
2003—Subsec. (d)(2)(C). Pub. L. 108–136, § 317(b), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 108–136, § 1043(c)(5), struck out heading and text of subsec. (h). Text read as follows: “In this section, the term ‘base closure law’ means the following:
“(1) Title II of the Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act (Public Law 100–526; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).
“(2) The Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of title XXIX of Public Law 101–510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).
“(3) Section 2687 of this title.”
1996—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 104–106, § 324(a), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “The Secretary shall prescribe regulations regarding the characteristics, composition, funding, and establishment of restoration advisory boards pursuant to this subsection. However, the issuance of regulations shall not be a precondition to the establishment of a restoration advisory board or affect the existence or operation of a restoration advisory board established before the date of the enactment of this section.”
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 104–106, § 324(b), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “The Secretary may provide for the payment of routine administrative expenses of a restoration advisory board from funds available for the operation and maintenance of the installation (or installations) for which the board is established or from the funds available under subsection (e)(3).”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104–106, § 324(c), added subsec. (e) and struck out former subsec. (e) which authorized Secretary to make technical assistance grants under section 9617 (e) of title 42 in connection with installations containing facilities listed on the National Priorities List and to make funds available to facilitate participation on technical review committees and restoration advisory boards relating to environmental restoration activities at other installations.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–106, § 324(d)(1), added subsec. (g).
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 104–201substituted “the environmental restoration account concerned” for “the Defense Environmental Restoration Account established”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 104–106, § 324(e), added subsec. (h).
1994—Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 103–337added subsecs. (d) to (f).
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Amendment by section 2711 ofPub. L. 112–239effective on the later of Oct. 1, 2013, or the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds for military construction for fiscal year 2014, see section 2711(d) ofPub. L. 112–239, set out as a note under section 2701 of this title.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–201effective Oct. 1, 1996, see section 322(e) ofPub. L. 104–201, set out as a note under section 2703 of this title.
Requirements for Restoration Advisory Boards and Exemption From Federal Advisory Committee Act

Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title III, § 317(a),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1432, provided that: “The Secretary of Defense shall amend the regulations required by section 2705 (d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, relating to the establishment, characteristics, composition, and funding of restoration advisory boards to ensure that each restoration advisory board complies with the following requirements:
“(1) Each restoration advisory board shall be fairly balanced in its membership in terms of the points of view represented and the functions to be performed.
“(2) Unless a closed or partially closed meeting is determined to be proper in accordance with one or more of the exceptions listed in section 552b (c) of title 5, United States Code, each meeting of a restoration advisory board shall be—
“(A) held at a reasonable time and in a manner or place reasonably accessible to the public, including individuals with disabilities; and
“(B) open to the public.
“(3) Timely notice of each meeting of a restoration advisory board shall be published in a local newspaper of general circulation.
“(4) Interested persons may appear before or file statements with a restoration advisory board, subject to such reasonable restrictions as the Secretary may prescribe.
“(5) Subject to section 552 of title 5, United States Code, the records, reports, minutes, appendixes, working papers, drafts, studies, agenda, or other documents that were made available to, prepared for, or prepared by each restoration advisory board shall be available for public inspection and copying at a single, publicly accessible location, such as a public library or an appropriate office of the military installation for which the restoration advisory board is established, at least until the restoration advisory board is terminated.
“(6) Detailed minutes of each meeting of each restoration advisory board shall be kept and shall contain a record of the persons present, a complete and accurate description of matters discussed and conclusions reached, and copies of all reports received, issued, or approved by the restoration advisory board. The accuracy of the minutes of a restoration advisory board shall be certified by the chairperson of the board.”
Implementation Requirements for Restoration Advisory Boards

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title III, § 326(d),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2713, provided that: “Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense announces a decision to establish restoration advisory boards, the Secretary shall—
“(1) prescribe the regulations required under subsection (d)(2) ofsection 2705 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a); and
“(2) take appropriate actions to notify the public of the availability of funding under subsection (e) of such section, as added by subsection (b).”
Report on Restoration Advisory Boards and Assistance for Citizen Participation on Committees and Boards

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title III, § 326(e),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2713, directed Secretary of Defense to submit, not later than May 1, 1996, report regarding establishment of restoration advisory boards under subsections (d) and (e) of this section and the expenditure of funds for assistance for citizen participation on technical review committees under subsection (e) of this section.
Restrictions on Administrative and Technical Assistance Funding

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title III, § 324(d)(2),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 254, provided that:
“(2)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), the total amount of funds made available under section 2705 (g) of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), for fiscal year 1996 may not exceed $6,000,000.
“(B) Amounts may not be made available under subsection (g) of such section 2705 after September 15, 1996, unless the Secretary of Defense publishes proposed final or interim final regulations required under subsection (d) of such section, as amended by subsection (a).”

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


32 CFR - National Defense

32 CFR Part 202 - RESTORATION ADVISORY BOARDS

32 CFR Part 203 - TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR PUBLIC PARTICIPATION (TAPP) IN DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION ACTIVITIES

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.