10 U.S. Code § 612 - Composition of selection boards

(a)
(1) Members of selection boards shall be appointed by the Secretary of the military department concerned in accordance with this section. A selection board shall consist of five or more officers of the same armed force as the officers under consideration by the board. Each member of a selection board (except as provided in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)) shall be an officer on the active-duty list. Each member of a selection board must be serving in a grade higher than the grade of the officers under consideration by the board, except that no member of a board may be serving in a grade below major or lieutenant commander.
(2)
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a selection board shall include at least one officer from each competitive category of officers to be considered by the board.
(B) A selection board need not include an officer from a competitive category to be considered by the board when there are no officers of that competitive category on the active-duty list in a grade higher than the grade of the officers to be considered by the board and eligible to serve on the board. However, in such a case the Secretary of the military department concerned, in his discretion, may appoint as a member of the board an officer of that competitive category who is not on the active-duty list from among officers of the same armed force as the officers under consideration by the board who hold a higher grade than the grade of the officers under consideration and who are retired officers, reserve officers serving on active duty but not on the active-duty list, or members of the Ready Reserve.
(3) When reserve officers of an armed force are to be considered by a selection board, the membership of the board shall include at least one reserve officer of that armed force on active duty (whether or not on the active-duty list). The actual number of reserve officers shall be determined by the Secretary of the military department concerned, in the Secretary’s discretion. Notwithstanding the first sentence of this paragraph, in the case of a board which is considering officers in the grade of colonel or brigadier general or, in the case of officers of the Navy, captain or rear admiral (lower half), no reserve officer need be included if there are no reserve officers of that armed force on active duty in the next higher grade who are eligible to serve on the board.
(4) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), if qualified officers on the active-duty list are not available in sufficient number to comprise a selection board, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall complete the membership of the board by appointing as members of the board officers who are members of the same armed force and hold a grade higher than the grade of the officers under consideration by the board and who are retired officers, reserve officers serving on active duty but not on the active-duty list, or members of the Ready Reserve.
(5) A retired general or flag officer who is on active duty for the purpose of serving on a selection board shall not, while so serving, be counted against any limitation on the number of general and flag officers who may be on active duty.
(b) No officer may be a member of two successive selection boards convened under section 611 (a) of this title for the consideration of officers of the same competitive category and grade.
(c)
(1) Each selection board convened under section 611 (a) of this title that will consider an officer described in paragraph (2) shall include at least one officer designated by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff who is a joint qualified officer.
(2) Paragraph (1) applies with respect to an officer who—
(A) is serving on, or has served on, the Joint Staff; or
(B) is a joint qualified officer.
(3) The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirement in paragraph (1) in the case of—
(A) any selection board of the Marine Corps; or
(B) any selection board that is considering officers in specialties identified in paragraph (2) or (3) of section 619a (b) of this title.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 96–513, title I, § 105,Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2851; amended Pub. L. 97–22, § 4(a),July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 125; Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, § 405(b)(1),Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 514(b)(1),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 628; Pub. L. 99–433, title IV, § 402(a),Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1030; Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title V, § 504(a)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–101; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title V, § 522(a),Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4214.)
Amendments

2011—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–383amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: “Each selection board convened under section 611 (a) of this title that will consider officers who are serving in, or have served in, joint duty assignments shall include at least one officer designated by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff who is currently serving in a joint duty assignment. The Secretary of Defense may waive the preceding sentence in the case of any selection board of the Marine Corps.”
2000—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title V, § 504(a)(1)], struck out “who are on the active-duty list” after “five or more officers” in second sentence and inserted after second sentence “Each member of a selection board (except as provided in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)) shall be an officer on the active-duty list.”
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title V, § 504(a)(2)], substituted “of that armed force on active duty (whether or not on the active-duty list). The actual number of reserve officers shall be” for “of that armed force, with the exact number of reserve officers to be” and “the Secretary’s discretion. Notwithstanding the first sentence of this paragraph,” for “his discretion, except that”.
1986—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–433added subsec. (c).
1985—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 99–145substituted “rear admiral (lower half)” for “commodore”.
1981—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 97–22, § 4(a)(1), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), substituted “Except as provided in subparagraph (B), a selection board” for “A selection board”, and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 97–86substituted “commodore” for “commodore admiral”.
Pub. L. 97–22, § 4(a)(2), inserted “, with the exact number of reserve officers to be determined by the Secretary of the military department concerned in his discretion” after “at least one reserve officer of that armed force” and inserted “who are eligible to serve on the board” after “the next higher grade”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 97–22, § 4(a)(3), substituted “Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3)” for “Except as provided in paragraph (3)” and “officers who are members of the same armed force and hold a grade higher than the grade of the officers under consideration by the board and who are retired officers, reserve officers serving on active duty but not on the active-duty list, or members of the Ready Reserve” for “retired officers of the same armed force who hold a retired grade higher than the grade of the officers under consideration by the board” and designated as par. (5) provisions that retired general or flag officers on active duty for the purpose of serving on a selection board not be counted against any limitation on the number of general and flag officers who may be on active duty.
Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 97–22, § 4(a)(3), added par. (5) consisting of provisions, formerly contained in par. (4).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–22, § 4(a)(4), inserted “convened under section 611 (a) of this title” after “selection boards”.
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title V, § 504(b)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–102, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to any selection board convened under section 611 (a) of title 10, United States Code, on or after August 1, 1981.”
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–433, title IV, § 406(f),Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1034, provided that: “The amendments made by section 402 [amending this section and sections 615 and 618 of this title] shall take effect with respect to selection boards convened under section 611 (a) of title 10, United States Code, after the end of the 120-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 1, 1986].”
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–86effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 405(f) ofPub. L. 97–86, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

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