10 U.S. Code § 451 - Maps, charts, and books

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The Secretary of Defense may—
(1) have the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency prepare maps, charts, and nautical books required in navigation and have those materials published and furnished to navigators; and
(2) buy the plates and copyrights of existing maps, charts, books on navigation, and sailing directions and instructions.


(Added Pub. L. 97–295, § 1(50)(C),Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1299, § 2792; renumbered § 451 and amended Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XI, § 1112(b),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2682; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX, § 921(d)(2)(A),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1568.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
2792 10:7392.

In the section, the words “Secretary of Defense” and “Defense Mapping Agency” are substituted for “Secretary of the Navy” and “United States Naval Oceanographic Office”, respectively, for consistency with 10:2791. The words “under such regulations as he prescribes” are omitted as unnecessary.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 451 was renumbered section 481 of this title.

2003—Par. (1). Pub. L. 108–136substituted “National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency” for “National Imagery and Mapping Agency”.
1996—Pub. L. 104–201renumbered section 2792 of this title as this section and substituted “National Imagery and Mapping Agency” for “Defense Mapping Agency” in par. (1).
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–201effective Oct. 1, 1996, see section 1124 ofPub. L. 104–201, set out as a note under section 193 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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