10 U.S. Code § 523 - Authorized strengths: commissioned officers on active duty in grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel and Navy grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain

(a)
(1) Except as provided in subsection (c), of the total number of commissioned officers serving on active duty in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps at the end of any fiscal year (excluding officers in categories specified in subsection (b)), the number of officers who may be serving on active duty in each of the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel may not, as of the end of such fiscal year, exceed a number determined in accordance with the following table:

 
Total number of commissioned officers (excluding officers in categories specified in subsection (b)) on active duty: Number of officers who may be serving on active duty in grade of: Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel
Army:
20,000 7,768 5,253 1,613
25,000 8,689 5,642 1,796
30,000 9,611 6,030 1,980
35,000 10,532 6,419 2,163
40,000 11,454 6,807 2,347
45,000 12,375 7,196 2,530
50,000 13,297 7,584 2,713
55,000 14,218 7,973 2,897
60,000 15,140 8,361 3,080
65,000 16,061 8,750 3,264
70,000 16,983 9,138 3,447
75,000 17,903 9,527 3,631
80,000 18,825 9,915 3,814
85,000 19,746 10,304 3,997
90,000 20,668 10,692 4,181
95,000 21,589 11,081 4,364
100,000 22,511 11,469 4,548
110,000 24,354 12,246 4,915
120,000 26,197 13,023 5,281
130,000 28,040 13,800 5,648
170,000 35,412 16,908 7,116
Air Force:
35,000 9,216 7,090 2,125
40,000 10,025 7,478 2,306
45,000 10,835 7,866 2,487
50,000 11,645 8,253 2,668
55,000 12,454 8,641 2,849
60,000 13,264 9,029 3,030
65,000 14,073 9,417 3,211
70,000 14,883 9,805 3,392
75,000 15,693 10,193 3,573
80,000 16,502 10,582 3,754
85,000 17,312 10,971 3,935
90,000 18,121 11,360 4,115
95,000 18,931 11,749 4,296
100,000 19,741 12,138 4,477
105,000 20,550 12,527 4,658
110,000 21,360 12,915 4,838
115,000 22,169 13,304 5,019
120,000 22,979 13,692 5,200
125,000 23,789 14,081 5,381
Marine Corps:
10,000 2,802 1,615 633
12,500 3,247 1,768 658
15,000 3,691 1,922 684
17,500 4,135 2,076 710
20,000 4,579 2,230 736
22,500 5,024 2,383 762
25,000 5,468 2,537 787.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (c), of the total number of commissioned officers serving on active duty in the Navy at the end of any fiscal year (excluding officers in categories specified in subsection (b)), the number of officers who may be serving on active duty in each of the grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain may not, as of the end of such fiscal year, exceed a number determined in accordance with the following table:

 
Total number of commissioned officers (excluding officers in categories specified in subsection (b)) on active duty: Number of officers who may be serving on active duty in grade of: Lieutenant Commander Commander Captain
Navy:
30,000 7,698 5,269 2,222
33,000 8,189 5,501 2,334
36,000 8,680 5,733 2,447
39,000 9,172 5,965 2,559
42,000 9,663 6,197 2,671
45,000 10,155 6,429 2,784
48,000 10,646 6,660 2,896
51,000 11,136 6,889 3,007
54,000 11,628 7,121 3,120
57,000 12,118 7,352 3,232
60,000 12,609 7,583 3,344
63,000 13,100 7,813 3,457
66,000 13,591 8,044 3,568
70,000 14,245 8,352 3,718
90,000 17,517 9,890 4,467.

