10 U.S. Code § 495 - Strategic delivery systems
(a) Annual Certification.— Beginning in fiscal year 2013, the President shall annually certify in writing to the congressional defense committees whether plans to modernize or replace strategic delivery systems are fully funded at levels equal to or more than the levels set forth in the November 2010 update to the plan referred to in section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111–84; 123 Stat. 2549), including plans regarding—
(5) maintaining the nuclear command and control system (as first reported under section 1043 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112–81; 125 Stat. 1576)).
(b) Additional Report Matters Following Certain Certifications.— If in any year before fiscal year 2020 the President certifies under subsection (a) that plans to modernize or replace strategic delivery systems are not fully funded, the President shall include in the next annual report transmitted to Congress under section 1043 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 the following:
(1) A determination of whether or not the lack of full funding will result in a loss of military capability when compared with the November 2010 update to the plan referred to in section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010.
(2) If the determination under paragraph (1) is that the lack of full funding will result in a loss of military capability—
(3) A certification by the President of whether or not the President is committed to accomplishing the modernization and replacement of strategic delivery systems and will meet the obligations concerning nuclear modernization as set forth in declaration 12 of the Resolution of Advice and Consent to Ratification of the New START Treaty.
(c) Prior Notification.— Not later than 60 days before the date on which the President carries out any reduction to the number of strategic delivery systems, the President shall—
(1) make the certification under subsection (a) for the fiscal year for which the reductions are proposed to be carried out;
(2) transmit the additional report matters under subsection (b) for such fiscal year, if such additional report matters are so required; and
(d) Treatment of Certain Reductions.— Any certification under subsection (a) shall not take into account the following:
(1) Reductions made to ensure the safety, security, reliability, and credibility of the nuclear weapons stockpile and strategic delivery systems, including activities related to surveillance, assessment, certification, testing, and maintenance of nuclear warheads and delivery systems.
(e) Definitions.— In this section:
(1) The term “New START Treaty” means the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed on April 8, 2010, and entered into force on February 5, 2011.
Source(Added Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1035(a),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1923; amended Pub. L. 112–240, title VIII, § 801(a),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2369.)
References in Text
Section 1251 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b)(1), is section 1251 ofPub. L. 111–84, which is set out as a note under section 2523 of Title 50, War and National Defense.
Section 1043 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, referred to in subsecs. (a)(5) and (b), is section 1043 of title X of div. A of Pub. L. 112–81, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1576, which is not classified to the Code.
2013—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 112–240substituted “whether the Russian Federation” for “that the Russian Federation” and inserted “strategic” before “arms control obligations”.
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment
Pub. L. 112–240, title VIII, § 801(b),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2369, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 [Pub. L. 112–239].”
Retention of Capability to Redeploy Multiple Independently Targetable Reentry Vehicles
“(a) Deployment Capability.—The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the Air Force is capable of—
“(1) deploying multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles to Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles; and
“(2) commencing such deployment not later than 180 days after the date on which the President determines such deployment necessary.
“(b) Warhead Capability.—The Nuclear Weapons Council established by section 179 of title 10, United States Code, shall ensure that—
“(1) the nuclear weapons stockpile contains a sufficient number of nuclear warheads that are capable of being deployed as multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles with respect to Minuteman III intercontinental ballistic missiles; and
“(2) such deployment is capable of being commenced not later than 180 days after the date on which the President determines such deployment necessary.”
Senses of Congress on Ensuring the Modernization of the Nuclear Forces of the United States
Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, § 1062(a),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 866, provided that: “It is the policy of the United States to—
“(1) modernize or replace the triad of strategic nuclear delivery systems;
“(2) proceed with a robust stockpile stewardship program;
“(3) maintain and modernize the nuclear weapons production capabilities that will ensure the safety, security, reliability, and performance of the nuclear forces of the United States at the levels required by the New START Treaty; and
“(4) underpin deterrence by meeting the requirements for hedging against possible international developments or technical problems, in accordance with the policies of the United States.”
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