10 U.S. Code § 5149 - Office of the Judge Advocate General: Deputy Judge Advocate General; Assistant Judge Advocates General

(a)
(1) There is a Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among judge advocates of the Navy and Marine Corps who have the qualifications prescribed for the Judge Advocate General. If an officer appointed as the Deputy Judge Advocate General holds a lower regular grade, the officer shall be appointed in the regular grade of rear admiral or major general, as appropriate.
(2) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Navy, in selecting an officer for recommendation to the President for appointment as the Deputy Judge Advocate General, shall ensure that the officer selected is recommended by a board of officers that, insofar as practicable, is subject to the procedures applicable to selection boards convened under chapter 36 of this title.
(b) An officer of the Judge Advocate General’s Corps who has the qualifications prescribed for the Judge Advocate General in section 5148 (b) of this title may be detailed as Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy. While so serving, a judge advocate who holds a grade lower than rear admiral (lower half) shall hold the grade of rear admiral (lower half), if he is appointed to that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. An officer who is retired while serving as Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy under this subsection or who, after serving at least twelve months as Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy, is retired after completion of that service while serving in a lower rank or grade, may, in the discretion of the President, be retired with the rank and grade of rear admiral (lower half). If he is retired as a rear admiral (lower half), he is entitled to the retired pay of that grade, unless entitled to higher pay under another provision of law.
(c) A judge advocate of the Marine Corps who has the qualifications prescribed for the Judge Advocate General in section 5148 (b) of this title may be detailed as Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy. While so serving, a judge advocate who holds a grade lower than brigadier general shall hold the grade of brigadier general, if he is appointed to that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. An officer who is retired while serving as Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy under this subsection or who, after serving at least twelve months as Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy, is retired after completion of that service while serving in a lower rank or grade, may, in the discretion of the President, be retired with the rank and grade of brigadier general. If he is retired as a brigadier general, he is entitled to the retired pay of that grade, unless entitled to higher pay under another provision of law.
(d) When there is a vacancy in the Office of the Judge Advocate General, or during the absence or disability of the Judge Advocate General, the Deputy Judge Advocate General shall perform the duties of the Judge Advocate General until a successor is appointed or the absence or disability ceases.
(e) When subsection (d) cannot be complied with because of the absence or disability of the Deputy Judge Advocate General, the Assistant Judge Advocates General, in the order directed by the Secretary of the Navy, shall perform the duties of the Judge Advocate General.

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 290; Pub. L. 85–861, § 33(a)(28),Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1566; Pub. L. 87–649, § 14c(21),Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 501; Pub. L. 89–718, § 36,Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1120; Pub. L. 90–179, § 2(2),Dec. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 546; Pub. L. 90–623, § 2(9),Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1314; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 503(13),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2912; Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, § 405(b)(1),Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 514(b)(1),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 628; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, § 508(b),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3867; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title V, § 504(b)(2),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2751.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
5149(a) 5 U.S.C. 444 (less last 19 words). Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 417 (3d par., 96th through 121st word), 39 Stat. 558.
5 U.S.C. 453 (as applicable to Asst. JAG). Mar. 4, 1925, ch. 536, § 15 (as applicable to Asst. JAG), 43 Stat. 1275.
5149(b) 5 U.S.C. 444 (last 19 words). Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 417 (3d par., 122d word to end of par.), 39 Stat. 558.
5149(c) 5 U.S.C. 432a (as applicable to JAG). Feb. 3, 1942, ch. 35, § 1 (as applicable to JAG), 56 Stat. 47.

Changes in phraseology are made to conform to the language used in § 5135 of this title.
Amendments

