10 U.S. Code § 494 - Nuclear force reductions

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(a) Implementation of New START Treaty.—
(1) Sense of congress.— It is the Sense of Congress that—
(A) the United States is committed to maintaining a safe, secure, reliable, and credible nuclear deterrent;
(B) the United States should undertake and support an enduring stockpile stewardship program and maintain and modernize nuclear weapons production capabilities and capacities to ensure the safety, security, reliability, and credibility of the United States nuclear deterrent and to meet requirements for hedging against possible international developments or technical problems;
(C) the United States should maintain nuclear weapons laboratories and plants and preserve the intellectual infrastructure, including competencies and skill sets; and
(D) the United States should provide the necessary resources to achieve these goals, using as a starting point the levels set forth in the President’s 10-year plan provided to Congress pursuant to section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 123 Stat. 2549).
(2) Insufficient funding.—
(A) Report.— During each year in which the New START Treaty is in force, if the President determines that an appropriations Act is enacted that fails to meet the resource levels set forth in the November 2010 update to the plan referred to in section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 123 Stat. 2549) or if at any time determines that more resources are required to carry out such plan than were estimated, the President shall transmit to the appropriate congressional committees, within 60 days of making such a determination, a report detailing—
(i) a plan to address the resource shortfall;
(ii) if more resources are required to carry out the plan than were estimated—
(I) the proposed level of funding required; and
(II) an identification of the stockpile work, campaign, facility, site, asset, program, operation, activity, construction, or project for which additional funds are required;
(iii) any effects caused by the shortfall on the safety, security, reliability, or credibility of the nuclear forces of the United States;
(iv) whether and why, in light of the shortfall, remaining a party to the New START Treaty is still in the national interest of the United States; and
(v) a detailed explanation of why the modernization timelines established in the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review are no longer applicable.
(B) Prior notification.— If the President transmits a report under subparagraph (A), the President shall notify the appropriate congressional committees of any determination by the President to reduce the number of deployed nuclear warheads of the United States by not later than 60 days before taking any action to carry out such reduction.
(C) Exception.— The limitation in subparagraph (B) shall not apply to—
(i) reductions made to ensure the safety, security, reliability, and credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile and strategic delivery systems, including activities related to surveillance, assessment, certification, testing, and maintenance of nuclear warheads and strategic delivery systems; or
(ii) nuclear warheads that are retired or awaiting dismantlement on the date of the report under subparagraph (A).
(D) Definitions.— In this paragraph:
(i) The term “appropriate congressional committees” means—
(I) the congressional defense committees; and
(II) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
(ii) The term “New START Treaty” means the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 2010, and entered into force on February 5, 2011.
(b) Annual Report on the Nuclear Weapons Stockpile of the United States.—
(1) Sense of congress.— It is the sense of Congress that—
(A) sustained investments in the nuclear weapons stockpile and the nuclear security complex are needed to ensure a safe, secure, reliable, and credible nuclear deterrent; and
(B) such investments could enable additional future reductions in the hedge stockpile.
(2) Report required.— Not later than March 1, 2012, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the nuclear weapons stockpile of the United States that includes the following:
(A) An accounting of the weapons in the stockpile as of the end of the fiscal year preceding the submission of the report that includes all weapons in the active and inactive stockpiles, both deployed and non-deployed, and all categories and readiness states of such weapons.
(B) The planned force levels for each category of nuclear weapon over the course of the future-years defense program submitted to Congress under section 221 of title 10 for the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which the report is submitted.
(c) Net Assessment of Nuclear Force Levels Required With Respect to Certain Proposals To Reduce the Nuclear Weapons Stockpile of the United States.—
(1) In general.— If, during any year beginning after December 31, 2011, the President makes a proposal described in paragraph (2)—
(A) the Commander of United States Strategic Command shall conduct a net assessment of the current and proposed nuclear forces of the United States and of other countries that possess nuclear weapons to determine whether the nuclear forces of the United States are anticipated to be capable of meeting the objectives of the United States with respect to nuclear deterrence, extended deterrence, assurance of allies, and defense;
(B) the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives the assessment described in subparagraph (A), unchanged, together with the explanatory views of the Secretary, as the Secretary deems appropriate; and
(C) the Administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report describing the current capacities of the United States nuclear weapons infrastructure to respond to a strategic development or technical problem in the United States nuclear weapons stockpile.
(2) Proposal described.—
(A) In general.— Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a proposal described in this paragraph is a proposal to reduce the number of nuclear weapons in the active or inactive stockpiles of the United States to a level that is lower than the level on December 31, 2011.
(B) Exceptions.— A proposal described in this paragraph does not include—
(i) reductions that are a direct result of activities associated with routine stockpile stewardship, including stockpile surveillance, logistics, or maintenance; or
(ii) nuclear weapons retired or awaiting dismantlement on December 31, 2011.
(3) Termination.— The requirement in paragraph (1) shall terminate on December 31, 2017.
(d) Prevention of Asymmetry in Reductions.—
(1) Certification.— During any year in which the President recommends to reduce the number of nuclear weapons in the active and inactive stockpiles of the United States by a number that is greater than a de minimis reduction, the President shall certify in writing to the congressional defense committees whether such reductions will cause the number of nuclear weapons in such stockpiles to be fewer than the high-confidence assessment of the intelligence community (as defined in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401a (4))) with respect to the number of nuclear weapons in the active and inactive stockpiles of the Russian Federation.
(2) Notification.— If the President certifies under paragraph (1) that the recommended number of nuclear weapons in the active and inactive stockpiles of the United States is fewer than the high-confidence assessment of the intelligence community with respect to the number of nuclear weapons in the active and inactive stockpiles of the Russian Federation, the President shall transmit to the congressional defense committees a report by the Commander of the United States Strategic Command, without change, detailing whether the recommended reduction would create a strategic imbalance or degrade deterrence and extended deterrence between the total number of nuclear weapons of the United States and the total number of nuclear weapons of the Russian Federation. The President shall transmit such report by not later than 60 days before the date on which the President carries out any such recommended reductions.
(3) Exception.— The notification in paragraph (2) shall not apply to—
(A) reductions made to ensure the safety, security, reliability, and credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile and strategic delivery systems, including activities related to surveillance, assessment, certification, testing, and maintenance of nuclear warheads and strategic delivery systems; or
(B) nuclear warheads that are retired or awaiting dismantlement on the date of the certification under paragraph (1).
(4) Additional views.— On the date on which the President transmits to the congressional defense committees a report by the Commander of the United States Strategic Command under paragraph (2), the President may transmit to such committees a report by the President with respect to whether the recommended reductions covered by the report of the Commander will impact the deterrence or extended deterrence capabilities of the United States.