(3) If the total number of commissioned officers serving on active duty in an armed force (excluding officers in categories specified in subsection (b)) is between any two consecutive figures listed in the first column of the appropriate table in paragraph (1) or (2), the corresponding authorized strengths for each of the grades shown in that table for that armed force are determined by mathematical interpolation between the respective numbers of the two strengths. If the total number of commissioned officers serving on active duty in an armed force (excluding officers in categories specified in subsection (b)) is greater or less than the figures listed in the first column of the appropriate table in paragraph (1) or (2), the Secretary concerned shall fix the corresponding strengths for the grades shown in that table in the same proportion as reflected in the nearest limit shown in the table.
(b) Officers in the following categories shall be excluded in computing and determining authorized strengths under this section:
(1) Reserve officers—
(A) on active duty as authorized under section 115 (a)(1)(B) or 115 (b)(1) of this title, or excluded from counting for active duty end strengths under section 115 (i) of this title;
(B) on active duty under section 10211, 10302 through 10305, or 12402 of this title or under section 708 of title 32; or
(C) on full-time National Guard duty.
(2) General and flag officers.
(3) Medical officers.
(4) Dental officers.
(5) Warrant officers.
(6) Retired officers on active duty under a call or order to active duty for 180 days or less.
(7) Retired officers on active duty under section 10(b)(2) of the Military Selective Service Act (50 App. U.S.C. 460 (b)(2)) for the administration of the Selective Service System.
(8) Permanent professors of the United States Military Academy and the United States Air Force Academy and professors of the United States Naval Academy who are career military professors (as defined in regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy), but not to exceed 50 from any such academy.
(c) Whenever the number of officers serving in any grade is less than the number authorized for that grade under this section, the difference between the two numbers may be applied to increase the number authorized under this section for any lower grade.
(d) An officer may not be reduced in grade, or have his pay or allowances reduced, because of a reduction in the number of commissioned officers authorized for his grade under this section.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 96–513, title I, § 103,Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2842; amended Pub. L. 98–525, title IV, § 414(a)(3),Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2518; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 511(a),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 623; Pub. L. 99–433, title V, § 531(a)(1),Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1063; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title IV, § 431,Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1354; Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XVI, § 1673(c)(3),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 3014; Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IV, § 403(a), (b),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2504, 2505; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title IV, § 406,Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2526; Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title IV, §§ 404, 416(g),Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1864, 1868; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, § 1071(g)(1)(B),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2402; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title IV, §§ 404, 405,Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 88; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, § 501,Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1386.)
Amendments

2011—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–81, in table, increased number of officers authorized to serve on active duty in the Marine Corps in each grade covered as follows: Major to 2,802, 3,247, 3,691, 4,135, 4,579, 5,024, and 5,468 from 2,525, 2,900, 3,275, 3,650, 4,025, 4,400, and 4,775, respectively; Lieutenant Colonel to 1,615, 1,768, 1,922, 2,076, 2,230, 2,383, and 2,537 from 1,480, 1,600, 1,720, 1,840, 1,960, 2,080, and 2,200, respectively; and Colonel to 633, 658, 684, 710, 736, 762, and 787 from 571, 632, 653, 673, 694, 715, and 735, respectively.
2008—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 110–181, § 404, in table, increased number of officers authorized to serve on active duty in the Army in the grade of Major to 7,768, 8,689, 9,611, 10,532, 11,454, 12,375, 13,297, 14,218, 15,140, 16,061, 16,983, 17,903, 18,825, 19,746, 20,668, 21,589, 22,511, 24,354, 26,197, 28,040, and 35,412 from 6,948, 7,539, 8,231, 8,922, 9,614, 10,305, 10,997, 11,688, 12,380, 13,071, 13,763, 14,454, 15,146, 15,837, 16,529, 17,220, 17,912, 19,295, 20,678, 22,061, and 27,593, respectively.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 110–181, § 405, amended table generally, extensively revising the numbers in each grade covered.
2006—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 109–364made technical correction to directory language of Pub. L. 108–375, § 416(g)(1). See 2004 Amendment note below.
2004—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 108–375, § 416(g)(1), as amended by Pub. L. 109–364, amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows:
“(1) Reserve officers—
“(A) on active duty for training;
“(B) on active duty under section 10211, 10302 through 10305, or 12402 of this title or under section 708 of title 32;
“(C) on active duty under section 12301 (d) of this title in connection with organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the reserve components;
“(D) on active duty to pursue special work;
“(E) ordered to active duty under section 12304 of this title; or
“(F) on full-time National Guard duty.”
Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 108–375, § 416(g)(2), substituted “Retired officers” for “Reserve or retired officers”.
Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 108–375, § 404, added par. (8).
2002—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–314, in table, increased number of officers authorized to serve on active duty in the Marine Corps in the grade of Colonel to 571, 632, 653, 673, 694, 715, and 735 from 571, 592, 613, 633, 654, 675, and 695, respectively.
1996—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–201, § 403(a), amended table generally, expanding the range of numbers of commissioned officers covered and extensively revising the numbers in each grade covered.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 104–201, § 403(b), amended table generally, expanding the range of numbers of commissioned officers covered and extensively revising the numbers in each grade covered.
1994—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1671(c)(3)(A), substituted “10211, 10302 through 10305, or 12402” for “265, 3021, 3496, 5251, 5252, 8021, or 8496”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1671(c)(3)(B), substituted “12301(d)” for “672(d)”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(E). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1671(c)(3)(C), substituted “12304” for “673b”.
1991—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–190, in table, decreased numbers of officers authorized to serve on active duty in the Air Force in the grade of Colonel to 3,392, 3,573, 3,754, 3,935, 4,115, 4,296, 4,477, 4,658, 4,838, 5,019, 5,200, and 5,381 from 3,642, 3,823, 4,004, 4,185, 4,365, 4,546, 4,727, 4,908, 5,088, 5,269, 5,450, and 5,631, respectively.
1986—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 99–433substituted “3021” and “8021” for “3033” and “8033”, respectively.
1985—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 99–145increased fiscal year limitation on authorized number of Marine Corps majors to 2,766, 3,085, 3,404, 3,723, and 4,042 from 2,717, 2,936, 3,154, 3,373, and 3,591, respectively.
1984—Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 98–525, § 414(a)(3)(A), struck out “or section 502 or 503 of title 32” after “section 672 (d) of this title”.
Subsec. (b)(1)(F). Pub. L. 98–525, § 414(a)(3)(B)–(D), added subpar. (F).
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, § 1071(g),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2402, provided that the amendment made by section 1071 (g)(1)(B) is effective as of Oct. 28, 2004, and as if included in Pub. L. 108–375as enacted.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IV, § 403(d),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2506, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a), (b), and (c) [amending this section and repealing provisions set out as notes below] shall take effect on September 1, 1997.”
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–337effective Dec. 1, 1994, except as otherwise provided, see section 1691 ofPub. L. 103–337, set out as an Effective Date note under section 10001 of this title.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 511(b),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 623, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1985.”
Temporary Variation in DOPMA Authorized End Strength Limitations for Active Duty Air Force and Navy Officers in Certain Grades

