10 U.S. Code § 456 - Civil actions barred

(a) Claims Barred.— No civil action may be brought against the United States on the basis of the content of a navigational aid prepared or disseminated by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
(b) Navigational Aids Covered.— Subsection (a) applies with respect to a navigational aid in the form of a map, a chart, or a publication and any other form or medium of product or information in which the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency prepares or disseminates navigational aids.


(Added Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, § 1074(b),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2861, § 2798; renumbered § 456 and amended Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XI, § 1112(b),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2682; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX, § 921(d)(2)(A),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1568.)

2003—Pub. L. 108–136substituted “National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency” for “National Imagery and Mapping Agency” wherever appearing.
1996—Pub. L. 104–201renumbered section 2798 of this title as this section and substituted “National Imagery and Mapping Agency” for “Defense Mapping Agency” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–201effective Oct. 1, 1996, see section 1124 ofPub. L. 104–201, set out as a note under section 193 of this title.
Effective Date

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title X, § 1074(d),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2861, provided that: “Section 2798 [now 456] of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (b), shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 5, 1994] and shall apply with respect to (1) civil actions brought before such date that are pending adjudication on such date, and (2) civil actions brought on or after such date.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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