Source

(Added and amended Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, §§ 1033(b)(1), (2)(B), 1034,Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1920–1922; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, § 1091(a)(7),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 875.)
References in Text

Section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(D), (2)(A), is section 1251 ofPub. L. 111–84, which is set out as a note under section 2523 of Title 50, War and National Defense.
Codification

The text of this section is based on Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title X, § 1045,Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1577; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1076(a)(19),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1949. Section 1045 ofPub. L. 112–81, formerly classified to section 2523b of Title 50, War and National Defense, was transferred to this section by Pub. L. 112–239, § 1033(b)(1)(A)–(C).
Amendments

2013—Pub. L. 112–239, § 1033(b)(2)(B), made technical amendments to conform section enumerator and catchline to the style of this title. See Codification note above.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 112–239, § 1033(b)(1)(D), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) related to a Presidential report to Congress regarding resource shortfalls.
Subsec. (c)(1), (2)(A), (B)(ii). Pub. L. 113–66substituted “December 31, 2011” for “the date of the enactment of this Act”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–239, § 1034, added subsec. (d).
Effective date of 2013 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1033(b)(4),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1922, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1)(D) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2012.”
Implementation of New START Treaty

Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, § 1056(a)(2), (3), (f),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 862–864, provided that:
“(a) Implementation.—
“(2) Consolidated budget display.—The Secretary [of Defense] shall include with the defense budget materials for each fiscal year specified in paragraph (3) a consolidated budget justification display that individually covers each program and activity associated with the implementation of the New START Treaty for the period covered by the future-years defense program submitted under section 221 of title 10, United States Code, at or about the time as such defense budget materials are submitted.
“(3) Fiscal year specified.—A fiscal year specified in this paragraph is each fiscal year that occurs during the period beginning with fiscal year 2015 and ending on the date on which the New START Treaty is no longer in force.
“(f) Definitions.—In this section:
“(1) The term ‘defense budget materials’ has the meaning given that term in section 231 (f) of title 10, United States Code.
“(2) The term ‘New START Treaty’ means the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 2010, and entered into force on February 5, 2011.”
“Congressional Defense Committees” Defined

Congressional defense committees has the meaning given that term in section 101 (a)(16) of this title, see section 3 ofPub. L. 112–81, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1316. See also note under section 101 of this title.
Delegation of Reporting Functions Specified in Section 1045 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, and Condition 9 of the Resolution of Advice and Consent to Ratification of the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on the Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (the “New START Treaty”)

Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 16, 2012, 77 F.R. 16649, provided:
Memorandum for the Secretary of State[,] the Secretary of Defense[, and] the Secretary of Energy
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate to the Secretaries of Defense and Energy the reporting functions conferred upon the President by section 1045 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112–81), and by section (a)(9)(B) of the Resolution of Advice and Consent to Ratification of the New START Treaty. Subsection (a)(9)(B)(iv) of the Resolution shall be fulfilled in coordination with the Secretary of State.
The Secretary of Defense is authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.
Barack Obama.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 494nt new2013113-66 [Sec.] 1056(a)(2), (3), (f)127 Stat. 862-864
§ 4942013113-66 [Sec.] 1091(a)(7)127 Stat. 875
§ 4942012112-239 [Sec.] 1034126 Stat. 1922
§ 494nt new2012112-239 [Sec.] 1033(b)(4)126 Stat. 1922
§ 4942012112-239 [Sec.] 1033(b)(2)(B)126 Stat. 1921
§ 4942012112-239 [Sec.] 1033(b)(1)(D)126 Stat. 1920
§ 494tr fr 50/2523b2012112-239 [Sec.] 1033(b)(1)(A)-(C)126 Stat. 1920

 

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