10 U.S. Code § 2828 - Leasing of military family housing

(a)
(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of the military department concerned may lease housing facilities at or near a military installation in the United States, Puerto Rico, or Guam for assignment, without rental charge, as family housing to members of the armed forces and for assignment, with fair market rental charge, as family housing to civilian employees of the Department of Defense stationed at such installation.
(2) A lease may only be made under paragraph (1) if the Secretary concerned finds that there is a shortage of adequate housing at or near such military installation and that—
(A) the requirement for such housing is temporary;
(B) leasing would be more cost effective than construction or acquisition of new housing;
(C) family housing is required for personnel attending service school academic courses on permanent change of station orders;
(D) construction of family housing at such installation has been authorized by law but is not yet completed; or
(E) a military construction authorization bill pending in Congress includes a request for authorization of construction of family housing at such installation.
(b)
(1) Not more than 10,000 family housing units may be leased at any one time under subsection (a).
(2) Except as provided in paragraphs (3), (4), and (7), expenditures for the rental of housing units under subsection (a) (including the cost of utilities, maintenance, and operation) may not exceed $12,000 per unit per year, as adjusted from time to time under paragraph (5).
(3) Not more than 500 housing units may be leased under subsection (a) for which the expenditure for the rental of such units (including the cost of utilities, maintenance, and operation) exceeds the maximum amount per unit per year in effect under paragraph (2) but does not exceed $14,000 per unit per year, as adjusted from time to time under paragraph (5).
(4)
(A) The Secretary of the Army may lease not more than eight housing units in the vicinity of Miami, Florida, for key and essential personnel, as designated by the Secretary, for the United States Southern Command for which the expenditure for the rental of such units (including the cost of utilities, maintenance, and operation, including security enhancements) exceeds the expenditure limitations in paragraphs (2) and (3).
(B) The amount of all leases under this paragraph may not exceed $280,000 per year, as adjusted from time to time under paragraph (6).
(C) The term of any lease under this paragraph may not exceed 5 years.
(D) Until September 30, 2008, the Secretary of the Army may authorize family members of a member of the armed forces on active duty who is assigned to a family-member-restricted area and who, before such assignment, was occupying a housing unit leased under this paragraph, to remain in the leased housing unit until the member completes the assignment. Costs incurred for the leased housing unit during the assignment shall be included in the costs subject to the limitation under subparagraph (B).
(5) At the beginning of each fiscal year, the Secretary concerned shall adjust the maximum lease amount provided for leases under paragraphs (2), (3), and (7) for the previous fiscal year by the percentage (if any) by which the national average monthly cost of housing (as calculated for purposes of determining rates of basic allowance for housing under section 403 of title 37) for the preceding fiscal year exceeds the national average monthly cost of housing (as so calculated) for the fiscal year before such preceding fiscal year.
(6) At the beginning of each fiscal year, the Secretary of the Army shall adjust the maximum aggregate amount for leases under paragraph (4) for the previous fiscal year by the percentage (if any) by which the annual average cost of housing for the Miami Military Housing Area (as calculated for purposes of determining rates of basic allowance for housing under section 403 of title 37) for the preceding fiscal year exceeds the annual average cost of housing for the Miami Military Housing Area (as so calculated) for the fiscal year before such preceding fiscal year.
(7)
(A) Not more than 600 housing units may be leased by the Secretary of the Army under subsection (a) for which the expenditure for the rental of such units (including the cost of utilities, maintenance, and operation) exceeds the maximum amount per unit per year in effect under paragraph (2) but does not exceed $35,000 per unit per year, as adjusted from time to time under paragraph (5).
(B) The maximum lease amount provided in subparagraph (A) shall apply only to Army family housing in areas designated by the Secretary of the Army.
(C) The term of a lease under subparagraph (A) may not exceed 2 years.
(c) The Secretary concerned may lease housing facilities in foreign countries for assignment, without rental charge, as family housing to members of the armed forces and for assignment, with or without rental charge, as family housing to civilian employees of the Department of Defense—
(1) under circumstances specified in clause (A), (B), (D), or (E) of subsection (a)(2);
(2) for incumbents of special command positions (as determined by the Secretary of Defense);
(3) in countries where excessive costs of housing or other lease terms would cause undue hardship on Department of Defense personnel; and
(4) in countries that prohibit leases by individual military or civilian personnel of the United States.
(d)
(1) Leases of housing units in foreign countries under subsection (c) for assignment as family housing may be for any period not in excess of 10 years, or 15 years in the case of leases in Korea, and the costs of such leases for any year may be paid out of annual appropriations for that year.