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title IV, § 402,Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 286, provided that the numbers of officers of the Air Force authorized under subsec. (a)(1) of this section to be serving on active duty in the grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel for fiscal years 1996 and 1997 and the numbers of officers in the Navy authorized under subsec. (a)(2) of this section to be serving on active duty in the grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and captain for fiscal years 1996 and 1997 were limited to numbers in tables, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IV, § 403(c)(3),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2506.
Temporary Variation of End Strength Limitations for Army Majors and Lieutenant Colonels

Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IV, § 402,Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2743, provided that number of officers of the Army authorized under subsec. (a)(1) of this section to be serving on active duty in grades of major and lieutenant colonel for fiscal years 1995 through 1997 was limited to numbers set forth in table prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IV, § 403(c)(2),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2506.
Temporary Variation of End Strength Limitations for Marine Corps Majors and Lieutenant Colonels

Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title IV, § 402,Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1639, as amended by Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title IV, § 403,Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2743, provided that number of officers of the Marine Corps authorized under subsec. (a)(1) of this section to be serving on active duty in grades of major and lieutenant colonel for fiscal years 1994 through 1997 was limited to numbers set forth in table prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title IV, § 403(c)(1),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2505.
Temporary Increase in Officer Grade Limitations

Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IV, § 403,Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1431, authorized the Secretary of Defense, until Sept. 30, 1991, to increase the strength-in-grade limitations specified in subsec. (a) of this section by a total of 250 positions, to be distributed among grades and services as the Secretary considers appropriate and directed the Secretary to submit to Congress a comprehensive report on the adequacy of the strength-in-grade limitations prescribed in subsec. (a) of this section.
Temporary Reduction in Number of Air Force Colonels

Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title IV, § 402,Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1431, as amended by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title IV, § 404,Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1545, provided that the number of officers authorized under subsec. (a) of this section to be serving on active duty in the Air Force in the grade of colonel during fiscal year 1992 was reduced by 250.
Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title IV, § 403,Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1963, provided that the number of officers authorized under this section to be serving on active duty in the Air Force in the grade of colonel during fiscal year 1989 was reduced by 125, and the number of such officers authorized to be serving on active duty during fiscal year 1990 was reduced by 250.
Ceilings on Commissioned Officers on Active Duty

Pub. L. 95–79, title VIII, § 811(a),July 30, 1977, 91 Stat. 335, as amended by Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, § 817,Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 818; Pub. L. 96–342, title X, § 1003,Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1120; Pub. L. 97–86, title VI, § 602,Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1110, which provided that after Oct. 1, 1981, the total number of commissioned officers on active duty in the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps above the grade of colonel, and on active duty in the Navy above the grade of captain, could not exceed 1,073, and that in time of war, or of national emergency declared by Congress, the President could suspend the operation of this provision, was repealed and restated in section 526 of this title by Pub. L. 100–370, § 1(b)(1)(B), (4).
Transition Provisions Under Defense Officer Personnel Management Act

For provisions increasing for the fiscal year ending on Sept. 30, 1981, the maximum number of officers authorized by this section to be serving on active duty, see section 627 ofPub. L. 96–513, set out as a note under section 611 of this title.

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10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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