1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–337designated existing provisions as par. (1), added second sentence, struck out former second and third sentences which read as follows: “While so serving he is entitled to the grade of rear admiral or major general, as appropriate, unless entitled to a higher grade under another provision of law. The Deputy Judge Advocate General is entitled to the same privileges of retirement as provided for chiefs of bureaus in section 5133 of this title.”, and added par. (2).
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–661, § 508(b)(1), substituted “There is a Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy who is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, from among judge advocates of the Navy and Marine Corps who have the qualifications prescribed for the Judge Advocate General” for “A judge advocate of the Navy or Marine Corps who has the qualifications prescribed for the Judge Advocate General in section 5148 (b) of this title shall be detailed as Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy”, and struck out “rank and” before “grade of” and struck out “rank or” before “grade under” in second sentence.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–661, § 508(b)(2), substituted “While so serving, a judge advocate who holds a grade lower than rear admiral (lower half) shall hold the grade of rear admiral (lower half), if he is appointed to that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate” for “While so serving he is entitled to the rank and grade of rear admiral (lower half), unless entitled to a higher rank or grade under another provision of law”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–661, § 508(b)(3), substituted “While so serving, a judge advocate who holds a grade lower than brigadier general shall hold the grade of brigadier general, if he is appointed to that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate” for “While so serving he is entitled to the rank and grade of brigadier general, unless entitled to a higher rank or grade under another provision of law”.
1985—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–145substituted “rear admiral (lower half)” for “commodore” in three places.
1981—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–86substituted “commodore” for “commodore admiral” in three places.
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–513, § 503(13)(A), struck out “(upper half)” after “entitled to the rank and grade of rear admiral”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–513, § 503(13)(B), (C), substituted “rank and grade of commodore admiral” for “rank and grade of rear admiral (lower half)” in two places, “retired as a commodore admiral” for “retired as a rear admiral”, and “retired pay of that grade” for “retired pay in the lower half of that grade”.
1968—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–623substituted “5148(b)” for “4158(b)”.
1967—Pub. L. 90–179inserted reference to Deputy Judge Advocate General and substituted “Advocates General” for “Advocate General; succession to duties” after “Assistant Judge” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–179substituted provisions relating to the detailing of a judge advocate of the Navy or Marine Corps as Deputy Judge Advocate General of the Navy, his rank while so serving and retirement privileges for provisions relating to the detailing of an officer of the Navy or Marine Corps as Assistant Judge Advocate General.
Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 90–179added subsecs. (b) and (c), redesignated former subsecs. (b) and (c) as (d) and (e), respectively, and in subsec. (d), as so redesignated, substituted “Deputy Judge Advocate General” for “Assistant Judge Advocate General, unless otherwise directed by the President,”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 90–179redesignated former subsec. (c) as (e) and in subsec. (e), as so redesignated, substituted provisions relating to the performance of the duties of the Judge Advocate General by the Assistant Judge Advocates General in the event of the absence or disability of the Deputy Judge Advocate General for provisions relating to the performance of such duties by the heads of the major divisions of the Office of the Judge Advocate General in the event of the absence or disability of the Assistant Judge Advocate General.
1966—Pub. L. 89–718struck out “pay,” before “succession” in section catchline.
1962—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–649repealed last sentence which provided that a person detailed as Assistant Judge Advocate General is entitled to the highest pay of his rank. See section 202 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.
1958—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 85–861substituted “office” for “Office”.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–661applicable with respect to appointments or details made on or after Nov. 14, 1986, see section 508(f) ofPub. L. 99–661, set out as an Effective Date note under section 12210 of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–86effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 405(f) ofPub. L. 97–86, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–513effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 701 ofPub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–649effective Nov. 1, 1962, see section 15 ofPub. L. 87–649, set out as an Effective Date note preceding section 101 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.
Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 85–861effective Aug. 10, 1956, see section 33(g) ofPub. L. 85–861, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Delegation of Functions

Functions of President under this section delegated to Secretary of Defense, see section 1(8) of Ex. Ord. No. 11390, Jan. 22, 1968, 33 F.R. 841, set out as a note under section 301 of Title 3, The President.
Officer Serving as Deputy and Assistant Judge Advocate of the Navy on Dec. 7, 1967; Rank; Retirement Benefits

Pub. L. 90–179, § 9,Dec. 8, 1967, 81 Stat. 549, provided that: “Nothing in this Act [enacting sections 5578a and 5587a of this title, amending this section, sections 801, 806, 815, 827, 865, 936, 5148, 5404, 5508, 5581, 5587, 5600, 5652a, 5702, 5708, 5753, 5762, 5896, 5897, and 6378 of this title, and section 202 of Title 37, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 5184 of this title] shall operate to terminate or reduce the term of an officer who was serving as Deputy and Assistant Judge Advocate General of the Navy on the day before the effective date of this Act [Dec. 8, 1967] or to deprive to him of the rank, pay, allowances, or retirement privileges to which he was then entitled. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an officer who was so serving on the day before the effective date of this Act shall be deemed to be detailed as Deputy Judge Advocate General, pursuant to section 5149 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by this Act [this section], and in addition to rights and benefits then accrued, to be entitled to the rank and retirement benefits authorized by that section. For the purposes of determining his eligibility for the retirement benefits authorized by section 5149 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by this Act [this section], an officer who is serving as Deputy Judge Advocate General on the effective date of this Act shall be credited with all service performed under appointment or detail as Deputy and Assistant Judge Advocate General before the effective date of this Act.”

 

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