(2) The Secretary may enter into an agreement under this paragraph in connection with a lease entered into under subsection (c). Such an agreement—
(A) shall be for the purpose of compensating a developer for any costs resulting from the termination of the lease during the construction of the housing units that are to be occupied pursuant to the lease;
(B) may be for a period not in excess of three years; and
(C) shall include a provision that the obligation of the United States to make payments under the agreement in any fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations.
(e)
(1) Expenditures for the rental of family housing in foreign countries (including the costs of utilities, maintenance, and operation) may not exceed $20,000 per unit per year, except that 450 units may be leased in foreign countries for not more than $25,000 per unit per year. These maximum lease amounts may be waived by the Secretary concerned with respect to not more than a total of 350 such units that are leased for incumbents of special positions or for personnel assigned to Defense Attache Offices or that are leased in countries where excessive costs of housing would cause undue hardship on Department of Defense personnel.
(2) In addition to the 450 units of family housing referred to in paragraph (1) for which the maximum lease amount is $25,000 per unit per year, the Secretaries of the military departments may lease not more than 3,300 units of family housing in Italy, subject to that maximum lease amount.
(3) In addition to the 450 units of family housing referred to in paragraph (1) for which the maximum lease amount is $25,000 per unit per year, the Secretary of the Army may lease not more than 1,175 units of family housing in Korea subject to that maximum lease amount.
(4) In addition to the units of family housing referred to in paragraph (1) for which the maximum lease amount is $25,000 per unit per year, the Secretary of the Army may lease not more than 2,800 units of family housing in Korea subject to a maximum lease amount of $35,000 per unit per year.
(5) The Secretary concerned shall adjust the maximum lease amounts provided for under paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) for the previous fiscal year—
(A) for foreign currency fluctuations from October 1, 1987; and
(B) at the beginning of each fiscal year, by the percentage (if any) by which the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, during the preceding fiscal year exceeds such Consumer Price Index for the fiscal year before such preceding fiscal year.
(6) The maximum number of family housing units that may be leased in foreign countries under this section at any one time is 55,775.
(f) A lease for family housing facilities, or for real property related to family housing facilities, in a foreign country for which the average estimated annual rental during the term of the lease exceeds $1,000,000 may not be made under this section until
(1) the Secretary concerned provides to the appropriate committees of Congress written notification of the facts concerning the proposed lease, and
(2) a period of 21 days elapses after the notification is received by those committees or, if earlier, a period of 14 days has elapsed from the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.
(g) Appropriations available to the Department of Defense for maintenance or construction may be used for the acquisition of interests in land under this section.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 97–214, § 2(a),July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 161; amended Pub. L. 97–321, title VIII, § 805(b)(2),Oct. 15, 1982, 96 Stat. 1573; Pub. L. 98–115, title VIII, § 801,Oct. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 782; Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, § 806(a),Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1521; Pub. L. 99–167, title VIII, §§ 801(b), 803, 805,Dec. 3, 1985, 99 Stat. 985, 987, 988; Pub. L. 99–661, div. B, title VII, §§ 2702(d)–(g), 2713(b), 2714, Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 4040–4042; Pub. L. 100–26, § 7(j)(8),Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 283; Pub. L. 100–180, div. B, subdiv. 3, title I, §§ 2306(a), 2309, 2311,Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1216, 1217; Pub. L. 100–370, § 1(l)(2),July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 849; Pub. L. 100–456, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2802,Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2115; Pub. L. 101–189, div. B, title XXVIII, §§ 2802, 2805,Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1646, 1647; Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2806(b),Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1540; Pub. L. 103–35, title II, § 201(d)(7),May 31, 1993, 107 Stat. 99; Pub. L. 103–160, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2801,Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1883; Pub. L. 104–106, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2816,Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 105–85, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2803,Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1990; Pub. L. 105–261, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2802,Oct. 17, 1998, 112 Stat. 2202; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [div. B, title XXVIII, § 2804], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–414; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title X, § 1062(a)(15), div. B, title XXVIII, § 2801,Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2650, 2702; Pub. L. 108–136, div. B, title XXVIII, §§ 2803, 2804 (a),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1719; Pub. L. 109–163, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2802,Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3505; Pub. L. 109–364, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2804,Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2467; Pub. L. 110–181, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2806(a)–(c), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 540, 541; Pub. L. 110–417, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2802,Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4719; Pub. L. 111–383, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2803(d),Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4459.)
Historical and Revision Notes

1988 Act
Subsection (h) of this section and section 2673 of this title are based on Pub. L. 98–212, title VII, § 707,Dec. 8, 1983, 97 Stat. 1438.
Amendments

2011—Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 111–383inserted before period at end “or, if earlier, a period of 14 days has elapsed from the date on which a copy of the notification is provided in an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title”.
2008—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 110–181, § 2806(a)(1), substituted “paragraphs (3), (4), and (7)” for “paragraphs (3) and (4)”.
Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 110–181, § 2806(a)(2), substituted “paragraphs (2), (3), and (7)” for “paragraphs (2) and (3)”.
Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 110–181, § 2806(a)(3), added par. (7).
Subsec. (b)(7)(A). Pub. L. 110–417substituted “$35,000 per unit” for “$18,620 per unit”.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 110–181, § 2806(b), substituted “the Secretaries of the military departments may lease not more than 3,300 units of family housing in Italy” for “the Secretary of the Navy may lease not more than 2,800 units of family housing in Italy, and the Secretary of the Army may lease not more than 500 units of family housing in Italy”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 110–181, § 2806(c), substituted “$1,000,000” for “$500,000”.
2006—Subsec. (b)(4)(D). Pub. L. 109–364added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 109–163substituted “2,800” for “2,400”.
2003—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 108–136, § 2804(a), substituted “10 years, or 15 years in the case of leases in Korea,” for “ten years,”.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 108–136, § 2803, substituted “2,800” for “2,000”.
2002—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 107–314, § 1062(a)(15), inserted “time” after “from time to”.
Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 107–314, § 2801(a), substituted “1,175 units” for “800 units”.
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 107–314, § 2801(b)(2), added par. (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).
Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 107–314, § 2801(b)(1), (3), redesignated par. (4) as (5) and substituted “(3), and (4)” for “and (3)” in introductory provisions. Former par. (5) redesignated (6).
Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 107–314, § 2801(b)(1), (4), redesignated par. (5) as (6) and substituted “55,775” for “53,000”.
2000—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [div. B, title XXVIII, § 2804(c)(1)], inserted “, as adjusted from time to under paragraph (5)” after “per year”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [div. B, title XXVIII, § 2804(c)(2)], substituted “the maximum amount per unit per year in effect under paragraph (2) but does not exceed $14,000 per unit per year, as adjusted from time to time under paragraph (5)” for “$12,000 per unit per year but does not exceed $14,000 per unit per year”.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [div. B, title XXVIII, § 2804(a)], designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), struck out last sentence which read as follows: “The total amount for all leases under this paragraph may not exceed $280,000 per year, and no lease on any individual housing unit may exceed $60,000 per year.”, and added subpars. (B) and (C).
Subsec. (b)(5), (6). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [div. B, title XXVIII, § 2804(b)], added pars. (5) and (6) and struck out former par. (5) which read as follows: “At the beginning of each fiscal year, the Secretary concerned shall adjust the maximum lease amount provided for under paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) for the previous fiscal year by the percentage (if any) by which the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, during the preceding fiscal year exceeds such Consumer Price Index for the fiscal year before such preceding fiscal year.”
1998—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 105–261, § 2802(a)(1), inserted “, and the Secretary of the Army may lease not more than 500 units of family housing in Italy,” after “family housing in Italy”.
Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 105–261, § 2802(a)(3), added par. (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (4).
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 105–261, § 2802(b), substituted “, (2), and (3)” for “and (2)”.
Pub. L. 105–261, § 2802(a)(2), redesignated par. (3) as (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).
Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 105–261, § 2802(a)(2), redesignated par. (4) as (5).
1997—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105–85, § 2803(a)(1), substituted “paragraphs (3) and (4)” for “paragraph (3)”.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 105–85, § 2803(a)(3), added par. (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).
Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 105–85, § 2803(b), substituted “paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)” for “paragraphs (2) and (3)”.
Pub. L. 105–85, § 2803(a)(2), redesignated par. (4) as (5).
1996—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 104–106, § 2816(1), substituted “450 units” for “300 units” in first sentence and “350 such units” for “220 such units” in second sentence.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 104–106, § 2816(2), substituted “450 units” for “300 units”.
1993—Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 103–35substituted “per year” for “per annum” in par. (2) and in two places in par. (3).
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 103–160, § 2801(a), added par. (4).
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 103–160, § 2801(b)(1), (2), substituted “, except that 300 units may be leased in foreign countries for not more than $25,000 per unit per year” for “as adjusted for foreign currency fluctuation from October 1, 1987” in first sentence and “These maximum lease amounts” for “That maximum lease amount” in second sentence.
Pub. L. 103–35substituted “per year” for “per annum”.
Subsec. (e)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 103–160, § 2801(b)(3), (4), added pars. (2) and (3) and redesignated former par. (2) as (4).
1991—Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 102–190redesignated subsec. (h) as (g) and struck out former subsec. (g) which authorized contracts for lease of family housing units on or near military installations at which there is a validated deficit in family housing. See section 2835 of this title.
1989—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 101–189, § 2802(1), substituted “$12,000” for “$10,000”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 101–189, § 2802(2), substituted “Not” for “(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), not”, “$12,000” for “$10,000”, and “$14,000” for “$12,000” and struck out subpar. (B) which read as follows: “During fiscal years 1986 and 1987, the number of housing units that may be leased pursuant to the provisions of subparagraph (A) may be increased by 500 units for each such fiscal year. The Secretary concerned shall provide written notification to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives concerning the location, purpose, and cost of the additional units permitted by this subparagraph. Such notification shall be made periodically as the leases are entered into.”
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 101–189, § 2802(3), inserted “as adjusted for foreign currency fluctuation from October 1, 1987” after “$20,000 per unit per annum”.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 101–189, § 2802(4), substituted “53,000” for “38,000”.
Subsec. (g)(7). Pub. L. 101–189, § 2805(1), added par. (7) and struck out former par. (7) which provided that this subsection could only be implemented by a pilot program, and that in carrying out such program, the Secretary of each military department or the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard, could not enter into more than two contracts under this subsection, and any such contract could not be for more than 300 family housing units.
Subsec. (g)(8). Pub. L. 101–189, § 2805, redesignated par. (9) as (8), substituted “1991” for “1989”, and struck out former par. (8) which authorized the Secretaries of the military departments and the Secretary of Transportation to enter into contracts for family housing units in addition to those authorized in par. (7).
Subsec. (g)(9), (10). Pub. L. 101–189, § 2805(2), redesignated par. (10) as (9). Former par. (9) redesignated (8).
1988—Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 100–456substituted “38,000” for “36,000”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 100–370added subsec. (h).
1987—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–26substituted “armed forces” for “Armed Forces”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2309(b)(1), inserted “per unit per annum” after “$10,000”.
Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2309(b)(2), substituted “$10,000 per unit per annum but does not exceed $12,000 per unit per annum” for “$10,000 but does not exceed $12,000”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–26substituted “armed forces” for “Armed Forces”.
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2309(a)(1), substituted “$20,000 per unit per annum” for “$16,800”.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2309(a)(2), substituted “36,000” for “32,000”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2311, substituted “$500,000” for “$250,000”.
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2306(a)(1), inserted “, or the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard,” after “military department” and “or rehabilitated to residential use” after “constructed”.
Subsec. (g)(7)(A). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2306(a)(2), inserted “, or the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard,” after “military department”.
Subsec. (g)(8)(C). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2306(a)(3), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (g)(9). Pub. L. 100–180, § 2306(a)(4), substituted “1989” for “1988”.
1986—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2702(d)(1), substituted “$10,000” for “the amount specified by law as the maximum annual domestic family housing unit lease amount”.
Subsec. (b)(3)(A). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2702(d)(2), substituted “$10,000 but does not exceed $12,000” for “the maximum annual domestic family housing unit lease amount but does not exceed 120 percent of that amount”.
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2714, substituted “220” for “200”.
Pub. L. 99–661, § 2702(e), substituted “$16,800” for “the amount specified by law as the maximum annual foreign family housing unit lease amount”.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2702(f), substituted “is 32,000” for “shall be specified by law”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2702(g), substituted “$250,000” for “the amount specified by law for such purpose”.
Subsec. (g)(8)(B). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2713(b)(1), substituted “1,600” for “600”.
Subsec. (g)(9). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2713(b)(2), substituted “September 30, 1988” for “September 30, 1986”.
Subsec. (g)(10). Pub. L. 99–661, § 2713(b)(3), added par. (10).
1985—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 99–167, § 805, designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), substituted “Except as provided in subparagraph (B), not” for “Not”, and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99–167, § 803, designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Subsec. (g)(8). Pub. L. 99–167, § 801(b)(2), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (g)(9). Pub. L. 99–167, § 801(b)(1), substituted “September 30, 1986” for “October 1, 1985”.
1984—Subsec. (g)(8), (9). Pub. L. 98–407added par. (8) and redesignated former par. (8) as (9).
1983—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 98–115added subsec. (g).
1982—Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 97–321inserted “the” after “may be waived by” in second sentence.
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–190, div. B, title XXVIII, § 2806(c),Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1540, provided that: “Section 2835 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to contracts entered into under that section on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 5, 1991]. The amendment made by subsection (b)(1) [amending this section] shall not affect the validity of any contract entered into before that date under section 2828(g) of such title, as in effect on the day before that date.”
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–456effective Oct. 1, 1988, see section 2702 ofPub. L. 100–456, set out as a note under section 2391 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–407, title VIII, § 806(c),Aug. 28, 1984, 98 Stat. 1521, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and provisions set out as a note under section 2821 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 1984.”
Effective Date

For effective date and applicability of section, see section 12(a) ofPub. L. 97–214, set out as a note under section 2801 of this title.

 

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